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The new varieties produce an insect-killing toxin, thus reducing the need for pesticides. Current biotechnology can increase crop yields and reduce production costs, even for small-scale farmers in developing countries, who make up a large part of the world’s poor and hungry population. (...) These patterns can be iden- tified by the use of: Molecular markers: DNA sequences that can be associated with a trait, such as cold tolerance or the ability to produce a certain toxin. Molecular markers can help researchers charac- terize genetic diversity more quickly and speed up breeding programmes without modifying the genetic stock of the organism. (...) When used to make pulp and paper, the modified wood requires less processing with harsh chemicals. Increased fish yield: Researchers have modified the gene that governs growth hormones in tilapia, a farmed fish, offering the prospect of increased yield and greater availability of fish protein in local diets.
Language:English
Score: 1271608.7 - https://www.fao.org/worldfoods...it/english/fsheets/biotech.pdf
Data Source: un
Indoor air pollution is caused by toxic emissions from synthetic building materials and other pollutants and is exacerbated by a lack of circulation. Plants absorb these toxins, produce oxygen, and increase humidity. Make sure you have enough plants in big spaces.  (...) They are fast and easy to make with customizable fragrances and without harsh chemicals. They are also very inexpensive and clean streak and spot free, every single time!
Language:English
Score: 1242710 - https://www.unicef.org/armenia...-ways-improve-quality-air-home
Data Source: un
What are natural toxins? Natural toxins are toxic compounds that are naturally produced by living organisms. (...) Aquatic biotoxins Toxins formed by algae in the ocean and fresh water are called algal toxins. (...) Some of these toxins can cause gastrointestinal problems in susceptible people.
Language:English
Score: 1216626.1 - https://www.who.int/news-room/.../detail/natural-toxins-in-food
Data Source: un
No person shall produce biological or toxin weapons 4-2. No person shall retain, transfer or acquire biological or toxin weapons. (...) Persons who use biological or toxin weapons and discharge biological agents or toxins filled in the said biological or toxin weapons shall be liable to either imprisonment with labor for an indefinite period or for minimum two years, or maximum fine of ten million yen. 9-2. (...) This Law, first of all, defines biological agents, toxins and biological and toxin weapons, then prohibits any person from producing, retaining, transferring and acquiring biological and toxin weapons under penalty (Articles 4 and 10).
Language:English
Score: 1210287 - https://www.un.org/disarmament...s/2017/04/BWC_MSP2003_WP.5.pdf
Data Source: un
Botulinum toxins are one of the most lethal substances known. Botulinum toxins block nerve functions and can lead to respiratory and muscular paralysis. (...) C. botulinum will not grow in acidic conditions (pH less than 4.6), and therefore the toxin will not be formed in acidic foods (however, a low pH will not degrade any pre-formed toxin).
Language:English
Score: 1196797.9 - https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/botulism
Data Source: un
According to Article IV of the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention each State Party shall, in accordance with its constitutional processes, take any necessary measure to prohibit and prevent the development, production, stockpiling, acquisition, or retention of the agents, toxins, weapons, equipment and means of delivery specified in Article I of the Convention. (...) Some States Parties follow a policy under which only dangerous microorganisms and toxins that are contained on specially designed lists are controlled. (...) As already mentioned, authorization to handle dangerous microorganisms and toxins might be granted in the form of licences either to personnel or to facilities.
Language:English
Score: 1196778.2 - https://www.un.org/disarmament...s/2017/04/BWC_MSP2003_WP.3.pdf
Data Source: un
But there  i s often another associat ed and hidden danger: fungal  toxins  that  are harmful to animal and human health. (...) They are also developing a web-based disease and toxin-forecasting system to help forewarn farmers of the potential for high toxin levels in their harvest, and to provide recommendations on treatment and management.   Fungal toxins in grain are a prime example showing how plant, human and animal health are intertwined.
Language:English
Score: 1183328.1 - https://www.fao.org/plant-heal...my-story/profile/en/c/1310147/
Data Source: un
Working the land, usage of fertilizers and toxins and struggle against horticultural weeds 3. (...) The following is prohibited a) the usage of toxins and biological facilities not in the list of permitted toxins and biological facilities which can be used in order to struggle against agricultural plant pests, weeds, and diseases; forestry, decorative and flower, as well as lack of the certificate of compliance b) storage of fertilizers, toxins, and biologic preparations in storehouses and premises which do not comply with the sanitary and phyto-sanitary norms c) storage of fertilizers, toxins, and biologic preparations together with food products, their joined transportation d) selling of agricultural products, which contain inadmissible portion of toxins and fertilizers III. (...) Prohibited to a) utilize unaccepted toxins and biologic preparations in the territory if the Republic b) involve individuals below 18 without medical examination and pregnant women to work there where toxins are used c) use disinfected seeds as food product or fodder d) import of export of plants, agricultural products, seeds and planting materials without quarantine certificate at the quarantine territory of the Republic.
Language:English
Score: 1182260.1 - https://www.wto.org/english/th..._e/arm_e/WTACCARM10_LEG_19.pdf
Data Source: un
syria | security council Related Stories Security Council: UN welcomes efforts to de-escalate crisis in northeast Syria Syria: ‘Actions, not words’ needed to save lives in East Ghouta – UN humanitarian wing UN relief chief urges Security Council to back aid delivery, more funding for millions of Syrians hit by harsh weather News Tracker: Past Stories on This Issue New Syria fighting represents ‘giant powder keg’, warns aid veteran, as he leaves UN stage 29 November 2018 Humanitarian Aid It is unclear if rockets fired into the Syrian city of Aleppo last weekend contained chemical toxins, a senior humanitarian adviser to the UN said on Thursday, adding that if they did, it would constitute a war crime.
Language:English
Score: 1142550.4 - https://news.un.org/en/story/2018/11/1027031
Data Source: un
IHL - Treaties & Commentaries - FULL Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction. Opened for Signature at London, Moscow and Washington. 10 April 1972. (...) ARTICLE II Each State Party to this Convention undertakes to destroy, or to divert to peaceful purposes, as soon as possible but not later than nine months after the entry into force of the Convention, all agents, toxins, weapons, equipment and means of delivery specified in Article I of the Convention, which are in its possession or under its jurisdiction or control. (...) This Convention shall be implemented in a manner designed to avoid hampering the economic or technological development of States Parties to the Convention or international co-operation in the field of peaceful bacteriological (biological) activities, including the international exchange of bacteriological (biological) agents and toxins and equipment for the processing, use or production of bacteriological (biological) agents and toxins for peaceful purposes in accordance with the provisions of the Convention.
Language:English
Score: 1139782.3 - https://www.un.org/en/genocide...onv%20biological%20weapons.pdf
Data Source: un