ADMISSION OF OBSERVERS: ORGANIZATIONS APPLYING FOR ADMISSION AS OBSERVERS. NOTE BY THE SECRETARIAT
Bright Blue Campaign, London, United Kingdom
70. British Beauty Council (BBCo), London, United Kingdom
71. (...) National Trust (The National Trust for places of historic interest or natural beauty),
Swindon, United Kingdom
300. (...) (Natura Mexicana), Mexico City, Mexico
302. Natural Resource Governance Institute (NRGI), New York, United States
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR IN THE FIELD OF CULTURAL RIGHTS ON HER VISIT TO BOTSWANA : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
GE.16-00348 (C) 12/20
Natural Resource Management (CBNRM) programme. Adopted in 1989, community-based
natural resource management is an approach to conservation and development that recognizes
the rights of local people to manage and benefit from the use of the natural resources of their
land. (...) A/HRC/31/59/Add.1
13/20 GE.16-00348 (C)
enjoy the benefits of their local natural and cultural resources. A local non-governmental
organization (NGO), TOCADI, has managed the site for some years. (...) The Okavango Delta has been on the UNESCO list as a natural World Heritage Site
since June 2014, representing a great success for Botswana.
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE RIGHT TO FOOD ON HER MISSION TO MOROCCO : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
pressure over limited natural resources – along with overexploitation of forestry assets,
elimination of natural vegetation from slope lands, overgrazing, and cultivation of exposed
land in arid and desert regions – and poor land management have all contributed to soil
erosion. (...) However, women’s traditional roles and knowledge as food producers and
managing natural resources may also be challenged by the effects of desertification. (...) This, in
turn, affects their ability to sustain their families and manage other natural resources that lay
the foundation of sustainable production systems.
VISIT TO CANADA :REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE IMPLICATIONS FOR HUMAN RIGHTS OF THE ENVIRONMENTALLY SOUND MANAGEMENT AND DISPOSAL OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES AND WASTES
Indigenous peoples’ reliance on natural resources for food, medicine, culture,
identity, knowledge and the economy must be considered in any assessment of risks and
impacts. (...) For example,
in Canada, men are more exposed to toxics such as asbestos (in the construction industry)86
and women to endocrine-disrupting chemicals in plastics, raising their relative risk to
developing cancer and other health conditions.87 The exposure of female consumers to toxic
chemicals in cosmetic products and the intense exposure, predominantly of female workers,
at beauty salons offer further examples.88 Indigenous women endure some of the highest
levels of exposure in Canada.89
83 Sarah Lewis and Dayna Nadine Scott, “Regulating toxics: sex and gender in Canada’s chemicals
management plan”, Osgoode Legal Studies Research Paper Series (2014).
84 See http://acsqc.ca/sites/default/files/feminist_statement_on_cepa.pdf; Sarah Lewis and Dayna
Nadine Scott, “Regulating toxics”.
86 www.carexcanada.ca/profile/asbestos-occupational-exposures; www.inspq.qc.ca/en/publications/
87 See www.saicm.org/Portals/12/documents/meetings/IP1/Beyond-2020-Women-and-chemical-safety-
88 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16996054; Ami R. Zota and Bhavna Shamasunder, “The
environmental injustice of beauty: framing chemical exposures from beauty products as a health
disparities concern”, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 217, No. 4 (October
2017); Jessica S.
REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE ISSUE OF HUMAN RIGHTS OBLIGATIONS RELATING TO THE ENJOYMENT OF A SAFE, CLEAN, HEALTHY AND SUSTAINABLE ENVIRONMENT, JOHN H. KNOX : ADDENDUM
The Constitution includes other
provisions relevant to environmental protection, including article 21, which recognizes the
right to life, and article 89, which states that the cultural aims of the country include the
protection of its natural beauty. The Constitution does not explicitly incorporate rights to
health, adequate food, safe drinking water or adequate housing, but those rights have been
indirectly protected through an expansive interpretation of other provisions.4
10. (...) The programme
differentiates businesses in the tourism sector according to the degree to which they comply
with a sustainable model of natural, cultural and social resource management. 47
Participation in the programme is voluntary. ICT evaluates each participating business
according to criteria concerning the relationship of the company not only with the natural
environment, but also with its clients and its surrounding community.
VISIT TO SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES :REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE ISSUE OF HUMAN RIGHTS OBLIGATIONS RELATING TO THE ENJOYMENT OF A SAFE, CLEAN, HEALTHY AND SUSTAINABLE ENVIRONMENT, DAVID R. BOYD
The security of the water supply is threatened by natural disasters and changes
attributable to climate change, including droughts, that have led to water rationing and intense
rainfall and storms that damage infrastructure. (...) Housing quality is poor in such
areas, increasing vulnerability to climate-related natural disasters and access to water and
sanitation is limited, leading to pollution. (...) While traveling in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, the Special Rapporteur was
pleased to see that the country’s natural beauty is mostly unblemished by littering and
dumping of trash, with some minor exceptions along roads.
VISIT TO FIJI : REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE ISSUE OF HUMAN RIGHTS OBLIGATIONS RELATING TO THE ENJOYMENT OF A SAFE, CLEAN, HEALTHY AND SUSTAINABLE ENVIRONMENT
Article 40 (1) states: “Every person has the right to a clean and healthy
environment, which includes the right to have the natural world protected for the benefit of
present and future generations through legislative and other measures.” (...) Housing quality is
poor, increasing vulnerability to climate-related natural disasters, and access to municipal
services is limited, leading to pollution and health risks. (...) Climate change amplifies the risks of natural
disasters to which Fiji has always been exposed, including floods and extreme weather
DRAFT REPORT OF THE INTERNATIONAL LAW COMMISSION ON THE WORK OF ITS 56TH SESSION : ADDENDUM
Brans, Liability for Damage to Public Natural Resources：Standing, Damage and Damage
Assessment (2001) Kluwer Law International, pp.9-63. (...) ，sections 2701 et seq.， the US
"Congress empowered government agencies with management jurisdiction over natural resources to act
as trustees to assess and recover damages ... (...) Article 2 of the 1972
Convention concerning the Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage defines "natural heritage"
"natural features consisting of physical and biological formations or groups of such formations,
which are of outstanding universal value from the aesthetic or scientific point of view；geological and
physiographical formations and precisely delineated areas which constitute the habitat of threatened species
of animals and plants of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation；
natural sites or precisely delineated natural areas of outstanding universal value from the point of
view of science, conservation or natural beauty".
For a concise discussion of the differing approaches on the definition of environmental
damage, see Philippe Sands, Principles of Environmental Law, Second edition, 2003, pp. 876-878.
Case concerning the Gabcikovo-Nagymaros Project, (Hungary v.
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR IN THE FIELD OF CULTURAL RIGHTS, FARIDA SHAHEED : ADDENDUM
The Saint Vincent and the Grenadines National Trust is a non-profit statutory body
established in 1969 with the mandate to, inter alia, locate, conserve and restore areas of
beauty as well as buildings and objects of archaeological, architectural, artistic, historic,
scientific or traditional interest. The Trust may declare places, buildings and objects as
Protected National Heritage; make and keep inventories and educate the public about the
historical assets and natural amenities of the country. 5
17. In 2007, the National Trust, in its own words, has secured the passage of “some of
the most far reaching conservation legislation in the Caribbean. (...) She also
stresses the importance of the Trust’s objective to document and give support to groups
who are documenting or keeping alive cultural intangible heritage, and to seek to partner
community groups to develop narrative on the historic and natural sites of the different
regions of the country.8 In the Special Rapporteur’s view, programmes are urgently needed
on this matter.
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON CONTEMPORARY FORMS OF RACISM, RACIAL DISCRIMINATION, XENOPHOBIA AND RELATED INTOLERANCE, DOUDOU DIENE, AND THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON MINORITY ISSUES, GAY MCDOUGALL : ADDENDUM
With the discovery of gold mines and
other natural resources, the Taino Indians were put into slavery and, over the next three decades,
were physically wiped out.
Quotes used in this report are original comments made to the independent expert and the Special Rapporteur
during consultations with Governmental and non-governmental sources during their visit. (...) Government officials also emphasized that the definition of different forms of
discrimination, including racial discrimination, is provided for in the draft criminal code, which
establishes, in article 250, that “Any unequal or offensive treatment on the part of natural persons
owing to their origin, age, sex, family circumstances, state of health, disabilities, customs,
political views, trade union activities or membership or non-membership, or actual or supposed
membership of a specific ethnic group, nation, race or religion, constitutes discrimination”.
19. (...) Reference was often made to the social pressure that exists within the Dominican society
to respect a prototype of beauty that follows white European canons. That prototype, strongly
fostered by mainstream media, is also followed by many black Dominicans in order to be
perceived as “whiter” or “less black”, and finds one of its most evident expressions in the
widespread rejection of braids and natural hair amongst women.