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Import of goods into Customs of the Republic of Armenia, which are subject to certify in the Republic of Armenia, is allowed for free trade, when they meet the requirements of obligatory certification stipulated by the Republic of Armenia. 3. (...) In accordance with the stipulated requirements for obligatory certification regulations of the Republic of Armenia, compliance certification of products imported into Customs of the Republic of Armenia, is implemented either by the certification of products within the framework of (further: system) national certification system of the Republic of Armenia or on the basis of a foreign certificates. 5.
Language:English
Score: 930382.1 - https://www.wto.org/english/th..._e/arm_e/WTACCARM10_LEG_15.pdf
Data Source: un
Risk Assessments and Scientific Data National bodies providing risk assessment and scientific advice • Finnish Food Authority – Laboratories and Research department: https://www.ruokavirasto.fi/en/about-us/what-is-the-finnish-food-authority/ • Customs laboratory • other laboratories as appropriate • Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke): https://www.luke.fi/en/ • National Institute for Health and welfare (THL): https://thl.fi/en/web/thlfi-en • Finnish Safety and Chemicals Agency (Tukes): https://tukes.fi/en/frontpage Risk assessment, risk profiles, scientific opinions Microbiological and chemical risk assessment of food safety in the Finnish Food Authority: https://www.ruokavirasto.fi/en/organisations/risk-assessment/risk-assessment-of-food-safety/ The results of scientific work by the Finnish Food Authority: https://www.ruokavirasto.fi/en/organisations/scientific-research/publications-and-presentations/ Official Laboratory Official laboratories authorized by the Finnish Food Authority: https://www.ruokavirasto.fi/laboratoriopalvelut/ruokaviraston-hyvaksymat-laboratoriot/ Official Competence Surveillance of foodborne diseases and monitoring of food contamination National surveillance systems – foodborne disease in humans • Obligatory notifications to officials and registers about suspected foodborne infections. • Laboratory based surveillance maintained by national central public health laboratory. • National infectious disease register maintained by central public health authority (THL). • RYMY electronic foodborne outbreak reporting system and database used by all competent authorities both in public health and food safety involved in examination and surveillance of foodborne outbreaks. National monitoring systems – foodborne hazards in the food chain • Local outbreak response team: team containing both public health and food safety officials examines every suspected foodborne outbreak in its area. • Obligatory notifications via food chain about suspected food safety risks (food laboratories - food business operators – local officials - central food safety authority). • National/EU surveillance and control programs (Salmonella, Campylobacter, EHEC, AMR, GMOs, chemical contaminants, pesticide residues). • Laboratory based surveillance: confirmation and or analysis of certain laboratory findings in national reference food laboratory, obligatory notification to central food safety authority about certain findings of official laboratories.
Language:English
Score: 923415.3 - https://www.fao.org/fao-who-co...dex/members/detail/en/c/15690/
Data Source: un
RECOMMENDATIONS AIMED AT THE REDUCTION OF THE NUMBER OF AIR ACCIDENTS RELATED TO HUMAN FACTORS 2.1 The Interstate Aviation Commitee has worked out the following recommendations: 2.1.1 In order to prevent aircraft collisions with heights, air navigation and pilotage aids need to be improved, and the priority measures in this direction are: • activization of work on the establishment and implementation of global international satellite communications, navigation and surveillance system GPS-GLONASS, excluding aircraft deviations from the assigned flight route; • equipping aircraft with the flight track electronic display system for the flight crew; and • equipping aircraft with TAWS (terrain awareness and warning system) – a more perfect than GPWS ground proximity waning system with imaging the earth’s surface on the display of the pilot’s instrument panel. 2.1.2 It is possible to essentially reduce the number of aircraft collisions with heights, first of all, by means of taking the following measures, which do not require substantial investments: • development and introduction of the flight crew’s pre-flight action computer programmes, reproducing the peculiarities of flight to the specific principal and alternate aerodromes with the attached location of all simulated and natural obstacles in the area of flights, including heights; • improving the quality of the flight crew’s pre-flight action and control of it with the obligatory analysis of possible complications of the flight conditions on the high- level aerodrome, peculiarities of a go-around procedure and missed approach; • improving the level of the flight crew’s knowledge about the algorithms of the ground proximity warning indicators’ work, about the consequences of distrust and disregarding their signals; • ensuring sufficient amount of the flight crew’s trainings with the use of simulator to work through the actions to be taken in case of the ground proximity warning indicators’ signals; • improving the quality of the air traffic controllers’ training with the use of simulators, imitating aircraft flight in the area of natural and simulated obstacles, and evaluation of the danger presented by possible abnormal situations created by the flight crew, air traffic controller, environment; - 4 - A35-WP/108 TE/14 • enhancing demands of controlling ATC dispatcher services; • improving the quality of candidate selection during the training of the flight and dispatcher personnel, assessed to be fit for high complicacy tasks; • prohibition of flights on high-level aerodromes, not equipped with the radio- technical and radar facilities required to ensure flight safety, at night and in low weather, when the heights are covered with clouds; • prohibition of takeoff operations in the direction of the mountains and landing operations from the direction of the mountains on the aerodromes, surrounded by mountains on one side; • specification of the system of selecting approach facilities on a high-level aerodrome with the obligatory requirements to the flight crew and air traffic controller for the necessary use of all available airborne and ground facilities. In case of the flight crew ordering limited approach facilities, air traffic controller should prompt to the crew that all the facilities are switched on and should be taken use of; • prohibition to use a high-level aerodrome for landing operations if VOR-DME (short distance radio-navigation aids), radar and radio direction finder are not working; • use by the airlines of the methodical developments of the International Flight Safety Foundation, related to the estimation and reducing the risk of air accidents caused by controlled flight into terrain (CFIT); and C increasing the level of the air traffic controller’s responsibility for keeping by the crew to the approach pattern in what concerns obligatory taking joint actions (mutual exchange of information) by the flight crew and air traffic controller on the control of the actual position of the aircraft during any manoeuvres in the horizontal and vertical surfaces after taking the decision to commence descent from the level. 3.
Language:English
Score: 923415.3 - https://www.icao.int/Meetings/...%2035th%20Session/wp108_en.pdf
Data Source: un
Obligatory conformity assessment shall be carried out in the forms of: - supplier's declaration; - obligatory certification. 2. (...) Article 19. Obligatory Conformity Assessment 1. Obligatory conformity assessment shall be carried out only in the cases established by appropriate technical regulation, and only for conformity to the requirements of technical regulation. The object of obligatory conformity assessment may be only the product produced or imported for circulation in the territory of Afghanistan. 2.
Language:English
Score: 914286.9 - https://www.wto.org/english/th...c_e/afg_e/WTACCAFG19_LEG_4.pdf
Data Source: un
Obligatory conformity assessment shall be carried out in the forms of: 8 - supplier's declaration; - obligatory certification. 2. (...) Article 19. Obligatory Conformity Assessment 1. Obligatory conformity assessment shall be carried out only in the cases established by appropriate technical regulation, and only for conformity to the requirements of technical regulation. The object of obligatory conformity assessment may be only the product produced or imported for circulation in the territory of Afghanistan. 2.
Language:English
Score: 914286.9 - https://www.wto.org/english/th...c_e/afg_e/WTACCAFG14_LEG_2.pdf
Data Source: un
3 UNECE Commercial Agricultural Quality Standards 4 UNECE Commercial Agricultural Quality Standards • Working Party + Specialized Sections – Dry and Dried Produce – Seed Potatoes – Meat – Fresh Fruit and Vegetables • Equal rights for all UN Member States • 60 years of work 5 UNECE Commercial Agricultural Quality Standards • Fruit, vegetables • Dry produce • Potatoes • Meat • Eggs • Flowers 6 UNECE Commercial Agricultural Quality Standards 2010: FFV Specialized Section – Adopted revised Standard Layout – Aligned/revised 50 standards – 2 sessions that year – Published explanatory brochure Flexible, efficient, effective 7 UNECE Commercial Agricultural Quality Standards Compliance with TBT agreement “Where international standards exist countries shall use them as a basis for their technical regulations except when such standards would be an ineffective or inappropriate means for the fulfillment of the objectives” (TBT, Art. 2.4) 8 UNECE Commercial Agricultural Quality Standards Purpose of standards • Facilitate international trade • Create market transparency • Promote quality agricultural products • Keep unsatisfactory produce out of market • Improve profitability • Protect consumers 9 UNECE Commercial Agricultural Quality Standards UNECE standards are recommendations Obligatory EU Regulations National legislation Voluntary Reference in commercial contracts 10 UNECE Commercial Agricultural Quality Standards Users of standards • Producers • Traders • Consumers • Inspection services 11 UNECE Commercial Agricultural Quality Standards 12 UNECE Commercial Agricultural Quality Standards UNECE and E(E)C 1962 • 21 UNECE standards obligatory for intra- community trade 2008 • 36 UNECE standards in EC regulations 2009 • 10 UNECE standards in EC regulations (specific marketing standards) • General marketing standard (GMS) 13 UNECE Commercial Agricultural Quality Standards GMS sets minimum quality requirements – Intact – Sound; products affected by rotting are excluded – Clean – Free from pests – Free from damage caused by pest – Free of abnormal external moisture – Free of any foreign smell and/or taste No provisions on quality classes 14 UNECE Commercial Agricultural Quality Standards Commission Regulation (EC) No 1580/2007 Where the holder of fruit and vegetables is able to show they are in conformity with any applicable UNECE standard, the product is considered as conforming to the GMS 15 UNECE Commercial Agricultural Quality Standards UNECE and OECD Scheme • Interpreting UNECE standards since 1962 • Drawing up standards until 1996 • Working on inspection methods, sampling, objective tests 16 UNECE Commercial Agricultural Quality Standards OECD Interpretative Brochures “In all classes, subject to the special provisions for each class and the tolerances allowed, the tomatoes must be: - intact:” Tomatoes must not have any mutilation or injury spoiling the integrity of the produce.
Language:English
Score: 911982.6 - https://unece.org/DAM/trade/ag...11_Thailand/UNECEStandards.pdf
Data Source: un
In 1994 health education ceased to be an obligatory subject in the school curricula. Preventive services such as school health services and contraceptive clinics were severely decreased. (...) In 2006 sexuality education as part of health education became again obligatory. Since then Finland has seen a very positive trend both in decreasing numbers of adolescent abortion and teenage delivery rates. 2 According to the experience in Finland, reliable and sufficient sexuality education does not promote promiscuity or encourage young people into early sexual encounters.
Language:English
Score: 911982.6 - https://www.un.org/en/developm...ountry/agendaitem4/finland.pdf
Data Source: un
• Cities organising EMW also have to organise ITWMC • 1 horizontal theme: ACCESSIBILITY ~ 2003 = European Year of People with Disabilities • No other obligatory themes • An activity had to be organised each day of the Week 9 EMW 2003: ACCESSIBILITY Focus an a sustainable mobility catering for ALL people, on a city that is accessible to anyone and welcomes anyone, taking into account specific needs and offering sustainable solutions 10 EMW 2003: ACCESSIBILITY Examples: • Increase access to all transport modes through good and intermodal information provision, e.g. mobility centre • Accessible infrastructure: low floor buses, qualitative cycling infrasture with good signage • Carpool matching services • Accessibility guides for schools, companies, disabled people... • All-in-one tickets for events • Transport on demand for remote areas, etc. 11 EMW 2003: First Results • 715 cities and towns involved in EMW 2003 • = over 100 million citizens addressed • 1480 involved in Car Free Day only • CFD on Monday was extra challenge but not taken up by all 12 EXAMPLES • Scooters for less mobile people in Camden 13 EXAMPLES • Mobility Centre, accesssible PT, mobility card for disabled citizens (Ferrara) 14 EXAMPLES London Borough of Bromley: • Accessibility study of PT facilities in B. • Launch of free regional carpool database at regional business • Public display of cycling with give- aways and information • Free toolkit on travel plans for businesses • Events in the gym to promote walking and cycling 15 EXAMPLES Reykjavik: • Children’s drawing exhibition on transport • Introduction of gas vehicles, ecodriving • New cycling route maps • Presentation of the city’s policy on accessiblity for disabled people • Inauguration of new streets • Presentation new city centre plan & redevelopment • Guided tours around the city 16 EXAMPLES Lund: • Responsible car use • Accessiblity for elderly and disabled people • Access to public tranport • Access for children • Access for pedestrians • Cycling and access to greenways • Access for all 17 EXAMPLES Brussels: • Testing of measures: free minibus between main cultural and commercial areas; changing of driving direction in some streets; broadening of pedestrian crossings • Free bicycle training for bicycle friendly companies; bicycle checks; bicycle tours along Brussels monuments • Presentation of company transport plans • Car Free Sunday: entire region car free, free PT 18 AND MANY MORE 19 EMW 2004 • 16-22 September 2004 • implementation of at least one permanent measure becomes obligatory • ‘Children and Safe Streets’ • World Car Free Day?
Language:English
Score: 911982.6 - https://unece.org/fileadmin/DA...urban/documents/vancluysen.pdf
Data Source: un
Risk Assessments and Scientific Data National bodies providing risk assessment and scientific advice • Finnish Food Authority – Laboratories and Research department: https://www.ruokavirasto.fi/en/about-us/what-is-the-finnish-food-authority/ • Customs laboratory • other laboratories as appropriate • Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke): https://www.luke.fi/en/ • National Institute for Health and welfare (THL): https://thl.fi/en/web/thlfi-en • Finnish Safety and Chemicals Agency (Tukes): https://tukes.fi/en/frontpage Risk assessment, risk profiles, scientific opinions Microbiological and chemical risk assessment of food safety in the Finnish Food Authority: https://www.ruokavirasto.fi/en/organisations/risk-assessment/risk-assessment-of-food-safety/ The results of scientific work by the Finnish Food Authority: https://www.ruokavirasto.fi/en/organisations/scientific-research/publications-and-presentations/ Official Laboratory Official laboratories authorized by the Finnish Food Authority: https://www.ruokavirasto.fi/laboratoriopalvelut/ruokaviraston-hyvaksymat-laboratoriot/ Official Competence Surveillance of foodborne diseases and monitoring of food contamination National surveillance systems – foodborne disease in humans • Obligatory notifications to officials and registers about suspected foodborne infections. • Laboratory based surveillance maintained by national central public health laboratory. • National infectious disease register maintained by central public health authority (THL). • RYMY electronic foodborne outbreak reporting system and database used by all competent authorities both in public health and food safety involved in examination and surveillance of foodborne outbreaks. National monitoring systems – foodborne hazards in the food chain • Local outbreak response team: team containing both public health and food safety officials examines every suspected foodborne outbreak in its area. • Obligatory notifications via food chain about suspected food safety risks (food laboratories - food business operators – local officials - central food safety authority). • National/EU surveillance and control programs (Salmonella, Campylobacter, EHEC, AMR, GMOs, chemical contaminants, pesticide residues). • Laboratory based surveillance: confirmation and or analysis of certain laboratory findings in national reference food laboratory, obligatory notification to central food safety authority about certain findings of official laboratories.
Language:English
Score: 911250.6 - https://www.fao.org/fao-who-co...dex/members/detail/ar/c/15690/
Data Source: un
Population, education, safety High-density urban model Definition of the max/min population density Punishing unlawful builging stock practices Support childrens adoctions Bonus for the access at the High Schools (no-obligatory schools) 9. Contacts and relationship 10.
Language:English
Score: 909677.5 - https://www.un.org/esa/sustdev...d14/PF/info/AAP2020_social.pdf
Data Source: un