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The Tabula can be seen as a mediaeval facsimile imitating the book scroll in use in Antiquity. Completely preserved in the Department of Manuscripts, Autographs and Closed Collections of the National Library (Cod. 324), the Tabula Peutingeriana contains many insights for the history of administration and economy of the Roman Empire.
语言:英语
得分: 251.89 - https://en.unesco.org/mediabank/25175/
数据资源: un
The Tabula can be seen as a mediaeval facsimile imitating the book scroll in use in Antiquity. Completely preserved in the Department of Manuscripts, Autographs and Closed Collections of the National Library (Cod. 324), the Tabula Peutingeriana contains many insights for the history of administration and economy of the Roman Empire.
语言:英语
得分: 251.89 - https://en.unesco.org/mediabank/25178/
数据资源: un
The Tabula can be seen as a mediaeval facsimile imitating the book scroll in use in Antiquity. Completely preserved in the Department of Manuscripts, Autographs and Closed Collections of the National Library (Cod. 324), the Tabula Peutingeriana contains many insights for the history of administration and economy of the Roman Empire.
语言:英语
得分: 251.89 - https://en.unesco.org/mediabank/25176/
数据资源: un
., excl. 0803 figs, 0805 nuts (other than those of heading 0801), 0813 fruit, dried (other than that of headings 0801-0805) coffee, tea, mate and spices; excl. 0903 mate cereals products of the milling industry, malt and starches, gluten, inulin; excl. 1107 malt oil seeds and oleaginus fruit seeds, etc. for sowing plants and parts ... of trees, ... used primarily in perfumery, in pharmacy, etc. chicory roots ... locust beans, etc. mangolds, swedes, fodder roots; hay, lucerne, forage products shellac, lacs, natural gums, resins, etc. vegetable saps and extracts, etc. vegetable plaiting materials, etc. fats of bovine cattle, sheep or goats, etc. fats and oils, of fish and marine mammals fixed vegetable oils animal and vegetable oils, boiled, oxidised, etc. fatty acids; acid oils for refining; fatty alcohols glycerol and glycerol lyes animal or vegetable oils and fats, wholly or partly hydrogenated margarine, imitation lard, etc. spermacetti, beeswax, etc. vegetable waxes preparations of meat, of fish, etc.; excl. 1605 crustaceans and molluscs, prepared or preserved sugars and sugar confectionery cocoa and cocoa preparations preparations of cereals, flour or starch, etc.; excl. 1907 bread, ships' biscuits, etc., 1908 pastry, biscuits, cakes, etc. NTM/W/4/Rev.2 Page 3 Chapter 20 Chapter 21 Chapter 22 Chapter 23 Chapter 2501 2511 2523 2701 2702 2704 2847 2856 2904 2914 2923 2944 3001 3003 3301 3401 3803 24 3901 3902 3907 Chapter 4101 4102 4103 4104 4202 40 4203 4205 Chapter 44 Chapter 46 Chapter 48 4902 Chapter preparations of vegetables, fruit or other parts of plants miscellaneous edible preparations; excl. 2103 mustard flour and prepared mustard, 2106 natural yeasts beverages, spirits and vinegar; excl. 2201 waters, 2202 lemonade, flavoured spa waters, etc. residues and waste from the food industries, prepared animal fodder; excl. 2305 wine lees, argol, 2306 products of vegetable origin of a kind used for animal food, n.e.s. tobacco common salt, etc. natural barium sulphate, natural barium carbonate cement coal, briquettes, etc. lignite coke and semi-coke of coal, o ' lignite or of peat, etc. salts of metallic acids carbides acyclic alcohols and derivatives monocarboxylic acids, etc. and derivatives oxygen-function amino-compounds antibiotics organo-therapeutic glands, organs, extracts, etc. medicaments essential oils, etc. soap; organic surface-active products, etc. activated carbon and natural mineral products; animal black condensation, polycondensation and polyaddition products polymerisation and copolymerisation products articles of materials described in headings 3901 to 3906 rubber, synthetic rubber, factice, and articles thereof raw hides and skins bovine cattle leather ... and equine leather sheep and lambskin leather goat and kid skin leather travel goods ... shopping bags ... cases, boxes ... of leather, etc. articles of apparel and clothing accessories, of leather, etc. other articles of leather, etc. wood and articles of wood, etc.; excl. 4401 fuel wood .. wood waste, 4402 wood charcoal manufactures of straw, etc; basketware, wickerwork paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard newspapers, journals periodicals man-made fibres (continuous); excl.5102 monofil, strip, imitation cat-gut sheep's or lambs wool woven. fabrics of sheep's or lamb's wool or of fine animal hair 51 5301 5311 NTM/W/4/Rev.2 Page 4 5405 5505 5508 5509 5605, 5606 5607 5702 5706 5707 5710 5801 5802 5805 5810 5904 5906 5913 Chapter 60 Chapter 61 Chapter 62 Chapter 64 6501 6601 6603 6704 6802 6907 6908 6910 6911 6912 6913 6914 7004 7005 7010 7020 7116 7301 7302 7305 7306 7307 7308 7310 7311 7312 7313 7314 woven fabrics of flax or ramie cotton varn, not put up for retail sale terry, towelling ... of cotton other woven fabrics of cotton yarn of man-made fibres (discontinuous or waste) woven fabrics of man-made fibres (discontinuous or waste) manila hemp; tow and waste yarn of jute, etc. yarn of other vegetable fibres; paper yarn woven fabrics of jute, etc. carpets, carpeting and rugs, knotted other carpets, carpeting, etc. narrow woven fabrics ... assembled by means of an adhesive embroidery in the piece, strips or motifs twine, cordage, ropes, cables other articles made from varn, twine, cordage, etc. elastic fabrics and trimmings knitted and crocheted goods articles of apparel ... of textile fabric, other than knitted or crocheted goods other made up textile articles footwear, etc.; excl *6406 gaiters, spats, etc. hat forms, etc. of felt umbrellas and sunshades parts, fittings, etc. of articles of headings 6601 and 6602 wigs, ete; other articles of human hair worked monumental or building stone, articles thereof unglazed setts, flags and paving etc. glazed aets, flags and paving, etc. sinks, wash basins, baths, etc. tableware ... of porcelain or china tableware ... of other kinds of pottery statuettes and other ornaments ... articles of furniture (ceramic) other articles (ceramic) unworked cast or rolled glass unworked drawn or blown glass carboys, bottles, jars, stoppers, etc. of glass glass fibre, yarns, fabrics, articles therefrom imitation jewelry pig iron, cast iron ... in pigs, blocks, etc. ferro-alloys iron or steel powders; sponge iron and steel puddled bars and pilings ... of iron or steel blooms, billets, slabs ... of iron or steel iron or steel coils for re-rolling bars and rods, etc. of iron or steel angles, shapes, sections, etc. of iron or steel hoop and strip, of iron or steel sheets and plates, of iron or steel iron or steel wire NTM/W/4/Rev.2 Page 5 7315 alloy steel and high carbon steel in the forms mentioned in headings 7306-731.4 7318 tubes, pipes, etc. of iron or steel 7320 tube and pipe fittings, of iron or steel 7321 structures and parts of structures, of iron or steel 7322 reservoirs, tanks, etc. of iron or steel 7324 containers of iron or steel,- for compressed or liquified gas 7325 stranded wire, cables, etc. of iron or steel 7330 anchors, etc, of iron or steel 7331 nails, tacks, staples etc. of iron or steel 7332 bolts, nuts, etc, of iron or steel 7336 stoves, etc. not electrically operated, of iron or steel 7338 articles used for domestic purposes, etc. of iron or steel 7340 other articles of iron or steel 7404 wrought plates, sheets and strip, of copper 7407 tubes, pipes, etc. of copper 7410 stranded wire, cables, etc. of copper wire 7419 other articles of copper 7501 nickel mattes, unwrought nickel, Waste and scrap 7503 wrought plates, sheets, strip, etc. of nickel 7602 wrought bars, rods, shapes of aluminium; aluminium wire 7604 aluminium foil 7608 structures and parts of structures, of aluminium 7906 other articles of zinc 8006 other articles of tin 8203 hand tools: pliers, pincers, etc. 8209 knives with cutting blades ... and blades thereor 8214 spoons, forks ... and similar kitchen or tableware 8421 mechanical appliances, for projecting ... liquids or powders; fire extinguishers, etc. 8441. sewing machines, etc. 8445 machine tools for working metals or metal carbides 8453 automatic data processing machines, etc 8456 machinery for sorting, screening ... earth, stone, etc. 8461 taps, cocks, valves ... for pipes, boiler shells, tanks, etc. 8463 transmission shafts, cranks, pulleys, etc. 8501 electrical ... generators, motors, converters, etc. 8503 primary cells and primary batteries 8504 electric accumulators 8511S microphones, loudspeakers, amplifiers 8515 radiotelegraphic and radiotelephoric transmission and reception apparatus, etc. 8518 electrical capacitors 8519 electrical apparatus for making and breaking circuits, etc. 8521 thermionic, cathode valves and tubes, etc. 8522 electrical appliances, n.e.s. 8523 insulated electric wire, cable, bars, etc. 8702 motor vehicles for the transport of persons, goods or materials NTM/W/4/Rev.2 Page 6 8706 parts and accessories for motor vehicles of headings 8701, 8702 or 8703 8802 flying machines, gliders, etc. 8901 ships, boats, etc. 9001 lenses, prisms, mirrors and other optical elements 9007 photographic cameras, etc. 9024 instruments for measuring, checking ... the flow, depth, pressure ... of liquids or gases, etc. 9101 watches 9102 clocks with watch movements 9107 watch movements ... assembled 9109 watch cases and parts of watch cases 9111 other clock and watch parts 9304 other firearms 9307 bombs, grenades, torpedoes, mines, guided weapons, etc. 9401 chairs and other seats ... and parts thereof 9403 other furniture and parts thereof 9505 worked animal carving materials; articles thereof Chapter 96 brooms, brushes, powder-puffs and sieves 9702 dolls 9703 Geckcr toys, working models 9704 equipment for parlour, table and funfair games, etc. 9705 carnival and entertainment articles; Christmas decorations 9706 appliances, apparatus ... for gymnastics or athletics, etc. 9803 pens, pencils, etc. 9810 lighters and parts thereof
语言:英语
得分: 250.02 - https://www.wto.org/gatt_docs/English/SULPDF/92200035.pdf
数据资源: un
.; excl. 0803 figs, 0805 nuts (other than those of heading 0801), 0813 fruit, dried (other than that of headings 0801-0805) coffee, tea, maté and spices; excl. 0903 maté cereals products of the milling industry, malt and starches, gluten, inulin; excl. 1107 malt oil seeds and oleaginus fruit seeds, etc. for sowing sugar beet, sugar cane hop cones, lupulin plants and parts ... of trees, ... used primarily in perfumery, in pharmacy, etc. chicory roots ... locust beans, etc. cereal straw and husks mangolds, swedes, fodder roots; hay, lucerne, forage products shellac, lacs, natural gums, resins, etc. vegetable saps and extracts, etc. vegetable plaiting materials, etc. fats of bovine cattle, sheep or goats, etc. fats and oils, of fish and marine mammals fixed vegetable oils animal and vegetable oils, boiled, oxidised, etc. fatty acids; acid oils for refining; fatty alcohols glycerol and glycerol lyes animal or vegetable oils and fats, wholly or partly hydrogenated margarine, imitation lard, etc. spermacetti, beeswax, etc. vegetable waxes preparations of meat, of fish, etc.; excl. 1605 crustaceans and molluscs, prepared or preserved sugars and sugar confectionery cocoa and cocoa preparations Chapter 1 Chapter Chapter Chapter 2 3 4 0512 0603 Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter 7 8 9 10 11 1201 1203 1204 1206 1207 1208 1209 1210 1302 1303 Chapter 1502 1504 1507 1508 1510 1511 1512 1513 1515 1516 Chapter 14 16 NTM/W/4/Rev.3 Page 3 Chapter 19 Chapter 20 Chapter 21 Chapter 22 Chapter 23 Chapter 2501 2511 2523 2601 2701 2702 2704 2847 2856 Chapter 3001 3003 3301 3401 3803 24 29 3901 3902 3907 Chapter 4101 4102 4103 4104 4202 40 4203 4205 Chapter Chapter preparations of cereals, flour or starch, etc.; excl. 1907 bread, ships' biscuits, etc., 1908 pastry, biscuits, cakes, etc. preparations of vegetables, fruit or other parts of plants miscellaneous edible preparations; excl. 2103 mustard flour and prepared mustard, 2106 natural yeasts beverages, spirits and vinegar; excl. 2201 waters, 2202 lemonade, flavoured spa waters, etc. residues and waste from the food industries, prepared animal fodder; excl. 2305 wine lees, argol, 2306 products of vegetable origin of a kind used for animal food, n.e.s. tobacco common salt, etc. natural barium sulphate, natural barium carbonate cement metallic ores coal, briquettes, etc. lignite coke and semi-coke of coal, of lignite or of peat, etc. salts of metallic acids carbides organic chemicals organo-therapeutic glands, organs, extracts, etc. medicaments essential oils, etc. soap; organic surface-active products, etc. activated carbon and natural mineral products; animal black condensation, polycondensation and polyaddition products polymerisation and copolymerisation products articles of materials described in headings 3901 to 3906 rubber, synthetic rubber, factice, and articles thereof raw hides and skins bovine cattle leather ... and equine leather sheep and lambskin leather goat and kid skin leather travel goods ... shopping bags ... cases, boxes ... of leather, etc. articles of apparel and clothing accessories, of leather, etc. other articles of leather, etc. furskins, artificial fur wood and articles of wood, etc.; excl. 4401 fuel wood ... wood waste, 4402 wood charcoal manufactures of straw, etc; basketware, wickerwork paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard newspapers, journals periodicals unused stamps, banknotes, etc. man-made fibres (continuous); excl.5102 monofil, strip, imitation cat-gut 43 44 Chapter 46 Chapter 48 4902 4907 Chapter 51 NTM/W/4/Rev.3 Page 4 5301 5310 5311 5405 5505 5507 5508 5509 5601 5605, 5607 5606 5702 5706 5707 5710 5801 5802 5804 5805 5808, 5809 5810 5904 5906 5913 Chapter 60 Chapter 61 Chapter 62 Chapter 64 6501 6601 6603 6704 6802 6907 6908 6910 6911 6912 6913 6914 7004 7005 7010 7020 7105 7116 7201 Chapter 7404 sheep's or lambs' wool yarn of wool or animal hair woven fabrics of sheep's or lamb's wool or of fine animal hair woven fabrics of flax or ramie cotton yarn, not put up for retail sale cotton gauze terry towelling ... of cotton other woven fabrics of cotton man-made fibres (discontinuous) yarn of man-made fibres (discontinuous or waste) woven fabrics of man-made fibres (discontinuous or waste) manila hemp; tow and waste yarn of jute, etc. yarn of other vegetable fibres; paper yarn woven fabrics of jute, etc. carpets, carpeting and rugs, knotted other carpets, carpeting, etc. woven pile fabrics, chenille fabrics narrow woven fabrics ... assembled by means of an adhesive tulle and other net fabrics embroidery in the piece, strips or motifs twine, cordage, ropes, cables other articles made from yarn, twine, cordage, etc. elastic fabrics and trimmings knitted and crocheted goods articles of apparel ... of textile fabric, other than knitted or crocheted goods other made up textile articles footwear, etc.; excl. 6406 gaiters, spats, etc. hat forms, etc. of felt umbrellas and sunshades parts, fittings, etc. of articles of headings 6601 and 6602 wigs, etc; other articles of human hair worked monumental or building stone, articles thereof unglazed setts, flags and paving etc. glazed setts, flags and paving, etc. sinks, wash basins, baths, etc. tableware ... of porcelain or china tableware ... of other kinds of pottery statuettes and other ornaments ... articles of furniture (ceramic) other articles (ceramic) unworked cast or rolled glass unworked drawn or blown glass carboys, bottles, jars, stoppers, etc. of glass glass fibre, yarns, fabrics, articles therefrom silver imitation jewellery coin iron and steel wrought plates, sheets and strip, of copper 73 NTM/W/4/Rev.3 Page 5 7407 tubes, pipes, etc. of copper 7410 stranded wire, cables, etc. of copper wire 7419 other articles of copper 7501 nickel mattes, unwrought nickel, waste and scrap 7503 wrought plates, sheets, strip, etc. of nickel 7602 wrought bars, rods, shapes of aluminium; aluminium wire 7604 aluminium foil 7608 structures and parts of structures, of aluminium 7906 other articles of zinc 8006 other articles of tin 8203 hand tools: pliers, pincers, etc. 8209 knives with cutting blades ... and blades therefor 8214 spoons, forks ... and similar kitchen or tableware 8421 mechanical appliances, for projecting ... liquids or powders; fire extinguishers, etc. 8441 sewing machines, etc. 8445 machine tools for working metals or metal carbides 8453 automatic data processing machines, etc 8456 machinery for sorting, screening ... earth, stone, etc. 8461 taps, cocks, valves ... for pipes, boiler shells, tanks, etc. 8463 transmission shafts, cranks, pulleys, etc. 8501 electrical ... generators, motors, converters, etc. 8503 primary cells and primary batteries 8504 electric accumulators 8514 microphones, loudspeakers, amplifiers 8515 radiotelegraphic and radiotelephonic transmission and reception apparatus, etc. 8518 electrical capacitors 8519 electrical apparatus for making and breaking circuits, etc. 8521 thermionic, cathode valves and tubes, etc. 8522 electrical appliances, n.e.s. 8523 insulated electric wire, cable, bars, etc. 8702 motor vehicles for the transport of persons, goods or materials 8706 parts and accessories for motor vehicles of headings 8701, 8702 or 8703 8802 flying machines, gliders, etc. 8901 ships, boats, etc. 9001 lenses, prisms, mirrors and other optical elements 9007 photographic cameras, etc. 9024 instruments for measuring, checking ... the flow, depth, pressure ... of liquids or gases, etc. 9101 watches 9102 clocks with watch movements 9107 watch movements ... assembled 9109 watch cases and parts of watch cases 9111 other clock and watch parts 9304 other firearms 9307 bombs, grenades, torpedoes, mines, guided weapons, etc. 9401 chairs and other seats ... and parts thereof 9403 other furniture and parts thereof 9505 worked animal carving materials; articles thereof Chapter 96 brooms, brushes, powder-puffs and sieves NTM/W/4/Rev.3 Page 6 9702 dolls 9703 other toys, working models 9704 equipment for parlour, table and funfair games, etc. 9705 carnival and entertainment articles; Christmas decorations 9706 appliances, apparatus ... for gymnastics or athletics, etc. 9803 pens, pencils, etc. 9810 lighters and parts thereof
语言:英语
得分: 250.02 - https://www.wto.org/gatt_docs/English/SULPDF/91090012.pdf
数据资源: un
.; excl. 0803 figs, 0805 nuts (other than those of heading 0801), 0813 fruit, dried (other than that of headings 0801-0805) coffee, tea, mate and spices; excl. 0903 mate cereals products of the milling industry, malt and starches, gluten, inulin; excl. 1107 malt oil seeds and oleaginus fruit seeds, etc. for sowing plants and parts ... of trees, ..a used primarily in perfumery, in pharmacy, etc. chicory roots ... locust beans, etc. mangolds, swedes, fodder roots; hay, lucerne, forage products shellac, lacks, natural gums, resins. etc. vegetable saps and extracts, etc. vegetable plaiting materials, etc. fats of bovine cattle, sheep or goats, etc. fats and oils, of fish and marine mammals fixed vegetable oils animal and vegetable oils, boiled, oxidized, etc. fatty acids; acid oils for refining; fatty alcohols g~lycerol and glycerol lyes animal or vegetable oils and fats, wholly or partly hydrogenated margarine, imitation lard, etc. spermacetti, beeswax, etc. vegetable waxes preparations of meat, of fish, etc.; excl. 1605 crustaceans and molluscs, prepared or preserved sugars and sugar confectionery cocoa and cocoa preparations preparations of cereals, flour or starch, etc.; excl. 1907 bread, ships' biscuits, etc., 1908 pastry, biscuits, cakes, etc. CCCN Chapter 1 Chapter Chapter Chapter 2 3 4 0512 0603 Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter 7 8 9 10 11 1201 1203 1207 1208 1210 14 1302 1303 Chapter 1502 1504 1507 1508 1510 1511 1512 1513 1515 1516 Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter 16 17 18 19 NTM/W/4/Rev.1 Page 3 Chapter 20 Chapter 21 Chapter 22 Chapter 23 Chapter 2501 2511 2523 2701 2702 2704 2847 2856 2904 2914 2923 2944 3001 3003 3301 3401 3803 24 3901 3902 3907 Chapter 4101 4102 4103 4104 4202 40 4203 4205 Chapter Chapter 4816 4902 Chapter preparations of vegetables, fruit or other parts of plants miscellaneous edible preparations; excl. 2103 mustard flour and prepared mustard, 2106 natural yeasts beverages, spirits and vinegar; excl. 2201 waters, 2202 lemonade, flavoured spa waters, etc. residues and waste from the food industries, prepared animal fodder; excl. 2305 wine lees, argol, 2306 products of vegetable origin of a kind used for animal food, n.e.s. tobacco common salt, etc. natural barium sulphate, natural barium carbonate cement coal, briquettes, etc. lignite coke and semi-coke of coal, of lignite or of peat, etc. salts of metallic acids carbides acyclic alcohols and derivatives monocarboxylic acids, etc. and derivatives oxygen-function amino-compounds antibiotics organo-therapeutic glands, organs, extracts, etc. medicaments essential oils, etc. soap; organic surface-active products, etc. activated carbon and natural mineral products; animal black condensation, polycondensation and polyadditior products polymerisation and copolymerisation products articles of materials described in headings 3901 to 3906 rubber, synthetic rubber, factice, and articles thereof raw hides and skins bovine cattle leather ... and equine leather sheep and lambskin leather goat and kid skirt, leather travel goods ... shopping bags ... cases, boxes ... of leather, etc. articles of apparel and clothing accessories, of leather, etc. other articles of leather, etc. wood and articles of wood, etc.; excl. 4401 fuel wood . wood waste, 4402 wood charcoal manufactures of straw, etc; basketware, wickerwork boxes, bags, box files, etc. of paper of paperboard newspapers, journals periodicals man-made fibres (continuous); excl.5502 monofil, strip, imitation cat-gut sheep's or lambs' wool woven fabrics of sheep's or lamb's wool or of fine animal hair 44 46 51 5301 5311 NTM/W/4/Rev.1 Page 4 5405 woven fabrics of flax or ramie 5505 cotton yarn, not put up for retail sale 5508 terry toweling ... of cotton 5509 other woven fabrics of cotton 5605, 5606 yarn of man-made fibres (discontinuous or waste) 5607 woven fabrics of man-made fibres. (discontinuous or waste) 5702 manila hemp; tow and waste 5706 yarn of jute, etc. 5707 yarn;-of other vegetable fibres; paper yarn 5710 woven fabrics of jute, etc. 5801 carpets, carpeting and rugs, knotted 5802 other carpets, carpeting, etc. 5805 narrow woven fabrics ... assembled by means of an adhesive 5810 embroidery in the piece, strips or motifs 5904 twine, cordage, ropes, cables 5906 other articles made from yarn, twine, cordage, etc. 5913 elastic fabrics and trimmings Chapter 60 knitted and crocheted goods Chapter 61 articles of apparel ... of textile fabric, other than knitted or crocheted goods Chapter 62 other made up textile articles Chapter 64 footwear, etc.; excl. 6406 gaiters, spats, etc. 6501 hat forms, etc. of felt 6601 umbrellas and sunshades 6603 parts, fittings, etc. of articles of headings 6601 and 6602 6704 wigs, etc; other articles of human hair 6802 worked monumental or building stone, articles thereof 6907 unglazed setts, flags and paving etc. 6908 glazed setts, flags and paving, etc. 6910 sinks, wash basins, baths, etc. 6911 tableware ... of porcelain or china 6912 tableware ... of other kinds of pottery 6913 statuettes and other ornaments ... articles of furniture (ceramic) 6914 other articles (ceramic) 7004 unworked cast or rolled glass 7005 unworked drawn or blown glass 7010 carboys, bottles, jars, stoppers, etc. of glass 7020 glass fibre, yarns, fabrics, articles therefrom 7116 imitation jewelry 7301 pig iron, cast iron ... in pigs, blocks, etc. 7302 ferro-alloys 7305 iron or steel powders; sponge iron and steel 7306 paddled bars and pilings .A. of iron or steel 7307 blooms, billets, slabs ... of iron or steel 7308 iron or steel coils for re-rolling 7310 bars and rods, etc. of iron or steel 7311 angles, shapes, sections, etc. of iron or steel 7312 hoop and strip, of iron or steel 7313 sheets and plates, of iron or steel 7314 iron or steel wire NTM/W/4/Rev.1 Page 5 7315 alloy steel and high carbon steel in the forms mentioned in headings 7306-7314 7318 tubes, pipes, etc. of iron or steel 7320 tube and pipe fittings, of iron or steel 7321 structures and parts of structures, of iron or steel 7322 reservoirs, tanks, etc. of iron or steel 7324 containers of iron or steel, for compressed or liquified gas 7325 stranded wire, cables, etc. of iron or steel 7330 anchors, etc. of iron or steel 7331 nails, tacks, staples etc. of iron or steel 7332 bolts, nuts, etc, of iron or steel 7336 stoves, etc. not electrically operated, of iron or steel 7338 articles used for domestic purposes, etc. of iron or steel 7340 other articles of iron or steel 7404 wrought plates, sheets and strip, of copper 7407 tubes, pipes, etc. of copper 7410 stranded wire, cables, etc. of copper wire 7419 other articles of copper 7501 nickel mattes, unwrought nickel, waste and scrap 7503 wrought plates, sheets, strip, etc. of nickel 7602 wrought bars, rods, shapes of aluminium; aluminium wire 7604 aluminium foil 7608 structures and parts of structures, of aluminium 7906 other articles of zinc 8006 other articles of tin 8203 hand tools: pliers, piacers, etc. 8209 knives with cutting blades ... and blades therefor 8214 spoons, forks ... and similar kitchen or tableware 8421 mechanical appliances, for projecting ... liquids or powders; fire extinguishers, etc. 8441 sewing machines, etc. 8445 machine tools for working metals or metal carbides 8453 automatic data processing machines, etc 8456 machinery for sorting, screening ... earth, stone, etc. 8463 transmission shafts,.cranks, pulleys, etc. 8501 electrical ... generators, motors, converters, etc. 8503 primary cells and primary batteries 8504 electric accumulators 8514 microphones, loudspeakers, amplifiers 8515 radiotelegraphic and radiotelephonic transmission and reception apparatus, etc. 8518 electrical capacitors 8519 electrical apparatus for making and breaking circuits, etc. 8521 thermionic, cathode valves and tubes, etc. 8522 electrical appliances, n.e.s. 8523 insulated electric wire, cable, bars, etc. 8702 motor vehicles for the transport of persons. goods or materials 8706 parts and accessories for motor vehicles of headings 8701, 8702 or 8703 NTM/W/4/Rev.1 Page 6 8802 flying machines, gliders, etc. 8901 ships, boats, etc. 9001 lenses, prisms, mirrors and other optical elements 9007 photographic cameras, etc. 9024 instruments for measuring, checking ... the flow, depth, pressure ... of liquids or gases, etc. 9101 watches 9102 clocks with watch movements 9107 watch movements ... assembled 9109 watch cases and parts of watch cases 9111 other clock and watch parts 9304 other firearms 9307 bombs, grenades, torpedoes, mines, guided weapons, etc. 9401 chairs and other seats *.. and parts thereof 9403 other furniture and parts thereof 9505 worked animal carving materials; articles thereof Chapter 96 brooms, brushes, powder-puffs and sieves 9702 dolls 9703 other toys, working models 9704 equipment for parlour, table and funfair games, etc. 9705 carnival and entertainment articles; Christmas decorations 9706 appliances, apparatus ... for gymnastics or athletics, etc. 9803 pens, pencils, etc. 9810 lighters and parts thereof
语言:英语
得分: 250.02 - https://www.wto.org/gatt_docs/English/SULPDF/92200030.pdf
数据资源: un
ADSL ISDN2 Usage models Market Potential - Decomposition Methods III Market Potential - Decomposition Methods III © Robert Fildes, IIF & Lancaster Centre for Forecasting Choice Models - segmenting consumers and forecasting each segment Choice Models - segmenting consumers and forecasting each segment nmarket research based ä observed data ä hypothetical questions for new products/ services Problems 6 sample size in small populations 6dynamics ä how do the parameters change over the planning horizon 6price dependency ä measurement (quality) ä projected behaviour Used in stable & growth markets © Robert Fildes, IIF & Lancaster Centre for Forecasting The Bass Model: basic segmentationThe Bass Model: basic segmentation • Two types of people: – Innovators • They adopt because of their attitude to technology – Imitators • They adopt when exposed to consumers who have adopted already Red: adopters Black: potential adopters Blue: lacking information Red: adopters Black: potential adopters Blue: lacking information 0 2 4 6 8 1 0 1 2 1 4 1 6 1 8 2 0 1 5 9 13 17 21 25 29 33 37 41 45 49 53 57 Logist ic G o m p e r t z © Robert Fildes, IIF & Lancaster Centre for Forecasting Estimating the Diffusion Path: • limited if any sales data • S-Shaped curve used to represent adoptions • different curves and parameters Ø different market potential and uptake trajectory Ø dependent on key parameters Modelling multinational telecommunications demand with limited data, Islam et al, IJF, 2002 The Effect of Increasing Imitation in the Social System 0 5 10 15 20 25 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 H ou se ho ld s (M ill io ns ) Increases Slope of the Curve The Effect of Increasing Innovation in the Social System 0 5 10 15 20 25 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 H ou se ho ld s (m ill io ns ) Pulls curve leftwards Issues: • data limitations • market potential affected by product/ social factors © Robert Fildes, IIF & Lancaster Centre for Forecasting Models of Interacting IndividualsModels of Interacting Individuals • Different networks of consumers Ø Different adoption patterns Connected to your two nearest neighbours Connected at RandomConnected to near neighbours but with other links •Each group of individuals has its own rules of behaviour and interaction • affected by its environment •Each group of individuals has its own rules of behaviour and interaction • affected by its environment The impact of networked groups (Bass defines a simple network) © Robert Fildes, IIF & Lancaster Centre for Forecasting How can these ‘Agent based models’ be used (Collings, BTExact) How can these ‘Agent based models’ be used (Collings, BTExact) • Aim to understand behaviour of interacting markets – Diverse individual behaviour – Asymmetric information and motivation • Examples – Financial markets – Customer relationship management © Robert Fildes, IIF & Lancaster Centre for Forecasting EXTENSIONS and ISSUES • Can include marketing and economic variables • Estimation (analogy or numerical methods) – Meta Models • link the diffusion parameters to market characteristics • to other products, other markets – Genetic algorithms • Incorporation of effects from other products/ markets Diffusion models • Supply restrictions (in regulated markets) • Disaggregate models ( e.g. to industry specific uptake of fax) © Robert Fildes, IIF & Lancaster Centre for Forecasting Bass Model - Diffusion Parameters and Meta Model Imitation Innovation Mobile NICs UK, Denmark Japan Describing the speed and shape of the adoption path Average diffusion parameters © Robert Fildes, IIF & Lancaster Centre for Forecasting Service provider decision factors influences Potential Market Marketing Quality Price Understanding Utility Acceptability Adoption Simulation Modelling • system dynamics replicate diffusion curves • offer more flexibility for incorporating – information and processes – decision variables Simulation Modelling • system dynamics replicate diffusion curves • offer more flexibility for incorporating – information and processes – decision variables Key benefit: transparency of model © Robert Fildes, IIF & Lancaster Centre for Forecasting Evaluation - Models of Market Potential • Choice Models – Based on intentions data • Models of Market Penetration – define potential = CM(t) where M(t) is determined by the economic/ social system of the market – Based on analogous products and countries Problems • ‘current intentions • changing valuations • unvalidated • c depends on time Evaluation - Models of the Diffusion Path • Limited forecast validation – short term (if any) – use too much data – poor benchmarks • No forecast validation • Limited parameter validation • Aggregate Bass-type diffusion • Simulation © Robert Fildes, IIF & Lancaster Centre for Forecasting Final commentsFinal comments • Widespread interest in telecoms forecasting • Survey evidence suggests organisations which adopt a more ambitious and rigorous approach do better • Primary methods ‘naïve qualitative’ – despite major investments (and disasters) riding on the results of a forecas – Structured use of judgement (E.g.
语言:英语
得分: 250.02 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-D/fina...asting/fildes-presentation.pdf
数据资源: un
Puis, tirez sur le carton en imitant le bruit d’une voiture : « Vroum vroum ! » Il sera ravi de parcourir à toute vitesse votre intérieur dans son nouveau véhicule (et cela vous fera faire de l’exercice !). Si l’espace est limité, vous obtiendrez le même effet en déplaçant le carton de gauche à droite et en imitant ensemble le bruit d’un moteur. La batterie de cuisine Retournez des saladiers et casseroles sûrs et incassables pour les transformer en percussions tout droit sorties de votre cuisine. (...) Inversez ensuite les rôles et laissez l’enfant imiter des animaux pendant que vous devinez. C’est également une excellente occasion de lui parler des animaux choisis.
语言:英语
得分: 250.02 - https://www.unicef.org/fr/coro...eunes-enfants-%C3%A0-la-maison
数据资源: un
Online-survey "Regional consultative process with civil society organizations and other stakeholders" Skip to main content FAO Header menu About FAO In Action Countries Themes Media Publications Statistics Partnerships English Español Français العربية 中文 Русский Global Forum on Food Security and Nutrition (FSN Forum) Global Forum on Food Security and Nutrition (FSN Forum) Main navigation Homepage Background Activities Resources News Members Partners Surveys 29.09.2014 - 27.10.2014 respondents: 142 Online-survey "Regional consultative process with civil society organizations and other stakeholders" In order to implement FAO’s Partnerships Strategy in line with the FAO Strategic Objectives and the regional priorities, the FAO Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia (FAO REU) imitated a regional consultative process with civil society organisations and other relevant stakeholders.
语言:英语
得分: 249.47 - https://www.fao.org/fsnforum/i...ociety-organizations-and-other
数据资源: un
Online-survey "Regional consultative process with civil society organizations and other stakeholders" تجاوز إلى المحتوى الرئيسي FAO Header menu إطبع إرسال عن المنظمة في ميدان العمل البلدان الموضوعات المطبوعات المطبوعات الإحصائيات الشراكات English Español Français العربية 中文 Русский المنتدى العالمي المعني بالأمن الغذائي والتغذية المنتدى العالمي المعني بالأمن الغذائي والتغذية Main navigation Homepage معلومات أساسية الأنشطة الموارد أخبار أعضاء المنتدى الشركاء Surveys 29.09.2014 - 27.10.2014 respondents: 142 Online-survey "Regional consultative process with civil society organizations and other stakeholders" In order to implement FAO’s Partnerships Strategy in line with the FAO Strategic Objectives and the regional priorities, the FAO Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia (FAO REU) imitated a regional consultative process with civil society organisations and other relevant stakeholders.
语言:英语
得分: 249.47 - https://www.fao.org/fsnforum/i...ociety-organizations-and-other
数据资源: un