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Action: The Assembly is invited to: a) to note the significant developments in the work of the Council Special Group on the Modernisation of the Rome Convention of 1952 and the Group’s accomplishments; b) to welcome the broad majority support in the Council Special Group for the draft Convention on Compensation for Damage Caused by Aircraft to Third Parties, in the case of Unlawful Interference, and the agreement in the Group that it is sufficiently mature to advance to the Legal Committee for its consideration; and c) to request the Council to further advance the work on the draft Conventions on compensation to third parties, and in particular, in the case of unlawful interference, by placing it on the Agenda of the next Session of the Legal Committee and convening the next Session as early as possible in 2008. (...) A36-WP/233 LE/9 - 4 - Very broad support 2.7 These significant developments were supported by the broadest majority at the sixth meeting of the SGMR. The same majority also agreed that the text of the draft Convention on Compensation for Aircraft Damage to Third Parties, in the case of Unlawful Interference was mature enough to be considered by the Legal Committee. 3. (...) ACTION BY THE ASSEMBLY 4.1 The Assembly is invited: a) to note the significant developments in the work of the Council Special Group on the Modernisation of the Rome Convention of 1952 and the Group’s accomplishments; b) to welcome the broad majority support in the Council Special Group for the draft Convention on Compensation for Damage Caused by Aircraft to Third Parties, in the case of Unlawful Interference, and the agreement in the Group that it is sufficiently mature to advance to the Legal Committee for its consideration; and c) to request the Council to further advance the work on the draft Conventions on compensation to third parties, and in particular, in the case of unlawful interference, by placing it on the Agenda of the next Session of the Legal Committee and convening the next Session as early as possible in 2008. — END —
Language:English
Score: 1399911.5 - https://www.icao.int/Meetings/...%2036th%20Session/wp233_en.pdf
Data Source: un
Conclusion on the Unlawfulness of the Artillery Attacks .....................................................16 5. (...) Markač ...................................................................................................................................24 (a) Superior Responsibility .......................................................................................................... 25 (b) Aiding and Abetting............................................................................................................... 27 (c) Majority’s Refusal to Analyse Remaining Findings .............................................................. 28 C. (...) The events giving rise to this case occurred between at least July 1995 and 30 September 1995.2 The Indictment alleged that, during this period, Croatian leaders and officials initiated “Operation Storm”, a military action which aimed to take control of territory in the Krajina region of Croatia.3 The major part of the military operation was conducted between 4 and 7 August 1995, while follow-up actions purportedly continued for several subsequent months.4 The Indictment further alleged that before, during, and after Operation Storm, there was an orchestrated campaign to drive the Serbs from the Krajina region, and that during the Indictment period, Croatian leaders, officials, and forces persecuted the Krajina Serbs through: deportations and forcible transfers; destruction of Serb homes and businesses; plunder and looting of Serb property; murder; the shelling of civilians and cruel treatment; unlawful attacks on civilians and civilian objects; the imposition of restrictive and discriminatory measures; discriminatory expropriation of property; and unlawful detentions and disappearances.5 3.
Language:English
Score: 1392762.5 - https://www.icty.org/x/cases/g.../acjug/en/121116_judgement.pdf
Data Source: un
Broad topic covering many policy sectorsBroad topic covering many policy sectors No universal legal definition of termNo universal legal definition of term Elements of the maritime security regimeElements of the maritime security regime:: •• International peace and securityInternational peace and security •• Sovereignty/Territorial integrity/Political independenceSovereignty/Territorial integrity/Political independence •• Security from crimes at seaSecurity from crimes at sea •• Resource securityResource security •• Environmental securityEnvironmental security •• Security of seafarers and fishersSecurity of seafarers and fishers 3 Relationship between maritime Relationship between maritime security and safetysecurity and safety Complementary regimes with common objectivesComplementary regimes with common objectives ICP topic in 2003 ICP topic in 2003 ““Safety of navigationSafety of navigation”” Elements of the maritime safety regime:Elements of the maritime safety regime: •• Ship construction and equipmentShip construction and equipment •• Training of crew and labour conditionsTraining of crew and labour conditions •• Transport of goods and passengersTransport of goods and passengers •• Routeing and nautical chartsRouteing and nautical charts •• Assistance in distress situations Assistance in distress situations Implementation and enforcementImplementation and enforcement •• Flag State responsibilityFlag State responsibility •• Coastal State/Port State controlCoastal State/Port State control Need for international cooperationNeed for international cooperation Major threats to maritime securityMajor threats to maritime security Threat or use of force against the sovereignty, Threat or use of force against the sovereignty, territorial integrity or political independence of a territorial integrity or political independence of a StateState Terrorist acts against shipping, offshore Terrorist acts against shipping, offshore installations and other maritime interests, illegal installations and other maritime interests, illegal transport of transport of WMDsWMDs, unlawful acts, unlawful acts Piracy and armed robbery at sea Piracy and armed robbery at sea Transnational organized crimes, e.g., smuggling Transnational organized crimes, e.g., smuggling of migrants, narcotic drugs, armsof migrants, narcotic drugs, arms Threats to resource security, e.g., illegal, Threats to resource security, e.g., illegal, unregulated and unreported (IUU) fishingunregulated and unreported (IUU) fishing Environmental threats, e.g., major pollution Environmental threats, e.g., major pollution incident, illegal dumpingincident, illegal dumping 4 Legal Framework for preventing and Legal Framework for preventing and suppressing threats to maritime securitysuppressing threats to maritime security Charter of the United NationsCharter of the United Nations UNCLOSUNCLOS Other global conventionsOther global conventions Regional conventions and Regional conventions and arrangementsarrangements Bilateral agreements and Bilateral agreements and arrangementsarrangements National measuresNational measures Relevant provisions of UNCLOSRelevant provisions of UNCLOS •• Flag State jurisdictionFlag State jurisdiction •• Territorial seaTerritorial sea •• Archipelagic watersArchipelagic waters •• Straits used for international navigationStraits used for international navigation •• Contiguous zoneContiguous zone •• Exclusive economic zone (EEZ)Exclusive economic zone (EEZ) •• High seasHigh seas 5 PiracyPiracy An act constitutes piracy as defined in article 101 An act constitutes piracy as defined in article 101 of UNCLOS, if it is:of UNCLOS, if it is: An illegal act of violence or detentionAn illegal act of violence or detention Committed for private endsCommitted for private ends Against another ship, aircraft, persons or Against another ship, aircraft, persons or property on boardproperty on board Committed on the high seas or in the EEZ Committed on the high seas or in the EEZ (article 58(2))(article 58(2)) Under UNCLOS States have universal jurisdiction Under UNCLOS States have universal jurisdiction to repress piracyto repress piracy Should be distinguished from Should be distinguished from ““armed robbery at armed robbery at seasea”” Relevant measures under other international Relevant measures under other international conventionsconventions Transnational organized crimesTransnational organized crimes UN Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and UN Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Psychotropic Substances Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air (supplementing the UN Convention on Transnational organized (supplementing the UN Convention on Transnational organized crime)crime) Terrorist acts, transport of Terrorist acts, transport of WMDsWMDs, other unlawful acts, other unlawful acts International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS Convention), 1974 and the International Ship and Port Facility Convention), 1974 and the International Ship and Port Facility Security Code (ISPS Code)Security Code (ISPS Code) Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Maritime Navigation, 1988 (SUA Convention) and its Safety of Maritime Navigation, 1988 (SUA Convention) and its Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the SafetyProtocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of of Fixed Platforms Located on the Continental Shelf, 1988, as Fixed Platforms Located on the Continental Shelf, 1988, as recently amendedrecently amended Resource security and prevention of pollution from vesselsResource security and prevention of pollution from vessels UN Fish Stocks Agreement, FAO Compliance AgreementUN Fish Stocks Agreement, FAO Compliance Agreement MARPOL 73/78, Intervention Convention MARPOL 73/78, Intervention Convention 6 Current Regional CooperationCurrent Regional Cooperation Recent examples of cooperationRecent examples of cooperation •• Singapore Statement on Enhancement of Safety, Singapore Statement on Enhancement of Safety, Security, and Environmental Protection in the Straits of Security, and Environmental Protection in the Straits of Malacca and SingaporeMalacca and Singapore •• Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia (and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia (ReCAAPReCAAP) ) Information Sharing CentreInformation Sharing Centre •• Agreement Concerning CoAgreement Concerning Co--operation in Suppressing operation in Suppressing Illicit Maritime and Air Trafficking in Narcotic Drugs and Illicit Maritime and Air Trafficking in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances in the Caribbean Area (CRA)Psychotropic Substances in the Caribbean Area (CRA) •• COE Agreement on illicit traffic by sea, implementing COE Agreement on illicit traffic by sea, implementing Article 17 of the United Nations Convention against illicit Article 17 of the United Nations Convention against illicit traffic in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substancestraffic in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances •• Maritime Maritime OrganisationOrganisation for West and Central Africa for West and Central Africa (MOWCA)(MOWCA) Future challenges to preventing and Future challenges to preventing and combating threats to maritime security Icombating threats to maritime security I Ratification of /accession to relevant Ratification of /accession to relevant international conventions international conventions Effective implementation of the Effective implementation of the conventionsconventions Internal coordinationInternal coordination Effective law enforcementEffective law enforcement Bilateral/regional/multilateral Bilateral/regional/multilateral cooperationcooperation 7 Future challenges to preventing and Future challenges to preventing and combating threats to maritime security IIcombating threats to maritime security II Controlling the costs of maritime Controlling the costs of maritime security measuressecurity measures Minimizing negative impacts of Minimizing negative impacts of maritime security regime on:maritime security regime on: •• Shipping industryShipping industry •• Seafarers and fishersSeafarers and fishers •• Private individualsPrivate individuals •• The environmentThe environment UNCLOS at 25:UNCLOS at 25: Providing the framework Providing the framework for securing our oceansfor securing our oceans
Language:English
Score: 1328660.9 - https://www.un.org/Depts/los/c...years/07unitar_doalos_2007.pdf
Data Source: un
The HVO soldiers beat and mistreated the detainees, including women, and killed four ABiH soldiers. - On 9 May 1993, the HVO launched a major attack on the ABiH in Mostar, during which it took the Vranica building complex where the headquarters of the ABiH was located. (...) The entire village was destroyed and the villagers were stripped of their belongings. The Chamber, by a majority, found that the conflict between the HVO and the ABiH during this period was of an international character. (...) Berislav Pušić The Chamber, by a majority, was satisfied beyond all reasonable doubt that Pušić made a substantial contribution to the joint criminal enterprise.
Language:English
Score: 1302039.3 - https://www.icty.org/x/cases/p...lic/cis/en/cis_prlic_al_en.pdf
Data Source: un
The Trial Chamber, by majority with Judge Lindholm dissenting, pronounced a sentence of seventeen years’ imprisonment. (...) The Appeals Chamber, by majority with Judge Shahabuddeen and Judge Schomburg dissenting, considers that defects in the Indictment rendered the Appellant’s trial unfair. (...) The Appeals Chamber, by majority with Judge Liu dissenting, finds that a sentence of fifteen years’ imprisonment is appropriate in this case.
Language:English
Score: 1278678.4 - https://www.icty.org/x/cases/s...8_Simic_Blagoje_summary_en.pdf
Data Source: un
As of 31 July 2007, 77 follow-up missions have been conducted, and it is encouraging to report that the majority of these States have made significant progress in the implementation of their corrective action plans. (...) Example.– The State has a National Civil Aviation Security Programme, but it has not been revised to reflect newer national requirements. 34% 49% 18% National organization and administration (all Standards) 11% 11% 9% 35% 37% 57% 78% 54% 52% 34% 21%1% No recommendation Minor enhancements recommended Major improvements recommended Oversight and enforcement capabilities Certification of screening personnel Aviation security training National Civil Aviation Security Programme MAJOR IMPROVEMENTS RECOMMENDED: Significant improvement is necessary to correct the deficiencies identified; generally requires a considerable effort to ensure compliance. (...) A36-WP/38 EX/9 Addendum No. 1 Appendix C C-2 Figure 2. – Airport Level 18% 46% 24% 46% 31% 51% 33% 56% 36% 51% 36% 59% 35% 60% 58% 45% 54% 44% 48% 42% 47% 36% 50% 43% 51% 35% 55% 36% 24% 9% 22% 10% 22% 7% 20% 8% 14% 6% 13% 5% 11% 4% Initial audit Follow-up visit Initial audit Follow-up visit Initial audit Follow-up visit Initial audit Follow-up visit Initial audit Follow-up visit Initial audit Follow-up visit Initial audit Follow-up visit No recommendation Minor enhancements recommended Major improvements recommended Cargo and catering security Airport organization and administration Passenger and cabin baggage security Response to acts of unlawful interference Hold baggage security Aircraft and in-flight security Access control For explanation of legend, please refer to the footnote presented in Appendix A. — END —
Language:English
Score: 1272968 - https://www.icao.int/Meetings/...36th%20Session/wp038add_en.pdf
Data Source: un
DCCD Doc No. 6 – 2 – also take into due account that an extraordinary or catastrophic event is not only inherent to acts of unlawful interference, so as to justify a separate and independent draft of the convention addressing the purpose. (...) In either case, the features are the concentration or accumulation of risks. 8. Another major subject of debate is the creation of a Supplementary Compensation Mechanism, similar to the compensation existing in the field of maritime transport of polluting hydrocarbons, which would apply where the amount of the claims exceeds the indemnity ceiling provided in the convention. (...) Action suggested to the Conference In its capacity as an Observer, ALADA confirms its academic opinion, based upon clear principles of law, justice and fairness, and appreciates the opportunity to participate in this major Diplomatic Conference, and expresses its hope that ICAO may, once more, be able to unify legal solutions so as to suitably safeguard the interests of both damaged parties and aircraft operators. — END —
Language:English
Score: 1272047.5 - https://www.icao.int/secretari...DCCD2009/doc/DCCD_doc_6_en.pdf
Data Source: un
Gotovina and Mr. Markač were unlawful. The majority also held that the Trial Chamber erred in finding the existence of a joint criminal enterprise whose purpose was the permanent and forcible removal of Serb civilians from the Krajina region. Accordingly, the majority reversed all of Mr. Gotovina’s and Mr. Markač’s convictions. The majority also declined to enter convictions against Mr.
Language:English
Score: 1249156.1 - https://www.icty.org/en/press/...otovina-and-mladen-marka%C4%8D
Data Source: un
Gotovina and Mr. Markač were unlawful. The majority also held that the Trial Chamber erred in finding the existence of a joint criminal enterprise whose purpose was the permanent and forcible removal of Serb civilians from the Krajina region. Accordingly, the majority reversed all of Mr. Gotovina’s and Mr. Markač’s convictions. The majority also declined to enter convictions against Mr.
Language:English
Score: 1249156.1 - https://www.icty.org/en/node/6747
Data Source: un
Read more about Security Council briefed on UN engagement and counter-terrorism efforts in Iraq CTED Executive Director attends meeting of ICAO Air Transport and Unlawful Interference Committees — signs cooperation arrangement Language English ICAO Secretary General Dr. (...) Michèle Coninsx, attended a meeting of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Air Transport and Unlawful Interference Committees in Montreal. Read more about CTED Executive Director attends meeting of ICAO Air Transport and Unlawful Interference Committees — signs cooperation arrangement PRESS RELEASE: Heads of United Nations counter-terrorism bodies conclude joint visit to Iraq Language English Baghdad and New York, 8 March 2018 – Mr. (...) Read more about Global Counter-Terrorism Coordination Compact signed – highlights importance of CTED assessments Major challenges remain, Executive Director of CTED tells Security Council in meeting on foreign terrorist fighters Language English   Read more about Major challenges remain, Executive Director of CTED tells Security Council in meeting on foreign terrorist fighters Counter-Terrorism Committee holds briefing on returning foreign terrorist fighters Language English   Read more about Counter-Terrorism Committee holds briefing on returning foreign terrorist fighters Donate facebook twitter youtube flickr instagram Footer A-Z Site Index Contact Copyright FAQ Fraud Alert Privacy Notice Terms of Use
Language:English
Score: 1221310.9 - https://www.un.org/securitycou.../ctc/tags/mich%C3%A8le-coninsx
Data Source: un