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Ghassem Koleyni Nortel NetworksNortel Networks Tel: +1 613 763 4154Tel: +1 613 763 4154 Fax: +1 613 765 6295Fax: +1 613 765 6295 ghassem@nortel.comghassem@nortel.com ITU-T Workshop on “Next Generation Networks“ Hanoi, Vietnam, 15-16 May 2006 2 ITU-T o Definition o Transport and service configuration o Functional architecture o CS-based functional architecture o IMS-based functional architecure o Conclusion Content ITU-T Workshop on “Next Generation Networks“ Hanoi, Vietnam, 15-16 May 2006 3 ITU-T Transport & service configuration for NGN Legacy Terminals Note: Gateway (GW) may exist in either Transport Stratum or End-User Functions. * Legacy Terminals Transport Stratum Service Stratum End-User Functions Application Functions Core transport Functions NGN Terminals Customer Networks O ther N etw orks Application Support Functions and Service Support Functions Core Transport Functions O ther N etw orks Transport Stratum Edge Functions Access Transport Functions Service Control Functions Network Access Attachment Functions NAAF Network Attachment Control Functions (NACF) Access Network Functions Resource and Admission Control Functions (RACF) User Profile Functions T. (...) User Profile Functions GWGW Applications Legacy Terminals Note: Gateway (GW) may exist in either Transport Stratum or End-User Functions. * Legacy Terminals Transport Stratum Service Stratum End-User Functions Application Functions Core transport Functions NGN Terminals Customer Networks O ther N etw orks Application Support Functions and Service Support Functions Core Transport Functions O ther N etw orks Transport Stratum Edge Functions Access Transport Functions Access Transport Functions Service Control Functions Network Access Attachment Functions NAAF Network Attachment Control Functions (NACF) Access Network Functions Resource and Admission Control Functions (RACF) User Profile Functions T. User Profile Functions User Profile Functions T. User Profile Functions GWGWGWGW Other Multimedia Service Components … Streaming Service Component PSTN / ISDN Emulation Service Component IP Multimedia Component &PSTN/ISDN Simulation IP Multimedia Service Component S.
Language:English
Score: 489224.27 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-T/work...5/presentations/s2_koleyni.pdf
Data Source: un
Application Support Functions & Service Support Functions Applications Transport Functions End-User Functions Other Networks Service Control Functions Service User Profiles Transport User Profiles 2. NGN Architectural Frameworks ITU-D/ITU-T Seminar on Standardization and Development of NGN for Arab Region ITU-D/ITU-T Seminar on Standardization and Development of Next Generation Legacy Terminals Note: Gateway (GW) may exist in either Transport Stratum or End-User Functions. * Legacy Terminals Transport Stratum Service Stratum End-User Functions Application Functions Core transport Functions NGN Terminals Customer Networks O ther N etw orks Application Support Functions and Service Support Functions Core Transport Functions O ther N etw orks Edge Functions Access Transport Functions Service Control Functions Network Access Attachment Functions Network Attachment Control Functions (NACF) Access Network Functions Resource and Admission Control Functions (RACF) User Profile Functions T. (...) IPTV Architectural Frameworks ITU-D/ITU-T Seminar on Standardization and Development of NGN for Arab Region ITU-D/ITU-T Seminar on Standardization and Development of Next Generation IPTV – NGN Mapping * Ref: NGN-GSI Output Document T05-NGN.GSI-0067R1 Legacy Terminals Legacy Terminals Transport Stratum Service Stratum End-User Functions Application Functions Core transport Functions NGN Terminals Customer Networks O ther N etw orks Application Support Functions and Service Support Functions Core Transport Functions O ther N etw orks Edge Functions Access Transport Functions Access Transport Functions Service Control Functions Network Access Attachment Functions Network Attachment Control Functions (NACF) Access Network Functions Resource and Admission Control Functions (RACF) User Profile Functions T.
Language:English
Score: 488079.7 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-D/tech...esentation_Bahrain_CSLee_1.pdf
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Application Support Functions & Service Support Functions Applications Transport Functions End-User Functions Other Networks Service Control Functions Transport stratum Service stratum Control Media M an ag em en t Fu nc tio ns Management Service User Profiles Service User Profiles Transport User Profiles ANI Transport Control Functions Resource and Admission Control Functions Resource and Admission Control Functions Network Attachment Control Functions Network Attachment Control Functions NNIUNI Note: UNI/NNI/ANI are not meant to represent any specific interfaces. (...) Application Support Functions & Service Support Functions Applications Transport Functions End-User Functions Other Networks ITU-T / ATIS Workshop “Next Generation Technology and Standardization“ Las Vegas, 19-20 March 2006 ITU-T 5 ITU-T NGN Transport and Service Configuration Legacy Terminals Note: Gateway (GW) may exist in either Transport Stratum or End-User Functions. * Legacy Terminals Transport Stratum Service Stratum End-User Functions Application Functions Core transport Functions NGN Terminals Customer Networks O ther N etw orks Application Support Functions and Service Support Functions Core Transport Functions O ther N etw orks Transport Stratum Edge Functions Access Transport Functions Service Control Functions Network Access Attachment Functions NAAF Network Attachment Control Functions (NACF) Access Network Functions Resource and Admission Control Functions (RACF) User Profile Functions T. (...) User Profile Functions GWGW Applications Legacy Terminals Note: Gateway (GW) may exist in either Transport Stratum or End-User Functions. * Legacy Terminals Transport Stratum Service Stratum End-User Functions Application Functions Core transport Functions NGN Terminals Customer Networks O ther N etw orks Application Support Functions and Service Support Functions Core Transport Functions O ther N etw orks Transport Stratum Edge Functions Access Transport Functions Access Transport Functions Service Control Functions Network Access Attachment Functions NAAF Network Attachment Control Functions (NACF) Access Network Functions Resource and Admission Control Functions (RACF) User Profile Functions T.
Language:English
Score: 487973.4 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-T/work...resentations/s4_mainwaring.pdf
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Services and Architectures 13 31.03.2005 NGN Technical Workshop 13 ~ 14 March Jeju, Korea Overall NGN Architecture Transport stratum Service stratum Media handling functions Core Transport functions Core Transport functions Access Transport functions Access Transport functions Network entry functions Other networks Other networks Customer functions Customer DB functions Service and control functions Application functions Gateway functions Transport adaptation functions Control Media NNI UNI Network entry functions Note: Charging and billing functions and Management functions are applied to both Service and Transport strata 2. (...) Entities Mobile Access Network Regional mobility management function Gateway function AAA function Paging function Switching function Address management server function Fixed Access Network Network information request function Network information advertisement function Core Network Registration server function Network information detecting function Registration server function Multicast management function Address management client function Network information advertisement function Network information request functionRegistration client function Address management server function AAA function Paging function Switching function Gateway function Regional mobility management function Network information advertisement function Registration server function AAA function Paging function Switching function Gateway function Regional mobility management function Multicast management function Terminal Address management server function Network information detecting function Network information request function Registration client function Address management client function AAA function Paging function 4. (...) Architecture Model of CMIP UNI Transport Agent Functions Customer Premises Network Manageable IP Network Transport Layer Service Layer Service Agent Functions Transport U-Plane Functions Transport M-Plane Functions Transport C-Plane Functions Transport U-Plane Functions Transport M-Plane Functions Transport C-Plane Functions Service U-Plane Functions Service M-Plane Functions Service C-Plane Functions Service U-Plane Functions Service M-Plane Functions Service C-Plane Functions Transport U-Plane Functions Transport M-Plane Functions Transport C-Plane Functions Transport U-Plane Functions Transport M-Plane Functions Transport C-Plane Functions Service U-Plane Functions Service M-Plane Functions Service C-Plane Functions Service U-Plane Functions Service M-Plane Functions Service C-Plane Functions 5.
Language:English
Score: 487273.3 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-T/work...tech/presentations/kn3-lee.pdf
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Microsoft PowerPoint - s2_morita ITU-T Workshop on “Next Generation Networks“ Hanoi, Vietnam, 15-16 May 2006 International Telecommunication Union ITU-T Functional Architecture Model of NGN Functional Architecture Model Functional Architecture Model of NGNof NGN Naotaka MORITA Senior Research Engineer, Supervisor NTT Service Integration Labs. (...) Location management FE Application Support Functions & Service Support Functions (may include own Authentication, Authorization and Accounting) other IP MM Network (e.g. IMS) PSTN/ISDN S-9: Media GW Control FE S-7: Interconnection Border Gateway Control FE Core transport Access transport Service control ITU-T Workshop on “Next Generation Networks“ Hanoi, Vietnam, 15-16 May 2006 12 ITU-T Y.NGN-FRA Figure 8 - Transport and service configuration of the NGN Legacy Terminals Note: Gateway (GW) may exist in either Transport Stratum or End-User Functions. * Legacy Terminals Transport Stratum Service Stratum End-User Functions Application Functions Core transport FunctionsNGN Terminals Customer Networks O ther N etw orks Application Support Functions and Service Support Functions Core Transport Functions O ther N etw orks Edge Functions Access Transport Functions Service Control Functions Network Access Attachment Functions Network Attachment Control Functions (NACF) Access Network Functions Resource and Admission Control Functions (RACF) User Profile Functions T.
Language:English
Score: 485739.55 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-T/work...05/presentations/s2_morita.pdf
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It shall be established that the functions of a federal body of executive power managed by the President of the Russian Federation shall be specified by a decree of the President of the Russian Federation, the functions of a federal body of executive power managed by the Government of the Russian Federation - by a decision of the Government of the Russian Federation. (...) It shall be established that a federal service (service): a) shall be a federal body of executive power performing the functions of control and supervision in a designated field, as well as special functions in the area of defense, state security, protection and safeguarding of the state border of the Russian Federation, fighting crime, and ensuring public safety. (...) To form: Ministry of Public Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation by transferring to it the functions of adopting regulatory acts in the designated fields of the abolished Ministry of Public Health of the Russian Federation and Ministry of Labour and Social Development of the Russian Federation; Ministry of Culture and Mass Communications of the Russian Federation, by transferring to it the functions of adopting regulatory acts in the designated fields of the abolished Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation and the Ministry of the Russian Federation for the Mass Media, TV and Radio Broadcasting and Mass Communications, the functions of the restructured Federal Archive Service of Russia, and issues of inter- ethnic relations; Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation by transferring to it the functions to adopt regulatory acts in the designated field of the abolished Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation and adopt regulatory acts in the area of the abolished Ministry of Industry, Science and Technologies of the Russian Federation, as well as the functions to adopt regulatory acts in the area of the restructured Russian Agency for Patents and Trademarks; Ministry of Industry and Energy of the Russian Federation, by transferring to it the functions of adopting regulatory acts in the designated field of the abolished Ministry of Industry, Science and Technologies of the Russian Federation, except for functions in the area of science, the functions of the Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Atomic Energy of the Russian Federation, Russian Ammunition Agency, Russian Agency on Conventional Arms, Russian Management Systems Agency, Russian Shipbuilding Agency, the transformed Federal Mining and Industrial Inspectorate of Russia, and Federal Inspectorate of Russia on Nuclear and Radiation Safety Inspectorate, as well as the transformed State Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardisation and Metrology, State Committee of the Russian Federation on Construction, Housing and the Communal Sector, and Russian Aviation and Space Agency; Ministry of Transport and Communications of the Russian Federation, by transferring to it the functions of adopting regulatory acts in the designated area of the abolished Ministry of Railways of the Russian Federation, the Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation and the Ministry of Communications and Information Technologies of the Russian Federation; Federal Antimonopoly Service by transferring to it controlling and supervisory functions of the abolished Ministry of the Russian Federation of Antimonopoly Policy and Entrepreneurship, with the exception of functions in the area of protection of consumer rights and support of small business, and the functions of the restructured Federal Energy Commission of the Russian Federation; Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Control, by transferring to it the controlling and supervisory functions of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation; Federal Service for Execution of Punishments, by transferring to it the functions of the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation to ensure execution of criminal punishments, confinement of suspects, accused, defendants and convicts who are under guard, also deportation and escorting, as well as control over the behaviour of probationers and convicts granted by the court a deferral of serving a punishment, with the exception of adopting regulatory acts; Federal Migration Service by transferring to it law enforcement functions, controlling and supervisory functions, and provideing state services in the area of migration of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation; Federal Service for Supervision in the Area of Public Health and Social Development, by transferring to it controlling and supervisory functions of the abolished Ministry of Public Health of the Russian Federation, with the exception of functions transferred to the Federal Service for Supervision in the Area of Protection of Consumer Rights and Human Welfare; Federal Service for Supervision in the Area of Education and Science, by transferring to it controlling and supervisory functions of the abolished Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation and controlling and supervisory functions in the area of science of the abolished Ministry of Industry, Science and Technologies of the Russian Federation; Federal Service for Supervision in the Area of Ecology and the Use of Natural Resources, by transferring to it controlling and supervisory functions in the area of ecology and use of natural resources of the Ministry of Natural Resources of the Russian Federation; Federal Service for Supervision in the Area of Communications, by transferring to it controlling functions in the area of communications of the abolished Ministry of the Russian Federation on Communications and Information Technologies, as well as state control functions in this area; Federal Service for Supervision in the Area of Transport, by transferring to it controlling and supervisory functions of the abolished Ministry of Railways of the Russian Federation and Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation, as well as technical supervision functions over sporting vessels of the abolished State Committee of the Russian Federation on Physical Education and Sports; Federal Service for Supervision in the Area of Protection of Consumers' Rights and Human Welfare by transferring to it the supervisory and controlling functions in the area of sanitary and epidemiological control of the abolished Ministry of Public Heath of the Russian Federation, in the area of supervision over consumer markets of the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade of the Russian Federation, in the area of protection of consumers' rights - of the abolished Ministry of the Russian Federation on Antimonopoly Policy and Entrepreneurship; Federal Registration Service by transferring to it the functions to register rights in the area of real estate and transactions therewith, registration of regulatory acts of federal bodies of executive power, registration of public associations and political parties, law enforcement functions and control and supervisory functions in the area of registration of acts of civil status, the Bar and notariat of the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation, except for functions of adopting regulatory acts in the designated field; Federal Service of Insurance Supervision, by transferring to it the functions of insurance supervision of the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation; Federal Bailiff Service by transferring to it the functions of the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation to execute decisions of courts and other bodies, ensuring the established procedure in the activity of courts, except for functions of adopting regulatory acts in the designated field; Federal Service on Labour and Employment, by transferring to it law enforcement functions, controlling and supervisory functions and functions to provide state services of the abolished Ministry of Labour and Social Development of the Russian Federation; Federal Service of Fiscal Supervision, by transferring to it the controlling and supervisory functions in the fiscal area of the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation; Federal Service on Financial Markets, by transferring to it controlling and supervision functions of the abolished Federal Commission for the Securities Markets, the controlling and supervision functions in the area of financial markets of the abolished Ministry of Labour and Social Development of the Russian Federation and the functions of control of the activity of exchanges of the abolished Ministry of the Russian Federation on Antimonopoly Policy and Entrepreneurship, the functions of the control and supervision in the area of formation and investment of pension accruals of the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation; Federal Agency on Atomic Energy, by transferring to it enforcement functions, provision of state services and property management functions of the abolished Ministry of the Russian Federation for Atomic Energy; Federal Agency of Water Resources, by transferring to it enforcement functions, functions of providing state services and managing property in the field of water resources; Federal Agency of Air Transport, by transferring to it enforcement functions, the functions of providing state service and managing property in the area of air transport of the abolished Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation; Federal Road Agency, by transferring to it enforcement functions, the functions providing state services and managing property in the area of road facilities, of the abolished Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation; Federal Agency of Railways Transport, by transferring to it enforcement functions, functions to provide state services and manage property in the area of railway transport of the abolished Ministry of Railways of the Russian Federation; Federal Agency of Public Health and Social Development, by transferring to it enforcement functions, functions of providing state services and managing property of the abolished Ministry of Public Health of the Russian Federation and Ministry of Labour and Social Development of the Russian Federation; Federal Agency on Culture and Cinematography, by transferring to it enforcement functions, functions to provide state services and manage property in the area of culture and cinematography of the abolished Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation; Federal Forestry Agency, by transferring to it the functions in the area of forestry of the Ministry of Natural Resources of the Russian Federation, except for functions of adopting regulatory acts in the designated field, and controlling and supervisory functions; Federal Agency of Sea and River Transport, by transferring to it enforcement functions, functions of providing state services and managing property in the area of sea and river transport of the abolished Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation; Federal Agency on Science, by transferring to it enforcement functions, functions of providing state services and managing property in the area of science of the abolished Ministry of Industry, Science and Technologies of the Russian Federation; Federal Agency on the Use of Subsoil Resources, by transferring to it enforcement functions, functions of providing state services and managing property in the area of the use of subsoil resources of the abolished Ministry of Natural Resources of the Russian Federation; Federal Agency on Education, by transferring to it enforcement functions, functions of providing state services and managing property in the area of education of the abolished Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation; Federal Agency on Industry, by transferring to it enforcement functions, functions of providing state services and managing property in the area of industry of the abolished Russian Ammunition Agency, Russian Conventional Arms Agency, Russian Management Systems Agency, and Russian Shipbuilding Agency, as well as the restructured Russian Aviation and Space Agency in the area of aviation; Federal Agency on Press and Mass Communications, by transferring to it enforcement functions and functions of providing state services and managing property in the press, television and radio-broadcasting area of the abolished Ministry of the Russian Federation for the Press, Television, Radio-Broadcasting and the Mass Media; Federal Agency on Fisheries, by transferring to it enforcement functions, functions to provide state services and managing property of the abolished State Committee of the Russian Federation on Fisheries; Federal Communications Agency, by transferring to it enforcement functions, functions of providing state services and managing property in the area of mail services and telecommunications of the abolished Ministry of the Russian Federation for Communication and Information Technology; Federal Agency on Agriculture, by transferring to it enforcement functions, functions of providing state services and managing property of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation; Federal Agency for Federal Property Management, by transferring to it enforcement functions, functions of providing state services and managing property of the abolished Ministry of Property Relations of the Russian Federation, as well as certain functions of the abolished Federal Service of Russia for Financial Rehabilitation and Bankruptcy; Federal Agency of Physical Culture, Sports and Tourism, by transferring to it enforcement functions, functions of providing state services and managing property of the abolished State Committee of the Russian Federation on Physical Culture and Sports, as well as functions of the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade of the Russian Federation in tourism; Federal Agency on Energy, by transferring to it enforcement functions, functions of providing state services and managing property of the abolished Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation; Federal Treasury, by imparting to it the status of a federal service for the objectives of this Decree and delegating to it the enforcement functions of the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation in ensuring execution of the federal budget. 14.
Language:English
Score: 484761.13 - https://www.wto.org/english/th..._e/rus_e/WTACCRUS58_LEG_85.pdf
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PowerPoint Presentation Montenegro 2018 Child Functioning and Education Prevalence of functional difficulties in children aged 5–17 years (%) Key Messages • According to the statements of mothers/ guardians, in the total population 7% of children aged 5–17 have some form of functional difficulty in at least one domain. • (3%). (...) The share of children who are out of the education system with a functional difficulty in at least one domain is lower compared to children who do not have any functional difficulties. (...) Adjusted net attendance rate by functional difficulties (%) 64 95 99 70 94 90 0 20 40 60 80 100 One year before primary school Primary school (grades 1– 6) Primary school (grades 7– 9) No functional difficulties Any functional difficulty Dropout and repetition rates by functional difficulties (%) 0.4 0.1 0.6 0 4 0.2 0 11 0 20 40 60 80 100 Primary school (grades 1–6) Primary school (grades 7–9) Primary school (grades 1–6) Primary school (grades 7–9) Dropout Repetition No functional difficulties Any functional difficulty Profile of children out of school, by functional difficulties (%) 78 59 22 41 0 20 40 60 80 100 Primary school (grades 1–6) Primary school (grades 7–9) No functional difficulties Functional difficulties
Language:English
Score: 484684.4 - https://www.unicef.org/montene...on_Montenegro%202018_FINAL.pdf
Data Source: un
For their peers without functional difficulties, these percentages are 1% and 2%, respectively. • Functional difficulties are not a significant predictor of primary school attendance. The share of children who are out of the education system with a functional difficulty in at least one domain is lower compared to children who do not have any functional difficulties. (...) Adjusted net attendance rate by functional difficulties: Roma settlements (%) 33 74 71 35 82 51 0 20 40 60 80 100 One year before primary school Primary school (grades 1– 6) Primary school (grades 7– 9) No functional difficulties Any functional difficulty Dropout and repetition rates by functional difficulties: Roma settlements (%) 2 3 1 2 3 4 2 3 0 20 40 60 80 100 Primary school (grades 1–6) Primary school (grades 7–9) Primary school (grades 1–6) Primary school (grades 7–9) Dropout Repetition No functional difficulties Any functional difficulty Profile of children out of school, by functional difficulties: Roma settlements (%) 80 62 20 38 0 20 40 60 80 100 Primary school (grades 1–6) Primary school (grades 7–9) No functional difficulties Functional difficulties
Language:English
Score: 484642.97 - https://www.unicef.org/montene...20Settlements%202018_FINAL.pdf
Data Source: un
Fuctions of kCAA and industry Link 1 . Separation of Functions between Regulator and Service Provider Kenya Civil Aviation Authority 21st May 2015 Background • Most CAAs, ANSP’s and Airports initially were established as Government Departments in mainstream Civil Service • With time many have been established as autonomous Government institutions with their own governance and financing structures • In most cases airports were the first to be established as autonomous institutions because of their ability to finance themselves Background • Most CAA’s and ANSP’s were combined under one Government Department • Delinked from mainstream Civil Service as one institution. • KCAA delinked from mainstream civil service in 2002 • Combines both the regulatory and service provision functions • Focus is on separation of CAAs and ANSPs 4 Roles • Regulatory Function – Setting an appropriate and sustainable regulatory framework for the industry – Ensures that all service providers comply with regulation and maintain high safety and security levels • Service Provider Function – Focus on responding to customer needs – Balances level of service and costs – Ensures safety and security of operations State’s Responsibility • Universal desire to promote and conduct safe regular aircraft operations • Partner states have obligations that must be carried out in the most effective manner • Each obligation requires consideration of the critical elements of a safety oversight system to ensure that the state’s system is appropriate to the complexity of the aviation industry in the country Key Requirements • Most CAA’s on the continent still combine regulatory and service provision functions • A general trend towards separation is emerging • Need to establish a system that guarantees independence of the decisions by the regulator • Need to establish a system that meets ICAO requirements and the needs of the industry Push Factors • Potential conflict of interest – Independence of decisions of the oversight function • Ineffectiveness – Being constrained to achieve oversight objectives due to multiplicity of roles • National Strategy – General direction to separate regulatory function from service provision functions in all sectors 8 Separation Options • Functional Delinking – Regulatory and service provision functions are retained in the same organization – Internal firewalls are created to avoid interference between functions • Organisational Delinking – Regulatory and service provision functions are totally separated and different institutions established to handle each function. Functional Delinking • Effectiveness depends on: • Financial firewalls – budgeting, accounting mechanisms, investment • Institutional firewalls – Authority levels and ability of regulator to make safety related decisions including imposition of sanctions • Corporate support services to the regulatory and service provision functions • Culture and work practices in the institution Organisational Delinking CAA ANSPS TRAINING OPTIONS Current 1 2 3 Option 1: Two Organizations- CAA +ANSP and Training Option 2: Two Organizations – CAA and ANSP +Training Option 3: Three organizations – CAA, ANSP, Training One Organization- CAA+ANSP+TRAINING Option Analysis • Strategic Issues – Ability of the delinked organizations to achieve their vision and mandate to enhance functional focus – Opportunity for the regulatory entity to comply with ICAO requirements – The extent of degree of fit with national goals – Model adaption to the user’s expectations in terms of improving service level and reducing costs Option Analysis • Legal and Institutional Framework – The possibilities of the de-linked entity to solve the potential conflicts of interest between the Regulator and the Service Provider – The need to introduce amendments (firewalls) to the current regulation to support functional separation Option Analysis • Organisation and HR – The internal re-organisation of the de-linked entity to align with its vision and strategy – The extent to which non-core / non-value adding functions can be outsourced – The degree to which manual work can be ICT-enabled to minimise increase in headcount – The likely recruitment needs due to the replication of support functions Option Analysis • Finance – The expected revenues from each function and cross-funding incomes – The cost of implementing each of the de- linking options – The financial sustainability under each option – Is the industry able to support the cost of delinked functions Weighing the Options • Conflict of interest - Organisational de- linking automatically eliminates potential conflicts of interest while the functional de- linking does not necessarily guarantee the total avoidance of conflicts • Ineffectiveness – Both options do not provide guarantee that ineffectiveness will be eliminated Weighing the Options • National Strategy – The national direction and the extent of commitment for independence in regulation in all sectors • Competitiveness – Balancing between the likely increased costs of delinked functions against the competitiveness of the country for airspace users and as an investment destination Our Experience • KCAA is autonomous • Financially independent • Challenging Situation – Most of the funds are generated by ANS which is a regulated function – Regulatory function revenues cannot cover its costs – Creates a feeling of inadequacy and dependency by the regulatory function – Safety decisions made mainly by the regulator but final authority rests with the DG Delinking Study • KCAA has undertaken a delinking study to advise on the best way to separate regulatory and service functions • Main challenge is financing the regulator • KCAA to receive part of the Air Passenger Service Charge • The Government is studying the report before a decision on the best way forward Selection of the best Option • Ability to finance and sustain • National strategy • Extent of possible conflict of interest • Ability to achieve compliance requirements • Meets the needs of the industry • Meets the needs of the socio-political environment Thank You Slide Number 1 Background Background Roles State’s Responsibility Key Requirements Push Factors Separation Options Functional Delinking Organisational Delinking Option Analysis Option Analysis Option Analysis Option Analysis Weighing the Options Weighing the Options Our Experience Delinking Study Selection of the best Option Thank You
Language:English
Score: 484542.3 - https://www.icao.int/ESAF/AFI-...n_-_ICAO_Workshop_May_2015.pdf
Data Source: un
MDMPMF (X.749:08/1997) -- Module MDMPMF (X.749:08/1997) -- See also ITU-T X.749 (08/1997) -- See also the index of all ASN.1 assignments needed in this document MDMPMF {joint-iso-itu-t ms(9) function(2) part19(19) asn1Module(2) 1} DEFINITIONS ::= BEGIN mdmpmfFunctionalUnitPackage OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= {joint-iso-itu-t ms(9) function(2) part19(19) functionalUnitPackage(1)} mdmpmfManagedObject OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= {joint-iso-itu-t ms(9) function(2) part19(19) managedObject(3)} mdmpmfPackage OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= {joint-iso-itu-t ms(9) function(2) part19(19) package(4)} mdmpmfParameter OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= {joint-iso-itu-t ms(9) function(2) part19(19) parameter(5)} mdmpmfNameBinding OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= {joint-iso-itu-t ms(9) function(2) part19(19) nameBinding(6)} mdmpmfAttribute OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= {joint-iso-itu-t ms(9) function(2) part19(19) attribute(7)} mdmpmfAction OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= {joint-iso-itu-t ms(9) function(2) part19(19) action(8)} mdmpmfNotification OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= {joint-iso-itu-t ms(9) function(2) part19(19) notification(10)} mdmpmfRelationship OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= {joint-iso-itu-t ms(9) function(2) part19(19) relationship(11)} mdmpmfRelationshipMapping OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= {joint-iso-itu-t ms(9) function(2) part19(19) relationshipMapping(12)} -- -- The following arcs support the defined policy classes. -- assertedValueIdentifier OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= {joint-iso-itu-t ms(9) function(2) part19(19) assertedValueIdentifier(13)} operationType OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= {joint-iso-itu-t ms(9) function(2) part19(19) assertedValueIdentifier(13) operationType(1)} errorType OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= {joint-iso-itu-t ms(9) function(2) part19(19) assertedValueIdentifier(13) errorType(2)} notificationType OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= {joint-iso-itu-t ms(9) function(2) part19(19) assertedValueIdentifier(13) notificationType(3)} actionType OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= {joint-iso-itu-t ms(9) function(2) part19(19) assertedValueIdentifier(13) actionType(4)} eventInfo OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= {joint-iso-itu-t ms(9) function(2) part19(19) assertedValueIdentifier(13) eventInfo(5)} eventReply OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= {joint-iso-itu-t ms(9) function(2) part19(19) assertedValueIdentifier(13) eventReply(6)} actionInfo OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= {joint-iso-itu-t ms(9) function(2) part19(19) assertedValueIdentifier(13) actionInfo(7)} actionReply OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= {joint-iso-itu-t ms(9) function(2) part19(19) assertedValueIdentifier(13) actionReply(8)} OneToOne ::= INTEGER (1..1) END -- Generated by Asnp, the ASN.1 pretty-printer of France Telecom R&D
Language:English
Score: 484220.5 - https://www.itu.int/wftp3/Publ.../itu-t/x/x749/1997/MDMPMF.html
Data Source: un