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In addition, farmers collect a wide range of timber and non-timber products in the natural lands from the Cerrado including medicinal plants, fruits, fibers and naturally grown sempre-vivas flowers. (...) Among the native flora, 35 species of edible native fruits, 83 species of medicinal plants and 240 ornamental species are managed. (...) Lastly, in the sertão, home gardens, crop fields and small livestock are seen taking advantage of the natural resources. Contact us Terms and Conditions Data protection and privacy Scam Alert Report Misconduct Jobs Procurement Governing Bodies Office of the Inspector General Evaluation Legal Office Ethics Office FAO organizational chart Regional Office for Africa Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean Regional Office for the Near East and North Africa Country Offices X Follow us on                                             Download our App © FAO, 2022
Language:English
Score: 1040925.8 - https://www.fao.org/giahs/giah...erais/detailed-information/ar/
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In addition, farmers collect a wide range of timber and non-timber products in the natural lands from the Cerrado including medicinal plants, fruits, fibers and naturally grown sempre-vivas flowers. (...) Among the native flora, 35 species of edible native fruits, 83 species of medicinal plants and 240 ornamental species are managed. (...) Lastly, in the sertão, home gardens, crop fields and small livestock are seen taking advantage of the natural resources. Contact us Terms and Conditions Data protection and privacy Scam Alert Report Misconduct Jobs Procurement Governing Bodies Office of the Inspector General Evaluation Legal Office Ethics Office FAO organizational chart Regional Office for Africa Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean Regional Office for the Near East and North Africa Country Offices X Follow us on                                             Download our App © FAO, 2022
Language:English
Score: 1040925.8 - https://www.fao.org/giahs/giah...erais/detailed-information/en/
Data Source: un
In addition, farmers collect a wide range of timber and non-timber products in the natural lands from the Cerrado including medicinal plants, fruits, fibers and naturally grown sempre-vivas flowers. (...) Among the native flora, 35 species of edible native fruits, 83 species of medicinal plants and 240 ornamental species are managed. (...) Lastly, in the sertão, home gardens, crop fields and small livestock are seen taking advantage of the natural resources. Contact us Terms and Conditions Data protection and privacy Scam Alert Report Misconduct Jobs Procurement Governing Bodies Office of the Inspector General Evaluation Legal Office Ethics Office FAO organizational chart Regional Office for Africa Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean Regional Office for the Near East and North Africa Country Offices X Follow us on                                             Download our App © FAO, 2022
Language:English
Score: 1040925.8 - https://www.fao.org/giahs/giah...erais/detailed-information/ru/
Data Source: un
Table of Content 2 Malaysia is a upper middle income country with a GNI Per Capita of US$10,060 in 2013 Source: Department of Statistics, BNM 201220112010 2013 8,373 9,700 9,928 10,060US$ 3 Malaysian healthcare spending continues to grow at a fast rate, at 4.5% of its GDP in 2012 Source:MNHA 1997-2012 database; MOH RM3.20 = US$1.00 8,121 8,819 9,666 11,579 12,824 13,995 17,662 18,896 19,122 23,198 25,703 28,651 31,031 35,075 37,542 42,309 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Total expenditure of health RM billion * About 8.5 % on pharmaceuticals in 2012 (US$13.2 B) 4 There is universal access to healthcare in the Malaysia with pooling of resources and pre-payment Public healthcare system (MOH, MOE and MOD) 1 It is like a national healthcare system where everyone is able to access 2 MOH collects only 2% of what it spends 3 Maximum that is spent (for 3rd class ward) is only RM500 or given total exemption 4 There is a compulsory medical insurance for all foreign workers (1.6 million) 5 There is also compulsory medical insurance for all foreign students Consultation fees in private sector are regulated by MOH 6 All civil servants (& retirees) including their parents are covered by government 7 Source:PEMANDU 8 5 The value of the Malaysian Pharmaceutical Market is about US$1.4 billion in 2013 26% 74% Generics RM 1.157 bil Originators RM3.3 bil 60.6% 39.4% 47.7% 52.3% Non-gov Gov Non-gov Gov Market Size Market Size Source: IMS Health Combined Market Audit MAT Q1 2014 RM3.2 = US$1.00 Total Market Size: RM 4.457b 6 About 66 % of the Pharmaceutical Market consists of Generics in 2013 66% 34% Generics 109,828,116 units Originators 56,206,166 units 44.4% 55.6% 40.9% 59.1% Non-gov Gov Non-gov Gov Market Size Market Size Total Volume Sales: 166,034,282 units Source: IMS Health Combined Market Audit MAT Q1 2014. 7 Healthcare is one of economic sectors in the Economic Transformation Programme (ETP) 8 The Healthcare NKEA has identified Pharmaceuticals as one of the Entry Point Projects (EPP) Source: PEMANDU Taking advantage of patent expiry cliff by pursuing generic opportunities. 13,853.7 12.5 k RM million Jobs Created GNI Impact  Upcoming patent expiration of major 'blockbuster' drugs (2010-2014) open up an attractive white-space for generics manufacturing and exports  Transform the industry with a 3-pronged approach •Localisation and upgrade •Create an export platform •Collaboration between MNCs and local manufacturers  In 2013, we have expanded the scope to include all pharmaceuticals, vaccines, biosimilars, OTC and Supplements 9 • Background • Access to medical technologies in Malaysia • What next? Table of Content 10 I agree that the overarching determinant for access to medical technologies must be based on the WHO Health System Framework IMPROVED EFFICIENCY SOCIAL & FINANCIAL RISK PROTECTION RESPONSIVENESS IMPROVED HEALTH (level &equity) FINANCING LEADERSHIP / GOVERNANCE MEDICAL PRODUCTS, VACCINES & TECHNOLOGIES INFORMATION HEALTH WORKFORCE SERVICE DELIVERY SYSTEM BUILDING BLOCKS THE SIX BUILDING BLOCKS OF A HEALTH SYSTEM: AIMS AND DESIRABLE ATTRIBUTES ACCESS COVERAGE QUALITY SAFETY Source: WHO (2007) OVERALL GOALS / OUTCOMES 11 To support the growth of the pharmaceutical industry and faster access to medicines, a comprehensive patent study was conducted in 2011. (...) Table of Content 15 The next steps will include the following: Source: PEMANDU Health • Bigger role for MOH • Better Access to Medicines Trade • Working with IMS Health for better data • TPPA and FTA Patents • Amendments to Patent Act • Increased role of MOH in granting patents 16 ETP Homepage: http://etp.pemandu.gov.my/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/etpmalaysia Twitter: @etp_roadmap To become a part of the ETP: http://etp.pemandu.gov.my/getting_started.aspx Thank You Dr.
Language:English
Score: 1040925.8 - https://www.wto.org/english/tr...at_symp14_e/Session3DrChua.pdf
Data Source: un
Experience in many countries has demonstrated that a nationally coordinated and effectively regulated network of blood establishments in which key functions are centralized, has many advantages. Centralization optimizes use of resources, reduces overall costs, promotes compliance with quality and safety standards, improves patient access to the most suitable blood components for transfusion, and enhances resilience in emergency situations that affect blood supply or safety. (...) In response to the action framework, WHO has developed two guidance documents on Centralization of blood donation testing and processing and guidance on Increasing supplies of plasma-derived medicinal products in low- and middle-income countries through fractionation of domestic plasma. (...) The objective of the meeting is to introduce and disseminate the WHO Guidance on Centralization of blood donation testing and processing and the WHO Guidance on Increasing supplies of plasma-derived medicinal products in low-and middle-income countries through fractionation of domestic plasma.
Language:English
Score: 1040925.8 - https://www.who.int/news-room/...assured-blood-products-webinar
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Editorial: ECLAC, CELAC Date: September 2021 ECLAC symbol: LC/TS.2021/115 View publication Download pdf Description The Plan for self-sufficiency in health matters in Latin America and the Caribbean: lines of action and proposals is a strategic document setting out lines of action to strengthen capacities to produce and distribute vaccines and medicines in the region. It was prepared by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) at the request of the Government of Mexico, in its capacity as Pro Tempore Chair of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC). (...) This document proposes seven lines of action that include short-, medium- and long-term initiatives to strengthen mechanisms for pooled international procurement of vaccines and essential medicines; use public procurement mechanisms for medicines to develop regional markets; create consortiums for the development and production of vaccines; implement a regional clinical trials platform; take advantage of regulatory flexibilities to gain access to intellectual property; strengthen regulatory convergence and recognition mechanisms; and strengthen primary health systems for equitable distribution of vaccines and universal access to them.
Language:English
Score: 1040925.8 - https://www.cepal.org/en/publi...and-caribbean-lines-action-and
Data Source: un
WTO | News - 2001 News items - TRIPS Council on access to medicines WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION Home   |  About WTO   |  News & events   |  Trade topics   |  WTO membership   |  Documents & resources   |  External relations Contact us   |  Site map   |  A-Z   |  Search español   français home wto news 2001 news news item WTO NEWS: 2001 NEWS ITEMS TRIPS COUNCIL WEDNESDAY 19 (AND 21) SEPTEMBER 2001 Members discuss drafts for ministerial declaration Two drafts for a ministerial declaration, the overall objectives of the WTO’s intellectual property (TRIPS) agreement, compulsory licensing, parallel imports and other issues were discussed in the second TRIPS Council meeting on access to medicines, 19 September 2001. (...) SEE ALSO : > press releases > news archives > Mike Moore’s speeches    MORE ON THIS SUBJECT : > More on this meeting > Fact sheet on TRIPS and pharmaceuticals > Technical explanation on TRIPS and pharmaceuticals > Høsbjør workshop on affordable medicines > More on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) The council followed up with an informal meeting on 21  September when some additional drafts were discussed. (...) Back to top Points raised in the discussion   These include: The difficult question of how countries with limited manufacturing capabilities can take advantage of compulsory licensing. At the centre of the discussion is a provision in the TRIPS Agreement which says that products made under a compulsory licence must be supplied predominantly for the domestic market.
Language:English
Score: 1040925.8 - https://www.wto.org/english/ne...s01_e/trips_drugs_010919_e.htm
Data Source: un
Consideration has been given to WHO’s comparative advantage in providing technical support and policy advice, the activities of other development partners and the capacity of the WHO country office coupled with anticipated support from WHO’s Regional Office and headquarters.   (...) Download Read More 12 December 2013 Medicinal plants in Papua New Guinea : information on 126 commonly used medicinal plants in Papua New... Traditional medicine, including the knowledge, skills and practices of holistic health care, exists in all cultures.
Language:English
Score: 1040925.8 - https://www.who.int/papuanewguinea/our-work
Data Source: un
American Journal of Tropical Medicine Hygiene , 2004, 71(2 suppl): 103-117. http://www.ajtmh.org/cgi/reprint/71/2_suppl/103 Link Fletcher M, Teklehaimanot A, Yaemane G. (...) Paper presented at the 25th Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC) Conference, Ethiopia, 1999. http://wedc.lboro.ac.uk/conferences/pdfs/25/242.pdf Link Wu N et al. The advantages of mosquito biocontrol by stocking edible fish in rice paddies. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health , 1991, 22(3):436–442.(Abstract only) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?
Language:English
Score: 1040925.8 - https://www.who.int/heli/risks...vectordirectory/en/index1.html
Data Source: un
In addition, farmers collect a wide range of timber and non-timber products in the natural lands from the Cerrado including medicinal plants, fruits, fibers and naturally grown sempre-vivas flowers. (...) Among the native flora, 35 species of edible native fruits, 83 species of medicinal plants and 240 ornamental species are managed. (...) Lastly, in the sertão, home gardens, crop fields and small livestock are seen taking advantage of the natural resources. Contact us Terms and Conditions Data protection and privacy Scam Alert Report Misconduct Jobs Procurement Governing Bodies Office of the Inspector General Evaluation Legal Office Ethics Office FAO organizational chart Regional Office for Africa Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean Regional Office for the Near East and North Africa Country Offices X Follow us on                                             Download our App © FAO, 2022
Language:English
Score: 1040925.8 - https://www.fao.org/giahs/giah...erais/detailed-information/es/
Data Source: un