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. > Download in MS Excel format (28KB) > Download in pdf format (7KB) > Quick help for downloading Section Description  I Live animals; animal products   II  Vegetable products  III  Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products; prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes  IV Prepared foodstuffs; beverages, spirits and vinegar; tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes   V Mineral products   VI Products of the chemical or allied industries   VII Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof   VIII Raw hides and skins, leather, furskins and articles thereof; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silk-worm gut)   IX Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal; cork and articles of cork; manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork  X Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; recovered (waste and scrap) paper or paperboard; paper and paperboard and articles thereof   XI Textiles and textile articles   XII Footwear, headgear, umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking-sticks, seat-sticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof; prepared feathers and articles made therewith; artificial flowers; articles of human hair   XIII Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials; ceramic products; glass and glassware   XIV Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones, precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewellery; coin thereof; imitation jewellery; coin   XV Base metals and articles of base metal   XVI Machinery and mechanical appliances; electrical equipment; parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles   XVII Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment   XVIII Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; clocks and watches; musical instruments; parts and accessories thereof   XIX Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof   XX Miscellaneous manufactured articles   XXI Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques   ...
Language:English
Score: 1158787.2 - https://www.wto.org/english/tr...op_e/scm_e/scm_statindex_e.htm
Data Source: un
. > Download in MS Excel format (28KB) > Download in pdf format (7KB) > Quick help for downloading Section Description  I Live animals; animal products   II  Vegetable products  III  Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products; prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes  IV Prepared foodstuffs; beverages, spirits and vinegar; tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes   V Mineral products   VI Products of the chemical or allied industries   VII Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof   VIII Raw hides and skins, leather, furskins and articles thereof; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silk-worm gut)   IX Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal; cork and articles of cork; manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork  X Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; recovered (waste and scrap) paper or paperboard; paper and paperboard and articles thereof   XI Textiles and textile articles   XII Footwear, headgear, umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking-sticks, seat-sticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof; prepared feathers and articles made therewith; artificial flowers; articles of human hair   XIII Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials; ceramic products; glass and glassware   XIV Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones, precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewellery; coin thereof; imitation jewellery; coin   XV Base metals and articles of base metal   XVI Machinery and mechanical appliances; electrical equipment; parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles   XVII Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment   XVIII Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; clocks and watches; musical instruments; parts and accessories thereof   XIX Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof   XX Miscellaneous manufactured articles   XXI Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques   ...
Language:English
Score: 1158787.2 - https://www.wto.org/english/tr...op_e/adp_e/adp_statindex_e.htm
Data Source: un
. > Download in MS Excel format (28KB) > Download in pdf format (7KB) > Quick help for downloading Section Description  I Live animals; animal products   II  Vegetable products  III  Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products; prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes  IV Prepared foodstuffs; beverages, spirits and vinegar; tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes   V Mineral products   VI Products of the chemical or allied industries   VII Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof   VIII Raw hides and skins, leather, furskins and articles thereof; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silk-worm gut)   IX Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal; cork and articles of cork; manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork  X Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; recovered (waste and scrap) paper or paperboard; paper and paperboard and articles thereof   XI Textiles and textile articles   XII Footwear, headgear, umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking-sticks, seat-sticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof; prepared feathers and articles made therewith; artificial flowers; articles of human hair   XIII Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials; ceramic products; glass and glassware   XIV Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones, precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewellery; coin thereof; imitation jewellery; coin   XV Base metals and articles of base metal   XVI Machinery and mechanical appliances; electrical equipment; parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles   XVII Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment   XVIII Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; clocks and watches; musical instruments; parts and accessories thereof   XIX Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof   XX Miscellaneous manufactured articles   XXI Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques   ...
Language:English
Score: 1158787.2 - https://www.wto.org/english/tr.../safeg_e/safeg_statindex_e.htm
Data Source: un
Innovation or Imitation in Uganda - UNHCR Innovation Menu About Us Digital Inclusion Environment and Resilience Data and AI Refugee-led Innovation Innovation Learning Research Strategic Communications Stories Contact Us Innovation or Imitation in Uganda By Katie Drew , Emergency Lab ManagerNovember 15, 2016 Boda Boda Talk Talk: an idea that worked A few years ago a friend working with Internews slapped a ‘ Boda Boda Talk Talk’ sticker to my laptop and excitedly told me about the organization’s new project in South Sudan. (...) I’m certainly excited to see how it evolves. Innovation or imitation? Is BBTT in Bidibidi innovative or have I just stolen Internews’ idea? (...) A top-down, cookie-cutter transplantation of BBTT into the Uganda context would have been pure imitation. Based on the initial success of BBTT, UNHCR is planning to work with their partner The International Rescue Committee to scale BBTT, expanding the number of drivers and speakers across the settlement.
Language:English
Score: 1141689.9 - https://www.unhcr.org/innovati...nnovation-imitation-in-uganda/
Data Source: un
Scholars have argued that these wall adornments not only resemble, but were in fact a deliberate imitation of, wall textiles, carpets, and other portable textiles. (...) Indeed, Sasanian textiles were celebrated in Classical, Islamic, and Chinese sources as highly valuable commodities of exchange and which likely influenced the production of many imitations, including within the designs on the walls at the Umayyad palace. The origins of both the murals and the stucco panels at the Umayyad palace appear to be textile imitations from Sasanian Iran and Central Asia, particularly Sogdiana, influences which reached the Umayyads via trade in luxury goods and through diplomatic gifts which played an important role in shaping a shared cosmopolitan artistic culture.
Language:English
Score: 1134922 - https://en.unesco.org/silkroad...rative-features-umayyad-palace
Data Source: un
Uses an imitated or counterfeit trademark that belongs to another owner. c. (...) Provides services under the trademark which he has imitated or counterfeited. e. Knowingly sells, offer for sale, or own for the purpose of sale any products bearing an imitated or counterfeited, trademark or a trademark illegally placed. (...) Prohibit re-exportation of goods bearing imitated or counterfeit trademarks without altering the trademark. 5.
Language:English
Score: 1127241 - https://www.wto.org/english/th...e/yem_e/WTACCYEM28A2_LEG_2.pdf
Data Source: un
What effects do have ever increasing levels of protection of IPRs? • What role for imitation? • How to take into account different levels of economic development? 1/29/2015 World Trade Institute Berne 11 The Future: Towards Coherence • Past and present combine fragmentation and integration short of taking into account all pertinent elements in shaping IPRs in law- making and interpretation • Need to develop an intellectual framework in academic research informing future developments • Need to bring about inclusive processes 1/29/2015 World Trade Institute Berne 12 Relevant Context • International trade regulation, in particular combatting economic protectionism and rent- seeking • Anti-trust rules, unfair competition (TK and CSR) • Investment protection • Human rights and sustainable development • General principles of law, constitutional law • Linkage to real property protection 1/29/2015 World Trade Institute Berne 13 International Trade Regulation • Equal conditions of competition and market access: • ÏPRs prerequisite of fair trade – Encouraging and rewarding of innovation – Exclusion of dangerous products (e.g. counterfeit pharmaceuticals) • Excessive protection amounts to non-tariff barrier – Produces market segmentation and extractive pricing – Impedes learning by imitation • Need to factor in trade needs in IPRs 1/29/2015 World Trade Institute Berne 14 Competition Law • Unfair competition rules (Art. 10bis Paris Convention) provide basis for new forms of protection: – Traditional Knowledge and TIP rights – Enforcing Corporate Social Responsibility • Antitrust rules provide ex-post control of operation of exclusive rights – Lack of international disciplines • Need for ex-ante ceilings in IPRs 1/29/2015 World Trade Institute Berne 15 Investment Protection • Much of IPR protection essentially amounts to investment protection without being defined as such: – Gen patents, patents of chemicals as such – Trademarks (Investment in advertising) – Data collections • Right to use? (...) • Need to factor in investment protection in IPRs doctrine 1/29/2015 World Trade Institute Berne 16 Human Rights • IPRs except for moral rights in copyright are based upon utilitarianism • Human Rights impact on the scope and use of IPRs – Access to essential drugs – Access to education – Food security • Relevance of procedural human rights: due process of law, transparency • Need to take Human Rights concerns into account in shaping IPRs 1/29/2015 World Trade Institute Berne 17 Principles of Sustainability • Balancing economic, social and environmental concerns • New generation of international principles informing IPR policies, with a particular focus on poverty alleviation and inclusiveness • https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/owg.ht ml • Need to take sustainable development into account in shaping rights and obligations, in particular on transfer of technology to LDCs. 1/29/2015 World Trade Institute Berne 18 General Principles and Constitutional Law • Principle of equity • Protection of legitimate expectations (good faith) • Necessity and roportionality • Principle of non-retroactivity • Ne bis in idem • Principle of legality • Domestic constitutional principles: Interstate commerce, free movement of goods, regulatory principles 1/29/2015 World Trade Institute Berne 19 Graduation • Considering all the context, the IPR system will show: – Common principles and rules for law – Special rules applying to advanced economies only – Granting of policy space to developing countries in need of using imitation potential • Comprehensive rules based upon graduation and kick-in criteria (e.g.
Language:English
Score: 1118785.9 - https://www.wto.org/english/tr...p_e/trips_e/Thomas_Cottier.pdf
Data Source: un
For example, I was drawing Masa’s attention through imitation. I observed her interests and how she played and I’d join her and imitated her. The moment I started imitating her, she started imitating me, which made our everyday activities much easier.
Language:English
Score: 1117372.5 - https://www.unicef.org/serbia/...lected-strengths-their-parents
Data Source: un
Imitation and inspiration: the ceramic trade from China to Basra and back. (...) In addition to inventing an opaque-white tin glaze to recreate the visual effect of the imported porcelain, the Basran potters imitated Chinese shapes, adopted Chinese molding techniques, and raised their kiln temperatures by 200°C. (...) The tin glaze invented to imitate Chinese porcelain revolutionized ceramic art by making the surface of earthenware pottery a white canvas for the painter.
Language:English
Score: 1116526.1 - https://en.unesco.org/silkroad...mitation_and_inspiration_0.pdf
Data Source: un
Impact mechanism of television: model-based learning There are several different terms used for the model-based learning, as one of the learning methods (A. Bandura, 1961): imitating, watching, observational learning, model-based learning (modelling) and identification. (...) Now the presentation must be transformed into behaviour, so that it is as similar to the model as possible and the last mechanism is based on the motivation and requires that a person is sufficiently motivated to imitate a specific model. In a characteristic experiment with the Bobo doll, Bandura demonstrated to be modelled aggressive behaviour. (...) In particular, the findings of the Bandura and his associates (Bandura, Ross, Ross, 1963) were: - Children who were watching aggressive models demonstrated much more aggressive actions towards the doll than the children in the control and non-aggressive groups; - Aggression that was not imitated and which appeared sporadically was more present among the group of children who imitated aggressive models; - Girls from aggressive group demonstrated more signs of physical violence when the model was a male, and more verbal when the model was female; 6 - Boys are more likely to imitate same-sex models than girls; - Boys imitate physical aggression more than girls, with some minor differences identified in relation to verbal aggression in favour of girls; - Rewarding models for aggressive behaviour also strongly underpins the aggressive behaviour of the children in the experiment.
Language:English
Score: 1115024.4 - https://www.unicef.org/serbia/...0children%20in%20Serbia%20.pdf
Data Source: un