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Uranium and other contaminants in hair from the parents of children with congenital anomalies in Fallujah, Iraq. (...) Hair metal data from Fallujah showed lead to be five times higher in the hair samples of children with birth defects compared to children who appeared normal. (...) - Improve pregnancy care; by developing maternity centres quality and ensuring appropriate pre-natal and post- natal health care to anticipate birth defects
Language:English
Score: 1158588.3 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...pen&DS=A/HRC/25/NGO/119&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
. §§ Pesticide exposurePesticide exposure §§ Nightly use of mosquito coil, > 2x /week sprayingNightly use of mosquito coil, > 2x /week spraying §§ Regular cosmetics use for the last 5 years I.e hair dye for Regular cosmetics use for the last 5 years I.e hair dye for more than 5 years, more than 5 years, §§ those who refused to be included in the studythose who refused to be included in the study §§ those who do not meet the inclusion criteriathose who do not meet the inclusion criteria September 23 -30, 2006 IFCS-Forum V METHODOLOGYMETHODOLOGY •• Sample sizeSample size –– 120 persons were included in the study120 persons were included in the study •• Component 1: Health assessmentComponent 1: Health assessment –– social preparation of the communitysocial preparation of the community –– interview questionnaire (sociointerview questionnaire (socio--demographic demographic profile, age, sex, educational attainment, profile, age, sex, educational attainment, lifestyle, diet, drugs, medical history)lifestyle, diet, drugs, medical history) –– face to face interview with respondentsface to face interview with respondents September 23 -30, 2006 IFCS-Forum V Selection CriteriaSelection Criteria •• sampling based on inclusion/exclusion sampling based on inclusion/exclusion criteria criteria •• a 10% dropa 10% drop--out rate was considered and out rate was considered and selection of replacements were done at selection of replacements were done at random random •• confidentiality of health information was confidentiality of health information was assuredassured •• Consent form was administeredConsent form was administered •• appropriate management of health appropriate management of health findingsfindings September 23 -30, 2006 IFCS-Forum V Component 1: Component 1: Health assessmentHealth assessment –– Health history: present illness/complaints, Health history: present illness/complaints, past history, family history, reproductive past history, family history, reproductive history/outcome; pediatric historyhistory/outcome; pediatric history –– Occupational exposure history ( pesticide Occupational exposure history ( pesticide use, etc.)use, etc.) –– vital signs ; pulmonary function tests vital signs ; pulmonary function tests specifically PEFRspecifically PEFR –– comprehensive medical and neurological comprehensive medical and neurological examination including a modified mental examination including a modified mental status examinationstatus examination –– biological monitoringbiological monitoring September 23 -30, 2006 IFCS-Forum V Component 1: Component 1: Medical ExaminationMedical Examination Mother at the time of examinationMother at the time of examination Hematology: hemoglobin, Hematology: hemoglobin, hematocrithematocrit, WBC, , WBC, differential count, ESR, differential count, ESR, ReticulocyteReticulocyte count, count, platelet count, peripheral blood smearplatelet count, peripheral blood smear Liver function tests: ALT/Liver function tests: ALT/AstAst; ; ProthrombinProthrombin time time Kidney function tests: urinalysis, BUN, Kidney function tests: urinalysis, BUN, creatininecreatinine Blood total mercury and Blood total mercury and methylmercurymethylmercury levellevel Hair total mercury and Hair total mercury and methylmercurymethylmercury levellevel Peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR)Peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) September 23 -30, 2006 IFCS-Forum V Component 1: Component 1: Medical ExaminationMedical Examination Maternal Biomarkers will include maternal hairMaternal Biomarkers will include maternal hair, , cord cord whole blood and maternal cordwhole blood and maternal cord B1. (...) Lourdes Tagburos San Jose Pagkakaisa Bagong Silang Mine tailings near Honda Bay Mean+/- SD 1.07+/-1.3 71.24+ /-84.65 2.75+ /-5.38 0.485+ /-0.44 0.06+/- 0.02 261.13+/ -294.05 Range 0.012- 2.79 0.045- 168.72 0.04- 10.82 0.09- 1.09 0.04- 0.08 3.68- 566.81 No of samples 5 4 4 4 4 4 US EPA Primary Remediation Goal (PRG) for Hg = 23 mg/kg September 23 -30, 2006 IFCS-Forum V Table 6: Total and Table 6: Total and MethylmercuryMethylmercury Levels in Fresh FishLevels in Fresh Fish Area Case Area Control Area p value* THg (mg/kg fw) 0.0028 Mean 0.158+/-0.218 0.070+/-0.072 Range 0.002-1.152 0.001-0.258 Number 64 25 MethylMercury (mg/kg fw) 0.003 Mean 0.132.1+/-0.171 63.06+/-63.77 Range 0.0013-0.9316 0.0113-0.2089 Number 64 25 % Methyl MercuryMean 88.13+/-18.15 90.07+/-10.44 Range 6.26-100 68.60-100 Number 64 25 US-FDA:RPDA (T-Hg): 500 ng/g: Japan standards: T-Hg (400 ng/g); Me-Hg (300 ng/g) Health FindingsHealth Findings September 23 -30, 2006 IFCS-Forum V ResultsResults •• SocioSocio--demographic characteristics of demographic characteristics of exposed and unexposed communities exposed and unexposed communities were comparable except for source of were comparable except for source of drinking waterdrinking water •• Medical complaints were comparableMedical complaints were comparable •• Physical Examination:Physical Examination: –– Mothers: comparableMothers: comparable –– Children: greater wasting/malnutrition and Children: greater wasting/malnutrition and pallor in the exposed populationpallor in the exposed population September 23 -30, 2006 IFCS-Forum V BiomarkersBiomarkers •• Blood Total MercuryBlood Total Mercury –– Mothers: 2.58 Mothers: 2.58 –– 35.37 35.37 ng/mLng/mL –– Children: 1.20 Children: 1.20 –– 52.27 52.27 ng/mLng/mL •• Blood Methyl MercuryBlood Methyl Mercury –– Mothers: 2.27 Mothers: 2.27 –– 28.47 28.47 ng/mLng/mL –– Children: 1.18 Children: 1.18 –– 52.27 52.27 ng/mLng/mL •• Hair Total MercuryHair Total Mercury –– Mothers: 0.53 Mothers: 0.53 –– 10.56 10.56 ngng/mg/mg –– Children: 0.18 Children: 0.18 –– 13.29 13.29 ngng/mg/mg •• Hair Methyl MercuryHair Methyl Mercury –– Mothers: 0.53 Mothers: 0.53 –– 7.06 7.06 ngng/mg/mg –– Children: 0.16 Children: 0.16 –– 8.01 8.01 ngng/mg/mg September 23 -30, 2006 IFCS-Forum V Blood Hg LevelsBlood Hg Levels 3.06 +/- 1.03Unexposed 6.6 +/- 4.8Exposed Babies at 1 year 8.08 +/- 2.92Unexposed 9.9+/- 4.14Exposed (1 year after delivery) Pregnant Mothers 5.48 +/-0.62Unexposed 14.6+/- 3.12Exposed Children 8.9+/-1.66Unexposed 14.7 +/- 2.03Exposed Mothers Mean +/-SD (ng/ml)Population BLOOD TOTAL MERCURY September 23 -30, 2006 IFCS-Forum V METHYLMERCURY LEVELS IN BLOODMETHYLMERCURY LEVELS IN BLOOD 2.6 +/- 0.84Unexposed 5.2 +/- 4.4Exposed Babies at 1 year 7.09 +/- 2.10Unexposed 8.56 +/- 3.66Exposed (1 year after delivery) Pregnant Mothers 4.9 +/- 0.57Unexposed 13.24+/- 3.4Exposed Children 7.43 +/- 1.54Unexposed 12.06 +/-1.81Exposed Mothers Mean +/-SD (ng/ml)Population BLOOD METHYLMERCURY September 23 -30, 2006 IFCS-Forum V HAIR HAIR THgTHg LEVELSLEVELS 0.77 +/- 0.71Unexposed 0.98 +/- 0.58Exposed Babies at 1 year 2.09 +/- 0.49Unexposed 2.51 +/- 1.11Exposed (1 year after delivery) Pregnant Mothers 1.54 +/- 0.21Unexposed 2.74 +/- 0.50Exposed Children 1.98 +/- 0.23Unexposed 3.43 +/- 0.55Exposed Mothers Mean +/-SD (ng/ml)Population HAIR TOTAL MERCURY September 23 -30, 2006 IFCS-Forum V METHYLMERCURY HAIR LEVELSMETHYLMERCURY HAIR LEVELS 0.59 +/- 0.21Unexposed 0.82 +/- 0.41Exposed Babies at 1 year 1.89 +/- 0.46Unexposed 2.11 +/- 1.06Exposed (1 year after delivery) Pregnant Mothers 1.33 +/- 0.21Unexposed 2.27 +/- 0.41Exposed Children 1.68 +/- 0.20Unexposed 2.8 +/- 0.38Exposed Mothers Mean +/-SD (ng/ml)Population HAIR METHYLMERCURY September 23 -30, 2006 IFCS-Forum V Neurodevelopment ScoresNeurodevelopment Scores •• Significant correlation between elevated hair mercury Significant correlation between elevated hair mercury and abnormal fine motor SBI (screening for behavioral and abnormal fine motor SBI (screening for behavioral inventory) parameters; fine motor, language, SBI and inventory) parameters; fine motor, language, SBI and personal/social at 1 month.personal/social at 1 month. •• Significant correlation between elevated total and methyl Significant correlation between elevated total and methyl hair mercury and abnormal fine motor SBI at 6 monthshair mercury and abnormal fine motor SBI at 6 months •• Significant correlation between elevated blood total Significant correlation between elevated blood total mercury and abnormal overall Denver Screening Test II mercury and abnormal overall Denver Screening Test II (DDST II)(DDST II) •• Significant correlation between elevated hair total Significant correlation between elevated hair total mercury and abnormal personal/social scores of DDS.mercury and abnormal personal/social scores of DDS. (...) September 23 -30, 2006 IFCS-Forum V ConclusionsConclusions •• Among mothers, those in the exposed Among mothers, those in the exposed areas have significantly higher hair total areas have significantly higher hair total and and MeHgMeHg levels compared with the levels compared with the unexposed area.unexposed area. •• In the exposed areas, the levels of total In the exposed areas, the levels of total mercury in air, water and soil were mercury in air, water and soil were significantly higher compared with the significantly higher compared with the control valuescontrol values September 23 -30, 2006 IFCS-Forum V ConclusionsConclusions •• The levels of The levels of THgTHg and and MeHgMeHg in fishes from in fishes from the exposed areas were significantly the exposed areas were significantly higher than those from the unexposed higher than those from the unexposed areas.areas. •• The soil levels were highest in Honda Bay The soil levels were highest in Honda Bay (566.81 mg/kg) which is 25 times the level (566.81 mg/kg) which is 25 times the level requiring remediation (23 mg/kg)requiring remediation (23 mg/kg) September 23 -30, 2006 IFCS-Forum V CorrelationCorrelation •• Evaluation of the correlation between Evaluation of the correlation between environmental mercury and biologic levels of environmental mercury and biologic levels of mercury showed that there is a fairmercury showed that there is a fair--good good correlation between both maternal total and correlation between both maternal total and methylmercurymethylmercury levels (blood/hair) and fish levels (blood/hair) and fish methylmercurymethylmercury levels and water total mercury.levels and water total mercury. •• The levels of blood and hair mercury in children The levels of blood and hair mercury in children are influenced by maternal mercury levels, are influenced by maternal mercury levels, eating of fish and seafood.eating of fish and seafood.
Language:English
Score: 1154087.8 - https://www.who.int/ifcs/docum...nts/forums/forum5/hm_nieto.pdf
Data Source: un
She has restarted her small endeavor of creating hand-made hair pins and accessories. “ Agape is my page on Facebook where I display my works. (...) Then one day, Anush saw unique hair accessories online and got inspired to start her own design. (...) Mothers need support, including psychosocial, some room for themselves, some caring attention and self-care. If mothers have this support, they will have all the energy and ability to contribute to their children’s development and achieve success.”
Language:English
Score: 1153690 - https://www.unicef.org/armenia...-mother-you-grow-be-strong-too
Data Source: un
She wears a wig, or at least a hairpiece connected to the hair. A heavy roll of hair goes along with the oval of the face and continues with two sections that fall on either side. At the back, the hair is brought back at the level of the occipital bone where three broad strands of hair are tied together and fall again on the shoulders. Often hair is divided into three masses, one of which falls behind and the two others are brought forward onto the chest.
Language:English
Score: 1150836.9 - https://en.unesco.org/silkroad...-museums/bust-female-statuette
Data Source: un
Fourteen days after two walls collapsed on him in his bedroom, Elias passed away Mireille Bazergy Khoury UNICEF2021/Lebanon Available in: English العربية 02 August 2021 When I woke early on 4 August 2020, I didn’t know that it would be the last day I would hold Elias, my 15-year-old son, and feel his hair in my face as we embraced; the last day I would prepare his meals; the last day I would hear his voice calling me; or the last day I would listen to his giggles and shouts with his friends. (...) "When I woke early on 4 August 2020, I didn’t know that it would be the last day I would hold Elias, my 15-year-old son, and feel his hair in my face as we embraced" It didn’t cross my mind that this could be the last time I would see Elias. (...) As Elias struggled for his life in intensive care, my husband was with him every day for the next thirteen days.
Language:English
Score: 1138349 - https://www.unicef.org/lebanon...an-mother-live-without-her-son
Data Source: un
And this tiny hair cell it gets tired. It gets tired like this. (...) And that's when this happens, you can see these are the neat little hair cells. We have very limited number of hair cells that we are born with. And once a hair cell is destroyed it can never be regenerated.
Language:English
Score: 1135207.8 - https://www.itu.int/net4/wsis/...9f3/session_129_transcript.pdf
Data Source: un
LETTER DATED 30 JUNE 2017 FROM THE SECRETARY-GENERAL ADDRESSED TO THE PRESIDENT OF THE SECURITY COUNCIL
Those samples included blood, urine, hair, and secretions. 3.55 Specimens were received from Idlib Health Directorate (as part of the medical system in place in Idlib, not controlled by the government). Those specimens included blood, urine, and hair. 3.56 Blood was separated in-country into plasma and cells, and then divided into separate aliquots from each individual, depending on the quantity of blood provided. (...) The team selected two further patients from those seven, located them, and interviewed them on 31 May and 1 June 2017. 4.10 Biological-environmental specimens (two dead birds and hair from a dead goat) were received by the FFM team on 12 and 13 April 2017.
Language:English
Score: 1133489.3 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc.../get?open&DS=S/2017/567&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
ADDRESSING ATTITUDINAL BARRIERS EXPERIENCED BY PERSONS WITH ALBINISM :NOTE / BY THE SECRETARY-GENERAL
The attitudes of health-care providers tend to limit access to health for persons with albinism in the region. (...) In Japanese public schools, the requirement that all students must have black hair means that schools often pressure students with albinism to dye their white -to- blonde hair black. 3. (...) It appears that persons with albinism in countries that have a good health-care system, such as Australia and New Zealand, have generally positive experiences compared with those using health - care systems that are under financial constraints.
Language:English
Score: 1126062.2 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...sf/get?open&DS=A/76/166&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
DRAFT ANNEX ON CONTROL MEASURES FOR PRODUCTS WHOSE USE LEADS TO EMISSIONS OF VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
Aerosol products Aerosol products for domestic use (deodorants and hair sprays, cleaning agents and car care products) 50% by w eight. (...) Domestic and architectural adhesive Domestic and architectural adhesive 5 g/kg] EB.AIR/WG.5/1999/12/Add.1 page 3 [Table 1 Volatile organic compound (VOC) content limits for architectural coatings (Unless otherwise specified, limits are expressed in grams of VOC per litre of coating thinned to the manufacturer's maximum recommendation excluding the volume of any water, exempt compounds, or colourant added to tint bases) Coating category Grams of VOC per litre Antenna coatings 530 Anti-fouling coatings 450 Anti-graffiti coatings 600 Bituminous coatings and mastics 500 Bond breakers 600 Calcimine recoating 475 Chalkboard resurfacers 450 Concrete curing compounds 350 Concrete curing and sealing compounds 700 Concrete protective coatings 400 Concrete surface retarders 780 Conversion varnish 725 Dry fog coatings 400 Extremely high durability coatings 800 Faux finishing/glazing 700 Fire-retardant/resistive coatings: Clear 850 Opaque 450 Flat coatings: Exterior coatings 250 Interior coatings 250 Floor coatings 400 Flow coatings 650 Form release compounds 450 Graphic arts coatings (sign paints) 500 Heat-reactive coatings 420 EB.AIR/WG.5/1999/12/Add.1 page 4 Coating category Grams of VOC per litre High temperature coatings 650 Impacted immersion coatings 780 Industrial maintenance coatings 450 Lacquers (including lacquer sanding sealers) 680 Magnesite cement coatings 600 Mastic texture coatings 300 Metallic pigmented coatings 500 Multi-coloured coatings 580 Non-ferrous ornamental metal lacquers and surface protectants 870 Non-flat coatings: Exterior coatings 380 Interior coatings 380 Nuclear coatings 450 Pretreatment wash primers 780 Primers and undercoatings 350 Quick-dry coatings: Enamels 450 Primers, sealers, and undercoatings 450 Repair and maintenance thermoplastic coatings 650 Roof coatings 250 Rust preventive coatings 400 Sanding sealers (other than lacquer sanding sealers) 550 Sealers (including interior clear wood sealers) 400 Shellacs: Clear 730 Opaque 550 Stains: Clear and semi-transparent 550 Opaque 350 Low solids 120 Stain controllers 720 Swimming pool coatings 600 EB.AIR/WG.5/1999/12/Add.1 page 5 Coating category Grams of VOC per litre Thermoplastic rubber coatings and mastics 550 Traffic marking coatings 150 Varnishes 450 Waterproofing sealers and treatments 600 Wood preservatives: Below-ground wood preservatives 550 Clear and semi-transparent 550 Opaque 350 Low solids 120 Zone marking coatings 450 Table 2 - Product category table of standards: VOC content limits Product category VOC content limit (weight per cent VOC) Air fresheners: Single -phase Double -phase Liquids/pump sprays Solids/gels 70 30 18 3 Automotive windshield washer fluid 35 Bathroom and tile cleaners: Aerosols All other forms 7 5 Carburettor and choke cleaners 75 Cooking sprays—aerosol 18 Dusting aids: Aerosols All other forms 35 7 Engine degreasers 75 Fabric protectants 75 EB.AIR/WG.5/1999/12/Add.1 page 6 Product category VOC content limit (weight per cent VOC) Floor polishes/waxes: Products for flexible flooring materials Products for non-resilient flooring Wood floor wax 7 10 90 Furniture maintenance products-aerosol 25 General purpose cleaners 10 Glass cleaners: Aerosols All other forms 12 8 Hair mousses 16 Hair sprays 80 Hair styling gels 6 Household adhesives: Aerosols Contact Construction and panel General purpose Structural waterproof 75 80 40 10 15 Insecticides: Crawling bug Flea and tick Flying bug Foggers Lawn and Garden 40 25 35 45 20 Laundry prewash: Aerosols/solids All other forms 22 5 Laundry starch products 5 Nail polish removers 85 Oven cleaners: Aerosols/pump sprays Liquids 8 5 Shaving creams 5 EB.AIR/WG.5/1999/12/Add.1 page 7 Table 3 - Underarm antiperspirant and underarm deodorant Table of standards: HVOC 1/ - content limits Product category Per cent HVOC content limit (weight -per cent HVOC1/ ) Underarm antiperspirants—aerosol 60 Underarm deodorants—aerosol 20 1/ High -volatility organic compounds ( HVOCs) are VOCs with a vapour pressure greater than 80 millimetres of mercury at 20 °C.
Language:English
Score: 1123713.5 - daccess-ods.?un.org/acc....AIR/WG.5/1999/12/ADD.1&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY OF THE DOCUMENT ON GUIDANCE FOR IDENTIFYING POPULATIONS AT RISK FROM MERCURY EXPOSURE
Even though both blood and hair can be used to document methylmercury exposure, hair is generally the preferred choice as it provides a simple, integrative, and non-invasive sample. (...) . (2002) Canada hair Indigenous Yes 4.4 µg/g Muckle et al. (2001) China hair Representative No 0.42 µg/g Feng et al. (1998) Germany urine Representative No 0.4-2.0 mg/l Becker et al. (2003) Japan hair Representative Yes 1.76-3.37 µg/g Yasutake et al. (2003) Spain hair, Children No 0.8 µg/g Batista et al. (1996) Spain blood Representative Yes 11-22 ng/g Sanzo et al. (2001) Sweden hair blood Pregnant women Yes 0.35 µg/g (hair) 1.3 µg/l (cord blood) Bjornberg et al. (2003) UK hair Pregnant women No 0.19 µg/g Lindlow et al. (2003) USA hair Representative No 0.3 µg/g Pelizzari et al. (1999) USA blood Women aged 16-49 years No 1.2 µg/l Schober et al. (2003) USA hair Women aged 15-45 years No 0.4 µg/g Smith et al. (1997) USA hair Indigenous Yes 0.83 µg/g Gerstenberger et al
Language:English
Score: 1122297.5 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...=UNEP(DTIE)/HG/INC.2/19&Lang=E
Data Source: ods