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Substances such as ammonia that increase the pH of the tobacco and the smoke, result in higher amounts of uncharged nicotine. However, it is uncertain if more nicotine is absorbed with higher smoke pH. For smokeless tobacco it seems that an increased pH enhances nicotine absorption in the mouth. (...) Many smokers compensate for a lower dose of nicotine by increasing puff volume and frequency, and by deeper inhalation.
Language:English
Score: 1918541.2 - https://www.who.int/fctc/treaty_instruments/SCENIHR.pdf
Data Source: un
Two rows of “slot” perforations gave the same nico- tine (0.11 mg) as did two rows of “hole” perforations under FTC conditions, but gave more nicotine under the “50/30” condition: 0.67 mg (a 509% increase) versus 0.53 mg (a 382% increase). (...) The second claim is that, on those rare occasions when vent blocking occurs, it increases tar and nicotine yields little because most blocking occludes at most 50% of vents. (...) Under these conditions, lowest tar cigarettes (1 2 mg standard tar) showed a 130% (0.22 mg) increase in nicotine yield, while Ultra Light (3–5 mg standard tar) and Light (6–14 mg standard tar) cigarettes showed yield nicotine yield increases of 57% (0.31 mg) and 36% (0.41 mg) respectively when 50% of vents were blocked.118 Tar yields in Lowest Tar cigarettes increased 160% (2.5 mg), compared to 63% (4.0 mg) and 38% (5.5 mg) increases in Ultra Lights and Lights.
Language:English
Score: 1842277 - https://www.who.int/fctc/treat...nts/ArtElevenKozlowskiFive.pdf
Data Source: un
66 66 Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems and Electronic Non-Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS/ENNDS) Report by WHO INTRODUCTION 1. (...) The choice of e-liquid, the user’s puffing style and the device’s capacity to aerosolize the e-liquid at increasing temperatures by modulating its wattage and resistance will all determine whether the use of ENDS/ENNDS produces a satisfactory experience to the user in terms of the speedy delivery of sufficient nicotine to mimic the sensory feel of smoking. i http://who.int/tobacco/industry/product_regulation/eletronic-cigarettes-report-cop7/en/index.html Conference of the Parties to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control Seventh session Delhi, India, 7–12 November 2016 Provisional agenda item 5.5.2 FCTC/COP/7/11 August 2016 FCTC/COP/7/11 2 POTENTIAL ROLE OF ENDS/ENNDS IN TOBACCO CONTROL 5. (...) It is unclear whether the sales of ENDS/ENNDS will continue to increase 8 . In addition, the market may change since the tobacco industry has launched alternative nicotine delivery systems that heat but do not burn tobacco 9,10,11 , and is developing or has bought nicotine inhaler technology that does not require a heating mechanism 12, 13,14 .
Language:English
Score: 1835863 - https://www.who.int/fctc/cop/cop7/FCTC_COP_7_11_EN.pdf
Data Source: un
Total nicotine measures the entire amount of nicotine in a product regardless of its ionic form. The un-ionized form of nicotine is more readily absorbed in the body. With the total levels of nicotine and pH, the levels of un-ionized nicotine can be determined. (...) "Surveillance of smokeless tobacco nicotine, pH, moisture, and unprotonated nicotine content."
Language:English
Score: 1824312.9 - https://www.who.int/fctc/cop/cop7/FCTC_COP_7_9_EN.pdf
Data Source: un
In the 2018 Global Progress Report on Implementation of the WHO FCTC, based on mandatory reports submitted biannually by all Parties, an increasing number of countries indicated the arrival of new and emerging nicotine and tobacco products on their markets, often outside of a domestic legal or regulatory framework. (...) FCTC/COP6(9), Electronic nicotine delivery systems and electronic non-nicotine delivery systems, 2014 3. FCTC/COP/7/11, Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems and Electronic Non-Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS/ENNDS).
Language:English
Score: 1823184.8 - https://www.who.int/fctc/media...-nicotine-tobacco-products/en/
Data Source: un
Progress on tobacco fight, but new nicotine products pose increasing threat | | UN News Skip to main content Welcome to the United Nations Toggle navigation Language: العربية 中文 English Français Русский Español Português Kiswahili Other Hindi हिंदी Global UN News Global perspective Human stories Search the United Nations Search Advanced Search Home Africa Americas Asia Pacific Middle East Europe UN Art and Gifts History Corner Topics Peace and Security Economic Development Humanitarian Aid Climate and Environment Human Rights UN Affairs Women Law and Crime Prevention Health Culture and Education SDGs Migrants and Refugees In depth Interviews Features Photo Stories News in Brief The Lid is On UN Gender Focus UN and Africa UN Podcasts Secretary-General Spokesperson All Statements Selected Speeches Press Encounters Official Travels Media UN Video UN Photo Meeting Coverage Media Accreditation Webtv Home Africa Americas Asia Pacific Middle East Europe UN Art and Gifts History Corner Topics Peace and Security Economic Development Humanitarian Aid Climate and Environment Human Rights UN Affairs Women Law and Crime Prevention Health Culture and Education SDGs Migrants and Refugees In depth Interviews Features Photo Stories News in Brief The Lid is On UN Gender Focus UN and Africa UN Podcasts Secretary-General Spokesperson All Statements Selected Speeches Press Encounters Official Travels Media UN Video UN Photo Meeting Coverage Media Accreditation Webtv   Subscribe Audio Hub Progress on tobacco fight, but new nicotine products pose increasing threat © UNICEF/Shehzad Noorani More than half of the world’s population is exposed to tobacco products. 27 July 2021 Health While many countries are making progress in the fight against tobacco use, a new World Health Organization (WHO) report shows some are failing to address the problem of emerging nicotine and tobacco products. (...) “Some are modifiable by the user so that nicotine concentration and risk levels are difficult to regulate. (...) “Distinguishing the nicotine-containing products from the non-nicotine, or even from some tobacco-containing products, can be almost impossible.
Language:English
Score: 1822257 - https://news.un.org/en/story/2021/07/1096532
Data Source: un
Media Briefer Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems and Electronic Non-Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS/ENNDS) Report by WHO This report is produced by experts from the World Health Organization (WHO) for COP7, the governing body of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC). (...) The scope of the research It includes updates on scientific and research data on evidence of the health impacts on Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems and Electronic Non-Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS/ENNDS). (...) The choice of e-liquid, the user’s puffing style and the device’s capacity to aerosolize the e- liquid at increasing temperatures by modulating its wattage and resistance will all determine whether the use of ENDS/ENNDS produces a satisfactory experience to the user in terms of the speedy delivery of sufficient nicotine to mimic the sensory feel of smoking.
Language:English
Score: 1786476.4 - https://www.who.int/fctc/media...a-briefings/m-b-ENDS-ENNDS.pdf
Data Source: un
We know that nicotine is addictive and is not harmless. But as ENDS are not made from tobacco leaves, they have largely escaped any regulation. (...) The evidence supports this—experimentation with e-cigarettes is increasing rapidly among adolescents, doubling from 2008 to 2012. (...) There is also evidence that ENDS use indoors increases second-hand exposure of non-smokers and bystanders to nicotine and a number of toxicants.
Language:English
Score: 1769500.2 - https://www.who.int/southeasta...e-cigarettes-to-protect-health
Data Source: un
However, existing evidence indicates that electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) and electronic non-nicotine delivery systems (ENNDS), more commonly referred to as e-cigarettes, are harmful and increase the risk of heart disease and lung disorders. (...) Do not spit in public places.  Can nicotine affect my chances in the context of COVID-19? There is currently insufficient information to confirm any link between nicotine in the prevention or treatment of COVID-19.
Language:English
Score: 1769500.2 - https://www.who.int/news-room/...virus-disease-covid-19-tobacco
Data Source: un
Need to tackle threats posed by new nicotine and tobacco products. For the first time, the 2021 report presents new data on electronic nicotine delivery systems, such as ‘e-cigarettes’. (...) Some are modifiable by the user so that nicotine concentration and risk levels are difficult to regulate. (...) Distinguishing the nicotine-containing products from the non-nicotine, or even from some tobacco-containing products, can be almost impossible.
Language:English
Score: 1765442.8 - https://www.who.int/news/item/...fight-against-tobacco-epidemic
Data Source: un