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Internet Society Board of Trustees Revenue Report Geneva, 9-11 May 2006 Joint UNESCO and ITU Global Symposium on Promoting the Multilingual Internet CulturallyCulturally--appropriate Local appropriate Local Environments and a Global InternetEnvironments and a Global Internet John C. Klensin Internet Society Geneva, 9-11 May 2006 Klensin: Culturally-appropriate Environments & Internet 2 Reflecting on the Agenda • Many papers seem to be about technology details – How to implement X – Experience with Y – A technology for Z – Making particular Internet tools more international Geneva, 9-11 May 2006 Klensin: Culturally-appropriate Environments & Internet 3 Are Those Answers to the Right Questions? (...) • The Ability to Find Material of Interest • Navigation… – Search – Directories – Names • All accessible in local languages …but not always global Geneva, 9-11 May 2006 Klensin: Culturally-appropriate Environments & Internet 18 What Do We Need from a Global Internet?
Language:English
Score: 591547.85 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-T/work...al/presentations/I-Klensin.pdf
Data Source: un
2014-04-apnic-at-adb-itu-ver6.pptx Issue Date: Revision: Internet infrastructure development in the Asia Pacific: What’s needed for sustainable growth Miwa Fujii , Senior Advisor Internet Development, APNIC 29th April 2014 ADB/ITU ICT Development in ASP Manila, Philippines [28/04/2014] [3] APNIC’s Vision •  A global, open, scalable, and resilient Internet that serves the entire Asia Pacific community 2 APNIC: Asia Pacific Network Information Centre Who are we? •  Primary function: Distribution and management of Internet number resources –  Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) address numbers –  Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) address numbers –  Autonomous System Numbers (ASNs) •  Not-for-profit membership organization –  4,000 plus Members •  How we achieve APNIC’s vision: –  Supporting capacity development in the region –  Collaborating with the Internet community and partners –  Supporting infrastructure development – IPv6, IXPs, root server deployment 3 Overview •  Relationship between ICT growth and economic development •  Internet development in the AP region •  Securing scalable growth of IP-based services •  Examples: APNIC’s efforts •  Proposals for potential donors •  Way forward: Investments needed 4 Preamble: Internet architecture •  The Internet: Staged (layered) communication model •  APNIC supports development of Internet layer –  Sending packets across multiple networks: Internet Protocol (IP) addresses –  One layer above the link layer (very close to physical layer cables) 5 Application layer Transport layer Internet layer Link layer •  Healthy development of Internet layer supports global, open, scalable and resilient Internet •  Pre-requisite of successful implementation of national policies: –  Universal access of broadband –  e-Government http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_protocol_suite Relationship between ICT growth and economic development •  World Economic Forum reports: –  Digitization has boosted world economic output by nearly USD 200 billion and created a million jobs in 2011 –  An increase of 10% in an economy’s digitization produced a 0.75% growth in its GDP per capita –  The same 10% boost in digitization led to a 1.02% drop in the unemployment rate •  The effective management of the Internet provides the foundation for various ICTs to interact in this inter- connected environment 6 http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GITR_Report_2013.pdf The next wave of Internet growth •  The Internet: Phenomenal growth in the last 20 years –  16 million users in 1995 and 2.8 billion users in 2013 in the world –  115 million users in 2000 and 1 billion users in 2013 in the Asia •  And the Internet is still growing: –  3.6 billion Internet users by 2017: over 47% of the world’s projected population (7.6 billion) •  1.33 billion Internet users in Asia by 2015, +30 % from 2013 •  The next wave of Internet growth will have a much larger impact on the fundamental nature of the Internet –  It is coming from mobile networks 7 http://newsroom.cisco.com/release/1197391/ http://www.internetworldstats.com/stats3.htm#asia http://www.internetworldstats.com/emarketing.htm Internet development in AP region: Mobile cellular subscriptions 8 Australia Brunei Darussalam China Chinese Taipei Hong Kong, China Indonesia Japan Korea Malaysia New Zealand Papua New Guinea Singapore Thailand The Philippines Viet Nam World 0.00 50.00 100.00 150.00 200.00 250.00 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) http://statistics.apec.org/ Internet development in AP region •  Mobile broadband subscriptions growing very rapidly in developing economies: –  Reaching more than 100 subscriptions per 100 inhabitants in many economies (see slide #7) –  Lower CAPEX for network operators, lower entry cost for end users –  Leapfrogging into the digital economy via mobile networks –  The existing digital-gap in “Internet users” will be filled by mobile broadband services •  Higher generation mobile networks (e.g. (...) E.g., –  PHNOG in Manila (April 2014): •  Advanced Internet routing protocols configuration training –  BDNOG in Dhaka (May 2014): •  Internet protocols configuration training •  Network security training •  Internet development experiences and lessons •  Collaborating with the ITU Asia Pacific Center of Excellence (ASP CoE) on deploying an IPv6 workshop to educate network operators from developing AP economies –  IPv6 migration strategies for telecom service providers (2012) –  IPv6 infrastructure network security (2013, 2014) 11 APNIC technical training statistics Face-to-face training 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Number of courses conducted 63 77 64 67 73 89 Number of locations (cities) 27 36 29 36 33 37 Number of economies in AP 21 22 24 23 25 22 Number of participants 1480 1870 1923 1813 2347 2622 Number of participants eLearning 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Number of courses conducted NA NA 22 76 93 135 Number of participants NA 80 301 786 932 969 Total number of participants 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 1480 1950 2224 2599 3279 3591 12 Example: APNIC’s efforts •  Some examples of APNIC Engineering Assistance (EA) include network design, IP services, IP peering, network operations, and configurations of various Internet protocols –  A broadband network operator in Malaysia in 2012 –  A telecom operator in Bhutan in 2014 –  A network operator in Vanuatu in 2014 (initial consultation only) •  Current business model of APNIC EA is on a cost-recovery basis: –  Recipients of APNIC EA cover the cost of Internet technical experts’ professional fees and travel costs –  This business model is not scaling as it could be due to the cost factor 13 Proposals for potential donors •  APNIC EA will assist in sustainable and resilient Internet infrastructure deployment in the AP region –  Proposed timeframe: 2014 - 2016 –  Targeted organizations: Internet Service Providers and Telecom Service Providers in developing economies –  Proposed work: Assist network engineers and organizations’ decision makers with following approaches: •  Examining issues and challenges that they are facing •  Provide Best Current Practice (BCP) knowledge and ideas for potential solutions •  Assist local network engineers to become self-reliant •  Provide capacity-building training to implement their own solutions •  Provide follow-up support 14 Proposals for potential donors •  APNIC facilitates and coordinates EA programs with Internet technical experts –  Visiting network operators once a year for three consecutive years to monitor progress •  APNIC seeks your financial support to enable this project –  Mobilize Internet technical experts via direct collaboration with economies and other organizations, e.g., ITU ASP CoE –  Size of this project proposal can be varied depending on available funding, e.g., 5 economies to support for 3 years = USD 2.5 million (estimate) 15 Way forward: Investments needed •  To enable effective Internet network infrastructure development and management –  Capacity building among network operators in key organizations in developing economies is a must –  Economy direct assistance enables real and tangible support •  APNIC will keep striving in this effort through partnership with various organizations •  APNIC welcomes your support for strengthening our commitment to the region 16 THANK YOU www.facebook.com/APNIC https://twitter.com/apnic www.youtube.com/user/apnicmultimedia www.flickr.com/photos/apnic 17 Supplement APNIC supports Internet development •  APNIC has the expertise to support network operators to establish stable and resilient networks •  APNIC delivers Internet technical trainings in bridging the gap between plans and reality among network operators in developing economies –  Collaboration with ITU Asia Pacific Centre of Excellence •  APNIC works closely with external partners and community groups to share knowledge and information –  Network Operators Groups (NOGs) in the region –  APEC TEL, APT, ASEAN, and SPC, etc. •  APNIC mobilizes Internet technical experts for organizations needing technical assistance –  Economy direct engineering assistance 19
Language:English
Score: 591507.7 - https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/R...a_FUJII_Presentation_FINAL.pdf
Data Source: un
Future Internet I n t e r n a t i o n a l T e l e c o m m u n i c a t i o n U n i o n The Future Internet ITU-T Technology Watch Report 10 April 2009 The Internet has grown from a small experiment into a collaborative network with more than one billion users. (...) The commercial Internet The intensive use of the Internet as a means of commercial dealings and transactions is a key driver of the future Internet and of changes to traffic patterns. (...) Internet Society. http://www.isoc.org/internet/history/brief.shtml 2 ITU (2005) ITU Internet Reports 2005: The Internet of Things.
Language:English
Score: 591454.15 - https://www.itu.int/dms_pub/it.../23/01/T230100000A0001PDFE.pdf
Data Source: un
Newsroom : World Summit on the Information Society             home  |  français  |  español   search | site map  |  contact  |  text only     Your browser does not support script     Document WSIS-II/PC-3/DT/15-E 30 September 2005 Original: English Chair, Sub-Committee A (Internet Governance) hapter Three: Internet Governance Chair’s "FOOD FOR THOUGHT" (SECTION FIVE) PREAMBULAR 62. (...) Continued internationalization of the Internet is evidenced by the recent creation of new Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) and the enhanced efforts of the Internet community to work towards an equitable distribution of IP addresses. 63. The Internet remains a highly dynamic medium and therefore any framework designed to deal with Internet governance should be responsive to the exponential growth and fast evolution of the Internet as a common platform for the development of multiple applications. 64.
Language:English
Score: 591363.43 - https://www.itu.int/net/wsis/docs2/pc3/working/dt15.html
Data Source: un
UNESCO and the Internet Society announce strategic partnership to advance universality of the Internet Skip to main content Toggle navigation Building peace in the minds of men and women Member states Staff Search form Search Search English English Français Español Main shared menu In brief Introducing UNESCO Mission and Mandate UNESCO House Strategic Transformation Portal Who's Who? (...) These efforts will focus on Access and Growing the Internet, while enhancing the multi-stakeholder approach in global Internet governance. This enhanced partnership builds on a long-term UNESCO-Internet Society endeavor in co-developing Internet Universality ROAM principles and indicators, and synergies involving the Internet Society and its national chapters in a number of national assessments.
Language:English
Score: 591276.9 - https://en.unesco.org/news/une...-advance-universality-internet
Data Source: un
Part II (TRADE/2000/19) examines the technical indicators of Internet development in the region, focusing on Internet network backbone infrastructure, Internet hosts including secure servers, Internet service providers, Internet exchanges and the Domain Name System. (...) It includes summaries with regard to the numbers of Internet hosts and secure servers, Internet access and use, Internet services, teledensity, backbones and Internet address registries. (...) Latvia also operates the only Internet Exchange in the region. 33. Internet Registries7.
Language:English
Score: 591268.16 - https://unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/trade/ctied/ctied4/ct018.pdf
Data Source: un
“All personal services that required the Internet were put on hold. Many Internet-based businesses ground to a halt, especially tech start-ups. (...) Julie Owono, a lawyer and executive director of Internet without Borders, a Paris-based Internet rights organisation, told Africa Renewal that between January and June 2017, nine countries globally experienced Internet blockades, including three in Africa—Cameroon, Egypt and Ethiopia. (...) The rise in Internet shutdowns comes as an increasing number of Africans are communicating via the Internet, observed Ms.
Language:English
Score: 591171.2 - https://www.un.org/africarenew...uproar-over-internet-shutdowns
Data Source: un
Regulation on children safety and protection when using information-communication technologies (ICT) • In June 2016 the Government of the Republic of Serbia adopted the Regulation on children safety and protection when using ICT in order to: – have comprehensive approach on children safety on Internet and – develop state mechanisms of assistance and reactions in the area of children safety on Internet. (...) Preventive measures • Preventive measures include following activities: – informing and education of children, parents and teachers on the advantages and risks of Internet use, and also on the safe ways of using the Internet – organization of seminars, workshops and press releases, electronic and other media in the cooperation with competent organizations and civil society organizations. Helpline – Call Centre • By the end of the 2016 Ministry will establish a Helpline – Call Centre to provide advice and receiving reports regarding the safety of children on the Internet: – Advise children, parents, students and teachers, by telephone, about the benefits and risks of using the internet and secure ways of using the Internet, including the risk of creating addiction on the use of video games and the Internet. – Receipt of information on harmful, inappropriate and illegal content and behavior on the Internet, and reporting on violation of rights and interests of children - by telephone and via the electronic form on the website – Establishment of Internet portal containing information and articles about risks on the Internet (such as stealing personal data, Internet frauds, Internet stalking, sexual harassment, bullying, offensive and disturbing messages and other risks).
Language:English
Score: 591126.5 - https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/R...20Internet%20-%20Serbia%20.pdf
Data Source: un
050-Sudatel-EL TIGANI Sudan Internet Society “SIS” Sudan Sudan InternetInternet Innovation andInnovation and ExcellenceExcellence and .and .sdsd RegistryRegistry Presented by : Mohamed El Fatih El Tigani Executive Member – SIS, .sd Tech Admin, Networking Section Manager (Sudatel) ExperienceExperience Sudan Internet Society “SIS” Table of Contents • Internet In Sudan – Historical Background. – Current Status. – Existing data network Infrastructure. – Future Plans. • The .sd Experience – Historical Background. – Government Role. – Current Status. – Future Plans. • SiS Role in the Sudanese Internet Revolution – The Vision – The Mission – The Reason – Social Awareness. – Professional Development. T a b le o f C o n te n ts T a b le o f C o n te n ts Sudan Internet Society “SIS” Internet in Sudan • Historical Background – In 1996, Internet was introduced in Sudan by the Sudan Internet Services Co. (...) In te rn e t in S u d a n In te rn e t in S u d a n Sudan Internet Society “SIS” • Current Status – The number of current Internet users in Sudan is ????
Language:English
Score: 591095.26 - https://www.itu.int/itudoc/itu...t/workshop/cctld/pres/p050.pdf
Data Source: un
Presentation in C:\files_acdu\ForPosting\Worksem\cctld\converted\050e-web.PDF Sudan Internet Society “SIS” Sudan Sudan InternetInternet Innovation andInnovation and ExcellenceExcellence and .and .sdsd RegistryRegistry Presented by : Mohamed El Fatih El Tigani Executive Member – SIS, .sd Tech Admin, Networking Section Manager (Sudatel) ExperienceExperience Sudan Internet Society “SIS” Table of Contents • Internet In Sudan – Historical Background. – Current Status. – Existing data network Infrastructure. – Future Plans. • The .sd Experience – Historical Background. – Government Role. – Current Status. – Future Plans. • SiS Role in the Sudanese Internet Revolution – The Vision – The Mission – The Reason – Social Awareness. – Professional Development. T a b le o f C o n te n ts T a b le o f C o n te n ts Sudan Internet Society “SIS” Internet in Sudan • Historical Background – In 1996, Internet was introduced in Sudan by the Sudan Internet Services Co. (...) In te rn e t in S u d a n In te rn e t in S u d a n Sudan Internet Society “SIS” • Current Status – The number of current Internet users in Sudan is ????
Language:English
Score: 591095.26 - https://www.itu.int/itudoc/itu-t/workshop/cctld/cctld050.pdf
Data Source: un