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VIEWS ON THE ELABORATION OF MARKET-BASED MECHANISMS :SUBMISSIONS FROM PARTIES
VIEWS ON THE ELABORATION OF MARKET-BASED MECHANISMS :SUBMISSIONS FROM PARTIES
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 1953437.5 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...FCCC/AWGLCA/2011/MISC.2&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
No solamente para propósitos económicos, también por administración y control, pero tenemos pocas transacciones con ellas” Empresas extranjeras “Somos relacionadas por propósitos económicos y estratégicos” 2008-2009 2010-2012 2013-2015 2008-2015 Principales Aspectos de Precios de Transferencia Comparability Analysis 2008 - 2013 2014 - 2015 Main functions were not according with firm/sector reality Companies “did not had contracts” Different market segments in relation with their comparables Companies have contracts or at least they recognize they have had in the past Almost same market segments in relation with their comparables Main functions are more accurate with reality 5 Principales Aspectos de Precios de Transferencia Selección de Metodos y Ajustes de Capital 2008 - 2013 2014 - 2015 Precio Comparable No Controlado Precio Comparable No Controlado Método del Margen Neto Transaccional Principales Aspectos de Precios de Transferencia Decisión de los Tribunales 2008 - 2013 2014 - 2015 La mayoría de las decisiones los tribunales salen a favor de la Administración Tributaria 6 Principales Aspectos de Precios de Transferencia Cambios en el comportamiento de los contribuyentes 2008 - 2013 2014 - 2015 Comportamiento No Cooperativo (Reactivos) Comportamiento Cooperativo (Proactivo) Curva de Aprendizaje Principales Aspectos de Precios de Transferencia Carga de la Prueba Compañías Relacionadas (2008-2010) Selección del Método (2011-2013) Análisis de Comparabilidad (2014 - ?)
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 1951079.5 - https://www.un.org/esa/ffd/wp-.../2015/08/2015TP_Ecuador_es.pdf
Fuente de datos: un
The Spanish "Iberdrola" and the American "AES" and "Constellation" have focused their operations in one country: in Guatemala, Iberdrola has a leader position in two segments (distribution and power marketer segments); in El Salvador, AES ownership of four distributors gives it the dominant position in distribution services, while in Panama, the Constellation distribution company is the second player in this market. (...) In El Salvador, the price of distributor's purchases is referenced to the spot or real time wholesale market. Regulator authorities must periodically review and approve electricity rates for each distribution company. (...) Distribution companies, as well as Large Consumers and power marketers (in El Salvador and Guatemala) have participated in the Wholesale Electricity Market. Distributors have carried out electricity purchases mainly in the forward contract market, and with exception of the Salvadorian agents, the spot market has been utilized only for circumstantial energy sales and purchases.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 1933155 - https://www.cepal.org/es/publi...ucion-energia-electrica-paises
Fuente de datos: un
The Spanish "Iberdrola" and the American "AES" and "Constellation" have focused their operations in one country: in Guatemala, Iberdrola has a leader position in two segments (distribution and power marketer segments); in El Salvador, AES ownership of four distributors gives it the dominant position in distribution services, while in Panama, the Constellation distribution company is the second player in this market. (...) In El Salvador, the price of distributor's purchases is referenced to the spot or real time wholesale market. Regulator authorities must periodically review and approve electricity rates for each distribution company. (...) Distribution companies, as well as Large Consumers and power marketers (in El Salvador and Guatemala) have participated in the Wholesale Electricity Market. Distributors have carried out electricity purchases mainly in the forward contract market, and with exception of the Salvadorian agents, the spot market has been utilized only for circumstantial energy sales and purchases.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 1933155 - https://www.cepal.org/fr/node/19595
Fuente de datos: un
REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE QUESTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND EXTREME POVERTY, MAGDALENA SEPULVEDA CARMONA : ADDENDUM
While the independent expert welcomes the Government’s efforts to tackle unemployment by addressing skills development and reinserting people into the labour market, she reminds the Government that employment activation policies must be implemented from a human rights approach. 54. (...) This is particularly important when individuals are required to enter the job market in times of recession and high unemployment. (...) Activation policies should be designed to increase the participation of women in the labour market, while enabling them (in particular, single mothers) to balance employment and parenting.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 1629871.8 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...en&DS=A/HRC/17/34/ADD.2&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
VISIT TO ZIMBABWE : REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE RIGHT TO FOOD
The availability of food is predicated on the existence of sufficient food produced from natural resources or for sale in the market to satisfy the needs of the population, whether by cultivating land or by engaging in animal husbandry, fishing, hunting or any other ways of obtaining food (A/HRC/34/48/Add.1, para. 24). (...) The Special Rapporteur visited local supermarkets in Harare where she observed that while an ample amount of diversified food was available on the market, high inflation rates and food prices 14 Zimbabwe Vulnerability Assessment Committee, “2019 Urban Livelihood Assessment Report”, Powerpoint presentation, 2019, p. 107. (...) Affordable basic commodities should be available on the market for households with reasonable to low incomes, in order to reduce the burden on social welfare. 59.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 1588530.2 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/43/44/ADD.2&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
. • Elaborar un documento de información sobre los modelos de costos aplicados con fines de regulación por las administraciones para conocer y compartir experiencias relativas al establecimiento de tarifas o precios en los distintos segmentos del mercado de las telecomunicaciones. Actividades: Las actividades que deberá desarrollar y describir el Grupo estarán referidas a las siguientes cuestiones: 1. (...) Terms of Reference Common principles and basic guidelines regarding regulatory issues and information on cost models applied by TAL Group Administrations Objectives: • To facilitate the study and sharing of information in order to put together a document containing common principles and basic guidelines in the region regarding regulatory issues. • To prepare an informative document on the cost models applicable by the region’s administrations with regulatory purposes with a view to learning and sharing experience relative to tariff or price setting in the different telecommunication market segments. Tasks: The tasks to be undertaken and described by the Group concern the following matters: 1.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 1506552.3 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-D/fina...-aires-05/rapport-final-es.pdf
Fuente de datos: un
REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE EFFECTS OF FOREIGN DEBT AND OTHER RELATED INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL OBLIGATIONS OF STATES ON THE FULL ENJOYMENT OF ALL HUMAN RIGHTS, PARTICULARLY ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS, CEPHAS LUMINA : ADDENDUM
He further encourages the Government to consider establishing mechanisms that would ensure transparent public consultation and the free and informed participation of all segments of society, particularly ethnic minorities and the poorest, in the decision-making relating to and monitoring of public finances. 31. (...) The slow recovery of the world economy may undercut growth prospects through reduced or disrupted global trade and knock-on effects (e.g. trade protection barriers) on Vietnamese exports, an important contributor to the country’s growth.38 GDP growth is likely to slow over the medium term as a result of the financial market turmoil and recessionary conditions in Europe and the United States, the country’s largest export markets. 41. (...) Since 1986, the Government has pursued a policy of Doi Moi (economic renewal), which laid the foundations for a market-driven economy. The country has since experienced rapid economic growth, as well as improved economic opportunities and incentives, permitting household incomes to grow along with increased household consumption and savings. 46.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 1469369.3 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...en&DS=A/HRC/20/23/ADD.1&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE EFFECTS OF FOREIGN DEBT AND OTHER RELATED INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL OBLIGATIONS OF STATES ON THE FULL ENJOYMENT OF ALL HUMAN RIGHTS, PARTICULARLY ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS ON HIS MISSION TO TUNISIA : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
Shrinking the public sector may increase unemployment and further entrench discriminatory patterns in the Tunisian labour market, as a reduction of jobs in the public sector will disproportionally affect women working in public administration, education and health services. (...) The Independent Expert would also like to express his caution about potential labour market reforms. As underlined in a recent report, there is no empirical evidence that 14 Observatoire Tunisien de l’Economie, “Public debt: will Tunisia overcome the ‘Wall of Debt’?” (...) A/HRC/37/54/Add.1 8 GE.18-03585 austerity-related labour market reforms, such as facilitating the lay-off of workers or freezing or reducing wages, have resulted in increased economic growth, employment, or a better situation for workers.19 B.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 1438966.3 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/37/54/ADD.1&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE RIGHT TO FOOD, OLIVIER DE SCHUTTER : ADDENDUM
First, they must increase market access for agricultural products. All quantitative restrictions or other non-tariff measures except those justified by health and safety reasons should be replaced by tariffs (art. 4.2), which the members are subsequently bound to reduce (art. 4.1). (...) In the Ministerial Doha Declaration of 14 November 2001, WTO members committed themselves to comprehensive negotiations aimed at: substantial improvements in market access; reductions of, with a view to phasing out, all forms of export subsidies; and substantial reductions in trade-distorting domestic support. (...) That dependency is further increased by the fact that, in order to comply with the standards of global retailers, farmers wishing to be included in global supply chains must use external inputs, including improved varieties of seeds, often supplied by companies which occupy an oligopolistic position on the market. As a result, the farming sector is increasingly divided between one segment which has access to high-value markets and therefore, to the best technologies, inputs, credit, public support and political influence, and another segment which is left to serve only the low-value, domestic markets, and is comparatively neglected and marginalized, particularly as new tastes are introduced through international trade which they cannot satisfy. 26.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 1433319.1 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...pen&DS=A/HRC/10/5/ADD.2&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods