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The results indicate that the gains are increased for complex scenes and higher bit-rates. (...) The results indicate that the gains are increased for complex scenes. Generally, the average PSNR gains and corresponding bit-rate savings obtained by VCEG-O22 are larger than those obtained by VCEG-O17. (...) Whereas the coding gains of VCEG-O17 are achieved without increasing complexity.
Language:English
Score: 522222.9 - https://www.itu.int/wftp3/av-a.../2002_01_Geneva/JVT-B054r1.doc
Data Source: un
B Country AVBNC 7 ISSUES • Is capital gain taxable under domestic law of Country A? • Is capital gain exempt from domestic tax under Article 13(4) of Country A-Luxembourg treaty? (...) – Does Country A impose tax on gains from the disposal of immovable property situated in Country A? (...) 16 ANALYSIS: Treaty • Is the capital gain exempt from tax under Article 13(4) of the treaty?
Language:English
Score: 521154.44 - https://www.un.org/esa/ffd/wp-...Case-study-treaty-shopping.pdf
Data Source: un
., Germany-France in early EEC; Pakistan-India in SAFTA) Nestlé SAWTO Symposium 26 May 2004 #6 The global fundamentals: (consumers) gaining from more free trade globally US$ 380 billion per annum (50% cut in agricultural support and 50% reduction of protection in services and manufacturing; static) US$ 1860 billion per annum (100% cut in all protection; increasing economies of scale) Shares in gains: 26%17%developing 19%38%industrialised developing c.industrialised c.benefiting: liberalising: = 43% Source: World Bank Nestlé SAWTO Symposium 26 May 2004 #7 If done correctly, the poor can gain, because they face a higher burden from protectionism 14.4% 6.2% 0% 5% 10% 15% Deeply poor; less than 1$ per day Nonpoor; more than 2$ per day Effective tariff as faced by income groups Source: World Bank, Global economic prospects 2002. Making trade work for the world's poor; Washington 2001 Nestlé SAWTO Symposium 26 May 2004 #8 Consumer gains in real prosperity: Hours of work needed to buy a bicycle, 1901 and 2001 in 1901in 1901 in 2001in 2001 356 hours356 hours 12 hours12 hours Nestlé SAWTO Symposium 26 May 2004 #9 Consumer gains in choice: shop before .... (...) Sources: WTO Symposium May 2002; Evian Group meetings Nestlé SAWTO Symposium 26 May 2004 #15 Long-term priorities: broader view on WTO "vases"/flows Process Setup/focus from: trade "Do ut des", rule-based world reciprocity economic order to: knowledge Consumer strengthening investment gains competition (as a concept!) A too early obituary for WTO After Cancun Spaghetti bowl – too complicated for business ... but complementary pragmatic bottom-up regional opening will help The global fundamentals: (consumers) gaining from more free trade globally If done correctly, the poor can gain, because they face a higher burden from protectionism Consumer gains in real prosperity: Hours of work needed to buy a bicycle, 1901 and 2001 Consumer gains in choice: shop before .... ... and after the Berlin Wall came down Priority for Doha Round: The right balance Priority: Changing course in agricultural policies Priority: Open markets for long-term food supply security from unused land Long-term WTO perspective: competition as a concept - against misperceptions circulating Long-term priorities: broader view on WTO
Language:English
Score: 520217.63 - https://www.wto.org/english/tr...ymp04_paper9_oberhaensli_e.pdf
Data Source: un
First, countries must ensure that they have the ability under their domestic law to impose tax on the gains of an OIT. Countries that tax gains from OITs have taken two different approaches. (...) While this provision would retain source taxing rights on gains from OITs, its impact would be much broader in that it would allow unlimited source taxation on any residual gain as long as the gain arises in the source State according to its laws. (...) Accordingly, if the Committee decided to move forward with a rule that would generally allow for source taxation of residual gains, these speakers urged that a rule be drafted that defined the source of the gains.
Language:English
Score: 519996.24 - https://www.un.org/development...%3AC.18%3A2019%3ACRP%20.22.pdf
Data Source: un
Excessive payments to a related company may not be considered as royalties and are sometimes treated as a dividend. 2.2.5 Capital gains With respect to capital gains, the tax treatment varies to a large extent among countries, i.e. from taxing none, to taxing some or even all gains. (...) Finally, some countries exempt such gains in intercompany situations. Where defined, these gains generally include gains derived from the alienation of (certain types of) assets. (...) Treaty allocation of taxing rights and treaty definitions with respect to investment income and capital gains 3.1. General aspects In the following sections, the allocation of taxing rights over investment income and capital gains, as well as how these items of income and gains are defined in tax treaties will be discussed.
Language:English
Score: 516611.2 - https://www.un.org/esa/ffd/wp-.../05/20130530_Paper7A_Goede.pdf
Data Source: un
The GAIN conference in December 2013 concluded that the next objective of GAIN is to formulate a capacity building strategy with two subsequent goals:  to develop and provide a Green Jobs assessment training package that systematically trains, teaches and assists GAIN members in undertaking Green Jobs assessments  to institutionalize capacity building through relevant regional hubs that would serve as a delivery platform of training to practitioners (e.g. researchers and policy makers) in the area of Green Jobs assessments. (...) This second annual conference of GAIN will be structured in the format of a workshop, including panel discussions on experiences from experts using various GJAMs; presentation and review of the draft training modules; and discussion on ways forward to deliver training to GAIN members and other practitioners in the field of Green Jobs assessments. (...) They will identify the range of areas in which GAIN could engage in to feel research and knowledge gaps.  Ms.
Language:English
Score: 515742.43 - https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/gro...eetingdocument/wcms_358195.pdf
Data Source: un
RPSP alienates its shares of SCo and realizes a capital gain of 100. Given the fiscally transparent nature of RPSP, State R will currently tax the 100 as capital gains in the hands of the partners, thereby taxing RCo on 50. (...) Paragraph 5 applies to gains “derived by a resident of a Contracting State” and allows for taxation at source of the gains if the “alienator” satisfies the ownership requirements prescribed. 3. (...) RPSP alienates all its shares of SCo and realizes a capital gain of 100. In that case, State R will tax the capital gain in the hands of its resident partners, thereby taxing RCo on 50. 12.4 In this example, for the purposes of applying paragraph 5, RCo is the resident of a Contracting State that has derived a gain from the alienation of the shares of SCo.
Language:English
Score: 515604.35 - https://www.un.org/development...d%20Transparent%20Entities.pdf
Data Source: un
The results are the following: Coding quality gain comparison between TML9 and TML9 without in-loop filtering: At low bit rate(QP≧16), TML9 leads to gain up to 0.6 [dB] in intra-coded pictures, and up to 0.3[dB] on an average of sequences. At middle bit rate(8≦QP≦14), TML9’s coding gain is almost similar to TML9 without in-loop filtering. (...) At middle rate (8≦QP≦14), TM9’s coding gain is almost similar to TML9 without in-loop filtering.
Language:English
Score: 515149.17 - https://www.itu.int/wftp3/av-a...te/2002_01_Geneva/JVT-B078.doc
Data Source: un
The results are the following: Coding quality gain comparison between TML9 and TML9 without in-loop filtering: At low bit rate(QP≧16), TML9 leads to gain up to 0.6 [dB] in intra-coded pictures, and up to 0.3[dB] on an average of sequences. At middle bit rate(8≦QP≦14), TML9’s coding gain is almost similar to TML9 without in-loop filtering. (...) At middle rate (8≦QP≦14), TM9’s coding gain is almost similar to TML9 without in-loop filtering.
Language:English
Score: 515149.17 - https://www.itu.int/wftp3/av-a...deo-site/0201_Gen/JVT-B078.doc
Data Source: un
The Applicant submits that the Sanction Letter fails to show any actual gain by the Applicant or her sister from the disclosure of the vendor bids after the procurement process had ended. (...) UNDT/NBI/2019/034 Judgment No.: UNDT/2021/090 8 (g) Staff members shall not use their office or knowledge gained from their official function for private gain, financial or otherwise or for the private gain of any third party, including family friends those they favour. (...) Staff Regulation 1.2 of the United Nations Staff Regulations and Rules states that: (g) Staff members shall not use their office or knowledge gained from their official functions for private gain, financial or otherwise, or for the private gain of any third party including family friends and those they favour.
Language:English
Score: 514957.6 - www.un.org/en/internalj...dt/judgments/undt-2021-090.pdf
Data Source: oaj