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With respect to humidity, data can be provided as relative humidity, dew point temperature or water vapour pressure. (...) As a result, the provided relative humidity and sunshine hours are often deduced from observations of vapour pressure and radiation, even if the former are observed. (...) With respect to humidity, data can be provided as relative humidity, dew point temperature or water vapour pressure.
Language:English
Score: 1159277.6 - https://www.fao.org/land-water...ftware/climwat-for-cropwat/es/
Data Source: un
With respect to humidity, data can be provided as relative humidity, dew point temperature or water vapour pressure. (...) As a result, the provided relative humidity and sunshine hours are often deduced from observations of vapour pressure and radiation, even if the former are observed. (...) With respect to humidity, data can be provided as relative humidity, dew point temperature or water vapour pressure.
Language:English
Score: 1159277.6 - https://www.fao.org/land-water...ftware/climwat-for-cropwat/fr/
Data Source: un
With respect to humidity, data can be provided as relative humidity, dew point temperature or water vapour pressure. (...) As a result, the provided relative humidity and sunshine hours are often deduced from observations of vapour pressure and radiation, even if the former are observed. (...) With respect to humidity, data can be provided as relative humidity, dew point temperature or water vapour pressure.
Language:English
Score: 1154772.95 - https://www.fao.org/land-water...ftware/climwat-for-cropwat/zh/
Data Source: un
Organic Research Centres Alliance (ORCA): ORCA Centres Home Contacts Secretariat Research fields Country profiles Home  >  ORCA Secretariat  >  ORCA Research  >  Research fields  > ORCA Centres ORCA Centres Humid and Sub-Humid Agro-Ecosystems Coastal and Small Island Agro-ecosystems Hilly and Mountainous Agro-ecosystems Arid and Semi-Arid Agro-ecosystems Temperate and Irrigated Agro-ecosystems Climate Change Seeds and Breeds Post Harvest and Safety Economics and Markets Nutrition, Quality, and Health Urban and Peri-Urban Systems ORCA Topics Research Models ORCA Centres Once fully developed, ORCA will consist of some eleven research networks, or centres, that pool their intellectual and financial resources to work on common research objectives. (...) Five of the ORCA Centres will focus on specific agro-ecosystems:  Coastal and small islands ; Hilly and mountains ; Arid and semi-arid ; Humid and sub-humid ;  Temperate and irrigated . (...) ORCA and HUSHA project proposal Project proposal for the start-up phase of ORCA and the prototype Centre on humid and subhumid areas | Print page © Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL).
Language:English
Score: 1130588.1 - https://www.fao.org/organicag/...search-fields/orca-centres/en/
Data Source: un
Mise en initiale du Plan de Gestion Intégrée du Complexe de Zones Humides Guerbes Sanhadja:Réhabilitation et valorisation à travers l'Utilisation Rationnelle des Ressources en Eau | Programme De Développement Des Nations Unies Aller au contenu principal Algérie Nous connaître Notre travail Notre impact Nous rejoindre Global Nav toggle Search Nous connaître Notre travail Notre impact Nous rejoindre English Locations Home Algérie Mise en initiale du Plan de Gestion Intégrée du Complexe de Zones Humides Guerbes Sanhadja:Réhabilitation et valorisation à travers l'Utilisation Rationnelle des Ressources en Eau Mise en initiale du Plan de Gestion Intégrée du Complexe de Zones Humides Guerbes Sanhadja:Réhabilitation et valorisation à travers l'Utilisation Rationnelle des Ressources en Eau   Contexte Les zones humides sont une ressource de grande valeur économique, culturelle, scientifique et récréative pour l’homme. (...) La surexploitation des ressources d’eau douce met en péril le bien-être humain et l’environnement, car, la dégradation des zones humides ébranle l’accès à l’eau salubre, la santé humaine, la production alimentaire, le développement économique et la stabilité géopolitique. Le présent projet concerne le complexe des zones humides de Guerbes-Sanhadja, d’une superficie de 42.100 hectares, situé sur la plaine littorale algérienne et caractérisée par une biodiversité riche et exceptionnels dans le bassin méditerranéens.
Language:English
Score: 1124237.3 - https://www.undp.org/fr/algeri...et-valorisation-%C3%A0-travers
Data Source: un
Drylands refer to arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas, and, in general, exclude deserts when referred to in the context of sustainable development. (...) Cropland dominates in the dry sub-humid areas. Poverty - Few Comforts in Life The livelihoods of more than 1 billion people in some 100 countries are threatened by desertification. (...) Arid & hyper-arid Semi-arid Dry sub-humid Humid Degradation 5% 9% 8% 78% Natural regeneration of vegetation cover and soils in arid areas takes 5-10 times longer than in favourable areas with greater and more regular rainfall.
Language:English
Score: 1086459.5 - https://www.un.org/en/events/d...tification_decade/whynow.shtml
Data Source: un
The highest temperatures are in February, reaching a monthly minimum average of 20ºC and a maximum of 27ºC. It is sunny, humid and warm. The traveller visiting Lima at this time of the year should bring light clothing. CLIMATE FROM MAY TO NOVEMBER Clouds are practically permanent during the day and night, from June to September. The relative humidity during the evening and early hours of the dayis around 90%, decreasing to 80% at noon. (...) This month is mostly cloudy both during the day and nighttime, plus high humidity, frequent drizzles and low temperatures during the evenings and early hours.
Language:English
Score: 1085290.8 - https://www.icao.int/SAM/Pages/Weather.aspx
Data Source: un
MSM, SW, STI-clinic/service attendees) Screening/regular testing: key populations Target use setting Healthcare settings particularly at primary care level (level 1) or above Results Clear positive, negative or invalid result with minimal instructions for interpretation Equipment Single use, biodegradable or recyclable disposable diagnostic test preferred, reader optional (small, portable, table- top or handheld, no electricity/power supply required) Target use(s) Gonorrhoea testing STI-patient Reference technology Laboratory-based NAAT Performance Minimal Optimal Clinical sensitivity2 90% (genital) 98% (genital) Clinical specificity 90% (genital) >98% (genital) Quantitation3 Not applicable 1 Should be guided by the knowledge of the local epidemics 2 Based on a sample size sufficient to achieve confidence intervals of ±5% around a point estimate of sensitivity and specificity 3 POCTs are only to provide a positive/negative result, other quantitative methods will be used for quantitation 4 5 MINIMAL AND OPTIMAL OPERATIONAL CHARACTERISTICS FOR GONOCOCCAL INFECTION TEST Minimal Optimal Specimen4 Vaginal fluid in women and urine in men Urine in men and women, vaginal, rectal and pharyngeal Specimen preparation Minimal sample processing; no more than one operator step Integrated Steps performed by healthcare worker between specimen preparation and result No more than three operator steps that are not timed nor labour intensive One operator step (none of which has a timed interval), excluding waste disposal Additional consumables required but not provided within the test kit None, except for specimen collection Cold chain None required at any point Test kit All materials required for test procedure, including devices, reagents or other consumables to diagnose one individual, included in packaged, self-contained kit (either packaged individually as one test per test kit or sufficient to perform the number of tests packaged in the test kit box – e.g. 20, 50 or 100 tests) Test kit stability and storage conditions Six months, stable between 2-35oC, 70% humidity, 3000m altitude 12 months, stable between 0-50oC, 90% humidity, 3000m altitude Environmental tolerance of packaged test kit • Transport stress (48 hours with fluctuations up to 50 °C and down to 0 °C) • Tolerate exposures between 2 °C and 45 °C at an altitude up to 3000 metres, up to and including condensing humidity Operating conditions • Operation between 15 °C and 40 °C at an altitude up to 2000 metres (between 10 °C and 45 °C at an altitude up to 3000 metres preferred) • Extremely low relative humidity to condensing humidity • Result interpretation in low light settings 4 Sensitivity and specificity for rectal and pharyngeal swabs is not yet determined 6 MINIMAL AND OPTIMAL OPERATIONAL CHARACTERISTICS FOR GONOCOCCAL INFECTION TEST Minimal Optimal Training required < 90 minutes 30 minutes Clean water None Time to result <=60 minutes <=30 minutes Duration of sample stability (time from specimen collection to insertion into test cartridge)5 It is inherent to the definition of a POCT that specimen collection should be immediately followed by the the testing of the specimen Stability of valid result (read window)6 • At least 30 minutes (after which results may be false or invalid) Clear language in the IFU regarding test reading. • ≥1 hour (after which results give invalid rather than false results) Clear language in the IFU regarding test reading. (...) MSM, SW, STI-clinic/service attendees) Screening: pregnant women, key populations Target use setting To detect TP-specific antibodies and non-TP-specific antibodies Results Clear reactive, non-reactive or invalid result with minimal instructions for interpretation Equipment Single use diagnostic test preferred, reader optional (small, portable, table-top or handheld, no electricity/power supply required) Target use(s) TP component Non-TP component Reference technology TPPA RPR Performance Minimal Optimal Minimal Optimal Clinical sensitivity16 >80% >90% >95% of high titre (1 in 8) specimens >99% of high titre (1 in 8) specimens Clinical specificity >90% >95% >80% >95% Quantitation17 Not applicable 15 Should be guided by the knowledge of the local epidemics 16 Based on a sample size sufficient to achieve confidence intervals of ±5% around a point estimate of sensitivity and specificity 17 POCTs are only to provide a positive/negative result, other quantitative methods will be used for quantitation 15 MINIMAL AND OPTIMAL OPERATIONAL CHARACTERISTICS FOR COMBINED TREPONEMAL (TP) AND NON-TREPONEMAL (NON-TP) POCT FOR SYPHILIS Minimal Optimal Specimen Finger prick capillary blood (maximum 50 µL) Finger prick capillary blood (maximum 20 µL) Specimen preparation Minimal sample processing; no more than one operator step Integrated Steps performed by healthcare worker between specimen preparation and result No more than three operator steps that are not timed nor labour intensive Max one operator step (none of which has a timed interval), excluding waste disposal Additional consumables required but not provided within the test kit None, other than for specimen collection Cold chain None required at any point Test kit All materials required for test procedure, including devices, reagents or other consumables to diagnose one individual, included in packaged, self-contained kit (either packaged individually as one test per test kit or sufficient to perform the number of tests packaged in the test kit box – e.g. 20, 50 or 100 tests) Test kit stability and storage conditions • Six months, stable between 2-35oC, 70% humidity, 3000m altitude 12 months, stable between 0-50oC, 90% humidity, 3000m altitude Environmental tolerance of packaged test kit • Transport stress (48 hours with fluctuations up to 50 °C and down to 0 °C) • Tolerate exposures between 2 °C and 45 °C at an altitude up to 3000 metres, up to and including condensing humidity Operating conditions • Operation between 15 °C and 40 °C at an altitude up to 2000 metres (between 10 °C and 45 °C at an altitude up to 3000 metres preferred) • Extremely low relative humidity to condensing humidity • Result interpretation in low light settings Training required < 90 minutes 30 minutes Clean water None 16 MINIMAL AND OPTIMAL OPERATIONAL CHARACTERISTICS FOR COMBINED TREPONEMAL (TP) AND NON-TREPONEMAL (NON-TP) POCT FOR SYPHILIS Minimal Optimal Time to result <=60 minutes <=30 minutes Duration of sample stability (time from specimen collection to insertion into test cartridge)18 It is inherent to the definition of a POCT that specimen collection should be immediately followed by the the testing of the specimen Stability of valid result (read window)19 • At least 30 minutes (after which results may be false or invalid) • Clear language in the IFU regarding test reading • ≥1 hour (after which results give invalid rather than false results) • Clear language in the IFU regarding test reading. (...) FSW, STI-clinic/service attendees) Target use setting Healthcare settings particularly at primary care level (level 1) or above Results Clear positive, negative or invalid result with minimal instructions for interpretation Equipment Single use, biodegradable or recyclable disposable diagnostic test preferred, reader optional (small, portable, table-top or handheld, no electricity/power supply required) Target use(s) Testing STI patient Reference technology Laboratory-based NAAT Performance Minimal Optimal Clinical sensitivity37 85% (Clinician collected) 98% Clinical specificity 99% 100% Quantitation38 Not applicable 36 Should be guided by the knowledge of the local epidemics 37 Based on a sample size sufficient to achieve confidence intervals of ±5% around a point estimate of sensitivity and specificity. 38 POCTs are only to provide a positive/negative result, other quantitative methods will be used for quantitation 31 MINIMAL AND OPTIMAL OPERATIONAL CHARACTERISTICS FOR TRICHOMONAS VAGINALIS TEST Minimal Optimal Specimen Vaginal swab Urine Specimen preparation Minimal sample processing; no more than one operator step Integrated Steps performed by healthcare worker between specimen preparation and result No more than three operator steps that are not timed nor labour intensive Max one operator step (none of which has timed interval), excluding waste disposal Additional consumables required but not provided within the test kit None, other than for specimen collection Cold chain Not required at any point Test kit All materials required for test procedure, including devices, reagents or other consumables to diagnose one individual, included in packaged, self-contained kit (either packaged individually as one test per test kit or sufficient to perform the number of tests packaged in the test kit box – e.g. 20, 50 or 100 tests) Test kit stability and storage conditions Six months, stable between 2-35oC, 70% humidity, 3000m altitude 12 months, stable between 0-50oC, 90% humidity, 3000m altitude Environmental tolerance of packaged test kit • Transport stress (48 hours with fluctuations up to 50 °C and down to 0 °C) • Tolerate exposures between 2 °C and 45 °C at an altitude up to 3000 metres, up to and including condensing humidity Operating conditions • Operation between 15 °C and 40 °C at an altitude up to 2000 metres (between 10 °C and 45 °C at an altitude up to 3000 metres preferred) • Extremely low relative humidity to condensing humidity • Result interpretation in low light settings Training required < 90 minutes 30 minutes Clean water None Time to result <=60 minutes <=30 minutes Duration of sample stability (time from specimen collection to insertion into test It is inherent to the definition of a POCT that specimen collection should be immediately followed by the the testing of the specimen 32 MINIMAL AND OPTIMAL OPERATIONAL CHARACTERISTICS FOR TRICHOMONAS VAGINALIS TEST Minimal Optimal cartridge)39 Stability of valid result (read window)40 • At least 30 minutes (after which results may be false or invalid) Clear language in the IFU regarding test reading. • ≥1 hour (after which results give invalid rather than false results) Clear language in the IFU regarding test reading.
Language:English
Score: 1077968.75 - https://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/POTC-TPPs-2016.pdf
Data Source: un
Guide technique : Pratiques agroécologiques et agroforestières en zone tropicale humide FAO.org english français Español Sustainable Food Value Chains Knowledge Platform What is it? Library Training and Learning Center Member area News & Events Login Register Packages Individual materials Guide technique : Pratiques agroécologiques et agroforestières en zone tropicale humide 2015 Ce guide se veut être un outil d’accompagnement à l’application de techniques d’agroécologie et d’agroforesterie en zones tropicales humides.
Language:English
Score: 1077286 - https://www.fao.org/sustainabl...details-materials/en/c/429053/
Data Source: un
Guide technique : Pratiques agroécologiques et agroforestières en zone tropicale humide FAO.org english français Español Plataforma de Conocimientos sobre las Cadenas de Valor Alimentarias Sostenibles ¿Qué es? Biblioteca Centro de Capacitación y Aprendizaje Área de Miembros Noticias y Eventos Área de inicio de sesión Registrarse Módulos Materiales individuales Guide technique : Pratiques agroécologiques et agroforestières en zone tropicale humide 2015 Ce guide se veut être un outil d’accompagnement à l’application de techniques d’agroécologie et d’agroforesterie en zones tropicales humides.
Language:English
Score: 1068890.6 - https://www.fao.org/sustainabl...details-materials/es/c/429053/
Data Source: un