REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN, ITS CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES, YAKIN ERTÜRK :ADDENDUM
On the first day
of the incursion a 14-year-old girl was killed, followed by many more injuries on the second day
as troops opened fire on demonstrators. (...) Some of the women had given
birth during their detention, and in such cases the newborn are allowed to remain with the
mothers until two years of age. (...) According to DCI research, the majority of girl detainees have been held for allegedly
committing serious security offences, such as attempting to kill Israeli settlers or military
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON EXTREME POVERTY AND HUMAN RIGHTS, MAGDALENA SEPULVEDA CARMONA
The practice of forced marriage is common in Guinea-Bissau, especially in the Gabú
and Bafatá regions. 27 On average, between 7 and 10 per cent of girls are forced into
marriage before they reach the age of 15 years 28 and 29 per cent are married before
reaching 18 years of age.29 It is also evident that there are some differences according to
economic status, with 37 per cent of women from very poor households married before the
age of 18.30 In many instances, the marriage is a direct result of poverty, with the male head
of household “selling” the girl in return for money, land or cattle. The Special Rapporteur is
concerned that, in many cases, early marriages are the result of trafficking, in other words,
girls being sold or traded for the purpose of marriage, usually via the threat or use of force,
fraud or coercion.31
34. Anecdotal reports paint a tragic picture: in 2011 alone, members of a church in the
Tombali region were beaten for sheltering 20 girls aged 14 to 16 who had run away to
avoid forced marriages to older men, a 15-year-old girl was beaten to death for refusing to
marry a much older man, and a girl and two of her female relatives were beaten for
objecting to her wedding on the grounds that the girl was under age.
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN, ITS CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES, RASHIDA MANJOO :ADDENDUM
Particularly worrying is the overcrowding of the mother-child section, where women in the
advanced stages of their pregnancy sleep on the floor, and mothers sleep on very small
mattresses with their newborn babies in an unsanitary environment. The conditions in the
dormitories in the section hosting the convicted inmates is also of concern, with limited
ventilation and only one toilet and one shower for approximately 30 inmates.
(...) Importantly, it also
establishes the State’s obligation to ensure that teenage mothers, pregnant girls and
adolescents and girl victims of violence can continue attending school without
NOTE VERBALE DATED 2008/03/10 FROM THE PERMANENT MISSION OF MYANMAR TO THE UNITED NATIONS OFFICE AT GENEVA ADDRESSED TO THE SECRETARIAT OF THE HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL
Child health care with emphasis on newborn care, under-one and under-five children
has been accorded priority aiming at the National Health Plan (2006-2011). (...) The Myanmar Women's Affairs Federation, a voluntary non-governmental
organization implements the 12 areas of concerns of the Beijing Platform for Action down to the
grassroots level and other organizations such as the Myanmar Maternal and Child Welfare
Association, the Myanmar Women Entrepreneurs' Association and the Myanmar Women's Sport
Federation are actively working for the all-round development of Myanmar women including the
41. As a State Party to the CEDAW, the Government of Myanmar has submitted the
combined second and third national report to the CEDAW Committee in June 2007.
PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF ALL HUMAN RIGHTS, CIVIL, POLITICAL, ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS, INCLUDING THE RIGHT TO DEVELOPMENT : INFORMATION / PRESENTED BY THE UKRAINIAN PARLIAMENT COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS ; NOTE BY THE SECRETARIAT
On July 25, 2007, the “Facts and Commentary”
newspaper reported on the 12-year-old girl from a village in Savranskyi District, Odessa
Oblast, giving birth to a child. The father of the newborn baby who died shortly after birth
appeared to be the girl’s mother’s boyfriend.
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON FREEDOM OF RELIGION AND BELIEF ON HIS MISSION TO DENMARK : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
Although there has always been discussion also within the Jewish community itself, and
although some Jewish parents — usually non-religious, “secularized” Jews — decide
against circumcising their boys, the overwhelming majority of religiously practising Jews
worldwide understand the circumcision of newborn boys as a cornerstone of Jewish
identity. (...) When it became clear that it would be a girl, they felt very relieved since this would
spare them “questioning looks”. (...) Until the early nineteenth
century, they had suffered from serious persecution, since all parents were legally obliged
to baptize their newborn children, which the Baptists refused for theological reasons.
REPORT OF THE WORKING GROUP ON THE ISSUE OF DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN IN LAW AND IN PRACTICE ON ITS MISSION TO THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
The Family and Medical Leave Act (1993) provides employees with the right to
take unpaid, job-protected leave of 12 workweeks in a 12-month period, including for the
birth of a child and to care for the newborn, within one year of the birth.
3 See www.aclu.org/files/interactive/womensrights_scotus_0303a.html#00.
4 While the Equal Pay Act is limited to jobs within the same workplace, Title VII does not have this
limitation. (...) Furthermore, the Working Group deplores the adoption in 1973 of the Helms
Amendment to the Foreign Assistance Act,16 which was intended to prohibit foreign aid
extended by the United States from being used to pay for the use of abortion “as a
method of family planning”, but is being used to justify a complete ban on using those
funds for abortions, even when a pregnancy is a result of rape or incest or when a
pregnancy is a threat to the life of a woman or girl. The Working Group also regrets the
adoption in 1976 of the Hyde Amendment prohibiting the use of certain federal funds for
abortions except in cases of rape, incest or preserving the life of the mother.
RPT SR EXTREME POVERTY - MISSION TO MOZAMBIQUE
Alarmingly, in one
survey, 70 per cent of girl respondents reported that some teachers use sexual intercourse as
32 Ibid., p. 9.
33 Ibid., p. 30.
34 Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), HIV and AIDS estimates: Mozambique.
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON CONTEMPORARY FORMS OF SLAVERY, INCLUDING ITS CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES, GULNARA SHAHINIAN : ADDENDUM :
In places like Ihorombe, in the Bara community, when a girl reaches the age of 10,
she is separated from other family members and can receive male visitors without need for
approval from her male relatives. (...) In the Bara community, when a girl is born, she is betrothed and the parents receive
10 oxen (oxen are a sign of wealth and prestige). (...) It is difficult for the
widowed girl to remarry； she is often cast out by the first wife from her husband’s home,
and is not entitled to any of her late husband’s possessions.
PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF ALL HUMAN RIGHTS, CIVIL, POLITICAL, ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS, INCLUDING THE RIGHT TO DEVELOPMENT :WRITTEN SUBMISSION BY THE COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS OF THE PHILIPPINES : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
She was brought to a
detention facility along with her newborn son.30
14. Other incidents of red-tagging, harassment, and violence against human rights
defenders documented by the Commission are as follows:
(a) On 8 April 2020, 22 political detainees filed a petition before the Supreme
Court of the Philippines, asking for the grant of temporary liberty anchored on humanitarian
grounds.31 The Supreme Court decided to treat the petition as applications for bail and
referred the same to the trial courts where the petitioners’ cases were pending.32 Among the
political detainees who filed the petition was Reina Mae Nasino, a young mother who was
arrested along with fellow activists during a night-time police raid. (...) She filed motions before the trial court to allow her and her newborn baby, River, to
remain together in the hospital or at the Manila City Jail where she was detained.