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Prevalence of Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels Decreases in Blood Lead Levels Blood lead concentrations in U.S. children, 1-5 years of age Source: National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys Changes in Regulations and Laws Changes in regulations and laws implemented since the 1970s have limited the use of lead 1973 - Phaseout of lead in gasoline Primary phaseout of leaded gas in US completed by 1986 US blood-lead levels decline by 78% from 1978 to 1991 1978 - Ban on use of lead in paint Millions of homes continue to have lead paint 1980s – 2000s – Decreases in industrial releases 1988 - Ban on use of leaded-solder in household plumbing in new buildings Most buildings will continue to have leaded solder for decades 1992 - Laws on addressing lead in existing household paint Trends in U.S. (...) United States Experiences - Lead IFCS Side-Event on Heavy Metals23 September, 2006 Focus on Children Sources of Lead Prevalence of Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels Decreases in Blood Lead Levels Changes in Regulations and Laws Trends in U.S. Air Lead Emissions Trends in U.S. Lead Air Quality Lead in Gasoline & Lead in Blood Current Sources of Lead Exposure Current Sources of Lead Exposure Management Strategies Management Strategies Success of Hazard Reduction Efforts
Language:English
Score: 478347.7 - https://www.who.int/ifcs/documents/forums/forum5/lead.pdf
Data Source: un
Drinking water delivered through lead pipes or pipes joined with lead solder may contain lead. (...) Children are most likely to be exposed to lead from automobile fumes, where leaded gasoline is still used, and from ingestion of flakes and dust from decaying lead-based paint. (...) -Advocate for effective regulation and policy-setting to decrease lead exposure. -Healthcare professionals should increase their knowledge about lead poisoning, screen children for lead exposure and report results of blood lead levels.
Language:English
Score: 478063.53 - https://www.who.int/heca/infomaterials/lead.pdf
Data Source: un
Secondary lead is mainly produced from used lead bat- teries. (...) Ban on lead foil wine wrap- pers. Ban on lead in cosmetics. (...) Denmark* General ban on most uses of lead compounds not covered by EU- legislation. Also ban on many uses of metallic lead including lead flashing, fishing weights, lead solder in cans, lead shot and lead pipes and lead solders for drinking-water installations, etc.
Language:English
Score: 477938.57 - https://www.who.int/ifcs/docum...nts/forums/forum5/nmr_lead.pdf
Data Source: un
Lead exposure is preventable.   Overview Lead is a naturally occurring toxic metal found in the Earth’s crust. (...) Drinking water delivered through lead pipes or pipes joined with lead solder may contain lead. (...) This mainly results from: inhalation of lead particles generated by burning materials containing lead, for example during smelting, recycling, stripping leaded paint and using leaded aviation fuel; and ingestion of lead-contaminated dust, water (from leaded pipes) and food (from lead-glazed or lead-soldered containers).
Language:English
Score: 477193.6 - https://www.who.int/en/news-ro...tail/lead-poisoning-and-health
Data Source: un
Lead exposure is preventable.   Overview Lead is a naturally occurring toxic metal found in the Earth’s crust. (...) Drinking water delivered through lead pipes or pipes joined with lead solder may contain lead. (...) This mainly results from: inhalation of lead particles generated by burning materials containing lead, for example during smelting, recycling, stripping leaded paint and using leaded aviation fuel; and ingestion of lead-contaminated dust, water (from leaded pipes) and food (from lead-glazed or lead-soldered containers).
Language:English
Score: 477193.6 - https://www.who.int/news-room/...tail/lead-poisoning-and-health
Data Source: un
Lead compounds are marine pollutants. Lead compounds may be divided in two chemical categories: inorganic; such as lead nitrate, lead oxide and lead sulphate organic; such as lead acetate, tetraethyl lead and trialkyl lead compounds Care must be exercised when handling lead or its compounds as they are cumulative poisons. (...) Working conditions may add to the total lead burden. The Threshold Limit Value (TLV) for lead compounds, such as lead acetate, lead arsenate, lead carbonate and lead phosphate, is 0.15 mg/m 3 . (...) Inhalation of dust, vapour, or smoke containing lead or inorganic lead compounds results to lead poisoning.
Language:English
Score: 476685.4 - www.ilo.org/legacy/engl...s/products/safetytm/metals.htm
Data Source: un
Other well-documented sources of human exposure to lead in addition to leaded gasoline and paints containing lead include food contamination, improper manufacturing and recycling of lead batteries, lead water pipes, lead-glazed ceramics, and some cosmetics and “folk remedies”. (...) Background on Lead Exposure and Lead in Paint Lead exposure is a well-known source of injury to human health, and particularly to the health of children and to workers in lead industries. (...) Leaded Gasoline and Lead-Based Paints In the 20th century, the major public health campaigns to protect children and workers from lead exposure have focused on tetra-ethyl lead additives in gasoline (petrol) and interior and exterior house paints containing lead.
Language:English
Score: 476667.72 - https://www.who.int/ifcs/docum...ng_groups/eliml&p_proposal.doc
Data Source: un
Find out about the hazards and risks of lead and, in particular, of lead paint from the following resources: WHO technical information on lead Exposure to lead: a major public health concern, second edition Fact sheet on lead poisoning and health Questions and Answers on lead and lead poisoning Lead in drinking-water: Health risks, monitoring and corrective actions JOIN the Action Join the global movement by taking action to prevent lead poisoning, particularly in children. (...) Guidance on organizing an advocacy or awareness-raising campaign on lead paint Campaign material ELIMINATE Lead Paint Work with governments and stakeholders to continue the action needed to establish laws eliminating lead paint, in all countries and ensure the effective enforcement of lead paint regulations. Use the resources below to find guidance and technical materials to establish effective lead paint regulation. Suggested steps to establish lead paint laws Global Alliance to Eliminate Lead Paint Find out the status of lead paint laws in your country SAICM Community of Practice on Eliminating Lead Paint Videos 15 December 2021 Video on Lead Poisoning Awareness 24 October 2021 The need to eliminate lead paint 23 October 2021 WHO’s Science in 5: Lead poisoning prevention 10 June 2020 Four things you should know about lead Infographics Infographic Lead is toxic Infographic Lead paint is still permitted in many countries Infographic Ways to protect against lead poisoning Infographic Reduce your risk from lead exposure Infographic Fact: lead is toxic Infographic Lead exposure can occur through...
Language:English
Score: 475501.17 - https://www.who.int/campaigns/...poisoning-prevention-week/2022
Data Source: un
Each Study Group is responsible for addressing security issues within its own area of responsibility, but SG17, which has security as its primary focus, has been designated the Lead Study Group on security. The table below summarizes the roles of Study Groups with security-related responsibilities and lists their respective Lead Study Group responsibilities during the 2013-2016 Study Period. Study Title Responsibilities/Security role Group SG2 Operational aspects of service Lead Study Group for service definition, numbering and routing provision and telecommunications Lead Study Group on telecommunications for disaster relief/early management warning, network resilience and recovery Lead Study Group on telecommunication management SG5 Environment and climate change Lead Study Group on electromagnetic compatibility and electromagnetic effects Lead Study Group on ICTs and climate change SG9 Television and sound transmission Lead Study Group on integrated broadband cable and television and integrated broadband cable networks networks SG11 Signalling requirements, protocols Lead Study Group on signalling and protocols and test specifications Lead Study Group on machine-to-machine (M2M) signalling and protocol Lead Study Group on test specifications, conformance and interoperability testing SG12 Performance, QoS and QoE Lead Study Group on quality of service and quality of experience Lead Study Group on driver distraction and voice aspects of car communications SG13 Future networks including cloud Lead Study Group on future networks (FN) computing, mobile and next- Lead Study Group on mobility management and next generation generation networks networks (NGN) Lead Study Group on cloud computing Lead Study Group on software-defined networking (SDN) SG15 Networks, technologies and Lead Study Group on access network transport infrastructures for transport, access Lead Study Group on optical technology and home Lead Study Group on optical transport networks Lead Study Group on smart grid SG16 Multimedia coding, systems and Lead study group on multimedia coding, systems and applications applications Lead study group on ubiquitous and Internet of things (IoT) applications Lead study group on telecommunication/ICT accessibility for persons with disabilities Lead study group on intelligent transport system (ITS) communications Lead study group on Internet Protocol television (IPTV) SG17 Security Lead Study Group on telecommunication security Lead Study Group on identity management (IDM) Lead Study Group on languages and description techniques SG20 Internet of Things (IoT) and its applications including smart cities and communities (SC&C) Annex C 173     190     191     192     193     194     195     196     197     198     199     200          
Language:English
Score: 475181.15 - https://www.itu.int/wftp3/Publ.../files/basic-html/page195.html
Data Source: un
In Bangladesh, illegal recycling of used lead-acid batteries in the open-air and close to homestead areas is considered to be a major source of lead exposure. (...) The research also found that high concentrations of lead were found in spices in Bangladesh. Lead chromate, which is used to enhance colour and weight of turmeric as a sign of quality, contributes to the elevated lead blood levels in children and adults alike. (...) Often, the workers and the exposed community are not aware that lead is potent neurotoxin. Other sources of childhood lead exposure include lead in water from the use of leaded pipes; lead from active industry, such as mining and battery recycling; lead-based paint and pigments; leaded gasoline, which has declined considerably in recent decades, but was a major historical source; lead solder in food cans; and lead in spices, cosmetics, ayurvedic medicines, toys and other consumer products.
Language:English
Score: 474835.55 - https://www.unicef.org/banglad...ourth-most-seriously-hit-terms
Data Source: un