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Atsuhiko Okano, General Manager, Human Resources Division & Global Human Resources Development Division, Human Resources & General Affairs Center, Yamaha Motor Co. Ltd. sign the partnership agreement between UNV and Yamaha Motor Company. (UNV Tokyo Liaison Office, 2016) Partnership with Yamaha Motor: First partnership for private sector in Japan 09 August 2016 Tokyo, Japan print Low quality, print optimized High quality, color print pdf On 28 June 2016, UNV concluded a partnership agreement with Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd. marking the first partnership in Japan between UNV and a private sector company. (...) Yamaha Motor stated that “Yamaha Motor is positioning this initiative to send an employee to UNV as not only making a contribution to international society, but also creating a platform in which globally-performing human resources can challenge themselves, and therefore plans to continue with this partnership.”
Language:English
Score: 948265 - https://www.unv.org/fr/node/15485
Data Source: un
Atsuhiko Okano, General Manager, Human Resources Division & Global Human Resources Development Division, Human Resources & General Affairs Center, Yamaha Motor Co. Ltd. sign the partnership agreement between UNV and Yamaha Motor Company. (UNV Tokyo Liaison Office, 2016) Partnership with Yamaha Motor: First partnership for private sector in Japan 09 August 2016 Tokyo, Japan print Low quality, print optimized High quality, color print pdf On 28 June 2016, UNV concluded a partnership agreement with Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd. marking the first partnership in Japan between UNV and a private sector company. (...) Yamaha Motor stated that “Yamaha Motor is positioning this initiative to send an employee to UNV as not only making a contribution to international society, but also creating a platform in which globally-performing human resources can challenge themselves, and therefore plans to continue with this partnership.”
Language:English
Score: 948265 - https://www.unv.org/index.php/es/node/15485
Data Source: un
Atsuhiko Okano, General Manager, Human Resources Division & Global Human Resources Development Division, Human Resources & General Affairs Center, Yamaha Motor Co. Ltd. sign the partnership agreement between UNV and Yamaha Motor Company. (UNV Tokyo Liaison Office, 2016) Partnership with Yamaha Motor: First partnership for private sector in Japan 09 August 2016 Tokyo, Japan print Low quality, print optimized High quality, color print pdf On 28 June 2016, UNV concluded a partnership agreement with Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd. marking the first partnership in Japan between UNV and a private sector company. (...) Yamaha Motor stated that “Yamaha Motor is positioning this initiative to send an employee to UNV as not only making a contribution to international society, but also creating a platform in which globally-performing human resources can challenge themselves, and therefore plans to continue with this partnership.”
Language:English
Score: 948265 - https://www.unv.org/index.php/fr/node/15485
Data Source: un
At the motor vehicle repair shop: Safety and health at the motor vehicle repair shop Skip to main content ILO Advancing social justice, promoting decent work ILO is a specialized agency of the United Nations français | español Countries Country data and ILO results Africa Americas Arab States Asia and the Pacific Europe and Central Asia Topics 2030 Development Agenda Apprenticeships Care Economy Child Labour Collective bargaining and labour relations Cooperatives COVID-19 Decent work Digital labour platforms Disability and work Domestic workers DW4SD Resource Platform Economic and social development Employment injury insurance and protection Employment Intensive Investment Employment promotion Employment security Equality and discrimination Fair recruitment Forced labour, human trafficking and slavery Freedom of association Future of work Gender equality Globalization Green jobs HIV and AIDS Indigenous and tribal peoples Informal economy Labour inspection and administration Labour law Labour migration Maritime Labour Convention Maternity protection Millennium Development Goals Multinational enterprises Non-standard forms of employment Poverty Rural economy Safety and health at work Skills, Knowledge and Employability Small and Medium Enterprises Social and Solidarity Economy Social dialogue and tripartism Social finance Social protection Supply chains Sustainable enterprises Violence and harassment Wages Working time and work organization Work, peace and resilience Youth employment Sectors Agriculture; plantations;other rural sectors Basic Metal Production Chemical industries Commerce Construction Education Financial services; professional services Food; drink; tobacco Forestry; wood; pulp and paper Health services Hotels; tourism; catering Mining (coal; other mining) Mechanical and electrical engineering Media; culture; graphical Oil and gas production; oil refining Postal and telecommunications services Public service Shipping; ports; fisheries; inland waterways Textiles; clothing; leather; footwear Transport (including civil aviation; railways; road transport) Transport equipment manufacturing Utilities (water; gas; electricity) Search: Search Menu Home About the ILO Newsroom Meetings and events Publications Research Labour standards Statistics and databases Contact Us Safety and health at work Areas of work National OSH Systems and Programmes OSH Management Systems Information and Knowledge Sharing Occupational Health Chemical Safety and the Environment Hazardous Work Radiation Protection Workplace health promotion and well-being Occupational Safety and Health Inspection Economic Aspects Gender and OSH Fundamental principle and right at work Normative instruments Code of Practice Policy documents Resource library Publications & technical tools Training materials Promotional materials Events & training Events & meetings World Congress on Safety and Health World Day for Safety and Health at Work Training courses Programmes & Projects Safety + Health for All Country profiles Africa Americas Arab States Asia and the Pacific Europe and Central Asia Sectors and industries ILO home Topics Safety and health at work Resource library Promotional materials Safety and health at the motor vehicle repair shop ... At the motor vehicle repair shop Safety and health at the motor vehicle repair shop The occupational safety and health fact sheets depict safe working practices related to specific hazards found on the farm, at motor vehicle repair shops and at the wood workshop. (...) Type: Brochure Date issued: 01 October 2015 Download: Safety and health at the motor vehicle repair shop pdf - 5.4 MB ● TYRE REPAIR ● FIRE AND EXPLOSIONS ● Working under VEHICLES/TRAILERS ● HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES Further information Resource lists Safety and health on the farm, at the motor vehicle repair shop and at the wood workshop Occupational safety and health in the mechanical and electrical engineering sector Occupational safety and health in the informal economy Tags: decent work, microenterprises, small enterprises, informal economy, motor vehicle industry, labour inspection, occupational safety and health, safety training Regions and countries covered: Global Tools This content is available in español français português tiếng Việt 中文 A A+ A++ Print Share this content in See also Video Safety and health at the motor vehicle repair shop Publications Safety and health on the farm [pdf 4554KB] Safety and health at the wood workshop [pdf 4990KB] © 1996-2022 International Labour Organization (ILO) | Copyright and permissions  | Privacy policy | Fraud alert | Disclaimer   Skip to top
Language:English
Score: 947772.1 - https://www.ilo.org/global/top...WCMS_409774/lang--en/index.htm
Data Source: un
Smallholders Data Portrait: Methodology and Data Description A data portrait of smallholder farmers: An introduction to a dataset on small-scale agriculture Farm size Income Labor Production Inputs Livestock Crop Market Input Market Technology Constraints Demographics Hectare weighted median Smaller farm Other farm Nationally Sub-Saharan Africa Ethiopia, 2012 % of households using motorized equipment 3.7 5.7 4.2 Sub-Saharan Africa Ethiopia, 2012 Irrigation (% of land) 2.3 1.1 2 Sub-Saharan Africa Ethiopia, 2012 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) 28 3 22 Sub-Saharan Africa Ethiopia, 2012 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 4 1.1 3.3 Sub-Saharan Africa Ethiopia, 2012 Seed per hectare (kg) 13 1 10 Sub-Saharan Africa Ethiopia, 2012 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 27 7 22 Sub-Saharan Africa Ghana, 2013 % of households using motorized equipment 30.4 53 35.1 Sub-Saharan Africa Ghana, 2013 Irrigation (% of land) Sub-Saharan Africa Ghana, 2013 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) Sub-Saharan Africa Ghana, 2013 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 29 19 27 Sub-Saharan Africa Ghana, 2013 Seed per hectare (kg) Sub-Saharan Africa Ghana, 2013 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 5 2.1 4.4 Sub-Saharan Africa Kenya, 2005 % of households using motorized equipment 2.9 8 3.8 Sub-Saharan Africa Kenya, 2005 Irrigation (% of land) 7 6 6 Sub-Saharan Africa Kenya, 2005 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) 76 56 72 Sub-Saharan Africa Kenya, 2005 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 104 69 98 Sub-Saharan Africa Kenya, 2005 Seed per hectare (kg) 33 27 32 Sub-Saharan Africa Kenya, 2005 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 65.9 40.4 61 Sub-Saharan Africa Malawi, 2011 % of households using motorized equipment 0.4 2.4 0.9 Sub-Saharan Africa Malawi, 2011 Irrigation (% of land) 1.5 2.7 1.8 Sub-Saharan Africa Malawi, 2011 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) 169 125 158 Sub-Saharan Africa Malawi, 2011 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 259 212 247 Sub-Saharan Africa Malawi, 2011 Seed per hectare (kg) 15 10 14 Sub-Saharan Africa Malawi, 2011 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 18 14 17 Sub-Saharan Africa Niger, 2011 % of households using motorized equipment 2.9 2.9 2.9 Sub-Saharan Africa Niger, 2011 Irrigation (% of land) 3.5 2.8 3.4 Sub-Saharan Africa Niger, 2011 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) 5.8 1.9 4.9 Sub-Saharan Africa Niger, 2011 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 8.5 1.8 7 Sub-Saharan Africa Niger, 2011 Seed per hectare (kg) 42 9.3 34.7 Sub-Saharan Africa Niger, 2011 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 11.8 2 9.6 Sub-Saharan Africa Nigeria, 2013 % of households using motorized equipment 16.2 8.3 15.3 Sub-Saharan Africa Nigeria, 2013 Irrigation (% of land) 2 2 2 Sub-Saharan Africa Nigeria, 2013 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) 347 47 310 Sub-Saharan Africa Nigeria, 2013 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 140 29 126 Sub-Saharan Africa Nigeria, 2013 Seed per hectare (kg) 1040 117 927 Sub-Saharan Africa Nigeria, 2013 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 217 29 194 Sub-Saharan Africa Uganda, 2012 % of households using motorized equipment 0.7 5.2 1.2 Sub-Saharan Africa Uganda, 2012 Irrigation (% of land) 0.7 0.2 0.7 Sub-Saharan Africa Uganda, 2012 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) 1.3 0.4 1.2 Sub-Saharan Africa Uganda, 2012 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 1.8 1.2 1.7 Sub-Saharan Africa Uganda, 2012 Seed per hectare (kg) 91 27 84 Sub-Saharan Africa Uganda, 2012 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 28 7 25 Sub-Saharan Africa United Republic of Tanzania, 2013 % of households using motorized equipment 1.4 10.4 2.9 Sub-Saharan Africa United Republic of Tanzania, 2013 Irrigation (% of land) 1.9 1.7 1.8 Sub-Saharan Africa United Republic of Tanzania, 2013 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) 39 8 34 Sub-Saharan Africa United Republic of Tanzania, 2013 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 33 13 29 Sub-Saharan Africa United Republic of Tanzania, 2013 Seed per hectare (kg) 80 23 70 Sub-Saharan Africa United Republic of Tanzania, 2013 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 25 8 22 Asia Bangladesh, 2005 % of households using motorized equipment 4 22 7 Asia Bangladesh, 2005 Irrigation (% of land) Asia Bangladesh, 2005 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) 140 94 133 Asia Bangladesh, 2005 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 92 64 87 Asia Bangladesh, 2005 Seed per hectare (kg) 48 37 47 Asia Bangladesh, 2005 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 47 30 45 Asia Cambodia, 2004 % of households using motorized equipment 94 98 95 Asia Cambodia, 2004 Irrigation (% of land) 34 30 34 Asia Cambodia, 2004 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) Asia Cambodia, 2004 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 20 4 18 Asia Cambodia, 2004 Seed per hectare (kg) Asia Cambodia, 2004 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 148 33 129 Asia Indonesia, 2000 % of households using motorized equipment 10 22 11 Asia Indonesia, 2000 Irrigation (% of land) Asia Indonesia, 2000 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) Asia Indonesia, 2000 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) Asia Indonesia, 2000 Seed per hectare (kg) Asia Indonesia, 2000 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) Asia Nepal, 2003 % of households using motorized equipment 1 3 1 Asia Nepal, 2003 Irrigation (% of land) 37 46 39 Asia Nepal, 2003 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) 142 111 135 Asia Nepal, 2003 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 121 91 115 Asia Nepal, 2003 Seed per hectare (kg) Asia Nepal, 2003 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 28 19 26 Asia Viet Nam, 2008 % of households using motorized equipment 11 24 12 Asia Viet Nam, 2008 Irrigation (% of land) 73 51 70 Asia Viet Nam, 2008 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) 1148 369 1058 Asia Viet Nam, 2008 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 961 393 895 Asia Viet Nam, 2008 Seed per hectare (kg) Asia Viet Nam, 2008 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 229 84 212 Latin America and the Caribbean Bolivia (Plurinational State of), 2005 % of households using motorized equipment Latin America and the Caribbean Bolivia (Plurinational State of), 2005 Irrigation (% of land) Latin America and the Caribbean Bolivia (Plurinational State of), 2005 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) Latin America and the Caribbean Bolivia (Plurinational State of), 2005 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 28 4 27 Latin America and the Caribbean Bolivia (Plurinational State of), 2005 Seed per hectare (kg) Latin America and the Caribbean Bolivia (Plurinational State of), 2005 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 89 9 83 Latin America and the Caribbean Guatemala, 2006 % of households using motorized equipment 43 67 47 Latin America and the Caribbean Guatemala, 2006 Irrigation (% of land) Latin America and the Caribbean Guatemala, 2006 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) Latin America and the Caribbean Guatemala, 2006 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 218 75 192 Latin America and the Caribbean Guatemala, 2006 Seed per hectare (kg) Latin America and the Caribbean Guatemala, 2006 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 32 7 27 Latin America and the Caribbean Nicaragua, 2005 % of households using motorized equipment 43 75 44 Latin America and the Caribbean Nicaragua, 2005 Irrigation (% of land) 0.5 0.2 0.5 Latin America and the Caribbean Nicaragua, 2005 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) Latin America and the Caribbean Nicaragua, 2005 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 40 6 39 Latin America and the Caribbean Nicaragua, 2005 Seed per hectare (kg) Latin America and the Caribbean Nicaragua, 2005 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 14 1 13 Latin America and the Caribbean Panama, 2003 % of households using motorized equipment 6 8 6 Latin America and the Caribbean Panama, 2003 Irrigation (% of land) Latin America and the Caribbean Panama, 2003 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) Latin America and the Caribbean Panama, 2003 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 43 4 42 Latin America and the Caribbean Panama, 2003 Seed per hectare (kg) Latin America and the Caribbean Panama, 2003 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 8 2 7 Europe & Central Asia Albania, 2005 % of households using motorized equipment 11.1 22.6 14 Europe & Central Asia Albania, 2005 Irrigation (% of land) 48.9 30.1 44.1 Europe & Central Asia Albania, 2005 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) Europe & Central Asia Albania, 2005 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 174.1 84.2 150.8 Europe & Central Asia Albania, 2005 Seed per hectare (kg) Europe & Central Asia Albania, 2005 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 149.8 63.9 127.5 Europe & Central Asia Tajikistan, 2007 % of households using motorized equipment 2.5 13.1 3.4 Europe & Central Asia Tajikistan, 2007 Irrigation (% of land) 83 59 81 Europe & Central Asia Tajikistan, 2007 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) 258 477 277 Europe & Central Asia Tajikistan, 2007 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 211 330 221 Europe & Central Asia Tajikistan, 2007 Seed per hectare (kg) 297 756 337 Europe & Central Asia Tajikistan, 2007 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 242 475 263 Notes: % of households using motorized equipment Irrigation (% of land) Fertilizer per hectare (kg) Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) Seed per hectare (kg) Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) Save data...
Language:English
Score: 947208 - https://www.fao.org/family-far...ources/dataportrait/inputs/es/
Data Source: un
Smallholders Data Portrait: Methodology and Data Description A data portrait of smallholder farmers: An introduction to a dataset on small-scale agriculture Farm size Income Labor Production Inputs Livestock Crop Market Input Market Technology Constraints Demographics Hectare weighted median Smaller farm Other farm Nationally Sub-Saharan Africa Ethiopia, 2012 % of households using motorized equipment 3.7 5.7 4.2 Sub-Saharan Africa Ethiopia, 2012 Irrigation (% of land) 2.3 1.1 2 Sub-Saharan Africa Ethiopia, 2012 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) 28 3 22 Sub-Saharan Africa Ethiopia, 2012 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 4 1.1 3.3 Sub-Saharan Africa Ethiopia, 2012 Seed per hectare (kg) 13 1 10 Sub-Saharan Africa Ethiopia, 2012 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 27 7 22 Sub-Saharan Africa Ghana, 2013 % of households using motorized equipment 30.4 53 35.1 Sub-Saharan Africa Ghana, 2013 Irrigation (% of land) Sub-Saharan Africa Ghana, 2013 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) Sub-Saharan Africa Ghana, 2013 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 29 19 27 Sub-Saharan Africa Ghana, 2013 Seed per hectare (kg) Sub-Saharan Africa Ghana, 2013 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 5 2.1 4.4 Sub-Saharan Africa Kenya, 2005 % of households using motorized equipment 2.9 8 3.8 Sub-Saharan Africa Kenya, 2005 Irrigation (% of land) 7 6 6 Sub-Saharan Africa Kenya, 2005 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) 76 56 72 Sub-Saharan Africa Kenya, 2005 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 104 69 98 Sub-Saharan Africa Kenya, 2005 Seed per hectare (kg) 33 27 32 Sub-Saharan Africa Kenya, 2005 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 65.9 40.4 61 Sub-Saharan Africa Malawi, 2011 % of households using motorized equipment 0.4 2.4 0.9 Sub-Saharan Africa Malawi, 2011 Irrigation (% of land) 1.5 2.7 1.8 Sub-Saharan Africa Malawi, 2011 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) 169 125 158 Sub-Saharan Africa Malawi, 2011 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 259 212 247 Sub-Saharan Africa Malawi, 2011 Seed per hectare (kg) 15 10 14 Sub-Saharan Africa Malawi, 2011 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 18 14 17 Sub-Saharan Africa Niger, 2011 % of households using motorized equipment 2.9 2.9 2.9 Sub-Saharan Africa Niger, 2011 Irrigation (% of land) 3.5 2.8 3.4 Sub-Saharan Africa Niger, 2011 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) 5.8 1.9 4.9 Sub-Saharan Africa Niger, 2011 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 8.5 1.8 7 Sub-Saharan Africa Niger, 2011 Seed per hectare (kg) 42 9.3 34.7 Sub-Saharan Africa Niger, 2011 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 11.8 2 9.6 Sub-Saharan Africa Nigeria, 2013 % of households using motorized equipment 16.2 8.3 15.3 Sub-Saharan Africa Nigeria, 2013 Irrigation (% of land) 2 2 2 Sub-Saharan Africa Nigeria, 2013 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) 347 47 310 Sub-Saharan Africa Nigeria, 2013 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 140 29 126 Sub-Saharan Africa Nigeria, 2013 Seed per hectare (kg) 1040 117 927 Sub-Saharan Africa Nigeria, 2013 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 217 29 194 Sub-Saharan Africa Uganda, 2012 % of households using motorized equipment 0.7 5.2 1.2 Sub-Saharan Africa Uganda, 2012 Irrigation (% of land) 0.7 0.2 0.7 Sub-Saharan Africa Uganda, 2012 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) 1.3 0.4 1.2 Sub-Saharan Africa Uganda, 2012 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 1.8 1.2 1.7 Sub-Saharan Africa Uganda, 2012 Seed per hectare (kg) 91 27 84 Sub-Saharan Africa Uganda, 2012 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 28 7 25 Sub-Saharan Africa United Republic of Tanzania, 2013 % of households using motorized equipment 1.4 10.4 2.9 Sub-Saharan Africa United Republic of Tanzania, 2013 Irrigation (% of land) 1.9 1.7 1.8 Sub-Saharan Africa United Republic of Tanzania, 2013 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) 39 8 34 Sub-Saharan Africa United Republic of Tanzania, 2013 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 33 13 29 Sub-Saharan Africa United Republic of Tanzania, 2013 Seed per hectare (kg) 80 23 70 Sub-Saharan Africa United Republic of Tanzania, 2013 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 25 8 22 Asia Bangladesh, 2005 % of households using motorized equipment 4 22 7 Asia Bangladesh, 2005 Irrigation (% of land) Asia Bangladesh, 2005 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) 140 94 133 Asia Bangladesh, 2005 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 92 64 87 Asia Bangladesh, 2005 Seed per hectare (kg) 48 37 47 Asia Bangladesh, 2005 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 47 30 45 Asia Cambodia, 2004 % of households using motorized equipment 94 98 95 Asia Cambodia, 2004 Irrigation (% of land) 34 30 34 Asia Cambodia, 2004 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) Asia Cambodia, 2004 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 20 4 18 Asia Cambodia, 2004 Seed per hectare (kg) Asia Cambodia, 2004 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 148 33 129 Asia Indonesia, 2000 % of households using motorized equipment 10 22 11 Asia Indonesia, 2000 Irrigation (% of land) Asia Indonesia, 2000 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) Asia Indonesia, 2000 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) Asia Indonesia, 2000 Seed per hectare (kg) Asia Indonesia, 2000 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) Asia Nepal, 2003 % of households using motorized equipment 1 3 1 Asia Nepal, 2003 Irrigation (% of land) 37 46 39 Asia Nepal, 2003 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) 142 111 135 Asia Nepal, 2003 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 121 91 115 Asia Nepal, 2003 Seed per hectare (kg) Asia Nepal, 2003 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 28 19 26 Asia Viet Nam, 2008 % of households using motorized equipment 11 24 12 Asia Viet Nam, 2008 Irrigation (% of land) 73 51 70 Asia Viet Nam, 2008 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) 1148 369 1058 Asia Viet Nam, 2008 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 961 393 895 Asia Viet Nam, 2008 Seed per hectare (kg) Asia Viet Nam, 2008 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 229 84 212 Latin America and the Caribbean Bolivia (Plurinational State of), 2005 % of households using motorized equipment Latin America and the Caribbean Bolivia (Plurinational State of), 2005 Irrigation (% of land) Latin America and the Caribbean Bolivia (Plurinational State of), 2005 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) Latin America and the Caribbean Bolivia (Plurinational State of), 2005 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 28 4 27 Latin America and the Caribbean Bolivia (Plurinational State of), 2005 Seed per hectare (kg) Latin America and the Caribbean Bolivia (Plurinational State of), 2005 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 89 9 83 Latin America and the Caribbean Guatemala, 2006 % of households using motorized equipment 43 67 47 Latin America and the Caribbean Guatemala, 2006 Irrigation (% of land) Latin America and the Caribbean Guatemala, 2006 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) Latin America and the Caribbean Guatemala, 2006 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 218 75 192 Latin America and the Caribbean Guatemala, 2006 Seed per hectare (kg) Latin America and the Caribbean Guatemala, 2006 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 32 7 27 Latin America and the Caribbean Nicaragua, 2005 % of households using motorized equipment 43 75 44 Latin America and the Caribbean Nicaragua, 2005 Irrigation (% of land) 0.5 0.2 0.5 Latin America and the Caribbean Nicaragua, 2005 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) Latin America and the Caribbean Nicaragua, 2005 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 40 6 39 Latin America and the Caribbean Nicaragua, 2005 Seed per hectare (kg) Latin America and the Caribbean Nicaragua, 2005 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 14 1 13 Latin America and the Caribbean Panama, 2003 % of households using motorized equipment 6 8 6 Latin America and the Caribbean Panama, 2003 Irrigation (% of land) Latin America and the Caribbean Panama, 2003 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) Latin America and the Caribbean Panama, 2003 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 43 4 42 Latin America and the Caribbean Panama, 2003 Seed per hectare (kg) Latin America and the Caribbean Panama, 2003 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 8 2 7 Europe & Central Asia Albania, 2005 % of households using motorized equipment 11.1 22.6 14 Europe & Central Asia Albania, 2005 Irrigation (% of land) 48.9 30.1 44.1 Europe & Central Asia Albania, 2005 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) Europe & Central Asia Albania, 2005 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 174.1 84.2 150.8 Europe & Central Asia Albania, 2005 Seed per hectare (kg) Europe & Central Asia Albania, 2005 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 149.8 63.9 127.5 Europe & Central Asia Tajikistan, 2007 % of households using motorized equipment 2.5 13.1 3.4 Europe & Central Asia Tajikistan, 2007 Irrigation (% of land) 83 59 81 Europe & Central Asia Tajikistan, 2007 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) 258 477 277 Europe & Central Asia Tajikistan, 2007 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 211 330 221 Europe & Central Asia Tajikistan, 2007 Seed per hectare (kg) 297 756 337 Europe & Central Asia Tajikistan, 2007 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 242 475 263 Notes: % of households using motorized equipment Irrigation (% of land) Fertilizer per hectare (kg) Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) Seed per hectare (kg) Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) Save data...
Language:English
Score: 947208 - https://www.fao.org/family-far...ources/dataportrait/inputs/fr/
Data Source: un
Smallholders Data Portrait: Methodology and Data Description A data portrait of smallholder farmers: An introduction to a dataset on small-scale agriculture Farm size Income Labor Production Inputs Livestock Crop Market Input Market Technology Constraints Demographics Hectare weighted median Smaller farm Other farm Nationally Sub-Saharan Africa Ethiopia, 2012 % of households using motorized equipment 3.7 5.7 4.2 Sub-Saharan Africa Ethiopia, 2012 Irrigation (% of land) 2.3 1.1 2 Sub-Saharan Africa Ethiopia, 2012 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) 28 3 22 Sub-Saharan Africa Ethiopia, 2012 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 4 1.1 3.3 Sub-Saharan Africa Ethiopia, 2012 Seed per hectare (kg) 13 1 10 Sub-Saharan Africa Ethiopia, 2012 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 27 7 22 Sub-Saharan Africa Ghana, 2013 % of households using motorized equipment 30.4 53 35.1 Sub-Saharan Africa Ghana, 2013 Irrigation (% of land) Sub-Saharan Africa Ghana, 2013 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) Sub-Saharan Africa Ghana, 2013 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 29 19 27 Sub-Saharan Africa Ghana, 2013 Seed per hectare (kg) Sub-Saharan Africa Ghana, 2013 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 5 2.1 4.4 Sub-Saharan Africa Kenya, 2005 % of households using motorized equipment 2.9 8 3.8 Sub-Saharan Africa Kenya, 2005 Irrigation (% of land) 7 6 6 Sub-Saharan Africa Kenya, 2005 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) 76 56 72 Sub-Saharan Africa Kenya, 2005 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 104 69 98 Sub-Saharan Africa Kenya, 2005 Seed per hectare (kg) 33 27 32 Sub-Saharan Africa Kenya, 2005 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 65.9 40.4 61 Sub-Saharan Africa Malawi, 2011 % of households using motorized equipment 0.4 2.4 0.9 Sub-Saharan Africa Malawi, 2011 Irrigation (% of land) 1.5 2.7 1.8 Sub-Saharan Africa Malawi, 2011 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) 169 125 158 Sub-Saharan Africa Malawi, 2011 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 259 212 247 Sub-Saharan Africa Malawi, 2011 Seed per hectare (kg) 15 10 14 Sub-Saharan Africa Malawi, 2011 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 18 14 17 Sub-Saharan Africa Niger, 2011 % of households using motorized equipment 2.9 2.9 2.9 Sub-Saharan Africa Niger, 2011 Irrigation (% of land) 3.5 2.8 3.4 Sub-Saharan Africa Niger, 2011 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) 5.8 1.9 4.9 Sub-Saharan Africa Niger, 2011 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 8.5 1.8 7 Sub-Saharan Africa Niger, 2011 Seed per hectare (kg) 42 9.3 34.7 Sub-Saharan Africa Niger, 2011 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 11.8 2 9.6 Sub-Saharan Africa Nigeria, 2013 % of households using motorized equipment 16.2 8.3 15.3 Sub-Saharan Africa Nigeria, 2013 Irrigation (% of land) 2 2 2 Sub-Saharan Africa Nigeria, 2013 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) 347 47 310 Sub-Saharan Africa Nigeria, 2013 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 140 29 126 Sub-Saharan Africa Nigeria, 2013 Seed per hectare (kg) 1040 117 927 Sub-Saharan Africa Nigeria, 2013 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 217 29 194 Sub-Saharan Africa Uganda, 2012 % of households using motorized equipment 0.7 5.2 1.2 Sub-Saharan Africa Uganda, 2012 Irrigation (% of land) 0.7 0.2 0.7 Sub-Saharan Africa Uganda, 2012 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) 1.3 0.4 1.2 Sub-Saharan Africa Uganda, 2012 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 1.8 1.2 1.7 Sub-Saharan Africa Uganda, 2012 Seed per hectare (kg) 91 27 84 Sub-Saharan Africa Uganda, 2012 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 28 7 25 Sub-Saharan Africa United Republic of Tanzania, 2013 % of households using motorized equipment 1.4 10.4 2.9 Sub-Saharan Africa United Republic of Tanzania, 2013 Irrigation (% of land) 1.9 1.7 1.8 Sub-Saharan Africa United Republic of Tanzania, 2013 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) 39 8 34 Sub-Saharan Africa United Republic of Tanzania, 2013 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 33 13 29 Sub-Saharan Africa United Republic of Tanzania, 2013 Seed per hectare (kg) 80 23 70 Sub-Saharan Africa United Republic of Tanzania, 2013 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 25 8 22 Asia Bangladesh, 2005 % of households using motorized equipment 4 22 7 Asia Bangladesh, 2005 Irrigation (% of land) Asia Bangladesh, 2005 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) 140 94 133 Asia Bangladesh, 2005 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 92 64 87 Asia Bangladesh, 2005 Seed per hectare (kg) 48 37 47 Asia Bangladesh, 2005 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 47 30 45 Asia Cambodia, 2004 % of households using motorized equipment 94 98 95 Asia Cambodia, 2004 Irrigation (% of land) 34 30 34 Asia Cambodia, 2004 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) Asia Cambodia, 2004 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 20 4 18 Asia Cambodia, 2004 Seed per hectare (kg) Asia Cambodia, 2004 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 148 33 129 Asia Indonesia, 2000 % of households using motorized equipment 10 22 11 Asia Indonesia, 2000 Irrigation (% of land) Asia Indonesia, 2000 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) Asia Indonesia, 2000 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) Asia Indonesia, 2000 Seed per hectare (kg) Asia Indonesia, 2000 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) Asia Nepal, 2003 % of households using motorized equipment 1 3 1 Asia Nepal, 2003 Irrigation (% of land) 37 46 39 Asia Nepal, 2003 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) 142 111 135 Asia Nepal, 2003 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 121 91 115 Asia Nepal, 2003 Seed per hectare (kg) Asia Nepal, 2003 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 28 19 26 Asia Viet Nam, 2008 % of households using motorized equipment 11 24 12 Asia Viet Nam, 2008 Irrigation (% of land) 73 51 70 Asia Viet Nam, 2008 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) 1148 369 1058 Asia Viet Nam, 2008 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 961 393 895 Asia Viet Nam, 2008 Seed per hectare (kg) Asia Viet Nam, 2008 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 229 84 212 Latin America and the Caribbean Bolivia (Plurinational State of), 2005 % of households using motorized equipment Latin America and the Caribbean Bolivia (Plurinational State of), 2005 Irrigation (% of land) Latin America and the Caribbean Bolivia (Plurinational State of), 2005 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) Latin America and the Caribbean Bolivia (Plurinational State of), 2005 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 28 4 27 Latin America and the Caribbean Bolivia (Plurinational State of), 2005 Seed per hectare (kg) Latin America and the Caribbean Bolivia (Plurinational State of), 2005 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 89 9 83 Latin America and the Caribbean Guatemala, 2006 % of households using motorized equipment 43 67 47 Latin America and the Caribbean Guatemala, 2006 Irrigation (% of land) Latin America and the Caribbean Guatemala, 2006 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) Latin America and the Caribbean Guatemala, 2006 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 218 75 192 Latin America and the Caribbean Guatemala, 2006 Seed per hectare (kg) Latin America and the Caribbean Guatemala, 2006 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 32 7 27 Latin America and the Caribbean Nicaragua, 2005 % of households using motorized equipment 43 75 44 Latin America and the Caribbean Nicaragua, 2005 Irrigation (% of land) 0.5 0.2 0.5 Latin America and the Caribbean Nicaragua, 2005 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) Latin America and the Caribbean Nicaragua, 2005 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 40 6 39 Latin America and the Caribbean Nicaragua, 2005 Seed per hectare (kg) Latin America and the Caribbean Nicaragua, 2005 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 14 1 13 Latin America and the Caribbean Panama, 2003 % of households using motorized equipment 6 8 6 Latin America and the Caribbean Panama, 2003 Irrigation (% of land) Latin America and the Caribbean Panama, 2003 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) Latin America and the Caribbean Panama, 2003 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 43 4 42 Latin America and the Caribbean Panama, 2003 Seed per hectare (kg) Latin America and the Caribbean Panama, 2003 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 8 2 7 Europe & Central Asia Albania, 2005 % of households using motorized equipment 11.1 22.6 14 Europe & Central Asia Albania, 2005 Irrigation (% of land) 48.9 30.1 44.1 Europe & Central Asia Albania, 2005 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) Europe & Central Asia Albania, 2005 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 174.1 84.2 150.8 Europe & Central Asia Albania, 2005 Seed per hectare (kg) Europe & Central Asia Albania, 2005 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 149.8 63.9 127.5 Europe & Central Asia Tajikistan, 2007 % of households using motorized equipment 2.5 13.1 3.4 Europe & Central Asia Tajikistan, 2007 Irrigation (% of land) 83 59 81 Europe & Central Asia Tajikistan, 2007 Fertilizer per hectare (kg) 258 477 277 Europe & Central Asia Tajikistan, 2007 Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 211 330 221 Europe & Central Asia Tajikistan, 2007 Seed per hectare (kg) 297 756 337 Europe & Central Asia Tajikistan, 2007 Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) 242 475 263 Notes: % of households using motorized equipment Irrigation (% of land) Fertilizer per hectare (kg) Fertilizer per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) Seed per hectare (kg) Seed per hectare (const. 2009 Int. $) Save data...
Language:English
Score: 947208 - https://www.fao.org/family-far...ources/dataportrait/inputs/en/
Data Source: un
APSC TELEMOV Committed to connecting the world Search for: ITU General Secretariat Radiocommunication Standardization About ITU-T Events All Groups Standards Resources BSG Study Groups Regional Presence Join ITU-T Development ITU Telecom Members' Zone Join ITU You are here ITU > Home > ITU-T > APSC TELEMOV Share APSC TELEMOV Page Content Advisory Panel for Standards Cooperation on Telecommunications related to Motor Vehicles (APSC TELEMOV) About APSC Advisory standards cooperation panel (Advisory Panel for Standards Cooperation on Telecommunications related to Motor Vehicles - APSC TELEMOV) was created as a result of the Workshop on Standardization in Telecommunication for Motor Vehicles and intended as a cooperation group on all aspects of standardization related to telecommunications within and for motor vehicles. (...) Further details are contained in TSB Circular 225 . [ more... ] Topics Who is involved Subject Areas Technologies Special Actions The Fully Networked Car Workshop - Workshop on ICTs in Motor Vehicles (3-5 March 2009) Focus Group CarCom Standards Documents News Participation in the GSC ITS Task force APSC TELEMOV participated in ITS Workshop at Geneva Motor Show March 2008 The Fully Networked Car Workshop (5-7 March 2008) Past actions: APSC TELEMOV participates in ITS Workshop and Exhibition at Geneva Motor Show March 2007 The Fully Networked Car Exhibition (8-18 March 2007) Meetings and Events Next Meeting Previous meetings Conf. call 18 March 2008 7th APSC meeting Geneva, 6 March 2008 6th APSC meeting Geneva, 31 January 2008 5th APSC meeting Geneva, 25 September 2007 All Meetings Contact Ms.
Language:English
Score: 946857.9 - https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-T/apsc/Pages/default.aspx
Data Source: un
Trade openness and structural change in the Brazilian motor industry | Publication | Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe Aller au contenu principal United Nations COVID-19 Español English Português Menu principal Available in English Trade openness and structural change in the Brazilian motor industry Comercio internacional e integración Desarrollo económico Desarrollo Social Décembre 1997 | Publicaciones periódicas, revistas y boletines » Revista CEPAL Trade openness and structural change in the Brazilian motor industry Auteur: Carvalho, Ruy de Quadros - Costa, Ionara - Consoni, Flávia Luciane - Costa, Janaína Pamplona da - Queiroz, Sérgio Robles Reis de Physical Description: p. 115-128 Date: Décembre 1997 ECLAC symbol: LC/G.1986-P View publication Téléchargement pdf Description This article aims to classify and analyze the efforts at structural change made in the Brazilian motor industry between 1990 and 1996, seeking to relate them with the economic policy measures which had most impact on the sector. (...) A series of changes relating to the new international linkages of the Brazilian motor industry are then analyzed, since as a result of greater trade openness there has been a significant increase in the coefficients of importation of parts and components or finished vehicles. Finally, an analysis is also made of some aspects of the Motor Industry Regime, whose adoption has had repercussions on the external linkages of the motor industry not only in the short term, by establishing import barriers, but also in the long term, by bringing it home to the big firms in the sector that they must make investments to expand local production and maintain higher levels of competitiveness.
Language:English
Score: 946220.9 - https://www.cepal.org/fr/node/28050
Data Source: un
Москвы с запретом въезда в нее грузовых автомобилей < EURO2; • Широкое использование КПГ на ОПТ; • Развитие системы массового транспорта (метро, легкое метро); • Обновление подвижного состава ОПТ; • Качество моторного топлива; • Обсуждение проектов приоритетных полос ОПТ. 16 Опыт Москвы в повышении устойчивости городского транспорта: легкое метро 17 Опыт Москвы: обновление автобусного парка Современные автобусы Автобусы с газовым двигателем 18 Технические аспекты обеспечения устойчивости городского транспорта • Обновление транспортного парка; • Совершенствование конструкции транспортных средств, поступающих в эксплуатацию; • Улучшение технической эксплуатации транспортных средств; • Улучшение качества моторных топлив; • Улучшение подготовки водителей и персонала предприятий. 19 Motor fleet structure by age in CIS countries (cars),%Motor fleet structure by age in CIS countries (cars),% 0-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 > 20 Uzbekistan 11.0 13.0 22.0 26.0 28.0 Russia 21.6 27.7 50.7 Turkmenistan n/d n/d n/d n/d n/d Moldova 8.9 10.8 25.8 27.5 27.0 Kazakhstan n/d n/d n/d n/d n/d Kyrgyzstan (all motor vehicles) 1.6 6.3 21.4 70.7 Georgia 4.4 12.2 26.3 24.6 32.5 Azerbaijan 15.8 26.2 58.0 Armenia n/d n/d n/d n/d n/d Country Age n/d - no data 20 Motor fleet structure by age in CIS countries (buses),%Motor fleet structure by age in CIS countries (buses),% 0-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 > 20 Uzbekistan 11.0 13.0 22.0 26.0 28.0 Russia 26.2 26.8 47.0 Turkmenistan n/d n/d n/d n/d n/d Moldova 2.8 9.0 25.9 37.1 25.2 Kazakhstan n/d n/d n/d n/d n/d Kyrgyzstan (all motor vehicles) 1.6 6.3 21.4 70.7 Georgia 2.3 1.2 38.4 36.0 22.1 Azerbaijan 11.8 20.0 68.2 Armenia n/d n/d n/d n/d n/d Country Age n/d - no data 21 Motor fleet structure by age in CIS countries Motor fleet structure by age in CIS countries (trucks and light duty),%(trucks and light duty),% 0-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 > 20 Uzbekistan 2.1 7.6 26.3 64.0 Russia 14.0 23.5 62.5 Turkmenistan n/d n/d n/d n/d n/d Moldova 3.8 18.1 22.1 29.7 26.3 Kazakhstan n/d n/d n/d n/d n/d Kyrgyzstan (all motor vehicles) 1.6 6.3 21.4 70.7 Georgia 2.2 9.2 18.1 43.3 27.2 Azerbaijan 7.7 15.3 77.0 Armenia n/d n/d n/d n/d n/d Country Age n/d - no data 22 Age structure of the Russian car fleetAge structure of the Russian car fleet 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 <5 years 5 to 10 years >10 years 23 Motor vehicle production in the CISMotor vehicle production in the CIS Country Production in 2007 Plans for 2008 Production capacities to be introduced in 2009-2010 Brand Russia 1169904 1478280 (+26,3%) 820 000 Lada, Chevrolet, GAZ, VAZ, KIA, VW, Ford, Skoda, Opel, Toyota, Renault, Fiat, Hyndai, Ssang Yong, Great Wall, Geely, FAW, Chery Ukraine 386070 518600 (+34,3%) ZAZ, Daewoo, Lada, Opel, Chery, Chevrolet, KIA, Hyndai, Great Wall, VW, Skoda, Seat Belarus 232 2000 (8,6 times) Iran Knodro Uzbekistan 170 000 200 000 (+17,6%) 30 000 Daewoo Kazakhstan 6311 8500 (+34,7%) Lada, Skoda, Chevrolet Azerbaijan n/d n/d Total: 1732517 2207380 (+27,4%) 850 000 n/d - no data 24 Motor vehicle industry in CIS countriesMotor vehicle industry in CIS countries 25 Improvement of vehicle fleets’ environmental performance across CIS MeasuresMeasures RussiaRussia UzbekistanUzbekistan TurkmenistanTurkmenistan Ban on production and import of vehicles not complying with EURO requirements from 01.01.06 ≥ EURO-2 from 01.01.08 ≥ EURO-3 from 01.01.10 ≥ EURO-4 from 2014 ≥ EURO-5 (cars) from 01.03.07 ≥ EURO-2 from 01.01.10 ≥ EURO-3 (import only) - Ban on sale of the new cars without catalytic converters from 01.01.06 - - Availability of emission standards for: • new motor vehicles (produced and imported) UN ECE Requirements UN ECE Requirements • vehicles in operation New national standards harmonized with EU Directive Russian standards (previous version) Russian standards (previous version) Mandatory environmental technical inspection + + + Tax differentiation - - - Subsidies - - - Programmes for vehicle fleet modification + + planned Ban on access of motor vehicles not complying with EURO requirements to city centres + - - Renewal of bus fleet with EURO-2+ vehicles + + + Programmes for transfer to CNG and other alternative fuels + no data planned 26 Improvement of vehicle fleets’ environmental performance across CIS Measures Moldova Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Ban on production and import of vehicles not complying with EURO requirements Age restrictions for imported vehicles: • cars ≤7 years • trucks ≤ 10 years from 01.01.09 ≥ EURO-2 from 01.01.11 ≥ EURO-3 from 01.01.14 ≥ EURO-4 Age restrictions for imported vehicles under consideration Ban on sale of the new cars without catalytic converters - - - Availability of emission standards for: • new motor vehicles (produced and imported) - - - • vehicles in operation Russian standards (previous version) Russian standards (previous version) Russian standards (previous version) Mandatory environmental technical inspection + + + Tax differentiation - - - Subsidies - - - Programmes for vehicle fleet modification - no data - Ban on access of motor vehicles not complying with EURO requirements to city centres - - - Renewal of bus fleet with EURO-2+ vehicles - no data - Programmes for transfer to CNG and other alternative fuels + no data - 27 Improvement of vehicle fleets’ environmental performance across CIS Measures Georgia Azerbaijan Armenia Ban on production and import of vehicles not complying with EURO requirements no data Decree on age restrictions for imported vehicles is being prepared Ban on import of motor vehicles without catalytic converters since 01.01.07 Maximum permitted age of small buses and taxis is 15 years Ban on sale of the new cars without catalytic converters no data - - Availability of emission standards for: • new motor vehicles (produced and imported) - - - • vehicles in operation - Russian standards (previous version) no data Mandatory environmental technical inspection - + + Tax differentiation - - + Subsidies - - - Programmes for vehicle fleet modification - - - Ban on access of motor vehicles not complying with EURO requirements to city centres - - - Renewal of bus fleet with EURO-2+ vehicles - - - Programmes for transfer to CNG and other alternative fuels - no data planned 28 Environmental, healthEnvironmental, health--related and economical impacts of fuel qualityrelated and economical impacts of fuel quality Fuel quality (S, Pb, Mn, Fe, RVP, T5O …) Efficiency of the engine and emission reduction systems Additional costs of engine and emissions reduction systems maintenance Negative environmental and health effects S, S, MnMn. (...) It is estimated that leaded petrol will be in the country’s fuel market at least until 2009. 30 Schedule of introduction of environmental Schedule of introduction of environmental requirements to motor vehicles and fuels in Russiarequirements to motor vehicles and fuels in Russia Year of introduction Vehicle emissions Petrol Diesel fuelRequirements Western Europe Russia Western Europe Russia Western Europe Russia EURO-2 1996 2006 1994-1995(EN 228:1993) 1997 (GOST R 51105) с 01.1996 EN-590:1996 - EURO-3 2000 2008 2000(EN 228:1999) 2002 (GOST R 51866) 2000 EN-590:1999 2005 ГОСТ Р 52368 EURO-4 2005 2010 2005(EN 228:2004) 2005 ( TU 38.401-58- 350-2005) 2005 EN-590:2004 2005 ГОСТ Р 52368 31 Schedule of introduction of environmental requirements to motor vehicles and fuels in Russia 2010 20142006 Euro-3 Euro-4 Euro-2 FuelFuel VehiclesVehicles Euro-2 Euro-3 Euro-4 Euro-5 2008 2009 2012 32 Russian car fleet structure by environmental class 50% 55% 60% 65% 70% 75% 80% 85% 90% 95% 100% 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 EURO - 0 EURO - 1 EURO - 2 EURO - 3+ 33 Russian truck fleet structure by environmental class 50% 55% 60% 65% 70% 75% 80% 85% 90% 95% 100% 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 EURO - 0 EURO - 1 EURO - 2 EURO - 3+ 34 Russian bus fleet structure by environmental Russian bus fleet structure by environmental classclass ((20062006)) EURO - 0 68% EURO - 2 13% EURO 3+ 2% EURO - 1 17% EURO - 0 EURO - 1 EURO - 2 EURO 3+ 35 Fuel specifications in CIS countriesFuel specifications in CIS countries PetrolPetrol GOST GOST 20842084--7777 GOST R GOST R 5110551105--9797 GOST GOST 3107731077--20022002 EN 228:2004 EN 228:2004 (EURO(EURO--4)4) Lead, g/dmLead, g/dm33 0.0130.013 0.0100.010 0.0100.010 0.0050.005 Benzene, vol%Benzene, vol% -- 5.05.0 5.05.0 1.01.0 Aromatics, vol%Aromatics, vol% -- -- 5555 3535 Sulfur, ppmSulfur, ppm 10001000 500500 500500 50 or 1050 or 10 Diesel fuelDiesel fuel GOST GOST 305305--8282 EN 590:1993 (EUROEN 590:1993 (EURO--2)2) EN 590:2004 (EUROEN 590:2004 (EURO--4)4) Cetane numberCetane number 4545 4949 5151 Density at 15Density at 1500C, C, kg/dmkg/dm33 830 830 -- 860860 820 820 -- 860860 820 820 -- 845845 Polyaromatics, wt%Polyaromatics, wt% -- 1111 1111 Sulfur, ppmSulfur, ppm 2000/ 4000/ 50002000/ 4000/ 5000 20002000 50 or 1050 or 10 36 Main environmental parameters of motor fuel in Russia Environmental class and duration of requirements Parameter Unit EURO-2 (up to 31.12.2008) EURO-3 (up to 31.12.2009) EURO-4 (up to 31.12.2012) EURO-5 (under discussion) PETROL Maximum sulfur content ppm 500 150 50 10 Maximum volume fraction of aromatics % - 42 35 35 Maximum volume fraction of unsaturated hydrocarbons % - 18 18 18 Maximum volume fraction of benzene % 5 1,0 1,0 1,0 Maximum lead concentration mg/dm3 < 5 < 5 < 5 < 5 DIESEL FUEL Maximum sulfur content ppm 500 350 50 10 Minimum cetane number 45 51 51 51 Maximum mass fraction of aromatics % - 11 11 11 *) – The appropriate Technical Regulation was adopted by the Government in February 2008, and will come into force after six months. 37 Structure of petrol production in RussiaStructure of petrol production in Russia, %, % Petrol Year 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 Total petrol production, million tons 40,6 27,4 27,2 29,5 34,4 А-72 5,7 0,2 - - - А-76(АИ-80)- EURO-1,2 78,3 76,3 55,3 39,6 31,3 АИ-93(АИ-91,92)- EURO-2 15,4 22,2 38,3 47,5 55 АИ-95 (АИ-96)- EURO-2,3 0,4 1,1 6,2 12,6 13,3 АИ-98 - EURO-2,3 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,3 0,4 Share of leaded petrol, % 61,3 53,1 2,3 - - Share of unleaded petrol, % 38,7 46,9 97,7 100 100 38 Structure of Russian petrol production by sulfur Structure of Russian petrol production by sulfur contentcontent 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 1990 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 S ha re o f t ot al p et ro l p ro du ct io n, % 500-1000ppm <500ppm 39 Structure of Russian diesel fuel production Structure of Russian diesel fuel production (by sulfur content, %(by sulfur content, %*)*) Maximum sulfur content, ppm 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 10(Евро-5)**) - - - - - 0,8 1,7 50(Евро-4)**) - - - - - 7,5 9,1 350(Евро-3)**) - - - 3,5 5,3 3,5 5,7 500 9,8 11,7 12,2 11,3 1,6 7,8 4,4 1000 6,3 3,9 3,1 - 1,4 2,4 2,6 2000 72,3 77,1 78,1 79,2 75,5 72,3 70,9 5000 11,6 7,3 6,6 6,0 6,2 5,7 5,6 Итого 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 *) - Excluding oil refineries owned by JSC Gazprom and MINI-NPZ **) - EN-590 40 Structure of Russian diesel fuel production by Structure of Russian diesel fuel production by sulfur contentsulfur content 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 1990 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Sh ar e in to ta l d ie se l f ue l p ro du ct io n, % 2000-5000ppm 1000-2000ppm 350-1000ppm <350ppm <50ppm 41 Euro IV diesel fuel retail by Lukoil 42 “ECTO” petrol retail by Lukoil 43 Requi- rements PetrolsPetrols Surgut oil refinery (owned by JSC “Gazprom”) JSC «JANOS» JSC «NU NPZ» JSC «NK NPZ»Parameter “Regular- 92” “Premium- 95” “Premium- 95” “Regular- 92” “Regular- 92” “Premium- 95” Maximum lead content, mg/dm3 5 < 5 < 5 < 5 < 5 < 5 < 5 Maximum volume fraction of hydrocarbons, % , including: Unsaturated hydrocarbons 18 0 0,2 2,2 1,8 1,1 0,4 Aromatics 42/35 35 41 32 36 32,5 37,8 Benzene 1,0 0,7 0,8 0,4 0,7 0,7 0,8 Maximum sulfur content, ppm 150/50 50 50 140 140 50 40 Maximum oxygen comtent, % 2,7 1,5 2,4 2,0 0,5 1,8 2,5 Main environmental parameters of Russian Main environmental parameters of Russian EUROEURO--3 and EURO3 and EURO--4 4 petrolspetrols produced by some produced by some Russian companiesRussian companies EURO-3 EURO-4 44 Use of CNG as a motor fuel in CIS countriesUse of CNG as a motor fuel in CIS countries - Russia: about 70 000 motor vehicles are operated on CNG (during Soviet time – about 200 000); - Ukraine: 100 000 motor vehicles (1.5% of the fleet) are operated on CNG; - Moldova: about 5 000 motor vehicles are CNG-fueled; - Belarus: there is a national programme of gasification of the country’s vehicle fleet; - Tajikistan: there are 10 600 motor vehicles operated on CNG; - Kyrgyzstan: CNG-fuelled motor vehicles numbered about 6 000 in 2007; - Georgia: Ministry of Environment reported about 1.7% of motor vehicles using CNG (2005); - Armenia: 1 394 vehicles are fueled by CNG (2007). 45 Production of bioProduction of bio--fuels in CIS countriesfuels in CIS countries - Russia: a National Programme for production of bio-fuels is currently being developed. (...) Dynamics of pollutant emissions by the Russian motor vehicle fleet Число граждан России, проживающих при опасных (выше ПДК) уровнях содержания в атмосферном воздухе основных загрязнителей, связ Направления решения проблемы перегруженности городских УДС Потенциал различных групп мер по снижению уровня загруженности УДС Актуальные меры по снижению нагрузки на городскую УДС Недостатки транспортного планирования российских городов Недостатки транспортного планирования в российских городах Опыт Москвы в повышении устойчивости городского транспорта Опыт Москвы в повышении устойчивости городского транспорта: легкое метро Опыт Москвы: обновление автобусного парка Технические аспекты обеспечения устойчивости городского транспорта Motor fleet structure by age in CIS countries (cars),% Motor fleet structure by age in CIS countries (buses),% Motor fleet structure by age in CIS countries (trucks and light duty),% Age structure of the Russian car fleet Motor vehicle production in the CIS Improvement of vehicle fleets’ environmental performance across CIS Improvement of vehicle fleets’ environmental performance across CIS Improvement of vehicle fleets’ environmental performance across CIS CIS countries where the use of leaded petrol is still not prohibited Schedule of introduction of environmental requirements to motor vehicles and fuels in Russia Schedule of introduction of environmental requirements to motor vehicles and fuels in Russia Russian car fleet structure by environmental class Russian truck fleet structure by environmental class Russian bus fleet structure by environmental class (2006) Fuel specifications in CIS countries Main environmental parameters of motor fuel in Russia Structure of petrol production in Russia, % Structure of Russian diesel fuel production (by sulfur content, %*) Structure of Russian diesel fuel production by sulfur content Euro IV diesel fuel retail by Lukoil “ECTO” petrol retail by Lukoil Use of CNG as a motor fuel in CIS countries Production of bio-fuels in CIS countries Recommendations of the Conference on Cleaner Fuels and Vehicles for Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia Steps recommended by the Conference on Cleaner Fuels and Vehicles Thanks for your attention!
Language:English
Score: 944489 - https://unece.org/fileadmin/DA.../Presentations/06Donchenko.pdf
Data Source: un