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REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE RIGHT OF EVERYONE TO THE ENJOYMENT OF THE HIGHEST ATTAINABLE STANDARD OF PHYSICAL AND MENTAL HEALTH ON HIS VISIT TO CROATIA :NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
Nationally, the right to health has been enshrined in the Constitution (current art. 59) since its promulgation in 1990, together with relevant rights, including informed consent (art. 23), rights to life (art. 21), to suitable life (current art. 63), healthy life (current art. 70) and the rights to equality and non-discrimination (arts. 1, 3, 14, 15 and 17). (...) The single insurer in this scheme is the Croatian Institute for Health Insurance, established in 1993 to provide universal health insurance coverage to the whole population, based on a benefits package defined under the Mental Health Insurance Act scheme. (...) In addition, supplemental health insurance is available and is purchased individually and on a voluntary basis, from either the Croatian Institute for Health Insurance or private insurers, mostly to cover user charges in the Mental Health Insurance Act system.
语言:中文
得分: 1869787.5 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/35/21/ADD.2&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE ENJOYMENT OF ALL HUMAN RIGHTS BY OLDER PERSONS, ROSA KORNFELD-MATTE :ADDENDUM
Social insurance schemes consist of mandatory pension and invalidity insurance, mandatory health insurance, unemployment insurance and parental protection insurance. (...) The pension system is currently based on three pillars complemented by the provision of social assistance in order to ensure a basic safety net for people in need, namely the mandatory earning-related pillar of the pension; the private pension plan, which is voluntary for private sector employees and mandatory for public employees and persons employed in arduous occupations; and individual savings in pensions and life insurance vehicles. Premiums paid to the third tier are subject to a tax relief. 34. (...) The Independent Expert calls on the Government to ensure availability and accessibility of palliative care for all older persons in need, particularly those who suffer from a life-threatening or life-limiting illness to ensure their well-being and allow them a life with dignity.
语言:中文
得分: 1859978.7 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/30/43/ADD.1&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE ENJOYMENT OF ALL HUMAN RIGHTS BY OLDER PERSONS, ROSA KORNFELD-MATTE :ADDENDUM
Most notably in this regard is article 25 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, which calls on member States to recognize and respect the rights of the elderly to lead a life of dignity and independence and to participate in social and cultural life. (...) It seeks to guarantee and to improve the quality of life of older persons and to ensure their active involvement and participation in all spheres of life. (...) The principle of statutory health insurance, together with the co-insurance dependents (children and non-working partners), ensures coverage of 99.9 per cent of the population.
语言:中文
得分: 1852546.5 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/30/43/ADD.2&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE ENJOYMENT OF ALL HUMAN RIGHTS BY OLDER PERSONS ON HER MISSION TO MONTENEGRO :NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
The law had established new standards relevant to older persons with disabilities and regulates, among others, the fields of independent life and life in the community, as well as the issue of privacy, i.e. violation of privacy and interference in personal and family life and the misuse of data. (...) The system of social protection of older persons in Montenegro included health care, pension insurance, disability insurance and unemployment insurance. 50. (...) Measures should not only be aimed at ensuring a certain standard of living for older persons, but more generally at providing a means for older persons to maintain, to a reasonable degree, the standard of living they had reached in their working lives, and to enable them to participate actively in public, social and cultural life. 13 Pension and Disability Insurance Fund of Montenegro, “Guide to Exercise the Rights to Pension and Disability Insurance” (Podgorica, 2011), available at www.fondpio.me/pdf/Vodic1engl%20FINAL.pdf. 14 See International Monetary Fund (IMF), “Montenegro Selected Issues”, IMF Country Report No. 17/277 (2017), p. 40, available at www.imf.org/~/media/Files/Publications/CR/2017/cr17277.ashx.
语言:中文
得分: 1820974.6 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/39/50/ADD.2&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
VISIT TO SWITZERLAND : REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE RIGHT TO DEVELOPMENT
All employees who are subject to compulsory insurance, who are under the age of entitlement to an old-age pension and who do not benefit from early receipt of an old-age pension are subject to this type of insurance. (...) While the opportunity to work part-time can help support a balance between family life and work, it is concerning that it is almost exclusively women who avail themselves of such opportunities, thus perpetuating harmful gender stereotypes regarding women’s role in economic life. (...) The high cost of health insurance and housing contribute to their dire situation.
语言:中文
得分: 1803404.3 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/45/15/ADD.1&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
REPORT OF THE WORKING GROUP ON THE ISSUE OF DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN IN LAW AND IN PRACTICE ON ITS MISSION TO THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
Participation of women in political and public life and in economic and social life, and access to health .......................................................................................................................... 10 A. (...) Participation in economic and social life ................................................................................. 11 C. (...) Participation of women in political and public life and in economic and social life, and access to health A.
语言:中文
得分: 1795768.4 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/32/44/ADD.2&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
UNIVERSAL PERIODIC REVIEW : INFORMATION PRESENTED BY THE AUSTRALIAN HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
The previous Federal Government set up the Insurance Reform Advisory Group (IRAG) to improve insurance provisions generally. (...) The Age Discrimination Commissioner is currently conducting a project aimed at extending insurance coverage for older people by working with insurance stakeholders to investigate available insurance data and by providing clarity about the insurance exception in the Age Discrimination Act 2004 (Cth). In May 2013 the Tasmanian Anti-Discrimination Commissioner concluded an investigation into the practice of insurance companies excluding or restricting insurance cover to volunteer workers on the basis of their age.
语言:中文
得分: 1765123.8 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...?open&DS=A/HRC/25/NI/10&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE IMPLICATIONS FOR HUMAN RIGHTS OF THE ENVIRONMENTALLY SOUND MANAGEMENT AND DISPOSAL OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES AND WASTES ON HIS MISSION TO THE REPUBLIC OF KOREA : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
The purpose of the visit was to monitor and assess steps taken by that country to protect human rights implicated by the management of hazardous substances and wastes throughout their life cycle. 2. The Special Rapporteur wishes to thank the Government of the Republic of Korea for its invitation and the effort made to facilitate meetings with government authorities. (...) The Special Rapporteur underlines the State’s obligation to protect and realize the rights to life and to enjoy the highest attainable standard of health. (...) A/HRC/33/41/Add.1 12 GE.16-13452 Standards Act. 37 This governmental insurance programme is operated by the Korea Workers’ Compensation and Welfare Service, established by the Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance Act.38 The industrial accident compensation insurance is part of efforts by the Republic of Korea to realize the right to social security, including social insurance, pursuant to its obligation under article 9 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and other treaties.39 This right encompasses the right to access and maintain benefits as a result of lack of work-related income caused by sickness, disability or employment injury, among other things.40 49.
语言:中文
得分: 1733141.8 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/33/41/ADD.1&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
VISIT TO CANADA : REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE RIGHT OF EVERYONE TO THE ENJOYMENT OF THE HIGHEST ATTAINABLE STANDARD OF PHYSICAL AND MENTAL HEALTH
In a 2018 decision made under the complaint procedure of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the Human Rights Committee stressed that, while the Covenant did not protect the right to health as such, the right to life, could not be properly understood in a restrictive manner and its protection required positive measures by the State.13 The Committee recalled that the right to life extended to reasonably foreseeable threats and life-threatening situations that could result in loss of life. States were therefore obliged to adopt health-related positive measures even if such threats and situations did not result in loss of life. At the minimum, States must provide access to existing health-care services that were reasonably available and accessible when lack of access to health care would expose a person to a reasonably foreseeable risk that could result in loss of life. 24. (...) The argument that the Charter imposes no positive obligations to protect the health-related elements of the rights to life, security of the person and equality contravenes the international obligations of Canada.
语言:中文
得分: 1721850.8 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/41/34/ADD.2&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE ENJOYMENT OF ALL HUMAN RIGHTS BY OLDER PERSONS ON HER MISSION TO SINGAPORE :NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
The third tier is MediShield Life, which replaced MediShield in 2015 and constitutes the basic medical insurance scheme to protect individuals against the costs of catastrophic illnesses. Premium subsidies for MediShield Life are available to seniors from lower- and middle- income households. (...) Pioneers also receive annual Medisave top-ups for life and special premium subsidies for MediShield Life.
语言:中文
得分: 1710496 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/36/48/ADD.1&Lang=C
数据资源: ods