REPORT OF THE WORKING GROUP ON THE USE OF MERCENARIES AS A MEANS OF IMPEDING THE EXERCISE OF THE RIGHT OF PEOPLES TO SELF-DETERMINATION - MISSION TO CÔTE D'IVOIRE
The Working Group was informed of several incidents of the use of excessive force by
elements of the Forces républicaines, which poses threats to human rights, including the rights to
life and security of civilians. The number of alleged Forces républicaines perpetrators facing
prosecution remains low, contributing to impunity and weakening public confidence in the
security sector. (...) Undoubtedly, the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration
operation has assisted in making civilian life safer for Ivorians.
59. However, despite the progress made in disarmament, there are still 40,000 former
combatants in the general population who are armed and unemployed, constituting a major
challenge to the targeted completion of the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration
programme ahead of the presidential election in October 2015. (...) This meant that it was easier to take matters into one’s own hands and track down
burglars to recover stolen items, for instance.
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE HUMAN RIGHT TO SAFE DRINKING WATER AND SANITATION, CATARINA DE ALBUQUERQUE : ADDENDUM
Every individual is entitled to access to drinking water and
adequate sanitation that are accessible, available, affordable, socially acceptable and safe in
all spheres in his or her life.1 The realization of these rights also requires ensuring access to
adequate and affordable hygiene practices, including hand washing and menstrual hygiene
management while ensuring privacy and dignity. (...) The right to sanitation has to be
accessible in all spheres of a person’s life, including in the workplace. The Committee on
Economic, Social and Cultural Rights specified that, with regard to the right to healthy
natural and workplace environments, “‘[t]he improvement of all aspects of environmental
and industrial hygiene’ (art. 12.2 (b)) comprises, inter alia … the requirement to ensure an
adequate supply of safe and potable water and basic sanitation … [and it embraces] safe
and hygienic working conditions”.8 Furthermore International Labour Organization (ILO)
Convention No. 120 (1964) concerning Hygiene in Commerce and Offices provides that
“[s]ufficient and suitable washing facilities and sanitary conveniences shall be provided and
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON ADEQUATE HOUSING AS A COMPONENT OF THE RIGHT TO AN ADEQUATE STANDARD OF LIVING, AND ON THE RIGHT TO NON-DISCRIMINATION IN THIS CONTEXT, RAQUEL ROLNIK : ADDENDUM
For generations, women and men have progressively given shape to
the notion that a dignified life includes access to decent and fair housing, regardless of level
1 Both Covenants were ratified on 20 May 1976, without reservations.
2 Ratified 7 April 1986.
3 Ratified 16 December 1991.
4 Ratified 8 June 2009.
5 Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, general comment No. 4 (1991), para. 8.
6 Ibid., paras. 7 and 8.
7 See also Convention on the Rights of the Child, art. 4, and Convention on the Rights of Persons with
Disabilities, art. 4, paras. 1 and 2.
8 Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, general comment No. 3 (1990), para. 2.
9 Ibid., paras. 9 and 13. (...) Some would argue that easier access to planning permits, without any sanctions on
land speculation, may in fact lead to further land banking, a practice which encourages
developers to exercise pressure to receive permits, and then keep land with permits as an
asset in itself, rather than developing housing in the short term.51
38. (...) A
visually impaired barrister argued that a room in his flat classified as a second bedroom had
never been used as one since it was where he stored vital equipment to aid him in his life
and work. The judge based his decision on the definition of bedroom: “The term ‘bedroom’
is nowhere defined [in the relevant regulations].
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF THE RIGHT TO FREEDOM OF OPINION AND EXPRESSION ON HIS MISSION TO TAJIKISTAN
The present report addresses domestic legal constraints, but it also bears noting that
several major pieces of domestic legislation have broad implications for the exercise of the
right to freedom of expression across many areas of public and private life. Among the
most important are those dealing with terrorism and extremism, which have an impact on
the media, opposition politics, civil society activism and other legitimate exercises of
freedom of opinion and expression. (...) One security
official told the Special Rapporteur that security agencies would like to be more
discriminating and block only offending or unlawful posts or videos, but he claimed they do
not have the technical expertise to do so. It was simply “easier”, he said, to block entire
sites, even if it infringed on human rights. (...) Saidumar Husaini
and Mahmadali Hayit, the first deputy and deputy chairman of the party, were sentenced to
life imprisonment, while other party leaders, Rahmatulloi Rajab, Sattor Krimov,
Kiyomiddini Azav and Abdukahhori Davlat, were sentenced to 28 years in prison.
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN, ITS CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES, RASHIDA MANJOO :ADDENDUM
Although the number of women participating in public life is increasing, this does
not necessarily translate into women’s issues being more actively discussed or promoted.
(...) Another concern shared by refugee girls in Jerash is how
parents sometimes prioritize the education of their male children, because (a) it will be
easier for the young men to find jobs, and (b) they feel their daughters will ultimately get
married and, if employed, will contribute their salaries to their husband’s families, and not
REPORT OF THE REPRESENTATIVE OF THE SECRETARY-GENERAL ON THE HUMAN RIGHTS OF INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS, WALTER KALIN : ADDENDUM
When meeting with some returnees in the Gali district, the Representative
was informed that rather than being pressured to apply for Abkhaz identity documents,
these people actually felt they had to acquire some form of Abkhaz identity documents,
including Abkhaz passports, in order to have easier access to local public services.
26. The main obstacles to more IDP returns to Abkhazia, Georgia remain political. (...) This Law provides that all economic
activities, including humanitarian activities that are not of a life-saving character in an
emergency situation, shall be prohibited in the Tskhinvali region/South Ossetia and
Abkhazia unless they are specifically authorized by the Government of Georgia.
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON EXTRAJUDICIAL, SUMMARY OR ARBITRARY EXECUTIONS, PHILIP ALSTON : ADDENDUM
The Government has a clear obligation to protect citizens from Mungiki and other
criminal violence, while respecting human rights, including the right to life. Suspects should be
arrested, charged, tried and punished accordingly. In a context of violent criminality, police will
inevitably be required to use force on occasion, and sometimes lethal force in order to protect life.
The police, including the Police Commissioner, assured me that there have been no unlawful
police killings. (...) The Attorney-General has security of tenure, for life, and has been in office since 1991.
He has overseen, for nearly two decades, a system that clearly does not work.
HUMAN RIGHTS AND WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION, OR WITH INDISCRIMINATE EFFECT, OR OF A NATURE TO CAUSE SUPERFLUOUS INJURY OR UNNECESSARY SUFFERING : WORKING PAPER / SUBMITTED BY Y.K.J. YEUNG SIK YUEN IN ACCORDANCE WITH SUB-COMMISSION RESOLUTION 2001/36
The main non-derogable human rights under the ICCPR that immediately come to mind as
likely to be infringed by use of these types and categories of weapons in armed conflict are:
(a) The right to life (art. 6). The scope of the “right to life” was considered by the ICJ in
its Advisory Opinion, “Legality of the threat or use of nuclear weapons”.5 Invoking article 6 of
the ICCPR, the ICJ held that “in principle, the right not arbitrarily to be deprived of one’s life
applies also in hostilities”;6
(b) Freedom from torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment (art. 7).
(...) (b) The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
12. The “right to life” is also prescribed in article 3 of the Universal Declaration7 which states:
“everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person”. (...) The Court also recognized that the use of NWs could be catastrophic for the environment,
which “represents the living space, the quality of life and the very health of human beings,
including generations unborn”.
UNIVERSAL PERIODIC REVIEW :JOINT WRITTEN SUBMISSION BY THE EQUALITY AND HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION OF GREAT BRITAIN, THE NORTHERN IRELAND HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION AND THE SCOTTISH HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
The absence of the NI Assembly has
hampered progress towards implementation of the UPR recommendations in Northern
Ireland and is a serious source of concern.
It would be easier to determine progress going forward if a clear framework is published as
a basis for implementation.
LETTER DATED 12 JUNE 2017 FROM THE PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF GEORGIA TO THE UNITED NATIONS OFFICE AND OTHER INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS IN GENEVA ADDRESSED TO THE PRESIDENT OF THE HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL
The above situation with regard to the violation of the right to life of Mr. Giga
Otkhozoria once again demonstrates that the occupied territories of Georgia remain “black
holes” in terms of holding the violators of human rights accountable. (...) Tibilov stated that “local
residents often request authorities to send them for medical treatment to Georgia, where it is
much easier to travel rather than to North Ossetia [the Russian Federation]”.