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Starting with the industrial revolution, our global economic system has been underpinned by the extraction of natural resources – notably fossil fuels – which accelerated the development trajectories of many advanced economies. (...) Yet extractive industries have also been mired by economic, social and environmental costs. (...) In addition, in many developing countries extractive industries’ activities have May 7, 2021 2 hampered the ability to achieve the SDGs, such as by employing children in mine extractions at the cost of their education.
Language:English
Score: 1133943 - https://www.un.org/sites/un2.u...e_on_extractive_industries.pdf
Data Source: un
In difference to recent deep learning networks are applied for automatic traffic feature extraction. methods that apply image processing to solve such encrypted traffic problems, in this paper, we propose a Although encrypted traffic packets are hard to identify, an method named Payload Encoding Representation from encrypted traffic flow (a flow is a consecutive sequence of Transformer (PERT) to perform automatic traffic feature packets with the same source IP, source port, destination IP, extraction using a state-of-the-art dynamic word embedding destination port and protocol) is still analyzable because the technique. (...) Then, the classification since they both extract common features from downward classification reuses the pre-trained network to the traffic data. (...) By implementing share the same concept that traffic flows could be vectorized experiments on a public encrypted traffic data set and our for supervised training according to their feature extraction captured Android HTTPS traffic, we prove the proposed strategy. method can achieve an obvious better effectiveness than other compared baselines.
Language:English
Score: 1133081.2 - https://www.itu.int/en/publica.../files/basic-html/page201.html
Data Source: un
Total radioactive residue (TRR) 56 days after the last application was 1.2 mg eq/kg in cotton seed and 40 mg eq/kg in cotton trash. A series of extractions with hexane, methanol/water (9:1) and methanol/2M NaOH extracted 32% TRR in seed and 83% TRR in cotton trash (no hexane extraction). Refluxing in 2M NaOH further extracted 32% TRR in seed and 12% TRR in trash; and refluxing in 2M HCl extracted 3% TRR from seed. (...) In these extracts, hydrolysis released free 2,4-DCP effectively and hydrolysed 2,4- D to a certain extent to produce 2,4-DCP. 2,4-D and free and conjugated 2,4-DCP were below 2% TRR in the 2M NaOH extract.
Language:English
Score: 1132483 - https://www.fao.org/fileadmin/...Report2017/5.9_2_4-D__020_.pdf
Data Source: un
Context  The number, nature, and location of operations of extractive companies that use private security services, whether these are international or national companies, and/or whether private security is embedded in the extractive company or is provided by an external company. (...) The relationship between PMSCs and the extractive industry  The extent and prevalence of the extractive industry utilizing private security services rather than State security, and factors that may lead extractive companies to do so. (...) In another event in 2004, the Jakarta, Indonesia government mining taskforce recommended that the Newcrest extractive company use the mobile police brigade instead of the military for security because of alleged human rights abuses.  Alleged involvement of private security actors in illegal exploitation of natural resources, including, if possible, case examples and corrective action taken.
Language:English
Score: 1131911.9 - https://www.ohchr.org/sites/de...MilitarySecurity/DenverUni.pdf
Data Source: un
Land, Natural Resources and Conflict: From Curse to Opportunity. (...) English Français Español The EU-UN Partnership on Land, Natural Resources and Conflict Prevention UN Home Main Page The Partnership EU-UN Partnership UNDG-ECHA Guidance Note Country Focus Afghanistan Cote D'Ivoire Democratic Republic of Congo Great Lakes Peru Zambia Peacebuilding Online Training Additional Resources Natural Resources and Conflict Extractive Value Chain and Conflict Prevention Contact Us RENEWABLE RESOURCES AND CONFLICT Resource depletion, environmental degradation and climate change pose fundamental threats to human security. (...) It is therefore crucial that development practitioners understand how to prevent conflicts over natural resources, and how to contain and defuse such conflicts when they occur.
Language:English
Score: 1129519.2 - https://www.un.org/en/land-nat...lict/renewable-resources.shtml
Data Source: un
ECLAC Promotes Better Governance of Natural Resources to Maximize their Contribution to Regional Development | Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean Skip to main content United Nations 2030 Agenda COVID-19 Español English Português About ECLAC tw fb fl yt Main menu Topics Economic Economic development International trade and integration Production, productivity and management Social Social development Population and development Environmental Sustainable development and human settlements Natural resources Cross-cutting 2030 Agenda Gender affairs Planning for development Statistics Regional architecture Regional architecture Sessions of the Commission Observatories Subsidiary bodies Regional Forum on Sustainable Development Treaties and agreements Cooperation Data and statistics Knowledge Publications Featured Search CEPAL Review Notas de Población Training Courses Workshops Study programmes Library Featured Search Ask us Communities All Communities Observatories All Observatories News Events Available in English Español Português ECLAC Promotes Better Governance of Natural Resources to Maximize their Contribution to Regional Development Natural resources 5 March 2014 | News Latin America and the Caribbean has had difficulty translating boom periods for exports into long-term growth processes. fotook_675.jpg Photo: Marcelo Sayao/EFE In a new publication, the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean ( ECLAC ) poses the need to promote better governance of natural resources in the region to maximize their contribution to development with equality and sustainability, as well as to foster the long-term structural change associated with innovation and technological development that reduces dependence on extractive sectors. (...) To glean income from the export of basic products, states usually use fiscal instruments, like income tax and royalties levied on companies dedicated to extractive activities. Occasionally, they also participate in the exploitation of resources, either through public companies or by owning shares. (...) ECLAC  also advocates for developing a state policy oriented toward a structural change with long-term productive diversification, which can reduce dependence on extractive sectors and foster new industries associated with innovation and technology.
Language:English
Score: 1126857.4 - https://www.cepal.org/en/notic...-aporte-al-desarrollo-regional
Data Source: un
UN HANDBK SELECT ISSUES TAXATION | Shop.un.org : Official Source for United Nations Books and More Skip to main content Welcome to the United Nations عربي 中文 English Français Русский Español Search form Search Toggle navigation Books Authors Series Subjects Librarians Databases Distributors Educators Catalogue Standing Orders Rights & Permissions Subscriptions Shopping cart You are here Shop » UN HANDBK SELECT ISSUES TAXATION English Subjects(s): Economic and Social Development International Law and Justice Natural Resources, Water and Energy Region(s): Africa Americas United Nations Handbook on Selected Issues for Taxation of the Extractive Industries by Developing Countries Author: UN , DESA Publication date: March 2019 Page count: 490 Language(s) in this book: English Sales number: 19.XVI.1 Available Formats $95.00 ISBN: 9789211591231 Add to cart PDF $47.50 ISBN: 9789210478472 Add to cart About the product The United Nations Handbook on Selected Issues for Taxation of the Extractive Industries by Developing Countries gives guidance to developing countries on key taxation issues during the life-cycle of an investment in the extractive industries, whether it be oil and gas or mining. (...) RELATED TITLES ABOUT Economic and Social Development, International Law and Justice, Natural Resources, Water and Energy WORLD WATER DEV RPT 2022 GLOBAL ASSESS RPT DISASTER 2022 CLIM RSILNT FINFSH MGMT PLN BELIZE ACS CON ESNTL SRVC ENRG WTR SANT Back to top Promoting the work and knowledge of the UN through marketing, sales and distribution of publications, data and merchandise Customer Service Contact Us Shipping Policy Returns Policy Special Sales Catalogue About Who We Are Sales Proceeds Visit the Bookshop Tour the UN Follow Us Facebook Twitter Instagram Issuu LinkedIn Copyright Terms of Use Privacy Notice Fraud Alert × Subscripe
Language:English
Score: 1125677.7 - https://shop.un.org/books/un-h...k-select-issues-taxation-85642
Data Source: un
UN HANDBK SELECT ISSUES TAXATION | Shop.un.org : Official Source for United Nations Books and More Skip to main content Welcome to the United Nations عربي 中文 English Français Русский Español Search form Search Toggle navigation Books Authors Series Subjects Librarians Databases Distributors Educators Catalogue Standing Orders Rights & Permissions Subscriptions Shopping cart You are here Shop » UN HANDBK SELECT ISSUES TAXATION English Subjects(s): Economic and Social Development International Law and Justice Natural Resources, Water and Energy Region(s): Africa Americas United Nations Handbook on Selected Issues for Taxation of the Extractive Industries by Developing Countries Author: UN , DESA Publication date: March 2019 Page count: 490 Language(s) in this book: English Sales number: 19.XVI.1 Available Formats $95.00 ISBN: 9789211591231 Add to cart PDF $47.50 ISBN: 9789210478472 Add to cart About the product The United Nations Handbook on Selected Issues for Taxation of the Extractive Industries by Developing Countries gives guidance to developing countries on key taxation issues during the life-cycle of an investment in the extractive industries, whether it be oil and gas or mining. (...) RELATED TITLES ABOUT Economic and Social Development, International Law and Justice, Natural Resources, Water and Energy WORLD WATER DEV RPT 2022 GLOBAL ASSESS RPT DISASTER 2022 CLIM RSILNT FINFSH MGMT PLN BELIZE ACS CON ESNTL SRVC ENRG WTR SANT Back to top Promoting the work and knowledge of the UN through marketing, sales and distribution of publications, data and merchandise Customer Service Contact Us Shipping Policy Returns Policy Special Sales Catalogue About Who We Are Sales Proceeds Visit the Bookshop Tour the UN Follow Us Facebook Twitter Instagram Issuu LinkedIn Copyright Terms of Use Privacy Notice Fraud Alert × Subscripe
Language:English
Score: 1125677.7 - https://shop.un.org/node/85642
Data Source: un
It is common knowledge that there exist widespread violations of indigenous peoples rights associated with extractive projects. The fact that most of the worlds remaining mineral resources are found in indigenous peoples territories has lead to these problems becoming systematic in nature arising in States throughout the world. (...) Between Dec 08 and April 09, 3 international conferences and workshops addressed the issue of IPs, extractive industries and HRs. These 3 conferences were hosted by the OHCHR, the UNPFII and Indigenous Peoples’ organizations with support from the Norway. (...) Nevertheless, despite these evolutions in international HR law extractive corporations and their representative bodies have failed to endorse the UN DRIP and FPIC.
Language:English
Score: 1124920.7 - https://www.ohchr.org/sites/de...nsultation2010/CathalDoyle.doc
Data Source: un
Extractive Industries Taxation: CRP.3–ATTACHMENT A Decommissioning 1 Guidance Note on the Tax Treatment of Decommissioning for the Extractive Industries Drafted For United Nations Tax Committee’s Subcommittee on Extractive Industries Taxation Issues for Developing Countries Prepared by Mr H. (...) Consider the recommendations made in this Note on mechanisms to resolve tax issues Extractive Industries Taxation: CRP.3–ATTACHMENT A Decommissioning 10 4.3 CONTRACT STRUCTURES AND FISCAL REGIME DESIGN There are many different legal frameworks which govern the relationship between the host state/resource owner and the contractor tasked with developing the natural resource. (...) By taxing the profits from extraction, there is the natural consequence that a tax deduction is provided against the income for the costs incurred in earning that income, including those of decommissioning.
Language:English
Score: 1124800.4 - https://www.un.org/esa/ffd/wp-...ttachmentA_Decommissioning.pdf
Data Source: un