NOTE VERBALE DATED 25 NOVEMBER 2021 FROM THE PERMANENT MISSION OF AZERBAIJAN TO THE UNITED NATIONS OFFICE AT GENEVA ADDRESSED TO THE OFFICE OF THE UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS
Prolonged peace talks by international organizations mediating in
the solution of the problem did not yield any significant results.
(...) In order to achieve the restoration of territorial integrity and the establishment of lasting peace
and security in the region within the internationally recognized borders, Azerbaijan ensured
alone the implementation of the above-mentioned resolutions by liberating the occupied
territories from Armenia as a result of 44 days of successful counter-offensive operations,
carried out from September 27 to November 10, 2020.
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE PROMOTION OF TRUTH, JUSTICE, REPARATION AND GUARANTEES OF NON-RECURRENCE, PABLO DE GREIFF : ADDENDUM
members mentioned the concern to reintegrate victims into society, which they considered
particularly important given that the majority of the victims were under 40 years of age.
the judicial system in Tunisia currently faces. Obviously, the solution cannot consist merely
in a decision to move to unreformed civilian courts; such a solution also lies in an earnest
and systematic effort to improve their reliability.
51. (...) (b) Status of reform initiatives
58. The above-mentioned situation reflects a dire need for reform.
REPORT OF THE WORKING GROUP ON ENFORCED OR INVOLUNTARY DISAPPEARANCES - MISSION TO MONTENEGRO
The Working Group received all the documents it had requested,
including the legislation and statistical data mentioned during the meetings with official
authorities. (...) In addition,
there is the possibility that the DNA samples match the blood samples from relatives of missing
persons from other countries in the region, given the above-mentioned lack of a joint regional
14. (...) By signing this document, Montenegro confirmed its commitment to finding a
solution to this humanitarian and human rights issue and recognized its obligation to ensure
lasting peace and improve cooperation and reconciliation in the region.
PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF ALL HUMAN RIGHTS, CIVIL, POLITICAL, ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS, INCLUDING THE RIGHT TO DEVELOPMENT : INFORMATION / PRESENTED BY THE NETWORK OF AFRICAN NATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS INSTITUTIONS ON BEHALF OF "A" STATUS NATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS INSTITUTIONS IN AFRICA ; NOTE BY THE SECRETARIAT
There is thus no "model" solution. Each State is required to specify the mechanism
which is best suited to its national context.
(...) This is the case, for
example, in South Africa, Ghana and Togo. Similarly, as mentioned before, national human
rights commissions in Mali and Mauritius have been designated as NPM. (...) The convention envisaged a continent united against torture
and giving special preference to the role of NHRIs in the prevention of torture.
The signing of the mentioned convention clearly demonstrates NANHRI’s recognition of
the fact that independent and effective NHRIs are important instruments in the prohibition
and prevention of torture.
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE SITUATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND FUNDAMENTAL FREEDOMS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLE, S. JAMES ANAYA : ADDENDUM
the Special Rapporteur expressed “his willingness to visit the country to review the
situation and contribute to the search for a solution to the conflicts in the region, within the
terms of his mandate by the United Nations Human Rights Council, to promote respect for
the human rights of indigenous peoples”.
3. (...) The Special Rapporteur also received requests for him to visit the country from indigenous
groups and the Special Multi-Party Committee set up by Congress to consider the problems
of indigenous peoples and recommend a solution (“the Multi-Party Committee”). The
Multi-Party Committee decided on 9 June 2009 to invite the Special Rapporteur “in order
that he may contribute to the search for a solution to the conflicts ... with the indigenous
people of the Peruvian Amazon region”.
4. (...) On 20 August 2008, the President of Congress, together with a number of members
of Congress, signed an Act of Agreement with representatives of the indigenous
Amazonian peoples, under which it was agreed to recall the full Congress in order to debate
the repeal of Legislative Decrees Nos. 1015 and 1073 and to establish a multi-party
committee “to consider the problems of the indigenous peoples and recommend a solution,
with the participation of their representatives” (art. 2).
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL REPRESENTATIVE OF THE SECRETARY-GENERAL ON THE ISSUE OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND TRANSNATIONAL CORPORATIONS AND OTHER BUSINESS ENTERPRISES : ADDENDUM
The requirement for a genuine link was mentioned, both regarding a
State’s ability to exercise jurisdiction, and to protest against regulations imposed on “their”
TNCs by other States.
(...) The background report mentioned a number of ways to resolve such disputes, such as
utilizing the principle of forum non conveniens and even entering into agreements with other
States, which set out when jurisdiction should be exercised. (...) Participants also mentioned
that pressure from the business community in general can be a powerful deterrent to States
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE HUMAN RIGHT TO SAFE DRINKING WATER AND SANITATION :ADDENDUM
Waterborne sanitation is by no means the only acceptable solution; depending on
the context, including the housing density and the availability of water, there are many
other possible solutions. (...) Kenya is undertaking water sector reforms for a better management of water supply.
As mentioned above, the authority of water resources management remains with the central
Government, and the authority over water supply has been decentralized to local authorities.
PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF ALL HUMAN RIGHTS, CIVIL, POLITICAL, ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS, INCLUDING THE RIGHT TO DEVELOPMENT :INFORMATION / PRESENTED BY THE NORWEGIAN CENTRE FOR HUMAN RIGHTS ; NOTE BY THE SECRETARIAT
John Snow identified that a cholera outbreak in London was caused by the
seepage of sewerage pit into groundwater used for a local water pump at Albion Terrace, and not
from contagion as was commonly believed.12 The response was not only denialism from the
medical community but resistance from the political class, hostile to the conclusion that the
solution lay in significant State interference. The water pump was closed and the Public Health
Act was enacted in 1852 but it took many years of campaigning, particularly by Edwin
Chadwick, before the State engaged in establishing household water-borne sanitation systems.
1.2 Individual dignity discourse
The above justifications for recognising the right to sanitation are largely based on broad
instrumental grounds; others have also emphasised that fundamental issues of individual human
dignity and autonomy are at stake. (...) According to the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural
Rights (CESCR Committee), the right to housing includes facilities for “sanitation and washing
facilities” and “site drainage”.24 With regard to the right to health, the same Committee listed
sanitation as one of the underlying determinants of health, and thus part of the right to health, on
the basis of the drafting history of the Covenant and wide wording of the provision.25 Sanitation
is mentioned a number of times in the General Comment No. 14 on the Right to Health,
particularly in the context of the availability, quality and accessibility elements of the right to
(...) The Court
[T]he municipality of Córdoba adopt all of the measures necessary relative to the
functioning of the [facility], in order to minimise the environmental impact
caused by it, until a permanent solution can be attained with respect to its
functioning; and that the Provincial State assure the [plaintiffs] a provision of 200
daily litres of safe drinking water, until the appropriate public works be carried
out to ensure the full access to the public water service, as per decree 529/94.
2.2 Independent human right?
UNIVERSAL PERIODIC REVIEW : INFORMATION / PRESENTED BY THE EQUALITY AND HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION OF GREAT BRITAIN ; NOTE BY THE SECRETARIAT
The EHRC is persuaded that building more prisons
especially when this is accompanied by budget cuts across the public sector is not an
effective solution for the problem of overcrowding. Evidence indicates that
community solutions offer a more positive model to address re-offending for many
offenders and that prison may be better suited to the more serious offenders. (...) Jack Straw, in The
Times interview mentioned above, stressed the need for a "national conversation" on
the use of prison. (...) Integrating human rights into poverty reduction strategies
does not so much change "what" is to be done as to "how" and "why" activities are
undertaken so that the process itself becomes part of the solution.
17. The Child Poverty Commission's Terms of Reference should state that at least one
member be appointed that is experiencing, or has experienced socio-economic
disadvantage; or set out the opportunities that people experiencing socio-economic
disadvantage will have to participate in the work of the Commission, and how this
involvement and engagement will be facilitated.
VISIT TO IRAQ : REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE HUMAN RIGHTS OF INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS
The Special Rapporteur
acknowledges the remarkable work carried out by the above-mentioned organizations to
provide support for and assistance to internally displaced persons and returnees in Iraq.
5. (...) The authorities have argued that the above-mentioned restrictions on movement had
been imposed for the safety of internally displaced persons and communities. (...) The restrictions on freedom of movement that have been imposed on internally
displaced persons with a perceived affiliation to ISIL do not meet the above-mentioned
12 See also Human Rights Committee general comment No. 27 (1999) on freedom of movement.