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UNECE International Seminar on E-Government in collaboration with the Italian Government and the Scuola Superiore della Pubblica Administrazione (SSPA), Royal Palace, Caserta, Italy, 13-14 December 2002 - 02opa20e.htm Site map  Home About UNECE Programmes Information Meetings Contact Us United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Press Release [Index]       Geneva, 7 November 2002 UNECE International Seminar on E-Government in collaboration with the Italian Government and the Scuola Superiore della Pubblica Administrazione (SSPA) Royal Palace, Caserta, Italy 13-14 December 2002 The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe will hold the International Seminar on E-Government Development with special reference to transition economies in collaboration with the Italian Government and the Scuola Superiore della Pubblica Administrazione (SSPA) from Italy in the context of the preparatory work for the World Summit on the Information Society to be held in 2003. The UNECE E-Government initiative aims to set a strategic direction for the way the public sector of transition economies will transform itself by implementing new administration models which exploit the possibilities of new technology. (...) In close collaboration with the Scuola Superiore della Pubblica Administrazione (SSPA), the seminar will focus on the following subjects: Strategic orientations and the actual electronic supply of public information by the administration; Identification of international best practice cases in terms of transferability to the region; Investigation of organisational and technical factors, which are critical to successful implementation; Development of options for possible pilot projects based on indicators of demand and international experiences; Identification of the needs for capacity building and training.
Language:English
Score: 1075685 - https://unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/press/pr2002/02opa20e.htm
Data Source: un
9 •• ReduceReduce phsyicalphsyical distractiondistraction ((dialingdialing, , holdingholding the the phonephone…)…) •• ReduceReduce visualvisual distractiondistraction ((watchingwatching di ldi l k b dk b d )) The Fully Networked Car Geneva, 2-3 March 2011 displaydisplay, , keyboardkeyboard …)…) Superior Sound Quality & Intelligibility in the Car 10 o Wideband services in mobile networks available soon -->> o Enabling wideband telephony (100 Hz- 8 kHz) in cars • Fullband • Narrow band (car) • Wideband (car) oo Efficient use of the high quality audio systems in Efficient use of the high quality audio systems in cars:cars: The Fully Networked Car Geneva, 2-3 March 2011 • Getting superior sound quality • Increasing speech intelligibility • Increasing naturalness of a conversation • Reduce drivers distraction due to poor speech sound quality 6 Superior Sound Quality & Intelligibility for the Far End 11 Car Narrowband (.wav)Wideband (.wav) ( ) BT chipHands-Free Algorithm Preamp. A/D GSM MOST- BUS Mobile Phone BT GSM Network D/A Amp. (.wav) (.wav) (.wav) The Fully Networked Car Geneva, 2-3 March 2011 Influence of Delay on Drivers Distraction 12 o Best case car to car: ~200 ms o Worst case car to car (including network delay):o Worst case car to car (including network delay): >>400 ms For superior conversational quality: delay < For superior conversational quality: delay < ~150 ms~150 ms (from the users perspective) The Fully Networked Car Geneva, 2-3 March 2011 Network Terminal A Terminal B0 ms 0 ms (.wav)150 ms 150 ms (.wav)500 ms 500 ms (.wav) 7 Consequences of Poor Quality Hands-Free Implementation oo ReducedReduced speechspeech qualityquality –– nearnear end and end and farfar endend oo Poor Poor soundsound qualityquality C t dC t d hh d d tt ll litlit iioo CorruptedCorrupted speechspeech due due toto lowlow qualityquality noisenoise cancellingcancelling and and lowlow qualityquality echo echo cancellationcancellation oo InsufficientInsufficient conversationalconversational performanceperformance due due toto highhigh transmissiontransmission delaydelay oo Poor double talk Poor double talk performanceperformance The Fully Networked Car Geneva, 2-3 March 2011 --> > High High cognitivecognitive distractiondistraction due due toto poorpoor technicaltechnical performanceperformance ITU-T Standards Contributing to Reduced Drivers Distraction 14 ITUITU--T standardsT standards for Handsfor Hands--Free Communication:Free Communication: •• ITUITU--T P.1100 for narrowband handsT P.1100 for narrowband hands--freefree •• ITUITU--T P.1110 for wideband handsT P.1110 for wideband hands--freefree ITUITU--T standards work T standards work in FG in FG CarCOMCarCOM:: •• New work on subsystem requirements for HandsNew work on subsystem requirements for Hands--Free Free Systems in CarsSystems in Cars ITUITU--T standards for Dialog Systems:T standards for Dialog Systems: The Fully Networked Car Geneva, 2-3 March 2011 f g yf g y •• P.851: Subj. evaluation of dialog systemsP.851: Subj. evaluation of dialog systems •• Suppl. 24 to P. (...) Rec.: Parameters describing the interaction with spoken dialog systemsinteraction with spoken dialog systems 8 Conclusions 15 oo Speech technologies may help to reduce drivers Speech technologies may help to reduce drivers distraction if properly implementeddistraction if properly implemented ITU i ll t f f h l t d ITU i ll t f f h l t d oo ITU is an excellent forum for speech related ITU is an excellent forum for speech related technologies and their standardizationtechnologies and their standardization oo FG FG CarCOMCarCOM is actively working on advanced is actively working on advanced standards for handsstandards for hands--free implementations and free implementations and subsystems, more: subsystems, more: The Fully Networked Car Geneva, 2-3 March 2011 http://www.itu.int/ITUhttp://www.itu.int/ITU--T/focusgroups/carcom/T/focusgroups/carcom/ oo A new ITU Focus group on Drivers Distraction is A new ITU Focus group on Drivers Distraction is starting soon!
Language:English
Score: 1023845.7 - https://www.itu.int/dms_pub/it.../06/41/T06410000200001PDFE.pdf
Data Source: un
With the previous implementation the ‘cross-over point’ for the anchor and SCT is at about 40kbps. With the new implementation the SCT is superior to the anchor at all bandwidths. (...) Once again there is a highly significant improvement with the new implementation. The ‘cross-over point’ from February of about 60 kbps is eliminated and the SCT is superior to the anchor throughout the tested bandwidth range.
Language:English
Score: 1020791.5 - https://www.itu.int/wftp3/av-a...video-site/9908_Ber/q15h14.doc
Data Source: un
Gierlich HEAD acoustics GmbH Chairman of ITU-T FG CarCom Speech Technologies in Cars Speech Technologies in Cars and the Role of ITUand the Role of ITU--TT The Fully Networked Car Geneva, 3-4 March 2010 2Why Speech Technologies The driving taskThe driving task => Auditory Channel of the human system available=> Auditory Channel of the human system available mostly occupied: mostly occupied: visual systemvisual system mainly involved: mainly involved: hands and legshands and legs involved: involved: auditory systemauditory system not involved: not involved: talkingtalking The Fully Networked Car Geneva, 3-4 March 2010 3Speech applications oo The main speech applications:The main speech applications: •• Speech recognition systemsSpeech recognition systems •• Speech dialog systemsSpeech dialog systems •• Text to speech systemsText to speech systems •• Speech enhancement for communication Speech enhancement for communication systemssystems •• HandsHands--free communicationfree communication •• Enhanced inEnhanced in--car communication systems car communication systems between passengersbetween passengers The Fully Networked Car Geneva, 3-4 March 2010 4Human interaction 1m Human conversation:Human conversation: ““orthotelefonicorthotelefonic reference position”reference position” The Fully Networked Car Geneva, 3-4 March 2010 5Speech dialog systems 1m Human Human –– machine communicationmachine communication The Fully Networked Car Geneva, 3-4 March 2010 6General Requirements for Human-Machine Communication o Seamless man-machine interaction requires: • Superior speech recognition • Superior speech synthesis • High quality text to speech systems • Superior dialog systems The Fully Networked Car Geneva, 3-4 March 2010 7 1m Hands-Free Communication BSS MSC PSTN DSL FRE Bluetooth IP… Mobile Nw. The Fully Networked Car Geneva, 3-4 March 2010 8General Requirements for Hands-Free Communication in Cars o Seamless human interaction requires low distraction form the driving task: • Superior speech sound quality (in the car and from car to landline) • Superior noise cancellation • Low delay transmission • Wideband speech is highly preferred The Fully Networked Car Geneva, 3-4 March 2010 9Why Wideband in Cars? (...) After market systems: • Independent of car infrastructure, sometimes including speech recognition, navigation Standardization activities in ITU Standardization activities in ITU based on work in FG based on work in FG CarCOMCarCOM:: •• ITUITU--T P.1100 for narrowband handsT P.1100 for narrowband hands--freefree •• ITUITU--T P.1110 for wideband handsT P.1110 for wideband hands--freefree •• New work on subsystem requirementsNew work on subsystem requirements The Fully Networked Car Geneva, 3-4 March 2010 17The Role of HEAD acoustics oo Providing expertise for testing and Providing expertise for testing and optimization of all speech technologies used optimization of all speech technologies used in carsin cars oo Providing test systems for speech Providing test systems for speech applications to the car industry, suppliers, applications to the car industry, suppliers, algorithm developers and chipset algorithm developers and chipset manufacturersmanufacturers oo Supporting standardization since 20 years Supporting standardization since 20 years based on the expertise and basic research at based on the expertise and basic research at HEAD acousticsHEAD acoustics The Fully Networked Car Geneva, 3-4 March 2010 18Conclusion o Speech technologies in cars may actively contribute to deploy new services in cars o Speech technologies may help to reduce drivers distraction if properly implemented o HEAD acoustics is providing all types of test services and systems for testing and optimization of speech technologies o ITU-T is an excellent source and basis for speech related technologies and their standardization o FG CarCOM is actively working on advanced standards for hands-free implementations and subsystems, more: http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/focusgroups/carcom/
Language:English
Score: 994631 - https://www.itu.int/dms_pub/it...6/25/T062500000P002010PDFE.pdf
Data Source: un
Directora ejecutiva, Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Medio Ambiente | Secretario General de las Naciones Unidas Skip to main content Bienvenidos a las Naciones Unidas Toggle navigation Idioma: العربية 中文 English Français Русский Español Secretario General Search the United Nations Search A-Z Site Index Toggle navigation Portada Cargo Biografía La función del Secretario General Nombramiento Visión Visión estratégica (pdf) Juramento (12 de diciembre de 2016) Nombramiento formal (13 de octubre de 2016) Nombramiento oficial (4 de abril de 2016) Equipo Vicesecretaria General Grupo Superior de Gestión Representantes y Enviados Especiales Vacantes de nivel superior Reserva de Talentos para Puestos Directivos Superiores Vacantes de personal directivo superior Otras vacantes Agenda Programa Viajes oficiales Mensajes/informes Mensajes Memoria sobre la labor de la Organización Informes al Consejo de seguridad Informes a la Asamblea General Informes al ECOSOC Medios Oficina del Portavoz Declaraciones Artículos de prensa y artículos de opinión Declaraciones del Portavoz Comunicados de prensa Galería de fotos https://www.unenvironment.org/ Inger La Cour Andersen Directora ejecutiva, Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Medio Ambiente United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Following her nomination by United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres, the General Assembly today elected Inger Andersen of Denmark to a four-year term as Executive Director of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).   (...) Andersen brings a passion for conservation and sustainable development with more than 30 years of experience in international development economics, environmental sustainability and policy-making, as well as in designing and implementing projects and generating on-the-ground impact from working with a small Non-Governmental Organization in Sudan to multilateral and international settings with a constant focus on poverty eradication.   (...) La agenda de trabajo Programa Nombramiento La función del Secretario General Secretarios Generales anteriores Viajes oficiales El equipo Vicesecretaria General Grupo Superior de Gestión Representantes y Enviados especiales Mensajeros de la Paz Recursos Memoria sobre la labor de la Organización Coordinador para el Multilingüismo Divulgación financiera Artículos de prensa y artículos de opinión Galería de fotos Enlaces relacionados Centro de Noticias Secretaría Departamento de Comunicación Global Oficina del Portavoz United Nations DONACIONES Comuníquese con nosotros Propiedad intelectual Alerta de fraude Privacidad Índice del sitio Condiciones de utilización Preguntas Frecuentes
Language:English
Score: 993418.75 - https://www.un.org/sg/es/content/profiles/inger-andersen
Data Source: un
New findings from the ODYSSEY trial confirm superiority of dolutegravir-based ART in young children Global Regions WHO Regional websites Africa Americas South-East Asia Europe Eastern Mediterranean Western Pacific When autocomplete results are available use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. (...) The ODYSSEY trial, a multi-country randomised trial sponsored by Penta, has previously demonstrated superior treatment efficacy for DTG plus two nucleoside analogues versus standard-of-care (SOC) in 707 children ≥14kg (median age 12 years) starting first- or second-line ART. (...) “These new findings from the ODYSSEY trial confirm once and for all the superiority of DTG-based regimens compared to existing regimens.
Language:English
Score: 991341.4 - https://www.who.int/news/item/...ir-based-art-in-young-children
Data Source: un
The transitional justice process is an integral feature of the implementation of the peace agreement in Colombia. 11. (...) First, the requirement that the superior exercise effective control over the criminal conduct is not an element under customary international law or the Rome Statute, which only require the superior to exercise effective command or control over his or her subordinates who committed the crimes. 101. (...) Secondly, considerations relating to whether the conduct was committed within the superior’s area of responsibility, and whether the superior had effective capacity to develop and execute operations assigned to his unit, could restrict the superior’s responsibility to the area to which he or she was formally assigned. 104.
Language:English
Score: 983944.1 - https://www.icc-cpi.int/sites/...iccdocs/otp/201805SpeechDP.pdf
Data Source: un
This transform has decorrelation performance superior to the one currently implemented in the SandVideo / HHI proposal. We believe it can be incorporated with similar complexity but superior coding performance. Performance will be provided at the meeting. 2 Error!
Language:English
Score: 976695 - https://www.itu.int/wftp3/av-a...te/2004_03_Munich/JVT-K030.doc
Data Source: un
Microsoft Word - NAMCARCATC1WP04Rev.doc NAM/CAR/CATC/1 — WP/04 International Civil Aviation Organization 22/08/13 – Revised North American, Central American and Caribbean Office (NACC) First Meeting of Civil Aviation Training Centres in the NAM/CAR Regions (NAM/CAR/CATC/1) ICAO NACC Regional Office, Mexico City, 27 to 30 August 2013 Agenda Item 1 Follow-up on ICAO Training and Human Resources Activities 1.3 Next Generation Aviation Professionals (NGAP) programme PROPOSAL FROM THE ACADEMIA SUPERIOR DE CIENCIAS AERONÁUTICAS REGARDING THE IMPLEMENTATION OF AN EFFECTIVE FEEDBACK SYSTEM FOR THE TRAINAIR PLUS METHODOLOGY TRAINING IMPACT (Presented by ASCA, Dominican Republic) SUMMARY The Academia Superior de Ciencias Aeronáuticas has accumulated great experience in the delivery of TRAINAIR Plus-based training and has been able to see its effectiveness in the classroom. (...) This paper is a proposal for the implementation of a mechanism that will allow collecting valuable information and making it available to the areas of Design and to other States in order to guarantee the effectiveness of the courses. (...) Background 2.1 ICAO has an important role by guaranteeing that the civil aviation community and, in particular, that States have access to the set of qualified professionals that they need to accomplish a safe, protected and sustainable air transport. 2.2 Initially, with the global implementation of the TRAINAIR programme and its later updating and later adjustment with the TRAINAIR Plus programme, the International Civil Aviation Organization has intervened in a positive manner in the preparation of what would become the next generation of aviation professionals. 2.3 The methodology conception which fundaments the TRAINAIR Plus programme makes course design the result of an investigation of work posts, where necessary knowledge, abilities and skills are identified for a proper work performance, which allows in turn the implementation of a system that allows to measure the impact of training. 2.4 The way the TRAINAIR Plus Programme considers the assessment of the impact of training is limited to the presentation during the preparation phase, of an assessment plan, establishing that the forthcoming stages that belong to management. 2.5 The Academia Superior de Ciencias Aeronáuticas has accumulated great experience in the handling of training through the TRAINAIR methodology since 2009 and subsequently with the TRAINAIR Plus since 2011.
Language:English
Score: 971171.1 - https://www.icao.int/NACC/Docu...ARCATC1/NAMCARCATC1WP04Rev.pdf
Data Source: un
Any person, including their representatives, shall be entitled to appeal to customs authorities, also to the superior customs authority or to the authorized body on customs issues and (or) to the court a decision, actions (inaction) of a customs authority and (or) of a customs official, if such decision and (or) actions (inaction) infringes upon rights and interests of this person, creates obstacles to their implementation, or unlawfully imposes a responsibility. 2. (...) An appeal against a decision, actions (inaction) of a customs official shall be filed with the customs authority which employs the customs official who made such decision or took such actions (inaction), or a superior customs authority. An appeal against a decision, actions (inaction) of the customs authority shall be filed with a superior customs authority, or with the authorized body on customs issues. 2. When the appeal filed is subject to consideration by a superior customs authority, then the appeal within three working days from the day of its registration shall be forwarded to the superior customs authority along with materials thereon (where available), with notification of the person who filed the appeal. 3.
Language:English
Score: 968787 - https://www.wto.org/english/th...e/kaz_e/WTACCKAZ57A1_LEG_1.pdf
Data Source: un