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Legal persons with respect to which their participants have rights under the law of obligations include: business partnerships and companies, production and consumer cooperatives. (...) Organizations seeking to make profit as the basic purpose of their activity (commercial organizations) or not having making profit as such a purpose and not distributing profit received among their participants (non-commercial organizations) may be legal persons. 2. Legal persons that are commercial organizations may be created in the form of economic partnerships and companies, production cooperatives, and state and municipal unitary enterprises. 3. (...) Individual entrepreneurs and/or commercial organizations may be participants in general partnerships and the general partners in limited partnerships. Citizens and legal persons may be participants in business companies and investors in limited partnerships.
Language:English
Score: 940981.25 - https://www.wto.org/english/th...e/tjk_e/WTACCTJK13A1_LEG_1.pdf
Data Source: un
Commercial entities Despite the controversy raised among a large number of researchers, scholars, jurists, politicians and financiers about the legality or legality of the work of private military and security companies and their persons, these companies are considered private commercial entities that provide military and / or security services. (...) In a regional or international armed conflict, as for the legal status of the companies themselves, international humanitarian law does not define it. (...) International humanitarian law and private military and security companies . Private military and security companies during conflict The actions of private military and security companies in Iraq and other conflict areas have led to an intense debate over their legal accountability. © shadowcompany.com What are private military and security companies?
Language:English
Score: 917063.3 - https://www.ohchr.org/sites/default/files/IHCR-India.docx
Data Source: un
Foreign subsidiaries may be either fully‐owned by the parent company or partly‐owned.  Page 6 of 20  18.  A MNE is company and under the company law of the country in which it is  incorporated it is a legal entity.  (...) A different possible context of exactly  the same supply chain could be that company 1 performs R&D on a contract basis for  company 2, which is the legal owner of any intangible property developed through that  R&D, and company 3 acts as a limited risk distributor through a contractual  arrangement with company 2.  (...) Yet a different possible context of  exactly the same supply chain could be that company 1 performs R&D on a contract  basis for company 3, which is the legal owner of any intangible property developed  through that R&D, and company 2 acts as a limited risk “contract” manufacturer  through a contractual arrangement with company 3. 
Language:English
Score: 914218.7 - https://www.un.org/esa/ffd/wp-.../ta-tp-Oct2011_TP_Chapter2.pdf
Data Source: un
Note that all of the ranked companies face some legal and policy hindrances in the Privacy section of the Index. (...) However, even if some UK laws limit companies from being fully transparent, companies could nonetheless publish more aggregate data related to all the requests they receive that they are legally able to publish (based on UK law as it stood in 2015). (...) Scope for company improvement Despite legal and policy challenges, the Corporate Accountability Index findings highlight specific ways that all companies can improve their respect for the right to freedom of expression, even without changes to the political, legal, and regulatory environments in which companies operate. i.
Language:English
Score: 913359.6 - https://www.ohchr.org/sites/de...DigitalRightsAndNewAmerica.pdf
Data Source: un
Documentación estadística adjunta] Institutional challenges to control private security companies Since it started its functions, DIGESSP has faced three major challenges: a) the adaptation of the security companies to the requirements of the new legal framework; b) the certification of private security agents; and c) the control, supervision, monitoring and verification of individuals and legal entities that provide private security services. (...) According to OHCHR Guatemala interviews to owners of private security companies, the main reasons are: 1. The process to adequate to the new law requires a big investment and time to meet the legal requirements. (...) As of May 2015, out of 155 existing companies, 121 did not comply with the legal framework[footnoteRef:10].
Language:English
Score: 911680.9 - https://www.ohchr.org/sites/de..._Guatemala_submission-WGM.docx
Data Source: un
We have therefore been looking at the legal obligations of UK‐based companies to report  on their management of human rights issues and their impacts on human rights domestically and worldwide.    (...) Our analysis concludes that while the broad legal framework is in place in the UK to make significant progress on  integrating these vital matters into company transparency and practice, a number of factors currently undermine  the success that the framework can have in doing so.  We have authored a legal review that outlines these  problems, and our proposed solutions (in overview: more detailed legislative provision; more effective regulatory  monitoring and enforcement; an enhanced role for company Annual General Meetings).  
Language:English
Score: 910409 - https://www.ohchr.org/sites/de...2010/ClientEarthSubmission.pdf
Data Source: un
Foreign subsidiaries may be either  fully‐owned by the parent company or partly‐owned.   2.3.4. An MNE is a group of companies or other entities and under the company law of  the  country  in which  each  company  is  incorporated  it  is  a  legal  entity.  (...) One possible context could be that company 1 performs R&D at  its own risk,  and is the legal owner of any intangible property developed through that R&D;  company 2 acts as a  limited  risk  contract manufacturer  through a  contractual  arrangement with company 1, and company 3 acts as a  limited‐risk distributor  through a contractual arrangement with company 1.  (...) A different possible structure of the same value chain could be that company 1  performs R&D on a contract basis  for company 3, which  is  the  legal owner of  any  intangible property developed through that R&D, and company 2 acts as a  limited  risk  contract  manufacturer  through  a  contractual  arrangement  with  company 3. 
Language:English
Score: 909527.4 - https://www.un.org/esa/ffd/wp-...onment_20120502_v4_HC-accp.pdf
Data Source: un
Are there circumstances in which a company should be held legally liable for failing to carry out human rights due diligence, regardless of whether or not adverse human rights impacts have actually occurred? (...) For instance, human rights due diligence can be: 1. made an explicit legal requirement under national law, 2. part of evidence presented to prove that a company was not negligent, 3. invoked as a statutory defense to an offense, and 4. relevant when determining the appropriate sanction or remedy if legal liability was established. (...) Some legal regimes permit a partial or complete defense to strict liability offenses if a company engaged in due diligence to prevent the prohibited event.
Language:English
Score: 908287.8 - https://www.ohchr.org/sites/de...RDDConsultationConceptNote.pdf
Data Source: un
Organizational and management structure; 8. The legal representative of limited liability companies and shareholding companies; 9. (...) Charter capital with respect to limited liability companies and partnerships; number of paid in shares and their value, and total authorised share capital of shareholding companies;, initial investment capital with respect to private enterprises; the legal capital in respect to enterprises carrying out business subject to legal capital requirement; 4. (...) Members are organisations and/or individuals; the number of members shall not exceed 50. 2. A limited liability company is not entitled to issue shares. 3. A limited liability company shall hold the legal status once it has been granted a certificate of business registration.
Language:English
Score: 907099.8 - https://www.wto.org/english/th...e/vnm_e/WTACCVNM38A1_LEG_1.pdf
Data Source: un
Foreign subsidiaries may be either fully-owned by the parent company or partly-owned. A. 3.1.4. An MNE is a group of companies or other entities and under the company law of the country in which each company is incorporated it is a legal entity. (...) The value chain, however, may be different depending on the legal and contractual arrangements between the companies. (...) A different possible context of exactly the same value chain could be that Company 1 performs R&D on a contract basis for Company 2, which is the legal owner of any intangible property developed through that R&D; and Company 3 acts as a limited risk distributor through a contractual arrangement with Company 2.
Language:English
Score: 907008.1 - https://www.un.org/esa/ffd/wp-...PM_PartA_20161124_v4_clean.pdf
Data Source: un