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Directive 2014/55/EU designates UN/CEFACT Cross Industry Invoice as one of the two obligatory standards within the within the EU for B2G (Business-to-Government) electronic invoicing (e-Invoicing).
Language:English
Score: 745669.97 - https://unece.org/ru/node/358390
Data Source: un
Directive 2014/55/EU designates UN/CEFACT Cross Industry Invoice as one of the two obligatory standards within the within the EU for B2G (Business-to-Government) electronic invoicing (e-Invoicing).
Language:English
Score: 745669.97 - https://unece.org/fr/node/358390
Data Source: un
Directive 2014/55/EU designates UN/CEFACT Cross Industry Invoice as one of the two obligatory standards within the within the EU for B2G (Business-to-Government) electronic invoicing (e-Invoicing).
Language:English
Score: 745669.97 - https://unece.org/zh-hans/node/358390
Data Source: un
Recommendations 1 A new databases and portals has been established in the Croatian environmental information system needed for more detailed and/or obligatory environmental monitoring and reporting. 2 Reporting has been improved with a new mechanisms, data processing methods, data verification 3 The introduction of new topics in integrated environmental assessment and nature analyses was conducted. 4 5 What do you think are the main challenges for your country with regard to institutional, regulatory mechanisms and infrastructure at the national level?
Language:English
Score: 646257.47 - https://unece.org/sites/defaul...O_WGEMA_questionnaire_2021.pdf
Data Source: un
As regards the EIA decision, the regulations very generally set out the requirements as to the level of detail of their findings: 1. where no EIA was carried out prior to the issuance of the decision (negative screening) - the only obligatory element is a statement that there is no need to carry out an EIA, 2. where an EIA was carried out prior to the issuance of the decision, the body shall determine, inter alia ‘significant conditions for the use of the environment (...)’, ‘the environmental protection requirements to be integrated into in the documentation’, required for subsequent decisions.
Language:English
Score: 338962.7 - https://unece.org/sites/defaul...ommC146_01.06.2022_reply_0.pdf
Data Source: un
Directive 2014/55/EU designates UN/CEFACT Cross Industry Invoice as one of the two obligatory standards within the within the EU for B2G (Business-to-Government) electronic invoicing (e-Invoicing).
Language:English
Score: 745669.97 - https://unece.org/ar/node/358390
Data Source: un
Directive 2014/55/EU designates UN/CEFACT Cross Industry Invoice as one of the two obligatory standards within the within the EU for B2G (Business-to-Government) electronic invoicing (e-Invoicing).
Language:English
Score: 745669.97 - https://unece.org/es/node/358390
Data Source: un
• Can achieve scale (see Dutch and Italian cases) • Can encourage grey economy into tax system • Can target specific technologies • Concerns regarding genuine additionality • Can be complex to avail and regressive in application (dependent on having tax bill to offset) Large consumer obligations • Placed on large consumers leveraged Article 8 audit requirement • Examples include previous schemes in Bulgaria and Serbia • Can act together with EE Fund • But focuses on area where market failures are arguably smalles Roadmap for 2030 success • 2030 Article 7 targets for CPs will need new policy measures that can deliver at scale • EEOS remain a prominent option and under consideration in many CPs • Gaining broad buy-in takes time (see elsewhere in South-East Europe) • Continued engagement of utilities and regulator in EE programmes helps lay groundwork • Must be realistic on scope and targets • Strong M&V platform is necessary either EEOS or Alternatives • EE Funds have increased in popularity but have limitations, including in scale – scope for innovation in financing approach (e.g. on-bill approaches or PACE loans) • Ecodesign may contribute strongly in near-term but could become mandatory and thus ineligible • Tenders may offer a workable alternative to an EEOS given adequate funding Case study - Croatia • Targets and legal framework for article 7 EED in Croatia • NEEAP targets for article 7 in period 2014-2020 • Law on energy efficiency • Regulation on EEOS • Regulation on Monitoring and Verification • Impacts of alternative measures in period 2014-2019 (2020) • Insight in period 2021-2030 • NECP targets and measures • Lessons learned NEEAP targets for article 7 for the period 2014-2020 Annual savings [PJ] Cumulative savings [PJ] Reduction of cumulative savings Saving as per article 7 (1) EED 2,583 71,333 - Application of article 7 (3) EED 1,938 54,250 25% Target Annual saving [PJ] 1,5% 1,5% 1,5% 1,5% 1,5% 1,5% 1,5% TOTAL 2014 1,938 1,938 2015 1,938 1,938 3,875 2016 1,938 1,938 1,938 5,813 2017 1,938 1,938 1,938 1,938 7,750 2018 1,938 1,938 1,938 1,938 1,938 9,688 2019 1,938 1,938 1,938 1,938 1,938 1,938 11,625 2020 1,938 1,938 1,938 1,938 1,938 1,938 1,938 13,563 CUMULATIVE 54,250 ANNUAL 1,938 NEEAP: Target to be achieved with combination of alternative measured (50,1%) and EEOS (49,9%) Legal framework for article 7 EED in Croatia Law on EE • Targets are defined in NEEAP • AM defined in NEEAP • EEOS for energy suppliers (electricity, gas, heat, oil products) – gradual introduction (300-100-50 GWh threshold) Regulation of EEOS • Accounting of energy savings, trading and transfer of energy savings • Annual reporting of achieved savings • Payment of penalty fee for underachievement Regulation on M&V • Obligatory use of MVP (SMIV) for subsidy provider, obliged parties, public sector and ESCOs • BU methods for calculation of energy savings for 33 measures Impact of alternative measures 2014- 2019(20) CUM CUM2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 14-19 14-20 Energy renovation of SFH EE Fund 2014-2016 0,0230 0,2704 0,2877 0,1379 3,0545 3,7735 EE Fund 2017-2020 0,0143 0,0066 0,0143 0,0352 Energy renovation of MAB - - EE Fund 2014-2016 - 0,0706 0,0633 0,1548 0,0017 1,0740 1,3644 ESIF OPCC 0,1086 0,3190 0,0157 0,5362 0,9795 Individual heat metering - - EE Fund 2014-2016 0,0210 0,1649 0,1192 0,5681 0,5681 Energy poverty reduction - - - - Energy renovation of public buildings - - EE Fund 2014-2016 - 0,0879 0,0234 0,0404 - - EE Fund 2017-2020 0,0001 0,0002 0,0003 ESCO 2014-2015 - 0,0342 0,0293 0,0715 0,0946 0,0026 0,6945 0,9267 ESIF OPCC 0,0211 0,0301 0,1720 0,0257 0,2955 0,5444 Energy renovation of commercial buildings - - EE Fund 2014-2016 - 0,0273 0,0133 0,0097 0,0007 0,2202 0,2712 EE Fund 2017-2020 - - ESIF OPCC 0,0006 0,0035 0,0006 0,0047 Energy renovation of public lighting - - EE Fund 2014-2016 0,0400 0,0204 0,0138 0,3972 0,4714 ESCO 0,0006 0,0026 0,0169 0,0100 0,0269 0,0033 0,1110 0,1713 Local authorities 0,0003 0,0012 0,0048 0,0063 ESIF credit line - - EE in manufacturing industry - - EE Fund 2014-2016 - 0,0262 0,0301 0,0750 0,4764 0,6077 ESIF OPCC 0,0288 0,0099 0,0288 0,0675 Energy efficient vehicles - - EE Fund 2014-2016 0,0050 0,0074 0,0035 0,0810 0,0969 EE Fund 2017-2020 0,0036 0,0285 0,0357 0,0678 Eco driving trainings - - EE Fund 2014-2016 0,0170 0,0176 0,0007 0,0008 0,0723 0,0723 Other measures in transport - - Special tax on motor vehicles - - City bikes systems - - 0,1060 0,7275 0,5872 0,5293 0,2494 0,5927 0,0647 7,67 10,03 Year / Savings [PJ] Alternative measures from 4.
Language:English
Score: 359048.24 - https://unece.org/sites/defaul...ic%2C%20UNECE%20Consultant.pdf
Data Source: un
• Can achieve scale (see Dutch and Italian cases) • Can encourage grey economy into tax system • Can target specific technologies • Concerns regarding genuine additionality • Can be complex to avail and regressive in application (dependent on having tax bill to offset) Large consumer obligations • Placed on large consumers leveraged Article 8 audit requirement • Examples include previous schemes in Bulgaria and Serbia • Can act together with EE Fund • But focuses on area where market failures are arguably smalles Roadmap for 2030 success • 2030 Article 7 targets for CPs will need new policy measures that can deliver at scale • EEOS remain a prominent option and under consideration in many CPs • Gaining broad buy-in takes time (see elsewhere in South-East Europe) • Continued engagement of utilities and regulator in EE programmes helps lay groundwork • Must be realistic on scope and targets • Strong M&V platform is necessary either EEOS or Alternatives • EE Funds have increased in popularity but have limitations, including in scale – scope for innovation in financing approach (e.g. on-bill approaches or PACE loans) • Ecodesign may contribute strongly in near-term but could become mandatory and thus ineligible • Tenders may offer a workable alternative to an EEOS given adequate funding Case study - Croatia • Targets and legal framework for article 7 EED in Croatia • NEEAP targets for article 7 in period 2014-2020 • Law on energy efficiency • Regulation on EEOS • Regulation on Monitoring and Verification • Impacts of alternative measures in period 2014-2019 (2020) • Insight in period 2021-2030 • NECP targets and measures • Lessons learned NEEAP targets for article 7 for the period 2014-2020 Annual savings [PJ] Cumulative savings [PJ] Reduction of cumulative savings Saving as per article 7 (1) EED 2,583 71,333 - Application of article 7 (3) EED 1,938 54,250 25% Target Annual saving [PJ] 1,5% 1,5% 1,5% 1,5% 1,5% 1,5% 1,5% TOTAL 2014 1,938 1,938 2015 1,938 1,938 3,875 2016 1,938 1,938 1,938 5,813 2017 1,938 1,938 1,938 1,938 7,750 2018 1,938 1,938 1,938 1,938 1,938 9,688 2019 1,938 1,938 1,938 1,938 1,938 1,938 11,625 2020 1,938 1,938 1,938 1,938 1,938 1,938 1,938 13,563 CUMULATIVE 54,250 ANNUAL 1,938 NEEAP: Target to be achieved with combination of alternative measured (50,1%) and EEOS (49,9%) Legal framework for article 7 EED in Croatia Law on EE • Targets are defined in NEEAP • AM defined in NEEAP • EEOS for energy suppliers (electricity, gas, heat, oil products) – gradual introduction (300-100-50 GWh threshold) Regulation of EEOS • Accounting of energy savings, trading and transfer of energy savings • Annual reporting of achieved savings • Payment of penalty fee for underachievement Regulation on M&V • Obligatory use of MVP (SMIV) for subsidy provider, obliged parties, public sector and ESCOs • BU methods for calculation of energy savings for 33 measures Impact of alternative measures 2014- 2019(20) CUM CUM2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 14-19 14-20 Energy renovation of SFH EE Fund 2014-2016 0,0230 0,2704 0,2877 0,1379 3,0545 3,7735 EE Fund 2017-2020 0,0143 0,0066 0,0143 0,0352 Energy renovation of MAB - - EE Fund 2014-2016 - 0,0706 0,0633 0,1548 0,0017 1,0740 1,3644 ESIF OPCC 0,1086 0,3190 0,0157 0,5362 0,9795 Individual heat metering - - EE Fund 2014-2016 0,0210 0,1649 0,1192 0,5681 0,5681 Energy poverty reduction - - - - Energy renovation of public buildings - - EE Fund 2014-2016 - 0,0879 0,0234 0,0404 - - EE Fund 2017-2020 0,0001 0,0002 0,0003 ESCO 2014-2015 - 0,0342 0,0293 0,0715 0,0946 0,0026 0,6945 0,9267 ESIF OPCC 0,0211 0,0301 0,1720 0,0257 0,2955 0,5444 Energy renovation of commercial buildings - - EE Fund 2014-2016 - 0,0273 0,0133 0,0097 0,0007 0,2202 0,2712 EE Fund 2017-2020 - - ESIF OPCC 0,0006 0,0035 0,0006 0,0047 Energy renovation of public lighting - - EE Fund 2014-2016 0,0400 0,0204 0,0138 0,3972 0,4714 ESCO 0,0006 0,0026 0,0169 0,0100 0,0269 0,0033 0,1110 0,1713 Local authorities 0,0003 0,0012 0,0048 0,0063 ESIF credit line - - EE in manufacturing industry - - EE Fund 2014-2016 - 0,0262 0,0301 0,0750 0,4764 0,6077 ESIF OPCC 0,0288 0,0099 0,0288 0,0675 Energy efficient vehicles - - EE Fund 2014-2016 0,0050 0,0074 0,0035 0,0810 0,0969 EE Fund 2017-2020 0,0036 0,0285 0,0357 0,0678 Eco driving trainings - - EE Fund 2014-2016 0,0170 0,0176 0,0007 0,0008 0,0723 0,0723 Other measures in transport - - Special tax on motor vehicles - - City bikes systems - - 0,1060 0,7275 0,5872 0,5293 0,2494 0,5927 0,0647 7,67 10,03 Year / Savings [PJ] Alternative measures from 4.
Language:English
Score: 359048.24 - https://unece.org/sites/defaul...bal%20and%20EU%20levels_EN.pdf
Data Source: un