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(3 pages) METP-WG-MOG-8_IP3 Model VAG and Model SVA.docx METEOROLOGY PANEL (METP) WORKING GROUP ON METEOROLOGICAL OPERATIONS GROUPS (WG-MOG) INTERNATIONAL AIRWAYS VOLCANO WATCH (IAVW) EIGHTH MEETING Wellington, New Zealand, 12 to 14 November 2018 Agenda Item 4: MOG (IAVW) work plan and activities 4.1: Progress reports from each activity MODEL VAG AND MODEL SVA (Presented by Greg Brock as the METP Member nominated by WMO) SUMMARY This information paper presents a brief overview of the progress made in response to WG-MOG/5 (IAVW) Action agreed 5/4 concerning the MODEL VAG and MODEL SVA used in Appendix 1 to ICAO Annex 3 – Meteorological Service for International Air Navigation and corresponding outcomes of the METP/4. (...) DISCUSSION 1.1 At the fifth meeting of the ICAO Meteorology Panel Working Group on Meteorological Operations Groups (METP WG-MOG/5) International Airways Volcano Watch (IAVW) work stream, held 12 to 14 June 2017 in Tokyo, Japan, the meeting formulated Action Agreed 5/4 as follows: Action Agreed 5/4 – Model VAG and Model SVA in Appendix 1 to Annex 3 That WMO be invited to: a) prepare, with the assistance of VAAC Wellington, by the 31 December 2017, revised MODEL VAG and MODEL SVA examples as per the specification shown at Appendix A to METP WG-MOG/5 (IAVW) – SN/6.; and METP WG-MOG/8 -IP/3 3/10/18 METP WG-MOG/8-IP/3 - 2 - b) upon the completion of a), submit a corresponding proposed amendment to Appendix 1 to Annex 3/WMO-No. 49, Technical Regulations, Volume II – Meteorological Service for International Air Navigation for review by the next meeting of the METP WG-MOG IAVW in view of its potential inclusion as part of Amendment 79 (2020). 1.2 This information paper presents a brief overview of the progress made in response to Action agreed 5/4 and the corresponding outcomes of the METP/4 held in September 2018. 2. DISCUSSION 2.1 METP WG-MOG/5 (IAVW) Action agreed 5/4 was a recognition by the working group that there was a need to overcome identified shortcomings in the existing MODEL VAG and MODEL SVA used in Appendix 1 to Annex 3, notably as they related to the map projections used, the depiction of polygons to describe the coverage of volcanic ash cloud(s), and cloud layers. 2.2 Since WMO is the custodian of (all) the model charts used in Appendix 1 to Annex 3, WMO was given the lead responsibility by WG-MOG to develop a maximum of two examples per MODEL VAG and MODEL SVA. 2.3 Recognizing that the next meeting of the WG-MOG (IAVW) [November 2018] was scheduled to take place only after the METP/4 meeting [September 2018], it was recommended by the Rapporteur of the WG-MOG that the follow-up to Action agreed 5/4 be completed through correspondence and subsequently reported directly to METP/4 in September 2018.
Language:English
Score: 824220.9 - https://www.icao.int/airnaviga...%20VAG%20and%20Model%20SVA.pdf
Data Source: un
The OpenLogicalChannel for enhancement layer 3 can only be sent after the OpenLogicalChannelAck has been received or sent for the logical channel used for enhancement layer 2. 4 . Possible Layering Models There are many possible methods for layering of the video and organization of the corresponding RTP sessions. (...) When the MC mak es the decision to strictly enforce QOS , it is called the ‘MC Decisi on’ model. These models are explained further below. 5 . 1 MC Impartial Model The MC Impartial model does not depend on the QOS capability set additions , and as such may allow for a simpler MC implementation . (...) In the above case, using the MC Decision model, the MC will then offer the endpoints the logical channels that correspond to the layers that match the endpoint’s capabilities.
Language:English
Score: 817131.64 - https://www.itu.int/wftp3/av-a...997-2000/9702_Bos/AVC-1125.doc
Data Source: un
This programme is executed by the OAS Department of Education and Culture in coordination with MiDE. c. Developing models of best practice to assist migrant women who are victims of violence in the border region of the United States of America and Mexico The project aims at identifying programmes, mechanisms and initiatives that support migrant women who are victims of violence in the border region of San Diego, United States, and Tijuana, Mexico, to compare and analyze their effectiveness, and to identify models of best practices. These practices will be integrated into a proposed model of assistance to migrant women who are victims of violence. The project intends to discuss and disseminate the proposed model and to help implement it. d. Training migration agencies in Central America on detecting human trafficking The goal of this project is to train migration agencies in selected Central American countries to identify, protect and assist victims of human trafficking.
Language:English
Score: 815476.07 - https://www.un.org/development.../files/200911_unpd_cm8_oas.pdf
Data Source: un
PowerPoint Presentation Correspondent banking The Caribbean Association of Banks has indicated that almost 60% of member institutions that it has interviewed report a loss of one or more correspondent banking relationships, and that, even in some cases where relationships have been maintained, key services, such as check clearance and wire transfers, have been discontinued. (...) • Technology is not yet mature • Privacy concerns are not yet resolved • Regulators are not yet engaged • Governance models are not yet in place • Monitoring capacity is not yet established • Integration with existing institutions and information systems has not yet occurred Regardless of whether value is transferred through a blockchain or through the traditional wire service, correspondent banks still have regulatory obligations with regard to AML/CFT, CDD, tax transparency, and economic sanction regimes. (...) But blockchains do present some opportunities… Blockchains can be used to… • Make monitoring easier A blockchain-based settlement network can offer tools to improve surveillance of transactions, which would enable better detection of illicit financial transfers and thereby decrease risk and associated compliance costs. • Cut out the middleman A blockchain-based network may eventually offer Caribbean banks the opportunity to bypass correspondent banks altogether. Blockchain-based options for bank clearance and settlement 1) The Open Model Use Bitcoin or another commodity-like digital currency – either directly, or by building on top of their public blockchain 2) The Permissioned Model Use blockchains operated by a restricted consortium of banks and other institutions 3) The Centralized Model Central Bank-issued Digital Currencies (CBDCs) Open blockchains • Bitcoin, Ethereum, DASH…… this is where innovation comes from. • But its also the Wild West. • Pseudonymous ≠ Private Permissioned blockchains • Restricted to a limited set of participating institutions – So how is governance to be managed?
Language:English
Score: 808493.65 - https://www.cepal.org/sites/de...frameworks-robert_williams.pdf
Data Source: un
The permissioned model ................................................................................................ 15 C. (...) The institution of Central Bank Issued Digital Currencies (CBDCs) For the purpose of this paper, we will refer to these, respectively, as the open model, the permissioned model, and the centralized model. (...) That said, of the three systems it is probably the one that would most directly address the concerns that have led to de-risking and the withdrawal of correspondent banking relationships. A. The open model While there are a large number of open digital currencies in the world today, Bitcoin was the first and remains the most dominant.
Language:English
Score: 801175 - https://www.cepal.org/sites/de...ased_settlement_frameworks.pdf
Data Source: un
Publications Sustainable Development Scenarios for Rio+20 - A Component of the SD21 project Année de publication: 2013 Éditeur: UN-DESA Rubriques Connexes Science Objectifs correspondants 17 Sustainable consumption and production Objectifs correspondants 12 Information for integrated Decision-Making and Participation Objectifs correspondants 16 Institutional Frameworks and international cooperation for Sustainable Development Objectifs correspondants 16 Description Description This report is the result of a collaborative effort of 49 global modellers and scenario analysts. It draws lessons from 40 years of global sustainable development scenarios based on 98 models, with a particular focus on the most recent scenarios, many of which have been created specifically for the UN Conference for Sustainable Development, informally referred to as “Rio+20”.
Language:English
Score: 800926 - https://sdgs.un.org/fr/node/17614
Data Source: un
Due to these improvements, the proposed model can still be efficient when memory compression unit is not equal to decompressible unit. (...) NEC offered a model to measure the memory bandwidth for evaluating the reference frame compression algorithms in TE2. (...) Certainly, for the frame compression algorithm with the same decompressiable unit and memory compression unit, the proposed model in this will have the same evaluation results with the model offered by NEC. 1 Model description 1.1 Overview The reference frame decompression, a reverse process of reference frame compression, transfers bit-stream stored in DDR SDRAM into pixel values.
Language:English
Score: 799169.1 - https://www.itu.int/wftp3/av-a..._10_C_Guangzhou/JCTVC-C072.doc
Data Source: un
However, institutional and regulatory factors have driven correspondent banks to reduce their exposure to risk. (...) Table of contents Introduction. -- I. Blockchain-based models for financial institutions. -- A. The open model. -- B. The permissioned model. -- C. The centralized model. -- II. Use of blockchains for settlement and clearing. -- III.
Language:English
Score: 797055.57 - https://www.cepal.org/en/publi...orks-resolution-threat-risking
Data Source: un
CHANNEL PROPORTION The CHANNEL PROPORTION parameter indicates the relative rate at which data is to be transmitted over the Channel corresponding to a given Header. This value is used in determining the allocation of data between Channels as defined by the Channel Reference Model. (...) For each Sample, the Channel Reference Model shall be incremented by one step. Each step of the Channel Reference Model results in a CHANNEL TAG. (...) For each step of the Channel Reference Model corresponding to one Sample, the Table also shows the effect of each of the four steps listed in Section REF _Ref372799094 \n 5.3.1.3 on the internal state variables.
Language:English
Score: 795640 - https://www.itu.int/wftp3/av-a...4-site/White%20H.MULTILINK.doc
Data Source: un
However, institutional and regulatory factors have driven correspondent banks to reduce their exposure to risk. (...) Table of contents Introduction. -- I. Blockchain-based models for financial institutions. -- A. The open model. -- B. The permissioned model. -- C. The centralized model. -- II. Use of blockchains for settlement and clearing. -- III.
Language:English
Score: 790168.75 - https://www.cepal.org/fr/node/42012
Data Source: un