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Key Documents – UNODA     مرحبا بكم في الأمم المتحدة العربية 中文 English Français Русский Español اللغة العربية 中文 English Français Русский Español Key Documents Relating to the Secretary General’s Mechanism for Investigation of Alleged Use of Chemical and Biological Weapons General Assembly Resolution A/RES/42/37C (30 November 1987) requests the Secretary-General to carry out investigations in response to reports that may be brought to his attention by any Member State concerning the possible use of chemical and bacteriological (biological) or toxin weapons; requests the Secretary-General, with the assistance of qualified experts, to develop further technical guidelines and procedures; requests the Secretary-General to compile and maintain lists of qualified experts provided by Member States. Security Council Resolution 620 (26 August 1988) encourages the Secretary-General to carry out promptly investigations in response to allegations brought to his attention by any Member State concerning the possible use of chemical and bacteriological (biological) or toxin weapons; decides to consider immediately, taking into account the investigations of the Secretary-General, appropriate and effective measures in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, should there by any future use of chemical weapons in violation of international law. General Assembly Document A/44/561 Annex I (4 October 1989) contains recommendations by the group of qualified experts convened pursuant to General Assembly Resolution A/RES/42/37 C for guidelines and procedures for timely and efficient investigations of reports on the possible use of chemical and bacteriological (biological) or toxin weapons. Updated appendices to the technical guidelines and procedures General Assembly Resolution A/RES/45/57C (4 December 1990)   endorses the proposal for guidelines and procedures for investigations of reports on the possible use of chemical and bacteriological (biological) or toxin weapons contained in document A/44/561.
Language:English
Score: 1108484.6 - https://www.un.org/disarmament...l-mechanism-old/key_documents/
Data Source: un
Cleopa Kilonzo Mailu of Kenya, Chairperson of the 2020 Meeting of States Parties Biological weapons disseminate disease-causing organisms or toxins to harm or kill humans, animals or plants. (...) The consequences of the deliberate release of biological agents or toxins by state or non-state actors could be dramatic. (...) States Parties to the Biological Weapons Convention undertook “never in any circumstances to develop, produce, stockpile or otherwise acquire or retain: microbial or other biological agents, or toxins whatever their origin or method of production, of types and in quantities that have no justification for prophylactic, protective or other peaceful purposes; weapons, equipment or means of delivery designed to use such agents or toxins for hostile purposes or in armed conflict.”
Language:English
Score: 1107943.9 - https://www.un.org/disarmament/ar/biological-weapons/
Data Source: un
C-46), as amended, Section 431.2(1)-(2) BW: Human Pathogens and Toxins Act (S.C. 2009, c.24, HPTA), as amended, Sections 6-8, 58 (intentional release or abandoning a human pathogen or toxin in contravention of the Act) Criminal Code, (R.S.C. 1985, c. (...) C-46), as amended, Section 431.2(2) BW: Human Pathogens and Toxins Act (S.C. 2009, c.24, HPTA), as amended Sections 53--64 Criminal Code, (R.S.C. 1985, c. (...) OP 3 (a) and (b) - Account for/Secure/Physically protect BW including Related Materials (BW specific) Measures to establish domestic controls to prevent the proliferation of BW, their means of delivery; controls over related materials Source document Remarks 1 Licensing/registration of installations/facilities/ persons/entities/use/ handling of materials Human Pathogens and Toxins Act ((S.C. 2009, c.24, HPTA), section 18 Canadian Biosafety Standard (CBS), 2nd edition, Sections 1.3 (Legislative and Regulatory Requirements for Human Pathogens and Toxins) and 1.4 (Legislative and Regulatory Requirements for Animal Pathogens, Toxins, and other Regulated Infectious Material) 21 VII.
Language:English
Score: 1104376.7 - https://www.un.org/en/sc/1540/...nts/CanadaReport30June2020.pdf
Data Source: un
The causes were organized into six risk categories, including: chemical, microbiological, histamine, toxins, parasites, and a broad category called “other causes”. (...) The fifth largest cause of import notifications was due to the presence of toxins (10 cases) and the presence of histamine above the maximum levels, with seven cases recorded. (...) Similarly, cases due to parasites increased from 8 in 2019 to 15 in 2020. Cases due to toxins remained stable while cases due to the presence of histamine above the maximum levels decreased from 15 in 2019 to seven in 2020. [1] The United Kingdom is also included in this analysis as the Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF) includes it as an importing country.
Language:English
Score: 1102862.9 - https://www.fao.org/in-action/.../2020-import-notifications/fr/
Data Source: un
The notifications were organized into the following categories: microbiological, chemical and toxins. As summarized in the table below, most notifications were due to microbiological issues with 47 cases, followed by chemical with 32 cases and by toxins with seven cases. (...) However, while notifications due to microbiological and toxins causes decreased, those of chemical causes increased from 27 cases in 2019 to 32 in 2020. Import notifications by category (Number cases - 2020) Month Microbiological Chemical Toxins Total January 3 2 0 5 February 2 3 0 5 March 2 3 0 5 April 0 0 0 0 May 0 6 0 6 June 2 1 0 3 July 5 3 1 9 August 4 3 6 13 September 8 2 0 10 October 9 2 0 11 November 7 1 0 8 December 5 6 0 11 Total 47 32 7 86 Source: MHLW Percentage of the causes As shown in the figure below, microbiological cases account for 55 percent of the total notifications, chemical for 37 percent and toxins for 8 percent.
Language:English
Score: 1102862.9 - https://www.fao.org/in-action/...rder-rejections/japan/2018/zh/
Data Source: un
The rejections were organized into three categories, including: microbiological, chemical, toxins and “other causes”. As summarized in the table below, most rejections were due to microbiological issues with 77 cases, followed by chemical (27 cases), toxins (4 cases) and "other causes" with only 1 case. (...) Border rejections by category (Number cases - 2019) Month Microbiological Chemical Toxins Other causes Total January 4 2 3 0 9 February 7 1 0 0 8 March 1 2 0 0 3 April 7 2 0 0 9 May 5 4 0 0 9 June 8 2 0 0 10 July 12 2 0 0 14 August 8 0 0 0 8 September 5 1 1 0 7 October 7 2 0 0 9 November 5 5 0 1 11 December 8 4 0 0 12 Total 77 27 4 1 109 Source: MHLW Percentage of the causes As shown in the figure below, microbiological cases account for 70 percent of the total rejections, chemical for 25 percent, toxins for 4 percent and other causes for 1 percent of the total.
Language:English
Score: 1101867 - https://www.fao.org/in-action/...view-of-rejections-in-2019/en/
Data Source: un
Workshop on Regional Bio-security and the Role of the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC) – UNODA     مرحبا بكم في الأمم المتحدة العربية 中文 English Français Русский Español اللغة العربية 中文 English Français Русский Español Workshop on Regional Bio-security and the Role of the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC) يناير 24th, 2011 A workshop on regional bio-security and the role of the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention was hosted by the Middle East Scientific Institute for Security (MESIS) in Amman, Jordan from 24 to 27 January 2011. (...) Franz Kolar, ODA representative from the Weapons of Mass Destruction Branch (WMDB) presented the Secretary-General’s mechanism for the investigation of alleged use of chemical, biological or toxin weapons and ODA organized outreach activities related to the non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction in support of UNSCR 1540 (2004).
Language:English
Score: 1101867 - https://www.un.org/disarmament/ar/update/20110124/
Data Source: un
Cleopa Kilonzo Mailu of Kenya, Chairperson of the 2020 Meeting of States Parties Biological weapons disseminate disease-causing organisms or toxins to harm or kill humans, animals or plants. (...) The consequences of the deliberate release of biological agents or toxins by state or non-state actors could be dramatic. (...) States Parties to the Biological Weapons Convention undertook “never in any circumstances to develop, produce, stockpile or otherwise acquire or retain: microbial or other biological agents, or toxins whatever their origin or method of production, of types and in quantities that have no justification for prophylactic, protective or other peaceful purposes; weapons, equipment or means of delivery designed to use such agents or toxins for hostile purposes or in armed conflict.”
Language:English
Score: 1099146.7 - https://www.un.org/disarmament/es/biological-weapons/
Data Source: un
Cleopa Kilonzo Mailu of Kenya, Chairperson of the 2020 Meeting of States Parties Biological weapons disseminate disease-causing organisms or toxins to harm or kill humans, animals or plants. (...) The consequences of the deliberate release of biological agents or toxins by state or non-state actors could be dramatic. (...) States Parties to the Biological Weapons Convention undertook “never in any circumstances to develop, produce, stockpile or otherwise acquire or retain: microbial or other biological agents, or toxins whatever their origin or method of production, of types and in quantities that have no justification for prophylactic, protective or other peaceful purposes; weapons, equipment or means of delivery designed to use such agents or toxins for hostile purposes or in armed conflict.”
Language:English
Score: 1099146.7 - https://www.un.org/disarmament/fr/biological-weapons/
Data Source: un
Cleopa Kilonzo Mailu of Kenya, Chairperson of the 2020 Meeting of States Parties Biological weapons disseminate disease-causing organisms or toxins to harm or kill humans, animals or plants. (...) The consequences of the deliberate release of biological agents or toxins by state or non-state actors could be dramatic. (...) States Parties to the Biological Weapons Convention undertook “never in any circumstances to develop, produce, stockpile or otherwise acquire or retain: microbial or other biological agents, or toxins whatever their origin or method of production, of types and in quantities that have no justification for prophylactic, protective or other peaceful purposes; weapons, equipment or means of delivery designed to use such agents or toxins for hostile purposes or in armed conflict.”
Language:English
Score: 1099146.7 - https://www.un.org/disarmament/zh/biological-weapons/
Data Source: un