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Non-lethal irreversible effects after a single exposure Classification of the substance Classification of the preparation T+ T Xn T+ with R39 concentration 10% R39 obligatory 1% concentration < 10% R39 obligatory 0.1% concentration < 1% R40 obligatory T with R39 concentration 10% R39 obligatory 1% concentration < 10% R40 obligatory Xn with R40 concentration 10% R40 obligatory The R-phrases R20 to R28 are also to be assigned to indicate route of administration or means of exposure. (...) Corrosive or irritant effects Classification of the substance and/or relevant R-phrase Classification of the preparation and R-phrase at least C with R35 at least C with R34 at least Xi with R41 at least Xi with R36, R37 R38 C with R35 concentration 10% 5% conc. < 10% R34 obligatory 1% conc. < 5% R36/ R38 obligatory C with R34 concentration 10% R34 obligatory 5% conc. < 10% R36, R38 obligatory Xi with R41 concentration 10% R41 obligatory 5% conc. <10% R36 obligatory Xi with R36, R37, R38 concentration 20% R36, R37, R38 obligatory, if they apply Table 5. (...) < 0.2% R37 obligatory C with R34 concentration 5% R34 obligatory 0.5% concentration < 5% R37 obligatory Xi with R41 conc. 5% R41 obligatory 0.5% concentration < 5% R36 obligatory Xi with R36, R37, R38 concentration 5% R36, R37, R38 obligatory, if they apply to the substances Table 11.
Language:English
Score: 1338525.4 - www.ilo.org/legacy/engl...products/safetytm/clasann8.htm
Data Source: un
Categories of taxes and fees (obligatory payments) administered in the territory of Ukraine The following taxes and fees (obligatory payments) are administered in the territory of Ukraine: state taxes and fees (obligatory payments) ; local taxes and fees (obligatory payments). (...) Sources of payment of taxes and fees (obligatory payments) 1. Sources of payment of taxes and fees (obligatory payments) shall be established under applicable laws on taxes and fees (obligatory payments). 2. (...) Procedures for payment of taxes and fees (obligatory payments) Payments of taxes and fees (obligatory payments) shall be carried in accordance with procedures established by this Law and other laws of Ukraine.
Language:English
Score: 1328400.9 - https://www.wto.org/english/th..._e/ukr_e/WTACCUKR44_LEG_13.pdf
Data Source: un
Uniform provisions for testing and carrying out the obligatory approval of motor cycles with regard to noise (according to ECE R.41) (based on the Order on obligatory approval ... (...) Uniform provisions for testing and carrying out the obligatory approval of replacement silencing systems (according to ECE R.59) (based on the Order on obligatory approval ... (...) Uniform provisions for testing and carrying out the obligatory approval of mopeds with regard to noise (according to ECE R.63) (based on the Order on obligatory approval ...
Language:English
Score: 1291054.2 - https://www.wto.org/english/th...c_e/cgr_e/WTACCCGR22_LEG_5.pdf
Data Source: un
SMTP Modules Structure 16 Modules in total 9 Modules at Basic level and 7 Modules at Advanced level Basic Level: 3 Obligatory modules 1 Elective out of the 6 Electives Advanced Level 2 obligatory 2 Elective out of 5 Electives. Composition of the programme- Basic Level OM1 Legal Basis and Regulatory Framework of SM OM2 Spectrum Engineering Fundamentals OM3 Wireless Telecommunications Technologies Obligatory Modules (OM): EM1-1 Spectrum Monitoring EM1-2 Enforcement and Type Approval of Equipment EM1-3 SM for Satellite Systems EM1-4 SM for HF Systems, Science, Maritime and Amateur Services EM1-5 SM for Aeronautical and Radio Determination Services and Military Systems EM1-6 Computer-aided Spectrum Management Elective Modules 1 (EM 1) Composition of the programme-Advanced Level Obligatory Modules (OM): OM4 Economic and Market Tools of Spectrum Management OM5 Strategic Planning and Policies for Wireless Innovation Elective Modules (EM2). (...) Technical Specialization: EM 2-3 Terrestrial TV Broadcasting Planning and Digital Transition EM 2-4 Opportunistic Spectrum Access and Cognitive Radio EM 2-5 Electro Magnetic Fields and Health PROGRAMME DURATION Certification Routes Obligatory Module OM1 Obligatory Module OM2 Obligatory Module OM3 Elective Module EM1.1, EM 1.2, EM1.3, EM1.4, EM1.5, EM1.6 Obligatory Module OM4 Obligatory Module OM5 Elective Module EM2.1, EM2.2, EM2.3, EM2.4 Master Thesis University Diploma Master of Sciences in Spectrum Management Basic Level Figure 2.
Language:English
Score: 1289280.1 - https://www.itu.int/bestofwrs/...s/4/2021/04/P8.-WRS20_SMTP.pdf
Data Source: un
. • The ITU establishes the SMTP: • Access   to state‐of‐the‐art holistic SM training  and forward‐looking professional vision; • Formalized assessment; • The SMTP programme was first developed in  2014 • All the materials of the programme were  revisited and updated in 2018 • Certification to give international recognition,  with possible option of university  credits/diploma. 5 • In‐depth review of subject area and development of a scope • Development of individual modules by subject matter experts • Peer‐review of materials  • Editing of the training modules • Delivery of the training programme Development Process 6 SMTP Modules Structure  15 Modules in total  9 Modules at Basic level   6 Modules at Advanced level  Basic Level: • 3 are Obligatory modules • 1 Elective out of the 6 Electives  Advanced Level • Two obligatory • Two elective out of 4. 7 • Obligatory Modules (OM): • OM1 “Legal Basis and Regulatory Framework of SM” • OM2 “Spectrum Engineering Fundamentals” • OM3 “Wireless Telecommunications Technologies” • Elective Module 1 (EM 1)includes 6 options: • EM1‐1 “Spectrum Monitoring” • EM1‐2 “Enforcement and Type Approval of Equipment” • EM1‐3 “SM for Satellite Systems” • EM1‐4“SM for HF Systems, Science, Maritime and Amateur Services” • EM1‐5“SM for Aeronautical and Radio Determination Services and Military  Systems” • EM1‐6“Computer‐aided Spectrum Management” Composition of the programme‐Basic Level 8 • Obligatory Modules (OM): • OM4 “Economic and Market Tools of Spectrum Management” • OM5 “Strategic Planning and Policies for Wireless Innovation” • Elective Module 2 (EM2).  (...) SMTP Modules: 11 SMTP Structure – Entry Levels  Obligatory Module OM1 Obligatory Module OM2 Obligatory Module OM3 Elective Modules EM1.1, EM1.2, EM1.3, EM1.4,  EM1.5, EM1.6  Obligatory Module OM4 Obligatory Module OM5 Elective Module EM2.1, EM2.2, EM2.3, EM2.4 Master Thesis Advanced Level Basic Level  1st semester (Sep‐Jan) 2nd semester (Feb‐May) 3rd semester (June‐Aug) Figure 1. Proposed composition and duration of the SMTP 12 Certification Routes Obligatory Module OM1 Obligatory Module OM2 Obligatory Module OM3 Elective Module EM1.1, EM 1.2, EM1.3, EM1.4, EM1.5,  EM1.6 Obligatory Module OM4 Obligatory Module OM5 Elective Module EM2.1, EM2.2, EM2.3, EM2.4 Master Thesis University Diploma Master of  Sciences in Spectrum  Management Basic Level  Figure 2. 
Language:English
Score: 1281147.9 - https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/R...RIDA2019/Presentation/SMTP.pdf
Data Source: un
Spectrum Management Certified Program Course Concept Presentation Addressed problem  Efficient running of Spectrum Management (SM) requires well educated professionals  Today there are no formal holistic SM education programs, except some ad hoc commercial or public courses such as ITU BR seminars, USTTI  Large administrations train SM staff by seconding them to experienced workers, but this offers narrowed vision and no formal quality check  Many smaller administrations, especially in developing countries, do not have even such option, but must rely solely on ad hoc courses 2 The solution  ITU establishing Spectrum Management Training Program:  Unified course, offering students across the globe access to state-of-the-art holistic SM training and forward- looking professional vision  Formalised assessment ensuring minimal quality of professional education  Certification to give international recognition, with possible option of university credits/diploma 3 Benefits for ITU  Preserving and spreading the wealth of SM knowledge accumulated in ITU (BR/BDT and ITU-R SG: staff ’s know-how and Reports/Recs)  Additional facet to ITU’s global leadership role as enabler and facilitator of ICT development  Service to Member Administrations and Sector Members  Course completion certificate as quality reference for candidates assessment in ITU and administrations’ hiring processes 4 The vision  Two entry levels  Specialisation possibility:  Technical  Legal/economic  Accordingly structured set of obligatory modules and specialised electives 5 Obligatory Module OM1 Obligatory Module OM2 Obligatory Module OM3 Elective Module EM1 Obligatory Module OM4 Obligatory Module OM5 Elective Module EM2-A Elective Module EM2-B Advanced Level Entry Basic Level Entry 1st semester (Sep-Jan) 2nd semester (Feb-May) Initial composition of the course  Obligatory modules:  “Legal Basis and Regulatory Framework of Spectrum Management”  “Spectrum Engineering Fundamentals”  “Wireless Telecommunications Technologies”  “Economic and Market Tools of Spectrum Management”  “Strategic Planning and Policies for Wireless Innovation”  Electives:  “Spectrum Monitoring”  “Enforcement and Type Approval of Equipment”  “SM for Satellite Systems”  “SM for HF Systems, Science, Maritime and Amateur Services”  “SM for Aeronautical and Radio Determination Services and Military Systems”  “Computer-aided Spectrum Management”  “Advanced Spectrum Authorization Regimes”  “Socio-Economic Impact of Spectrum Regulation; Competition and Consumer Protection”  “Terrestrial TV Broadcasting Planning and Digital Transition”  “Opportunistic Spectrum Access and Cognitive Radio” 6 Flexible certification routes Obligatory Module OM1 Obligatory Module OM2 Obligatory Module OM3 Elective Module EM1 Obligatory Module OM4 Obligatory Module OM5 Elective Module EM2 Elective Module EM3 Master Thesis University Diploma Master of Sciences in Spectrum Management Basic Level Entry Professional Certificate “Master of Spectrum Management” Professional Certificate “Spectrum Management Essentials” Professional Certificate “Advanced Spectrum Management” Certificate of XX study module 7 First phase of implementation  Identifying high level experts within the global SM community and tasking them with preparing detailed course content  Setting up Quality assurance mechanism to check delivered course content, through a combination of two-tier reviews by BR/BDT/Study Groups’ experts as well as peer review within the high level expert group  Clarifying the possibility and scope of partnership with universities and other institutions/companies 8 Vision for the team of experts Subject areas Number of experts Spectrum Regulation and Planning 3 Spectrum Engineering and Technical Innovation 2-3 Economic, legal and market aspects of SM 2 Wireless Technologies, Policies for Wireless Innovation 1-2 Spectrum Monitoring and Enforcement 1-2 Team total: 10 9 Way ahead  Clarifying provisions for certification of the course  Setting up Quality assurance mechanism for course delivery phase with feedback from Study Groups, Administrations as employers, as well as from ultimate students  Performing ITU financial/staffing impact assessment 10 Quality assurance mechanism  Consultative and editorial procedure to ensure  technical quality of the content is of the highest standard  the language and terminology used in the training materials conforms to the rules, policies, procedures and instruments of the ITU  Bodies to establish for the quality assurance process  Peer Review Committee  Editorial Committee  Peer Review Committee  review the work of the experts to ensure that the technical aspects of the training material are up to standard  be composed of the relevant BDT staff and Councillors of the BR study groups (for the modules falling under their respective groups)  Councillors to consult their SG members for comments and inputs into the relevant module/s  all comments, reviews and suggestions back to the experts for incorporation into the respective training modules  expected turnaround time of about two weeks  Editorial Committee  give the ITU stamp of approval to the modules developed by the experts and reviewed by the Peer Review Committee  validate the language and terminologies used to ensure that they are consistent with ITU languages  not expected to look at the technical content of the syllabus, as the Peer Review committee is deemed competent enough to do so  possible composition  the BDT Focal Point on Spectrum Management  the respective Study Group Councillors in BR  1 or 2 persons appointed by BR  representative from the Human Capacity Building division  chaired by a senior person from the BR (tbd) 11 Ultimate implementation options 1.
Language:English
Score: 1267726.4 - https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/R...0710Kiev/11_S2_Bozsoki-eng.pdf
Data Source: un
Spectrum Management Certified Program Course ITU Spectrum Management Training Program (SMTP) Concept Presentation Addressed problem Efficient running of Spectrum Management (SM) requires well educated professionals Today there are no formal holistic SM education programs, except some ad hoc commercial or public courses such as ITU BR seminars, USTTI Large administrations train SM staff by seconding them to experienced workers, but this offers narrowed vision and no formal quality check Many smaller administrations, especially in developing countries, do not have even such option, but must rely solely on ad hoc courses 2 The solution ITU establishing Spectrum Management Training Program: Unified course, offering students across the globe access to state-of-the-art holistic SM training and forward-looking professional vision Formalised assessment ensuring minimal quality of professional education Certification to give international recognition, with possible option of university credits/diploma 3 Benefits for ITU Preserving and spreading the wealth of SM knowledge accumulated in ITU (BR/BDT and ITU-R SG: staff’s know-how and Reports/Recs) Additional facet to ITU’s global leadership role as enabler and facilitator of ICT development Service to Member Administrations and Sector Members Course completion certificate as quality reference for candidates assessment in ITU and administrations’ hiring processes 4 The vision Two entry levels Specialisation possibility: Technical Legal/economic Accordingly structured set of obligatory modules and specialised electives 5 Initial composition of the course Obligatory modules: “Legal Basis and Regulatory Framework of Spectrum Management” “Spectrum Engineering Fundamentals” “Wireless Telecommunications Technologies” “Economic and Market Tools of Spectrum Management” “Strategic Planning and Policies for Wireless Innovation” Electives: “Spectrum Monitoring” “Enforcement and Type Approval of Equipment” “SM for Satellite Systems” “SM for HF Systems, Science, Maritime and Amateur Services” “SM for Aeronautical and Radio Determination Services and Military Systems” “Computer-aided Spectrum Management” “Advanced Spectrum Authorization Regimes” “Socio-Economic Impact of Spectrum Regulation; Competition and Consumer Protection” “Terrestrial TV Broadcasting Planning and Digital Transition” “Opportunistic Spectrum Access and Cognitive Radio” 6 Flexible certification routes 7 First phase of implementation Identifying high level experts within the global SM community and tasking them with preparing detailed course content Setting up Quality assurance mechanism to check delivered course content, through a combination of two-tier reviews by BR/BDT/Study Groups’ experts as well as peer review within the high level expert group Clarifying the possibility and scope of partnership with universities and other institutions/companies 8 Vision for the team of experts Subject areas Number of experts Spectrum Regulation and Planning 3 Spectrum Engineering and Technical Innovation 2-3 Economic, legal and market aspects of SM 2 Wireless Technologies, Policies for Wireless Innovation 1-2 Spectrum Monitoring and Enforcement 1-2 Team total: 10 9 Way ahead Clarifying provisions for certification of the course Setting up Quality assurance mechanism for course delivery phase with feedback from Study Groups, Administrations as employers, as well as from ultimate students Performing ITU financial/staffing impact assessment 10 Quality assurance mechanism   Consultative and editorial procedure to ensure technical quality of the content is of the highest standard the language and terminology used in the training materials conforms to the rules, policies, procedures and instruments of the ITU Bodies to establish for the quality assurance process Peer Review Committee Editorial Committee Peer Review Committee review the work of the experts to ensure that the technical aspects of the training material are up to standard be composed of the relevant BDT staff  and Councillors of the  BR study groups (for the modules falling under their respective groups) Councillors to  consult their SG members for  comments and inputs  into the relevant  module/s all comments, reviews and suggestions back to the experts for incorporation into the respective training modules expected turnaround time of about two weeks Editorial Committee give the ITU stamp of approval to the modules developed by the experts and reviewed by the Peer Review Committee validate the language and terminologies used to ensure that they are consistent with ITU languages not expected to look at the technical content of the syllabus, as the Peer Review committee is deemed competent enough to do so possible composition the BDT Focal Point on Spectrum Management the respective Study Group Councillors in BR 1 or 2 persons appointed by BR representative from the Human Capacity Building division chaired by a senior person from the BR (tbd) 11 Ultimate implementation options International university Masters course: Courses organized via collaboration of University/ies and ITU as well as ITU-R sector members Diploma conferred by partner University/ies International professional SM certificate: Developed content becomes a guide for self-studies, supported by practical experience in administrations ITU Academy administers the remote testing to established standard and issues ITU certificate to those who successfully passed the exams Some combination of the above 12 Conclusions The real weak point identified in supplying ITU Member Administrations with SM-educated personnel, which is unlikely to be resolved on national level, except in some very big countries ITU is at unique position to bridge this gap and further cement its position of global centre of SM innovation and know-how For more information see http://academy.itu.int/index.php/news/item/1077-smcp 13 Obligatory Module OM1 Obligatory Module OM2 Obligatory Module OM3 Elective Module EM1 Obligatory Module OM4 Obligatory Module OM5 Elective Module EM2-A Elective Module EM2-B Advanced Level Entry Basic Level Entry 1 st semester (Sep-Jan) 2 nd semester (Feb-May) Obligatory Module OM1 Obligatory Module OM2 Obligatory Module OM3 Elective Module EM1 Obligatory Module OM4 Obligatory Module OM5 Elective Module EM2 Elective Module EM3 Master Thesis University Diploma Master of Sciences in Spectrum Management Basic Level Entry Professional Certificate “Master of Spectrum Management” Professional Certificate “Spectrum Management Essentials” Professional Certificate “Advanced Spectrum Management” Certificate of XX study module
Language:English
Score: 1267726.4 - https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/R...710Kiev/11_S2_Bozsoki-eng.pptx
Data Source: un
Expenses for the obligatory certification shall be included in to the cost of products. 3. Cost of works connected with obligatory certification of products shall be specified in the contract between customer and executor. (...) Responsibility of the manufacturer (seller, executor) for the violation of the obligatory certification rules Manufacturer (seller, executor) bears responsibility for the violation of the obligatory certification rules in accordance with the current legislation.
Language:English
Score: 1253437.1 - https://www.wto.org/english/th...e/ukr_e/WTACCUKR59A1_LEG_2.pdf
Data Source: un
(Appendix #3) Regulation On Obligatory Registration Rules of Export and Import Contracts 1. Every legal person of the Republic, despite the form of property, subject to obligatory registration of contracts at the State Committee of Foreign economic Relationship of the Republic of Georgia. Registration is obligatory only for those contracts (including barter contracts) foreseeing export and import of goods included in the list approved under the resolution of the CoM of the RoG.
Language:English
Score: 1223868.6 - https://www.wto.org/english/th...e/geo_e/WTACCGEO4A1_LEG_19.pdf
Data Source: un
For professions such as electricians, carpenters: Complete secondary education with a diploma OR complete equivalent technical studies with a diploma OR obligatory formal schooling plus  three years of apprenticeship in the field of the post. (...) For professions such as electricians, carpenters: Complete secondary education with a diploma OR complete equivalent technical studies with a diploma OR obligatory formal schooling plus three years of apprenticeship in the field of the post. (...) For professions such as electricians, carpenters: Complete secondary education with a diploma OR complete equivalent technical studies with a diploma OR obligatory formal schooling plus  three years of apprenticeship in the field of the post.
Language:English
Score: 1195598.5 - https://www.itu.int/en/testweb...eneral%20service/allitems.aspx
Data Source: un