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Example agents Hydrogen cyanide (AC) Cyanogen chloride (CK) Arsine (SA) Dispersal Gas Mode of Action Absorption through lungs and skin; inhibits the Cytochrome C Oxidase enzyme Effects Cells’ ability to use oxygen is impaired, leading to damage to vital organs including those of the central nervous system, cardiovascular system and respiratory system Nerve agents Nerve agents block an enzyme called Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in the nervous system. This causes the accumulation of a neurotransmitter between nerve cells or across synapses leading to hyper-stimulation of muscles, glands and other nerves. Nerve agents are highly toxic with rapid effects.
Language:English
Score: 1628376.6 - https://www.opcw.org/our-work/what-chemical-weapon
Data Source: un
What are the effects of exposure to nerve agents? Nerve agents include substances such as sarin, tabun and VX. (...) What should I do if I think I have been exposed to nerve agent? Nerve agents can be liquid (droplets in the air or on a surface) or vapor, depending on the agent and the climatic conditions. Protection against nerve agents requires protection against inhalation and contact.
Language:English
Score: 1625428.3 - https://www.who.int/news-room/...berate-events-chemical-release
Data Source: un
Accordingly, the stimulation carrying the en‑ Several methods varying in complexity have been coded information is applied at one end of the nerve proposed to cope with the ISI, noise, and even the cord, and the resulting nerve spikes are recorded at the nonlinearity of the channel, such as optimal other end. (...) However, these rated by the application of electrical impulses at the methods are developed based on existing theoretical neck, known in the literature as the vagus nerve models of MC, which largely lack physical stimulation (VNS). (...) Therefore, the performance of the authors theoretically show that the vagus nerve can proposed methods is not validated, which poses a major support data rates up to 200 bps and unidirectional problem before practical MC systems and IoBNT applica‑ transmission ranges between 60 mm and 100 mm, tions. which is promising for enabling the communication of distant BNTs at a rate that is much higher than the 3.1.2 Human Body as IoBNT Infrastructure typical MC rates.
Language:English
Score: 1624932.4 - https://www.itu.int/en/publica...3/files/basic-html/page22.html
Data Source: un
LETTER DATED 88/04/11 FROM THE PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN ADDRESSED TO THE PRESIDENT OF THE CONFERENCE ON DISARMAMENT
(Signed) Sirous Nasseri Ambassador Permanent Representative GE.88-61107/37lOG CD/827 page 2 A CHART OF CHEMICAL ATTACKS BY THE IRAQI REGIME JANUARY 1981 - MARCH 1988 Place Date Means NO. of victims Substance Halaleh and Neykhazar 13 Jan. 1981 Artillery 10 — Howe yz eh 21 Mar 1981 Mortar-shell 1 Nerve gas Allah Akbar Heights 3 June 1981 Artillery - - Pole Naderi 22 June 1981 Mortar-shell - - Khoramshahr 20 Dec. 1981 Artillery - - Saaveji 16 Oct. 1982 Artillery - - Abadan 22 Oct. 1982 Artillery - - Height 175 23 Oct. 1982 Mortar-shell - Nitrogen mustard Musiyan 27 Oct. 1982 Artillery 20 - Height 175 16 Nov. 1982 Artillery 9 Nerve gas Tangab 19 Dec. 1982 Artillery - - Shalamche (North) 20 Jan. 1983 Mortar-shell - - Gardane Bayveh 25 Jan. 1983 Artillery 5 - Kordestan 25 Jan. 1983 Artillery - - Sharhani 8 Feb. 1983 Artillery - - Shalamche 24 Feb. 1983 Artillery - - Fakkeh 23 Mar. 1983 Mortar-shell - - Base of Moslem Neghabi 26 Mar. 1983 Mortar-shell - - Sumaar 29 Mar. 1983 Artillery 4 - Sumaar 7 Apr. 1983 Mortar-shell - - Around Doyraj Lake 11 June 1983 Artillery - - Tamr Chin 8 Aug. 1983 Aircraft - Nausea gas Shiveh Rash 8 Aug. 1983 Aircraft 24 Blistering gas Haaj Omraan 8 Aug. 1983 Aircraft - Blistering gas Piranshahr 9 Aug. 1983 Aircraft 10 - Tamr Chin 9 Aug. 1983 Aircraft 30 Mustard gas Piranshahr 9 Aug. 1983 Aircraft 120 - Ghamtareh Heights 14 Aug. 1983 Artillery 203 Blistering gas Savouji 15 Aug. 1983 Artillery - - Sardasht 29 Aug. 1983 Artillery - - Sumaar 2 Sept. 1983 Artillery - - Bazi Deraaz Heights 24 Sept. 1983 Artillery 4 - Kharratha 17 Oct. 1983 Artillery - - Mar ivan 21 Oct. 1983 Mortar-shell - - Seyyedlou village 21 Oct. 1983 Artillery - - Sar Doush 21 Oct. 1983 Artillery 3 - Sar Doush 22 Oct. 1983 Artillery - - Bademjan Village 23 Oct. 1983 Aircraft 30 Blistering gas Baaneh 25 Oct. 1983 Aircraft 8 - Marivan 26 Oct. 1983 Artillery 16 - Bayenjan Village 28 Oct. 1983 Artillery - Blistering gas Garmaab 7 Nov. 1983 Aircraft 40 - Panjvin 7 Nov. 1983 Aircraft 77 Nerve gas Paaveh 25 Dec. 1983 Artillery - - Eskeleh 12 of Abaan 29 Dec. 1983 Mortar-shell - - Hoseiniyeh 5 Jan. 1984 Mortar-shell 1 - Arvand Roud 14 Feb. 1984 Mortar-shell - - Alaziz 26 Feb. 1984 Mortar-shell - - CD/827 page 3 Place Date Means No. of victims Substance 26 Feb. 1984 Aircraft - Mustard gas 27 Feb. 1984 Aircraft 1 100 Mustard gas 1 Mar. 1984 Artillery - - 3 Mar. 1984 Artillery - - 7 Mar 1984 Aircraft - - 10 Mar. 1984 Aircraft 543 Mustard gas 11 Mar. 1984 Aircraft 20 Mustard gas 14 Mar. 1984 Aircraft 153 - 14 Mar. 1984 Aircraft - - 15 Mar. 1984 Artillery 50 - 18 Mar. 1984 Aircraft - - 18 Mar. 1984 Aircraft - Phosphoric gas 21 Mar. 1984 Aircraft 370 Nerve gas 9 Aug. 1984 - - - 10 Aug. 1984 - - - 24 Oct. 1984 Artillery Damper & tearing gases 13 Mar. 1985 - 200 Damper gas 13 Mar. 1985 Aircraft 324 Nerve & blood gases 13 Mar. 1985 Aircraft - Nerve gas (G) 13 Mar. 1985 Aircraft - Nerve gas 13 Mar. 1985 Aircraft - Nerve & blood gases 13 Mar. 1985 Aircraft - Not known 13 Mar. 1985 Aircraft Nerve & blood gases 13 Mar. 1985 Aircraft - Nerve gas 15 Mar. 1985 Aircraft - Nerve gas 15 Mar. 1985 Aircraft — Nerve gas 15 Mar. 1985 Aircraft - Blistering gas 15 Mar. 1985 Aircraft - Nerve gas 15 Mar. 1985 Aircraft 738 Blistering gas 15 Mar. 1985 Artillery - Nerve & blistering gases 15 Mar. 1985 Aircraft - Blood gas 15 Mar. 1985 Artillery - Blistering gas 15 Mar. 1985 Aircraft 17 Blistering & nerve gases 15 Mar. 1985 Aircraft Blistering & nerve gases i 15 Mar. 1985 Aircraft 10 Nerve gas 15 Mar. 1985 Aircraft 30 Nerve gas 15 Mar. 1985 Aircraft 112 Nerve, mustard & Shatte Ali Hour Alhoveyzeh Talayeh Ta layeh Majnoun Majnoun Majnoun Albeyzaa Majnoun Hoseiniyeh Jofeir Albeyzaa Hour A1 Hovayzeh Majnoun Barim Aabaadan Nosoud Dajle Shargh South West of North Island West of North Island East of North Island (Pole Khaibar) West of North Island Mogheiyate Kosar South Island Pad Panj South West of the Island West of North Island Road between Kiyand Dasht and Shate Ali Eskeleh and Shahid Hemmat Road Eskeleh Shomali Shate Ali Se Rahe Fath Maghare 21 Emam Reza Ae Rahr Fath Pole Khaibar Avvale Jazire Ae Rahe Jazireh Ghamar Bani Hashem Emergency Center blood gases CD/827 page 4 Place Date Means No. of victims Substance Se Rahe Khaibar 15 Mar. 1985 Aircraft 4 Nerve gas Pole Ghadirae Khaibar 15 Mar. 1985 Artillery - Damper gas Pole Khaibar 15 Mar. 1985 Aircraft - Blistering gas Pole 17 Jazireh 15 Mar. 1985 Aircraft - Nerve gas Majnoun Island 16 Mar. 1985 Aircraft 70 Blistering gas South of Majnoun Island 17 Mar. 1985 Artillery - Nerve & Lashgare 12 Jazireh 17 Mar. 1985 Aircraft blistering gases Nerve gas South Western Side of 18 Mar. 1985 Aircraft - Blistering gas Majnoun South of Majnoun Island 18 Mar. 1985 Aircraft Ill Blistering gas Ashoura Emergency Center 18 Mar. 1985 Aircraft - Blistering gas Abaadan and Ebw 24 Mar. 1985 - - - Jofeir 8 Apr. 1985 Aircraft 5 Nerve gas Jofeir 8 Apr. 1985 Aircraft 5 Nerve gas Jofeir 8 Apr. 1985 Aircraft 4 Nerve gas Jofeir 8 Apr. 1985 Artillery 29 Nerve gas Hamid Base 8 Apr. 1985 Aircraft 1 110 Blistering gas Hamid Base 8 Apr. 1985 Artillery - Nerve gas Majnoun Islands 9 Apr. 1985 Aircraft 2 Blood gas Jofeir 9 Apr. 1985 Artillery 104 Blood gas Majnoun Islands 9 Apr. 1985 Artillery 5 Blistering gas Jofeir 9 Apr. 1985 Aircraft 199 Damper gas Jofeir 9 Apr. 1985 Artillery 151 Damper gas Majnoun Islands 10 Apr. 1985 Aircraft 12 Nerve gas Majnoun Islands 10 Apr. 1985 Aircraft 1 Nerve gas South Front 12 Apr. 1985 - - - Jofeir 14 Apr. 1985 Aircraft 6 Nerve gas Khoramshahr 17 Apr. 1985 Aircraft 2 Nerve gas Abaadan 17 Apr. 1985 Artillery 3 Nerve gas Ain-E-Khosh 18 Apr. 1985 Mortar-she11. 5 Nerve gas Khoramshahr 2 Nov. 1985 Artillery 8 Abaadan 26 Jan. 1986 Aircraft 11 Mustard gas Abaadan 29 Jan. 1986 Aircraft - - H a t 30 Jan. 1986 Artillery - - Fow-Road-Bassreh 13 Feb. 1986 Aircraft 8 500 Mustard, nerve Abaadan 13 Feb. 1986 Artillery 20 ga ses Mustard gas Abaadan 13 Feb. 1986 Aircraft 11 Mustard gas Jofeir 15 Feb. 1986 Aircraft 20 Blistering gas Jofeir 15 Feb. 1986 Aircraft 5 Nerve gas Abaadan 16 Feb. 1986 Aircraft - Mustard gas Khosroaabaad 16 Feb. 1986 Aircraft 6 Blistering gas Abaadan 17 Feb. 1986 Aircraft 27 Mustard gas Khosroaabaad 18 Feb. 1986 Aircraft 17 Blistering gas Abaadan 20 Feb. 1986 Aircraft 5 Nerve gas Ain-E-Khoch 20 Feb. 1986 Artillery 3 Blood gas Fow 27 Feb. 1986 Aircraft 23 - Baaneh 2 Mar. 1986 Aircraft - - Sardasht (Two villages) 2 Mar. 1986 Aircraft - - CD/827 page 5 Place Date Means No. of victims Substance 23 Mar. 1986 - - Mustard gas 21 Apr. 1986 - - - 22 Apr. 1986 - - - 24 Apr. 1986 Aircraft 150 Blistering & nerve gases 25 May 1986 Aircraft 600 - 25 May 1986 Aircraft 150 Blistering & nerve gases 4 Sept. 1986 Artillery 8 — 8 Sept. 1986 Artillery 125 Mustard & nerve gases 24 Dec. 1986 Aircraft - - 25 Dec. 1986 Aircraft Mustard, blood, nerve & damper gases 25 Dec. 1986 Artillery Mustard, blood, nerve & danper gases 25 Dec. 1986 Aircraft 1 160 Mustard, blood, nerve & damper gases 26 Dec. 1986 Artillery - — 26 Dec. 1986 Artillery - Mustard & blood gases 26 Dec. 1986 Aircraft Mustard & blood gases 29 Dec. 1986 Aircraft Mustard & nerve gases 29 Dec. 1986 Artillery Mustard & nerve gases 31 Dec. 1986 - 300 Mustard gas 31 Dec. 1986 Aircraft - Mustard gas 31 Dec. 1986 Aircraft - Mustard gas 2 Jan. 1987 Artillery - - 2 Jan. 1987 Artillery - Mustard gas 7 Jan. 1987 Aircraft 200 - 8 Jan. 1987 Aircraft *** Mustard & nerve gas 10 Jan. 1987 Aircraft 3 ООО Mustard gas 10 Jan. 1987 Artillery - Mustard gas 11 Jan. 1987 Artillery - Mustard & blood Valfajr Operational Theatre Valfajr Operational Theatre Valfajr Operational Theatre Mahran-Amiraabad Mahran-Salehaabad Mahran-Salehaabad Karbalaye 2 Operational Theatre Bomoud Cheikh Salah West War Front Khorarasharhr Khoramsharhr- Shalamcheh Khoramsharhr- Shalamcheh East Bank of Arvand Roud Aba ada n-Khor ma shah r Abaadan-Khormashahr Abaadan down to Minu Sq. (...) No. 5 (NASR 1 Operation) & damper gases Artillery Emplacement 29 Jan. 1987 Mortar-shell - Mustard,, blood, No. 5 (NASR 1 Operation) "Karbalaa 5" Operational 1 Feb. 1987 Artillery Theatre "Karballa 5" Operational 1 Feb. 1987 Aircraft Theatre 48 Fath Motor Pool 2 Feb. 1987 Artillery "Karbalaa 5" Operational 6 Feb. 1987 Aircraft Theatre Two sides of Khoramshahr 6 Feb. 1987 Aircraft Road 50 & damper gases Mustard, blood, & nerve gases Mustard, blood, & nerve gases Mustard gas Mustard gas Mustard gas CD/827 page 7 Place Date Means No. of victims Substance South Eastern part of 14 Feb. 1987 Aircraft 640 Nerve & "Majnoun Island" blistering gases Abolfazl Highway 14 Mar. 1987 Aircraft - Unknown South Western part of 14 Mar. 1987 Aircraft - Nerve gas "Majnoun Island" South of Khatam 14 Mar. 1987 Aircraft - Unknown Headquarters Ghamarbanihashem 14 Mar. 1987 Aircraft - Nerve gas Emergency Center P.O.W. Camp in 14 Mar. 1987 Aircraft - Nerve & Majnoun Island damper gases Ghamarbaniha shem 14 Mar. 1987 Aircraft 80 Nerve & blood Emergency Center gases "Hazraterasoul" 14 Mar. 1987 Aircraft - Nerve gas Division South Northern part of 16 Mar. 1987 Artillery 298 Nerve gas "Majnoun Island" North of "Majnoun 16 Mar. 1987 Aircraft - Blood & Island" blistering gases Khaibar Bridge 16 Mar. 1987 Artillery - Damper gas Serah-E-Fath 16 Mar. 1987 Aircraft - Nerve gas Majoun Island 16 Mar. 1987 Aircraft - Nerve gas Beginning of Khaibar 16 Mar. 1987 Aircraft - Blistering gas Br idge P.O.W.
Language:English
Score: 1608209.4 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc....nsf/get?open&DS=CD/827&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
LETTER DATED 20 APRIL 1988 FROM THE ACTING PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN TO THE UNITED NATIONS ADDRESSED TO THE SECRETARY-GENERAL.
s/19816 English Page 5 Place Date Means Numbe II of victims Substance Dajle shatgh South-west of North Island West of North Island East of North Island (Pole Khaibar) West of North Island Mogheiyate Kosar South Island Pad Panj South-west of the island West of North Island Road between Kiyand Dasht and Shete Ali Eskeleh and Shahid Hemmat Eskeleh Shomali Shate Ali Se Rahe Feth Maghare 21 Emam Reza AE Rahr Fath Pole Khaibar 13 Mar. 1985 13 Mar. 1985 13 Mar. 1985 13 Mar. 1985 13 Mar. 1985 13 Mar. 1985 13 Mar. 1985 13 Mar. 1985 15 Mar. 1985 15 Mar. 1985 15 Mar. 1985 15 Mar. 1985 15 Mar. 1985 15 Mar. 1985 15 Mar. 1985 15 Mar. 1985 15 Mar. 1985 Aircraft 200 324 Damper gas Nerve and blood gas Aircraft Nerve gas Aircraft Aircraft Aircraft Aircraft Nerve gas Nerve and blood gas Not known Nerve and blood gas Aircraft Nerve gas Aircraft Nerve gas Aircraft Nerve gas Aircraft BLiSteK gas Aircraft Nerve gas Aircraft Artillery ‘Blister gas Nerve and blister gas Aircraft Artillery Aircraft 739 1.7 Blood gas Blister gas Blister and nerve gas / . . . S/19816 English Page 6 Place Date Means Numbe c of victims Substance Avvale Jaz ire 15 Mar. 1985 Aircraft Mogheiyate Shahid Alavi AE Rahe Jazireh Ghamar Bani Hashem hrergency Centre Se Rahe Khaibar Pole Ghadime Khaibar Pole Khaibar Pole 17 Jaaireh Ma jnoun Is land South of Majnoun Island Lashgare 12 Jazireh 17 Mar. 1985 Aircraft South-western side of Majnoun South of Majnoun Island Asioura Eimerqency Centre Abaadan and Fow Jofeir Jofeir Jofeic Jofeir 15 Mar. 1985 Aircraft 15 Mar. 1985 Aircraft 15 Mar. 1985 Aircraft 15 Mar. 1985 Aircraft 15 Mar. 1985 Artillery 15 Mar. 1985 Aircraft 15 Mar. 1985 Aircraft 16 Mar. 1985 Aircraft 17 Mar. 1985 Artillery 18 Mar. 1985 Aircraft Blister gas 18 Mar. 1985 Aircraft 111 Blister gas 18 Mar. 1985 24 Mar. 1985 M Apr. 1985 8 Apr. 1985 8 Apr. 1985 8 Apr. 1985 Aircraft Aircraft Aircraft Aircraft Artillery 10 30 112 4 70 5 5 4 29 Blister and nerve gas Nerve gas Nerve gas Nerve, mustard and blood gas Nerve gas Damper gas Blister gas Nerve gas Blister gas Nerve and blister gas Nerve gas Blister gas Nerve gas Nerve gas Nerve gas Nerve gas / . . . (...) on 14 Mar. 1987 L;rwermost point of Aircraft Aircraft Mustard gas Norve and blister gas Unknown Nerve gas Unknown Nerve gas Nerve and damper gas Nerve and blood gas Nerve gas Nerve gas Blood and blister g&s Damper gas Nerve gas Nerve gas Blister gas Nerve gas 640 Aircraft Aircraft Aircraft Aircraft Aircraft Aircraft 80 Aircraft northern part of Ma jnoun Island North of Majnoun Khaibar bridge Serah-e-Fath Ma j noun Island Beginning of Khaibar bridge e.0.W. camp in Ma jnoun Island 16 Mar. 1987 16 Mar. 1987 Artillery Aircraft 298 Island 16 Mar. 1987 16 Mar. 1987 16 Mar. 1997 Artillery Aircraft Aircraft 16 Mar. 1987 Aircraft 16 Mar. 1987 Aircraft 50 / . . .
Language:English
Score: 1607122.6 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...nsf/get?open&DS=S/19816&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
YUGOSLAVIA WORKING PAPER ON MEDICAL PROTECTION AGAINST NERVE GAS POISONING (PRESENT SITUATION AND FUTURE POSSIBILITIES
Originals ENGLISH CD/110 2 July 1980 YUGOSLAVIA Working Paper on Medical Protection Against Nerve Gas Poisoning ̂ (Present Situation and Euture Poss iU ilit 'ies ) ^ In July 1976 the Yugoslav delegation subaitted the working paper CCD/ 5 0 3 to the CCD which contained a comprehensive review of the relevant data regarding the problem o f medical protection against nerve gas poisoning. (...) I t has been calculated that in b e .tt le fie ld conditions an e f f ic ie n t protection against up to 5 o f nerve gas poisoning could be o ffe red by using antidotal . mixtures that counteract upon the agent which has beon used. (...) The United Kingdom delegation presented a paper in 1977 (CCI)-54l) about the p o s s ib il ity o f using carbamates as prophylactic agents against nerve gas poisoning. As fa r as is Icnoim, th is vrork is s t i l l in progress.
Language:English
Score: 1572855.2 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc....nsf/get?open&DS=CD/110&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
NORWAY VERIFICATION OF ALLEGED USE OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS SUMMARY OF RESEARCH RESULTS 1986/87
The detection paper may detect droplets containing as little as 50 micrograms of nerve agents or mustard gas. The third method is thin layer chromatography (TLC). (...) The exercises were performed by releasing shells filled with simulants for nerve agents and for mustard gas and with the riot control agent CS. (...) All methods indicated the presence of a nerve agent and mustard gas and TLC indicated also the presence of CS.
Language:English
Score: 1543961.7 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc....nsf/get?open&DS=CD/761&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
WORKING PARTY CONCERNING THE VERIFICATION OF THE PRESENCE OF NERVE AGENTS, THEIR DECOMPOSITION OR STARTING MATERIALS DOWNSTREAM OF CHEMICAL PRODUCTION PLANTS / THE NETHERLANDS
Hydrolysis . ' As stated in Chapter 1 gas chromatography in combination with a specific phosphorus detection is a suitable technique for the tracing of nerve agents in water at very low concentrations. To make the gas chromatographic picture as simple as possible (section 2.6) a complete hydrolysis should be carri-'d out after which most CD/3P6 page 4 phosphorus-containing nerve agents will present themselves as methylphosphonic-acid (equation 1), where's organophosphorus pesticides will give rise to phosphoric acid (equation 2). (...) From the quantitative analysis of the reaction mixture using high-voltage paper electrophoresis, paper chromatography, gas chromatography.and ultraviolet spectroscopy the respective hydrolytic half-life values were determined®^, Table 2 comprises hydrolytic data of a representative of the nerve agents (VX), of some pesticides (Parathion, Disyston and DDVP) snd of intermediates that might appear during hydrolysis.
Language:English
Score: 1532453.5 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc....nsf/get?open&DS=CD/306&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
NORWAY WORKING PAPER VERIFICATION OF A CHEMICAL WEAPONS CONVENTION. SAMPLING AND ANALYSIS OF CHEMICAL WARFARE AGENTS UNDER WINTER CONDITIONS
The first part of the research programme in 1981/82 covered an investigation of representatives of nerve agents and mustard gas, ref. CD/jLl. The second part of the programme in 1982/8? (...) Recoveries are high and more than $0 per cent of the amount of agent originally applied were found. For the nerve agent GB and mustard gas there are significant differences between the different methods of transportation. (...) They are not known to occur naturally in the environment in significant concentrations, and their presence is therefore a strong indication of the use of the corresponding nerve agents. Mustard gas has proved to be difficult to verify after four weeks.
Language:English
Score: 1531203.6 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc....nsf/get?open&DS=CD/508&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
NORWAY VERIFICATION OF ALLEGED USE OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS
GE.88-64039/0093A CD/861 page 2 Durinq two field exercises in October 1987 and June 1988 small amounts (1 milligram) of the nerve aqents sarin, soman, tabun and VX, the blister agent mustard gas, and the production impurity of sarin, diisopropyl methylphosphonate were added to small samples of water, soil, sand and grass. (...) This may be required for analysis by certain gas chromatographic detectors. 2.2.2 Analysis of hydrolysed nerve aqents Previous work has underlined the importance of using the degradation products of the nerve agents as a means of verification. (...) In the context of a Chemical Weapons Convention it is of interest that the nerve agents sarin, soman, tabun and VX, as well as the blister agent mustard gas, could be verified in contaminated samples from water, soil, sand or grass after two weeks' exposure to summer conditions with temperatures ranging from 10’C to 34’C.
Language:English
Score: 1505611.1 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc....nsf/get?open&DS=CD/861&Lang=E
Data Source: ods