LATVIA: NATIONAL REPORT
In January 2016, the UN
Committee on the Rights of the Child will examine the periodic report of Latvia on the implementation of
the 1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child and initial reports about implementation of two Optional
Protocols of the Convention – on the fight against the involvement of children in armed conflict and on the
fight against the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography.
15 The amendments have been adopted to ensure consistency with Article 78 and Article 150 of the CL which
provide for criminal liability for inciting to racial, ethnic, national, social hatred and enmity.
16 Educational and informative events have been organized; training workshops for employees of public
administration and local government institutions, employers, journalists, and specialists of different
professions have been arranged; educational activities for different social groups about third-countries
nationals and their integration have been implemented; NGOs’ projects including Roma have been
supported in order to provide them with comprehensive access to services and participation in development
of the civil society.
17 For the first time such conference was organized in 2012.
18 Computer-skills training for seniors and socially isolated persons in the regions of Latvia (6680 seniors
participated in the training); a research about obstacles for employment of persons in pre-pension age was
conducted; the senior-friendliest undertaking was identified; and awareness raising measures were
organized in regions of Latvia.
19 Very wide range of activities was implemented during the project, including establishing cooperation
network among public administration institutions and NGOs; preparing guidelines for development of
effective monitoring system of anti-discrimination policies; carrying out public awareness raising activities
and implementing measures aimed at Roma integration with a focus on education.
20 Overall, approximately 50 events were held including conferences, seminars, discussions, and exhibitions.
21 In their courses such issues as the prohibition to torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or
punishment, prevention of human trafficking, psychological and legal aspects of police conduct in cases of
sexual violence, domestic violence are discussed.
22 For example, in 2015, training on the application of human rights in criminal and administrative procedure,
rights of the child and other issues was offered to judges.
23 The amendments were prepared considering conclusions and proposals included in the informative report
“About legal framework in relation to liability for incitement of national or ethnic hatred, invitation to
liquidate national independence or undermine the territorial integrity and desecration of State symbols”
supported in the CM meeting of 17 June 2014.
24 Number of criminal cases passed over to the court and accused persons brought to justice for committing of
the criminal offence provided for in Section 78 of the Criminal Law (triggering of national, ethnic and
25/28 GE.16-00107 (C)
Number of criminal offences passed over to court Number of accused persons brought to justice
July-Dec 2012 2013 2014
July-Dec 2012 2013 2014
of the CL 1 4 14 7 1 6 14 7
Source: The Public Prosecutor’s Office of the Republic of Latvia
25 See Annex I.
26 The report can be submitted to the State Police or the Security Police (in presence, by telephone, or in
writing) or by using portals http://www.naidanoziegumi.lv (in Latvian) and http://cilvektiesibas.org.lv (in
Latvian, Russian, and English). (...) Furthermore, 65 persons (including 20
children) have received consultations or social assistance, and informative materials about housing, work
and education possibilities – “10 steps of Finding a Place to Live”, “10 steps of Job Search” and “10
steps to Education” – have been prepared and are available electronically in English and Russian (...) To establish a further framework for gender equality policy, it is
planned to elaborate the Guidelines on Equality between Women and Men (2016-2020) and to submit them
to the CM by the end of 2015.
47 This document addresses the labour market segregation and the lack of balanced representation of women
and men in different sectors of the labour market that has an impact on formation of the pay gap.
48 Measures have been implemented to promote the reconciliation of work and family informative and
educational activities, improvement of child care services and introduction of flexible working hours and
49 Article 48(1)15) provides that the criminal offence related to violence or threats of violence, or the criminal
offence against morality and sexual inviolability was committed against a person to whom the perpetrator
is related in the first or the second degree of kinship, against the spouse or former spouse, or against a
person with whom the perpetrator is or has been in unregistered marital relationship, or against a person
with whom the perpetrator has a joint (single) household.
50 Pursuant to the amendments, Article 159 of the Criminal Law provides for criminal liability for rape – an
act of sexual intercourse taking advantage of the state of helplessness of a victim or an act of sexual
intercourse against the will of the victim by means of violence, threats or using trust, authority or exerting
other influence over the victim, for which the applicable punishment is deprivation of liberty for a term of
four and up to ten years and with probationary supervision for a term up to three years.
LEGAL ASPECTS OF AUTOMATIC DATA PROCESSING : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
Because of it. lasting physical existence the paper
functions as _ carrier of data informative function.
46. A trade document can also constitute evidence (documentary evidence).
(...) In this section particular empbasis is laid upon identifying those areas
and problems where international effort. would be required.
3.1. Informative functions
64. s.:;w far is it possible to retain the informative function of paper •
documents in an ADP-based system in a uuuer that satisfies the need of the
.parties to achieve tbe same technical and legal standards as before?
(...) A condition
for retaining this informative function, as well as the evidential and
symbolic functions - when data are processed and transmitted by auto1Utic
means in international trade - is that sucb data may be transmitted witb equal
TOOLKIT FOR IDENTIFICATION AND QUANTIFICATION OF RELEASES OF DIOXINS, FURANS AND OTHER UNINTENTIONAL PERSISTENT ORGANIC POLLUTANTS AND GUIDELINES AND GUIDANCE ON BEST AVAILABLE TECHNIQUES AND BEST ENVIRONMENTAL PRACTICES
2. Reporting under Article 15
6. The use of the Toolkit methodology enables all Parties to report their releases in the format
developed for Article 15 of the Stockholm Convention according to the source classification specified
in Annex C.
Recommendation: Parties should report estimated releases under Article 15.
3. Data quality
7. The release estimates of unintentional persistent organic pollutants reported by Parties lack
quality assurance and quality control (QA/QC); this has severely limited the assessment for
effectiveness evaluation under Article 16 of the Convention.
(...) The guidelines and guidance on BAT and BEP relevant to Article 5 and Annex C of the
have been, and continue to be, a useful and informative document to assist
Parties in implementing action plans under Article 5 of the Convention.
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE ADVERSE EFFECTS OF THE ILLICIT MOVEMENT AND DUMPING OF TOXIC AND DANGEROUS PRODUCTS AND WASTES ON THE ENJOYMENT OF HUMAN RIGHTS, OKECHUKWU IBEANU : ADDENDUM
This article also guarantees the right to free access and the right to disseminate information
concerning the environment and the quality of food. Article 66 provides for the protection of the
natural environment and the obligation to compensate for any damage caused to it.
8. (...) However, there exists an obligation to
cooperate with and provide information to the Ombudsman, which extends to government organs
as well as to the private sector.4
Article 21, Law of Ukraine on Local State Administrations.
Article 55 of the Constitution.
Article 18, Law on the Ukrainian Parliament Commissioner for Human Rights.
Ibid., article 22.
LETTER DATED 2006/09/20 FROM THE CHARGE D'AFFAIRS OF THE PERMANENT MISSION OF UZBEKISTAN TO THE UNITED NATIONS OFFICE AT GENEVA ADDRESSED TO THE SECRETARIAT OF THE HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL
In accordance with new requirements, the Ministry of Internal Affairs
regularly examines the practice of detaining of suspects by law-enforcement agencies
as stated in the Article 225, and use of the right to appeal the measures of preventive
punishment according to the article 241 of the Criminal Procedural Code of the
Republic of Uzbekistan.
On the meeting of Board of General Prosecutor’s Office held on May 20, 2004,
the results of examination of suspects detention practice by law-enforcement agencies
according to the article 225 and use of the right to appeal the measures of preventive
punishment according to the article 241 of the Criminal Procedure Code were
(...) But under the
provisions of Article 235 of Criminal Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan 2 internal
affairs operatives were sentenced to prison for such unlawful actions during 2004-
EXTRAJUDICIAL, SUMMARY OR ARBITRARY EXECUTIONS : REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR, PHILIP ALSTON : ADDENDUM
The purpose underpinning article 14, paragraph 1 explains why publicity must be more
than formal. (...) This amounted to inhuman treatment in violation of
article 7 of the Covenant.29 In Pratt and Morgan v. (...) Indeed, exhibitions of
bloodletting are not necessarily informative, and information need not be accompanied by
VISIT TO GREECE : REPORT OF THE WORKING GROUP ON ARBITRARY DETENTION
Article 46 also provides for an increase in the maximum initial detention period for which
asylum seekers may be held, from 45 to 50 days. (...) The placement of pretrial detainees and their separation from convicted persons is
provided for in article 11 of the Penitentiary Code and in article 10 of the internal
regulations for the operation of detention centres. (...) The right to seek asylum is recognized under article 14 (1) of the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights.
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF THE RIGHT TO FREEDOM OF OPINION AND EXPRESSION ON HIS MISSION TO JAPAN : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
Article 19 (1) of the Covenant protects everyone’s right to hold opinions without
interference, a right not subject to any restriction. (...) The LDP draft constitutional proposals go even further by allowing for
derogations in times of emergency, beyond what is permissible under international
human rights law.
The draft proposals would enable the State to restrict certain
human rights in times of emergency, with the caveat that “article 14 (against
discrimination), article 18 (against servitude), article 19 (freedom of opinion),
article 21 (freedom of association and speech) and other provisions relating to
fundamental human rights shall be respected to the fullest extent.”
derogation is permitted under international human rights law in extremely limited
circumstances, the Special Rapporteur is concerned that the proposed emergency
provisions are overly broad. (...) During the visit, the Special Rapporteur held constructive and informative
meetings with those responsible for implementing the Secrets Act, but still has
REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE ISSUE OF HUMAN RIGHTS OBLIGATIONS RELATING TO THE ENJOYMENT OF A SAFE, CLEAN, HEALTHY AND SUSTAINABLE ENVIRONMENT, JOHN H. KNOX - MISSION TO FRANCE
Article 6 states: “Public policies shall promote sustainable development. (...) A/HRC/28/61/Add.1
research. Article 10, the final provision, states: “This Charter shall inspire France’s actions
at both a European and an international level”.
33. (...) The Council has clarified that article 7 applies to decisions
having a direct and significant effect on the environment.24 And, in a series of decisions, the
Council has held that laws providing for decisions that might have such an effect did not
satisfy the requirements of article 7 because they did not adequately provide for public
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE SALE OF CHILDREN, CHILD PROSTITUTION AND CHILD PORNOGRAPHY, NAJAT M'JID MAALLA : ADDENDUM
The Ministry of Social Affairs is also preparing the
Law on Social Protection, which should be sent to the Government by mid-2009.
32. Article 16 of the Child Protection Act requires that a child’s opinion be sought when
making decisions concerning the child. (...) A/HRC/12/23/Add.2
article 2 (c) states: “Child pornography means any representation, by whatever means, of a child
engaged in real or simulated explicit sexual activities or any representation of the sexual parts of
a child for primarily sexual purposes.”
44. (...) One proposed amendment by the Ministry of Social Welfare is the inclusion of an article
explicitly prohibiting corporal punishment at school and in the home.