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WORKING PAPER ON SUBMUNITIONS / PRESENTED BY FRANCE
Nor is it engaged in any projects in this area. 12. BONUS munitions: BONUS 155-mm anti-tank artillery shells are designed to neutralize tanks, light armoured vehicles and self-propelled artillery vehicles, whether stationary or moving. It would be going too far to liken these munitions to genuine cluster munitions, as one shell carries only two BONUS munitions at a time. (...) Since 2003, CCW/GGE/XII/WG.1/WP.9 page 8 the member States have been focusing on a review of this European Code of Conduct in order to enhance its operational provisions so as to secure genuine convergence of export policies among the member States.
Language:English
Score: 1244526.5 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...S=CCW/GGE/XII/WG.1/WP.9&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
Exploration Activities & Evaluation Exploration activities in different form take place – geological studies, drilling, and seismic tests, sample taking and analyzes, Evaluation of potential for further extraction Extractive Company, Subcontractors specializing on the exploration activities (on-shore and off- shore), analyzes Obligatory (tax) payments, such as Discovery Bonus, Payments to subcontractors and the relevant tax considerations (WHT) Are Discovery Bonus payments coved by the scope of DTT? (...) Development of the Infrastructure Development of extractive (mining pits, extraction wells) and supportive infrastructure including transportation (roads, railway, pipelines) and accommodation and office units Extractive Company, Subcontractors – Construction, Installation and Drilling Companies Obligatory (tax) payments, such as development Bonus (unusual) Payments to subcontractors and the relevant tax considerations (WHT) Are development bonus payments covered by scope of DTT? (...) Personal Scope (Article 1) • Extractive projects may be carried out either through a resident legal entity – Incorporated in the country of extraction, or – Via non-resident entities or Joint Ventures • Often forming non-incorporated consortium – Not constituting separate legal person » Application of tax treaty possible at the level of the partners in consortium, assuming they are resident in tax treaty country Substantive Scope Article 2 – Taxes covered • Relevance of inclusion of particular types of taxes into the scope of the treaty – Potential limit on taxing rights, and – Obligation of country of residence to eliminate DT • Benefits of inclusion of taxes, which are of profit/income and capital nature – Reduction of the overall tax burden on the investor • The Credit (Elimination of Double Taxation) is equally important Types of Taxation Models • Profit Tax Model (Norway) – Standard CIT of 27% with Special Petroleum Tax of 51% leading to 78% • Royalty Model – Combination with other instruments • Bonuses, CIT, Excess Profit Tax, Export Duties • Production Sharing Agreement – Sharing production (cash or in kind) in lieu of tax payment Types of Taxes at Different Stages Stages Type of Taxes and Obligatory Payments to Governments Typical Characteristic Covered by Scope of DTT Contract Negotiation and Signature Signature Bonus A payment in form of % (usually – e.g. 1% of expected value of natural resources) or a fixed amount Usually not (unless the payment is designed in a way that it can be credited against the CIT) Exploration Activities & Evaluation Exploration Bonus Similar to Signature Bonus Usually not Rent Payments Payments for the use of land Usually not Tax Levied on Employees Income Taxes Yes (taxpayer-individual) Tax Levied on Service Providers Income Taxes Yes (taxpayer-subcontractor) Development of the Infrastructure Bonuses and Rentals Same as above Same as above Taxes on Employees and Subcontractors Same as above Same as above Import duties and levies, VAT Indirect taxes and levies No Extraction, Production, Export Royalties Payment on the volume or value of extracted resource Usually not Bonuses and Rentals Same as above Same as above Production Sharing payments % of production paid to state Usually not, unless designed as % of profit Profit Taxes + Excess Profit Tax Tax on income/profit Yes Export Duties and Export Levies Tax on value of exported resource No Abandonment and Decommissioning Environmental Fees or Penalties Fines or penalties for pollution No Taxes on Employees and Subcontractors Same as above Same as above Territorial Scope Article 3 • Definition of Contracting states – Notions of territory and territorial waters, but also continental shelf and exclusive economic zone, within which the states may exercise the taxing rights in accordance with international law • Will omission limit the taxing rights?
Language:English
Score: 1218922.9 - https://www.un.org/esa/ffd/wp-...s/2015/11/11STM_PPT_BalcoA.pdf
Data Source: un
Some issues Youth: Indonesia has a demographic bonus of having a large youth population as productive workforce. (...) Minimum wages fixing tends to “crowd out” wage fixing through collective ebargaining. This can constrain genuine bargaining and weaken unions, and hamper attempts to genuinely link wages and productivity.
Language:English
Score: 1191998 - https://www.ilo.org/jakarta/in...WCMS_423997/lang--en/index.htm
Data Source: un
Unemployment has been trending downwards in recent years, and was below 6 per cent in 2015. w Indonesia has a demographic bonus of having a large youth population as productive workforce. (...) For example, in 2001 the simple average minimum wages for Indonesia was 58.5 per cent of the national average wages and by August 2014 this ration had increased to 76.5 percent. w Minimum wages fixing tends to “crowd out” wage fixing through collective bargaining. This can constrain genuine bargaining and weaken unions, and hamper attempts to genuinely link wages and productivity.
Language:English
Score: 1191998 - https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/gro...ts/publication/wcms_451905.pdf
Data Source: un
GENERAL ASSEMBLY, 22ND SESSION, OFFICIAL RECORDS, 5TH COMMITTEE, 1210TH MEETING, MONDAY, 27 NOVEMBER 1967, NEW YORK
The stress laid on the importance of the post of the Legal Counsel undoubtedly stemmed from genuine concern for the role of law in the United Nations. (...) As the bonus at present awarded to General Service staff was $220 a year, a slightly higher bonus for Professional staff should be a sufficient inducement to use a second working language. 44. (...) The solution to the problem should be sought in a system of bonuses or incentives, as the Tanzanian representative had suggested (1209th meeting).
Language:English
Score: 1191299.2 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...t?open&DS=A/C.5/SR.1210&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
In addition, collectors can be trained to recognize ‘‘deceptive’’ prices and can be encouraged to linger and listen to transaction prices for genuine sales. 6.35 Different collection procedures may be applic- able for different outlets. (...) Sale or special offer (S): A price decrease because of a genuine sale or special offer, with a sale or discount sticker present.
Language:English
Score: 1183180.9 - https://www.ilo.org/public/eng...reau/stat/download/cpi/ch6.pdf
Data Source: un
. • We found that, to achieve a 60% probability that doctors will work in rural areas, the financial bonus should have been closer to $275, a 70% difference with the actual bonus • We also found that a 55% probability of getting a post- graduate education was valued as high as such a financial bonus. Enriching policy dialogue • These results (census + DCE) helped the WB and the MoH to explore different policy options: – A full financial bonuses may not be sustainable, especially if there is a spillover effect – Post-graduate training can be more cost-effective – Changing gender bias in nursing school may improve the nurses distribution – Rural pipeline is also explored (with a pilot study in 2 remote areas), at least for nurses: • preferential admission policy • local schools • improved curriculum – Same for “private wards”
Language:English
Score: 1174205.2 - https://www.who.int/hrh/migrat...pert_meeting_lemiere_niger.pdf
Data Source: un
INFORMATION RECEIVED FROM GERMANY ON FOLLOW-UP TO THE CONCLUDING OBSERVATIONS ON ITS 6TH PERIODIC REPORT :COMMITTEE ON ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS
The Länder and employers can increase the bonus to a maximum of €1,500; • Nursing facilities are reimbursed via the long-term care insurance system for additional spending or lost revenue owing to the pandemic; • Given the importance of adequate PPE,14 the Federal Ministry of Health became involved in the procurement process early on (masks, disinfectants etc.). (...) Furthermore, a €300 child bonus for each child entitled to the child benefit in 2020 was adopted with the Second Coronavirus Tax Assistance Act.25 By strengthening families' purchasing power, this bonus specifically provides a short-term additional economic stimulus and particularly benefits low- and medium-income families. (...) With approx. 230,000 applications submitted by the end of May 2020, this instrument is very successful, and specifically reaches those families with children who genuinely need support to achieve homeownership.
Language:English
Score: 1164352.8 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...pen&DS=E/C.12/DEU/FCO/6&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
Water Access to the city water system for all the citizens Access to the city dreinage system for all the citizens Consumption reduction of bottled mineral water Education at the multi steps use of the water Bonus for the installation of more efficient systems 2. (...) Population, education, safety High-density urban model Definition of the max/min population density Punishing unlawful builging stock practices Support childrens adoctions Bonus for the access at the High Schools (no-obligatory schools) 9.
Language:English
Score: 1140582.8 - https://www.un.org/esa/sustdev...d14/PF/info/AAP2020_social.pdf
Data Source: un
No 0 1 FALSE 1 FALSE 1 FALSE (* mandatory) AE3 Performance: None Complies: FALSE Complies: FALSE Complies: FALSE Points: 7 Points: 14 Points: 21 Bonus: 0 Bonus: 0 Benchmark AE4. PLAN FOR LONG-TERM ACCESS AND EQUITY AE3 Points: 0 Intent Ensure access and equity is maintained throughout the project lifecycle. (...) No 0 1 FALSE 1 FALSE 1 FALSE EE4 Performance: None Complies: FALSE Complies: FALSE Complies: FALSE Points: 7 Points: 14 Points: 21 Bonus: 0 Bonus: 0 EE4 Points: 0 Maximum points for this outcome: 84 Total points EE 0 &G &"Calibri (Body),Bold"&23&K338EDDPeople-first PPP Impact Assessment Tool Environmental Sust. & Res. (...) Points associated with this benchmark are discretionary and act as “bonus percentage points” which are added to the total overall score.
Language:English
Score: 1112306.2 - https://unece.org/sites/defaul...029March2021%20-%20locked.xlsx
Data Source: un