REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE SITUATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND FUNDAMENTAL FREEDOMS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLE, JAMES ANAYA : ADDENDUM
For example, the
Altai Kezhi in the Altai Republic number more than 50,000, but share a similar history and
way of life to those of the Altai Alengita, who are included in the official list of small-
numbered peoples. (...) Also, the Komi-Izhemtsy or Izvatas, have a traditional
reindeer-herding and fishing way of life, but because they are considered a subgroup of the
larger Komi national minority, do not meet the numerical criteria. (...) Indigenous peoples’ ways of life, cultures and traditions in the Russian Federation,
as elsewhere in the world, have evolved over hundreds of years through a very close
connection to nature and land.
NOTE VERBALE DATED 21 MARCH 2014 FROM THE PERMANENT MISSION OF THE REPUBLIC OF POLAND TO THE UNITED NATIONS OFFICE AT GENEVA ADDRESSED TO THE OFFICE OF THE UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS
The Act of 15 April 2011 on health care activity
provides that no health care facility may refuse assistance to a
person in need of such assistance due to a serious or life-
In accordance with Article 73 (1) of the Act of 13 June 2003
on granting protection to foreigners within the territory of the
Republic of Poland, foreigners applying for refugee status are
entitled to the same range of health care services as those offered
to persons covered by compulsory or voluntary health insurance
under Act of 27 August 2004 on health care services financed
from the public funds, with the exclusion of treatment in health
(...) The Council’s tasks are to: ensure the coordination of
actions of the government authorities and their interaction with
local governments and other entities in preventing and combatting
racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance,
monitoring and analysis of the areas where the acts of
discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance occur in public
A Team for Preventing Acts of Xenophobia and Racism in the
Podlaskie voivodeship was established.
This should be
considered across the entire life cycle of the weapons system.
(c) Human-machine interaction, which may take various forms and be implemented at
various stages of the life cycle of a weapon, should ensure that the potential use of
weapons systems based on emerging technologies in the area of lethal autonomous
weapons systems is in compliance with applicable international law, in particular
IHL. (...) A number of submissions argued for further work to determine the nature of human
control necessary across a weapon system’s life cycle to ensure compliance with international
law, including international humanitarian law. (...) This should be considered
across the entire life cycle of the weapons system;
19. As mentioned above, States should continue to ensure appropriate national
accountability mechanisms for the use of force in armed conflict including in the future
should LAWS be developed and deployed.
NOTE VERBALE DATED 2005/03/18 FROM THE PERMANENT MISSION OF PERU TO THE UNITED NATIONS OFFICE AT GENEVA ADDRESSED TO THE OFFICE OF THE UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS
The course has been included in the
Foreign Ministry’s training programme this year, and financial support will be supplied to make
it easier for diplomatic personnel to participate.
(...) Despite the fact that the number of prisoners in Peru’s prisons exceeds
capacity by around 69 per cent, limiting opportunities for inmates to work or attend classes,
INPE introduced various measures and services designed to improve prisoners’ quality of life
in 2004; this policy will continue to be applied in 2005, as reflected in the relevant budget
REPORT OF THE WORKING GROUP ON ARBITRARY DETENTION :ADDENDUM
The Head of State is the Supreme Leader of the revolution. He is elected for life by
an 86-member college of religious experts who, in turn, are elected by direct universal suffrage.
14. (...) The
tribunal sentenced him to death for apostasy, subsequently commuted to life imprisonment.
46. During its stay the Working Group was informed of the announcement on radio and
television of the release of prisoners aged 65. (...) This experience makes it easier to understand why some members of the Article 90
Commission have highlighted the inconsistencies resulting from the proliferation of judicial
UNIVERSAL PERIODIC REVIEW : INFORMATION PRESENTED BY THE AUSTRALIAN HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
See Human Rights Council, Draft Report of the Working
Group on the Universal Periodic Review, UN Doc A/HRC/WG.6/10/L.8 (3 February 2011).
31 UPR Rec 70.
32 Australian Minister for Foreign Affairs, ‘Getting a passport made easier for sex and gender diverse
people’, (Media Release, 14 September 2011). (...) See above.
35 PricewaterhouseCoopers, Disability expectations: Investing in a better life, stronger Australia,
November 2011. At http://www.pwc.com.au/industry/government/publications/disability-in-
australia.htm (viewed 15 December 2011).
36 There are also concerns that people with an impairment tend to serve longer sentences than those
without an impairment for a variety of reasons, including the lack of reasonable arrangements to
accommodate them in rehabilitation programs.
37 See further: http://humanrights.gov.au/human_rights/immigration/index.html#media_releases
38 See C Evans, New Directions in Detention – Restoring Integrity to Australia’s Immigration System
(Speech delivered at the Centre for International and Public Law Seminar, Australian National
University, Canberra, 29 July 2008). (...) UPR Working Group countries welcomed Government initiatives to tackle racism
towards people from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds.40 However they also
noted the ongoing incidence of discrimination, vilification and violence – increasingly
through cyber-racism – experienced by people because of their ethnic, racial, cultural,
religious or linguistic background. 41 UPR recommendations included calls to further
combat racial discrimination and strengthen efforts to promote multiculturalism and social
inclusion. 42 ACHRA welcomes developments since January consistent with those
recommendations, including: the announcement of a new national multicultural policy –
The People of Australia – in February 2011; and the development of the National Anti-
Racism Strategy, being led by the newly appointed federal Race Discrimination
Commissioner, a draft of which is expected to be launched around July 2012 with
implementation of the Strategy rolled out over three years.
(c) Right to life, liberty and security of the person
42. In accepting a UPR recommendation made in relation to the humane treatment of
prisoners43, Australia noted that ‘States and Territories are responsible for managing and
operating prisons and consider that existing legislation and policies ensure humane
treatment of prisoners’. 44 Ongoing concerns include the lack of proportionality in
sentencing in some states contributing to a burgeoning prison population,45 as well as prison
conditions such as overcrowding, inadequate physical and mental health services, including
39 For further details, see Australian Human Rights Commission, Information provided to the OHCHR
study on challenges and best practices in the implementation of the international framework for the
protection of the rights of the child in the context of migration (2010).
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE PROMOTION OF TRUTH, JUSTICE, REPARATION AND GUARANTEES OF NON-RECURRENCE ON HIS MISSION TO THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
The most recent phase of the conflict was preceded, in the 1960s, by a peaceful civil
rights movement formed to curb the discrimination that Catholics endured in certain aspects
of daily life, including employment, housing, education and political representation. (...) Legally, authorities argue, they
are bound by article 2 of the European Convention on Human Rights to protect the life of
46. Asserting the obligation to protect the life of citizens does not override obligations
stemming from the right to truth. No single right to life trumps other “weaker” rights. The
right to truth can be construed as a way to (at least partially) redeem the right to life of
those who have been killed by State or non-State actors.
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON FREEDOM OF RELIGION OR BELIEF, HEINER BIELEFELDT : ADDENDUM
independence in 1991, it has seen rapid and far-reaching transformations, including an
unprecedented pace of economic growth, the establishment of new State agencies, the
development of numerous civil society organizations, the further unfolding of ethnic,
cultural and religious pluralism and a revival of religious life, epitomized inter alia in a
number of impressive new religious buildings.
3. (...) According to article 1, paragraph 1, of the Constitution,
“The Republic of Kazakhstan proclaims itself a democratic, secular, legal and social State
whose highest values are an individual, his life, rights and freedoms”. Furthermore,
article 5, paragraph 4, of the Constitution bans religious political parties.
10. (...) This new law, which replaces an older law of 1992, recognizes the
historic role of the Hanafi school of Islam and of Orthodox Christianity in the development
of the culture and spiritual life of Kazakhstan, while also acknowledging other religions.
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON TORTURE AND OTHER CRUEL, INHUMAN OR DEGRADING TREATMENT OR PUNISHMENT, JUAN E. MENDEZ : ADDENDUM
The decision of the Supreme Court of 20 December 2011 upholding the life sentence
for prominent human rights defender Azimjan Askarov and other defendants convicted in
relation to the violence of June 2010, despite reports of his torture in detention and
defendants’ claims that confessions had been extracted under duress,8 is an example of the
highest judicial body’s failure to act on allegations of torture and ill-treatment.
REPORT OF THE WORKING GROUP OF EXPERTS ON PEOPLE OF AFRICAN DESCENT ON ITS MISSION TO THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
that prohibited life sentences without parole imposed on juveniles convicted of non-
homicide offences (Graham v. Florida31) and that considered unconstitutional mandatory
life sentences without parole for children under 17 years of age convicted for homicide
(Miller v. (...) Holder, struck down parts of the Voting Rights Act, thereby making it easier to put in place
voting restrictions at the state and local levels.