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Hypersensitivity pneumonitis, or extrinsic allergic alveolitis (EAA), is an inflammatory disorder of the lung, involving alveolar walls and terminal airways, that is induced, in a susceptible host, by repeated inhalation of a variety of organic agents. (...) Bernstein et al.: “Machine operator‟s lung: A hypersensitivity pneumonitis disorder associated with exposure to metalworking fluid aerosols”, Chest 1995, 108, 636–641. 17 W. (...) Mental and behavioural disorders (to be replaced with “psychological disorders”) General information on the disorders 56.
Language:English
Score: 1891188.9 - https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/gro...eetingdocument/wcms_116823.pdf
Data Source: un
Table 10 Prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Latin America: results of the PLATINO study COPD Asthma Influenza and pneumonia External agents Neonatal pulmonary disorder Cardiopulmonary diseases Other Figure 10 Deaths from lung diseases in the United States in 2001 Source: reference 174. 27 Deaths attributable to COPD have increased sharply in countries where data are available. (...) Even allowing for common etiological factors, a link has been identifi ed between COPD and other systemic diseases (213), such as cardiovascular disease (214), diabetes (215), osteoporosis (216) and possibly peptic ulcer. COPD and other disorders associated with reduced lung function are strong risk factors for cardiovascular hospitalizations and deaths, independent of smoking (214, 217, 218). (...) The presence of moderate or severe obstructive lung disease is a signifi cant predictor of lung cancer in the long term (222).
Language:English
Score: 1810307 - https://www.who.int/gard/publi...ronic_respiratory_diseases.pdf
Data Source: un
Global Initiative on Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) classifi cation of lung disease and mortality: fi ndings from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study. (...) Mannino DM et al. Obstructive lung disease and low lung function in adults in the United States: data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1988– 1994. (...) The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases, 2004, 8:1401–1415. Kunzli N. Biomass fuel makes lungs a decade older – time to take action.
Language:English
Score: 1706007.6 - https://www.who.int/gard/publications/references.pdf
Data Source: un
Exposure to asbestos, including chrysotile, causes cancer of the lung, larynx, and ovaries, and also mesothelioma (a cancer of the pleural and peritoneal linings). Asbestos exposure is also responsible for other diseases such as asbestosis (fibrosis of the lungs), and plaques, thickening and effusion in the pleura. (...) It has also been shown that co-exposure to tobacco smoke and asbestos fibres substantially increases the risk for lung cancer – and the heavier the smoking, the greater the risk.
Language:English
Score: 1696621.3 - https://www.who.int/thailand/h...lth-topics/occupational-health
Data Source: un
Some recent studies suggest that ENDS use can increase the risk of heart disease and lung disorders. Nicotine exposure in pregnant women can have similar consequences for the brain development of the fetus. (...) Do e-cigarettes (ENDS) cause lung injuries? There is growing evidence that ENDS could be associated with lung injuries and in recent times e-cigarette and vaping have been linked to an outbreak of lung injury in the USA. This is described by the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) as e-cigarette or vaping associated lung injury (EVALI), which led the CDC to activate an emergency investigation into EVALI on 17 September 2019.
Language:English
Score: 1681869.7 - https://www.who.int/news-room/...wers/item/tobacco-e-cigarettes
Data Source: un
Exposure measured by personal air monitoring - provides good estimate of exposure (Perera et al, EHP 2006) Very low level childhood lead exposure associated with ADHD Very low level childhood lead exposure associated with ADHD Study Type: Cross sectional analysis using NHANES data Exposures: ETS Concurrent Blood Lead Outcome: ADHD Parent report of MD Dx. of ADHD and current use of stimulant medication Main Finding: Association of elevated BLL (highest quintile (>2.0 μg/dL) vs. lowest quintile (<0.7 μg/dL)) had 4.5 (CI 1.3 - 15.3) times higher risk of ADHD 290,000 cases of ADHD attributable to BLL > 2.0 μg/dL Study Type: Cross sectional analysis using NHANES data Exposures: ETS Concurrent Blood Lead Outcome: ADHD Parent report of MD Dx. of ADHD and current use of stimulant medication Main Finding: Association of elevated BLL (highest quintile (>2.0 μg/dL) vs. lowest quintile (<0.7 μg/dL)) had 4.5 (CI 1.3 - 15.3) times higher risk of ADHD 290,000 cases of ADHD attributable to BLL > 2.0 μg/dL Braun et al, EHP Sept 2006 Mortality from bronchiectasis and lung cancer increased by fetal and early childhood exposure to Arsenic Mortality from bronchiectasis and lung cancer increased by fetal and early childhood exposure to Arsenic Study type: Historical Cohort in Region II of Chile where arsenic contaminated water was introduced into the municipal water supply as the population in Antofagasta grew. Main finding: Birth cohorts with fetal and early childhood exposure to Arsenic revealed dramatically increased SMRs (Standardized Mortality Ratios) for Lung Cancer (6.1) and Bronchiectasis (46.2) in adults age 30 - 49 years Remarkable natural experiment with very well defined exposure and standard health outcome Study type: Historical Cohort in Region II of Chile where arsenic contaminated water was introduced into the municipal water supply as the population in Antofagasta grew. Main finding: Birth cohorts with fetal and early childhood exposure to Arsenic revealed dramatically increased SMRs (Standardized Mortality Ratios) for Lung Cancer (6.1) and Bronchiectasis (46.2) in adults age 30 - 49 years Remarkable natural experiment with very well defined exposure and standard health outcome (Smith et al, EHP 2006) The high cost of environmentally related disease Estimated total costs of pediatric disease of environmental origin Disease Best Estimate Low Estimate High Estimate $43.4 billion $2.0 billion $0.3 billion $9.2 billion $54.9 billion $43.4 billion* $0.7 billion $0.2 billion $4.6 billion $48.8 billion Lead Poisoning $43.4 billion Asthma $2.3 billion Cancer $0.7 billion Neurobehavioral Disorders $18.4 billion Total $64.8 billion * Major cost is lost IQ producing diminished productivity The costs of methyl mercury exposure in the US The costs of methyl mercury exposure in the US CDC national prevalence data (NHANES) used to estimate the number of newborns in a year born with Hg>5.8mcg/dL - level associated with intellectual impairment.
Language:English
Score: 1658203.1 - https://www.who.int/ifcs/documents/forums/forum5/forman.pdf
Data Source: un
Answer patients’questions through a free hotline. Danish Lung Health Association (DLHA). 1901 www.lungeforening. dk To improve prevention and treatment of lung diseases in Denmark and to help patients with these diseases (especially chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) in the country. 132 ANNEXES Category (Int.Org. (...) It carries on, through its own program of scholarships and research fellowships, educational and training activities in Ph.D. courses, in advanced after-university specialization courses, and in programs of continuous or recurrent education; Interdisciplinary Association for Research in Lung Disease (AIMAR). 2001 Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine www. aimarnetwork.org To prevent lung disease and promote lung health; to improve the quality of patient care by educating physicians and allied professionals and providing them with programmes and strategies for fi ghting lung disease such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, infections, tobacco and environmental pollution; to promote research on lung disease; to increase the awareness of public about lung diseases and their risks; to involve all decision-makers in campaigns to reduce environmental and tobacco pollution. (...) International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (the UNION). 1956 International Journal of Tuberculosis & Lung Disease www.iuatld.org To prevent and control tuberculosis and lung disease, particularly in low-income countries.
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Score: 1625548.6 - https://www.who.int/gard/publications/Annex.pdf
Data Source: un
“Omicron rarely affects lung tissue; instead, it affects the nervous system, which has led to an increase in strokes and mental disorders. (...) “It is important to monitor symptoms so that the virus does not make its way into the lower respiratory tract and infect the lungs. If breathing problems begin—shortness of breath, excessive sweating, weakness, wheezing during physical exertion—it means that the lungs are also damaged. (...) Markosyan says. In the case that the lungs are infected, oxygen therapy is usually prescribed at the hospital.
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Score: 1625464.6 - https://www.unicef.org/armenia...ories/omicron-and-seasonal-flu
Data Source: un
Occupational musculoskeletal disorders.......................................................................... 11 2.3.1. (...) “Mental and behavioural disorders” as a new section ..................................................... 14 2.4.1. (...) Breathing ammonia can irritate the lungs causing coughing and shortness of breath and repeated exposure may cause bronchitis.
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Score: 1622415.2 - https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/gro...eetingdocument/wcms_116849.pdf
Data Source: un
Read the press release WHO On 27 September 2018, the United Nations General Assembly is staging the third High-level Meeting on the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), which will undertake a comprehensive review of the global and national progress achieved in putting measures in place that protect people from dying too young from heart and lung diseases, cancers and diabetes. Learn more UN Interactive Hearing on NCDs WHO/Ben Hartschuh 16 JULY 2018 - The President of the UN General Assembly, with the support of WHO, organized and presided over an interactive hearing which took place on 5 July 2017 in New York as part of the preparatory process for the third High-level Meeting of the UN General Assembly on the Prevention and Control of NCDs. (...) Access the report here Synergies for beating NCDs and promoting mental health and well-being 20 March 2018 - As many people are affected by mental and neurological disorders (MNDs) – including depression, anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and dementia – as NCDs. (...) Learn more Third UN High-level Meeting on NCDs On 27 September 2018, the United Nations General Assembly is staging the third High-level Meeting on the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), which will undertake a comprehensive review of the global and national progress achieved in putting measures in place that protect people from dying too young from heart and lung diseases, cancers and diabetes. About the meeting Essential information about the Meeting and documentation Reporting to UNGA 2018 Political Declaration on NCDs Read and watch Meeting statements Opening segment, plenary segments and closing segment Multi-stakeholder panels Dr Tedros, WHO Director-General Dr Svetlana Axelrod, WHO Assistant Director-General for NCDs and Mental Health Third UN General Assembly High-level Meeting on NCDs brochure Turning the tide on NCDs and ensuring all people can attain the highest level of health can be achieved only through committed leadership from the highest levels of national governments.
Language:English
Score: 1617667.7 - https://www.who.int/ncds/governance/third-un-meeting/en/
Data Source: un