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VISIT TO LEBANON - REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON EXTREME POVERTY AND HUMAN RIGHTS, OLIVIER DE SCHUTTER
They include devising an economic recovery plan centred on social justice by acknowledging and distributing the Banque du Liban losses fairly and transparently; increasing and improving spending on social protection and public services as key investments in the country’s future; addressing wealth inequality by reforming the tax system for a better redistributive impact and less fraud and avoidance; and reforming the electricity sector to ingrain transparency and fair pricing systems. (...) Despite the obvious pilfering of national wealth, no assessment was ever made of the impact on different groups in society of BDL decisions regarding interest and exchange rates, a key precondition for ensuring the compliance of monetary policy with international human rights. (...) (July 2020), p. 2. 67 Ibid., pp. 2–3. 68 Jad Chaaban, “I’ve got the power: mapping connections between Lebanon’s banking sector and the ruling class” (2016), p. 3. 69 Ibid., p. 4. 70 ESCWA, “Wealth distribution and poverty impact of COVID-19 in Lebanon” (July 2020), p. 13. 71 Lydia Assouad, “Lebanon’s political economy: from predatory to self-devouring”, Carnegie Middle East Center (2021). 72 Lydia Assouad, “Rethinking the Lebanese economic miracle: the extreme concentration of income and wealth in Lebanon, 2005–2014” (2021), p. 12. 73 Ibid.
语言:中文
得分: 1119354.6 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/50/38/ADD.1&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON EXTREME POVERTY AND HUMAN RIGHTS ON HIS MISSION TO THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
The United States has one of the highest poverty and inequality levels among the OECD countries, and the Stanford Center on Inequality and Poverty ranks it 18th out of 21 wealthy countries in terms of labour markets, poverty rates, safety nets, wealth inequality and economic mobility. But in 2018 the United States had over 25 per cent of the world’s 2,208 billionaires.6 There is thus a dramatic contrast between the immense wealth of the few and the squalor and deprivation in which vast numbers of Americans exist. (...) In 2016 they owned 38.6 per cent of total wealth. In relation to both wealth and income the share of the bottom 90 per cent has fallen in most of the past 25 years.9 The tax reform will worsen this situation and ensure that the United States remains the most unequal society in the developed world. (...) Many of the wealthiest citizens do not pay taxes at the rates that others do, hoard much of their wealth offshore and often make their profits purely from speculation rather than contributing to the overall wealth of the American community. 14.
语言:中文
得分: 1109426.1 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/38/33/ADD.1&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE EFFECTS OF FOREIGN DEBT AND OTHER RELATED INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL OBLIGATIONS OF STATES ON THE FULL ENJOYMENT OF ALL HUMAN RIGHTS, PARTICULARLY ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS ON HIS MISSION TO PANAMA : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
According to 2015 estimates, there are between US$ 24 trillion and US$ 36 trillion in unrecorded private wealth invested offshore.15 It has been estimated that the relative amount of wealth from developing countries held abroad is much greater than that held from developed countries, ranging from 20 to 30 per cent in many African and Latin American countries. In terms of the greatly unequal ownership of offshore wealth, it has been estimated that 85 to 90 per cent of wealth belongs to fewer than 10 million people, just 0.014 per cent of the world’s population.16 Another study has concluded that the probability that assets will be hidden rises very sharply with wealth, including within the very top groups. As a result, offshore wealth turns out to be extremely concentrated. By the authors’ estimate, the wealthiest 0.01 per cent of the population owns about 50 per cent of wealth.17 A.
语言:中文
得分: 1109426.1 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/37/54/ADD.2&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
LETTER DATED 8 FEBRUARY 2005 FROM THE PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF THE SUDAN TO THE UNITED NATIONS ADDRESSED TO THE PRESIDENT OF THE SECURITY COUNCIL
Power Sharing ............................................................................ Wealth Sharing .......................................................................... (...) Jan Pronk Special the Secretary General in the Sudan CHAPTER r THE MACHAKOS PROTOCOL SIGNED AT MACHAKOS, KENYA ON 20TH JULY, 2002 THE PREAMBLE, PRINCIPLES, AND THE TRANSITION PROCESS WHEREAS the Government of the Republic of the Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation MovemendSudan People’s Liberation Army (hereafter referred to as the Parties) having met in Machakos, Kenya, from 18th June, 2002 through 20th July, 2002; and WHEREAS the Parties are desirous of resolving the Sudan Conflict in a just and sustainable manner by addressing the root causes of the canflict and by establishing a framework for governance through which power and wealth shall be equitably shared and human rights guaranteed; and MINDFUL that the conflict in the Sudan is the longest running conflict in Africa, that it has caused horrendous loss of life and destroyed the infrastructure of the country, wasted economic resources, and has caused untold suffering, particularly with regard to the people of South Sudan; and SENSITIVE to historical injustices and inequalities in development between the different regions of the Sudan that need to be redressed; and RECOGNIZING that the present moment offers a window of opportunity to reach a just peace agreement to end the war; and CONVINCED that the rejuvenated IGAD peace process under the chairmanship of the Kenyan President, H.E. (...) This Constitution shall regulate the relations and allocate the powers and functions between the different levels of government as well as prescribe the wealth sharing arrangements between the same. The National Constitution shall guarantee freedom of belief, worship and religious practice in fidl to all Sudanese citizens. 3.1.2 A representative National Constitutional Review Commission (NCRC) shall be established during the Pre-Transition Period which shall have as its first task the drafting of a Legal and Constitutional Framework to govern the Interim Period and which incorporates the Peace Agreement. 3.1.3 The Framework mentioned above shall be adopted as shall be agreed upon by the Parties. 3.1.4 During the Interim Period an inclusive Constitutional Review Process shall be undertaken. 3.1.5 The Constitution shall not be amended or repealed except by way of special procedures and qualified majorities in order that the provisions of the Peace Agreement are protected. 3.2 National Government 3.2.1 There shall be .a National Government which shall exercise such functions and pass such laws as must necessarily be exercised by a sovereign state at national level.
语言:中文
得分: 1090746.6 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...f/get?open&DS=S/2005/78&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
NOTE VERBALE DATED 2006/09/26 FROM THE PERMANENT MISSION OF THE SUDAN TO THE UNITED NATIONS OFFICE AT GENEVA ADDRESSED TO THE SECRETARIAT OF THE HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL
Strategic objective The strategic objective is the effective and full implementation of the Darfur Peace Agreement, which provides for sharing of power and wealth, a comprehensive ceasefire, final security arrangements and Darfur-Darfur dialogue, aimed at creating stability and security, fully normalizing life in Darfur by the second half of this year, and continuing efforts to strengthen and maintain peace. (...) A meeting of government representatives from the CCG was held to discuss aspects of the wealth-sharing arrangement envisaged in the Agreement, together with a plan of action for the Wealth-Sharing Committee. (...) Implementation timetable on wealth-sharing (six-month relief plan) Subject area Plan/activity Executing agency Time frame Wealth-sharing (a) Identify Darfur’s needs in terms of humanitarian supplies and infrastructure 1.
语言:中文
得分: 1083455.7 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...get?open&DS=A/HRC/3/G/1&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
INDIGENOUS PEOPLES' PERMANENT SOVEREIGNTY OVER NATURAL RESOURCES : PRELIMINARY REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR, ERICA-IRENE A. DAES, SUBMITTED IN ACCORDANCE WITH SUB-COMMISSION RESOLUTION 2002/15
Every State has and shall freely exercise full permanent sovereignty, including possession, use and disposal, over all its wealth, natural resources, and economic activities. “… “Article 16 “1. (...) All peoples shall freely dispose of their wealth and natural resources. This right shall be exercised in the exclusive interest of the people. (...) States parties to the present Charter shall individually and collectively exercise the right to free disposal of their wealth and natural resources with a view to strengthening African unity and solidarity
语言:中文
得分: 1082374.8 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...DS=E/CN.4/SUB.2/2003/20&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE RIGHT TO FOOD, JEAN ZIEGLER : ADDENDUM
Although Bolivia has vast natural wealth from mineral and energy resources, the majority of the population is still extremely poor. (...) Much of the Spanish empire’s wealth was financed by Bolivia’s rich deposits of silver and tin, mined by indigenous people forced to work as slaves. (...) Bolivia’s wealth of mineral resources includes silver, tin, zinc, tungsten, antimony, iron and gold, as well as oil and natural gas.
语言:中文
得分: 1069580.6 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...open&DS=A/HRC/7/5/ADD.2&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
VISIT TO THE PLURINATIONAL STATE OF BOLIVIA : REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE EFFECTS OF FOREIGN DEBT AND OTHER RELATED INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL OBLIGATIONS OF STATES ON THE FULL ENJOYMENT OF ALL HUMAN RIGHTS, PARTICULARLY ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS
There is effectively no wealth or personal income tax in the State, apart from limited taxes on real estates and cars at a municipal level. A lack of personal income or wealth taxes is surprising, given the philosophical and economic rationale of the 2009 Constitution. (...) If tax policy is to promote the redistribution of wealth and reduce inequality, a variety of tax reform measures should be considered, including: taxing higher-income categories and wealth more strongly; taxing certain financial transactions; shoring up the tax base; and enhancing tax collection, the efficiency of the tax administration and the fight against tax evasion and avoidance (ibid., para. 11.5). 49 Figures provided by the National Tax Service (on file).
语言:中文
得分: 969037.5 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/43/45/ADD.1&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
VISIT TO NEPAL - REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON EXTREME POVERTY AND HUMAN RIGHTS, OLIVIER DE SCHUTTER
Among women in the lowest wealth quintile, 90.1 per cent report facing at least one obstacle when accessing health care. (...) Child labour is the result of poverty. When household wealth increases, the probability of child labour decreases. In the lowest quintile of the wealth distribution, one quarter of children work compared to 5 per cent in the top quintile.
语言:中文
得分: 969037.5 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/50/38/ADD.2&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
EXTREME POVERTY AND HUMAN RIGHTS :NOTE / BY THE SECRETARY-GENERAL
73 François Bourguignon, “Spreading the wealth”,《金融与发展》,第 55卷,第 1期(2018年 3月); 另见经合组织,“同舟共济”,第 69 页(见脚注 44)。 (...) 100 Laura Feiveson和 John Sabelhaus,“How does intergenerational wealth transmission affect wealth concentration”,联邦储备系统管理委员会(2018年 6月 1日)。 (...) 102 Brian Nolan等人,“The Wealth of Families: The Intergenerational Transmission of Wealth in Britain in Comparative Perspective”,《纳菲尔德基金会报告》(2020年),第 51页。
语言:中文
得分: 961173.2 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...sf/get?open&DS=A/76/177&Lang=C
数据资源: ods