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REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE RIGHT TO FOOD, OLIVIER DE SCHUTTER :ADDENDUM
Under the Restitution of Land Rights Act (Act No. 22 of 1994), communities dispossessed of their land after 1913 can file a claim with the Land Claims Commission; the Government then pays the current occupier the market price for the land, which is given back to the communities concerned. (...) The current stated Proactive Land Acquisition Strategy of the Department of Rural Development and Land Reform is to buy land on the market and to lease it out to candidate black farmers for a limited period, at the end of which the ability for the lessee to use the land productively is to be assessed. (...) It is aimed at: (a) immediately reducing poverty among groups that are not expected to fully participate in the labour market and thus are vulnerable to low income (older persons, children, and persons with disabilities); and (b) increasing investment in health, education and nutrition. 42.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 1162661 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/19/59/ADD.3&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN, ITS CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES, YAKIN ERTÜRK :ADDENDUM
During the 1970s and early 1980s, many in the Swedish feminist movement hoped that equality between men and women could be reached by removing the obstacles that prevented women from accessing educational opportunities, participating in the labour market, and assuming political functions. It was assumed that women would transform existing gender power relations once they had the necessary political clout and economic independence. (...) These prejudices translate into tangible discrimination on the labour market and other key areas. Non-European immigrants have considerably higher unemployment rates and earn less than native Swedes. Numerous studies demonstrate that the problems in the labour market do not result only from language or educational deficits.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 1162661 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...pen&DS=A/HRC/4/34/ADD.3&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
NOTE VERBALE DATED 19 JUNE 2015 FROM THE PERMANENT MISSION OF THE STATE OF ERITREA TO THE UNITED NATIONS OFFICE AT GENEVA ADDRESSED TO THE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL
Food subsidy, for certain essential commodities, is part and parcel of this approach and it is essentially geared to provide safety-net to low-income segments of the population from market shocks. Due to financial constraints, the coupon system exists in a handful of urban areas only.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 1119930.3 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...et?open&DS=A/HRC/29/G/6&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON MINORITY ISSUES ON HER MISSION TO THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
Available from http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/168451467995808859/pdf/105722-WP-P151472- PUBLIC-Moldova-Poverty-Assessment-2016.pdf. 2 United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Human Development Report 2015 (New York, 2015). 3 See World Bank Group, “From Aspirations to Occupations: The Role of Information in Educational and Labor Market Decisions in Moldova” (2016), p. 7. Available from http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/508751468195577069/pdf/106494-WP-P152911- PUBLIC-From-Aspirations-to-Occupations.pdf. (...) They further emphasized the negative consequences of poor fluency in the State language, including difficulties in gaining access to university education — as the lyceum graduation examination had a specific exam on State language command — and to the labour market, and the limitation of opportunities in the public administration, as proficiency in the State language was required to hold public positions. 32. (...) Reports indicate that, in addition to discrimination in gaining access to the labour market and at the workplace, Roma can be discriminated against in education and health- care institutions.21 Roma communities are also disproportionately affected by poverty, with more than 50 per cent of Roma households ranking in the poorest wealth segments of the population.22 57.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 1113076.2 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/34/53/ADD.2&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE RIGHT TO FOOD, OLIVIER DE SCHUTTER : ADDENDUM
Transition from a centrally planned to a social market economy: challenges from the perspective of the right to food ................................. ............................... 51–60 15 A. (...) The voucher system also limits the risk of resale of food items on the black market, and eliminates the need to pick up bulky food aid packages. 41. (...) Nonetheless, the Special Rapporteur is concerned that Iraqi refugees face obstacles when seeking access to the formal employment market, which is only possible on the basis of an administrative authorization; many Iraqi refugees with no other income source are therefore forced to turn to the informal sector.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 1110768 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...en&DS=A/HRC/16/49/ADD.2&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
IMPLICATIONS OF THE ESTABLISHMENT OF NEW HYDROCHLOROFLUOROCARBON-22 (HCFC-22) FACILITIES SEEKING TO OBTAIN CERTIFIED EMISSIONS REDUCTIONS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF HYDROFLUOROCARBON-23 (HFC-23) :SUBMISSIONS FROM PARTIES
The net revenue is sensitive to the market price of CERs and the HFC-23 generation rate. (...) Nonetheless, the potential that a lower HCFC-22 price could increase consumption of HCFC-22 does not appear to be significant when considering that the price of HCFC-22 is not what drives the market. The market is driven by the price of the product in which the HCFC-22 is used, e.g. the air-conditioning unit. (...) If there is a demand for HCFC-22, the market will try to meet that demand regardless of the CDM. 5.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 1104221.2 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...FCCC/SBSTA/2005/MISC.10&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
THE SITUATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN SOMALIA : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
These forces are the government of “Somaliland,” the administration of “Puntland”, the leader of the “Rahanweyne” Resistance Army (RRA) Shatigudud, (with strong support from some segments of the RRA power-base, the Digil/Mirifle) and the various Mogadishu-based faction leaders (including Hussein Aideed, Musa Sudi Yalahow, and Osman Ali Atto). (...) On 13 July 2000, fighting erupted between the Habr Gedir and the Majerten sub-clans at the livestock exchange market in the city of Galcaiyo. The fighting spread and at one point the mayor of the city attempted to intervene. (...) Also on 2 April, a fight amongst Mohamed Qanyare’s militia in the Bakara Market area led to a shooting incident that claimed the lives of three persons and wounded another four.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 1103909.5 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...open&DS=E/CN.4/2001/105&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE RIGHT TO FOOD, OLIVIER DE SCHUTTER : ADDENDUM
Legal entitlements protect the rights of people to live with dignity and ensure that all have either the resources required to produce enough food for themselves or purchasing power sufficient to procure food from the market. They place obligations on the State, and provide individuals and communities with recourse mechanisms when these obligations are not met. 9. (...) It has played a part in the shaping of land policies since its creation, contributing to the discussions concerning the respective merits of State-led and market-led land reforms, and the relevance of the associated individual or collective titling schemes. (...) Prioritizing the most marginalized segments of the population is a requirement of the right to food normative framework, which applies to all FAO member States. 41.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 1093527.9 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...en&DS=A/HRC/22/50/ADD.3&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
SYNTHESIS REPORT ON THE AGGREGATE EFFECT OF THE INTENDED NATIONALLY DETERMINED CONTRIBUTIONS
Naciones Unidas FCCC/CP/2015/7 Convención Marco sobre el Cambio Climático Distr. general 30 de octubre de 2015 Español Original: inglés GE.15-18808 (S) 051115
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 1090411.1 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...?open&DS=FCCC/CP/2015/7&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE NEGATIVE IMPACT OF UNILATERAL COERCIVE MEASURES ON THE ENJOYMENT OF HUMAN RIGHTS, ON HIS MISSION TO THE SUDAN : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
In this regard, it should be noted that, the Security Council now avoids resorting to comprehensive sanctions in the light of their unintended negative impact on important segments of the population of targeted countries. Given the woeful human rights impact of undiscriminating measures entailed in comprehensive sanctions, the Council has come to resort to sanctions that must be targeted against specific sectors or persons “of concern”. 30. (...) The reality on the ground has shown that unilateral coercive measures do not have a significant negative impact on officials or on any elite group, but rather on A/HRC/33/48/Add.1 GE.16-13515 9 innocent citizens, causing also a deepening of the gap in income distribution within Sudanese society and among the provinces. The black market has broadened, while the State has broken away from the official control of financial transactions. (...) The experience in the Sudan proves that the adverse human rights impact of unilateral coercive measures on the poorer and most vulnerable segments of the population is greater than intended by the source country, since many of the latter’s humanitarian waivers remain partly ineffective because of upstream or downstream implementation hurdles or because of over-compliance by international financial institutions fearful of being exposed to major fines, as was the case for some European banks with business relations with the Sudan. 70.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 1087468.9 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/33/48/ADD.1&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods