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Chapter 7 Chapter 7   Election Observation   Why observe elections?   Election observation is a valuable tool for improving the quality of elections. (...) However, international observers are typically less knowledgeable about the country they are observing, and a few may bring their own biases to the observation. (...) Political party observers will be perceived as the least impartial and objective observers.
Language:English
Score: 540320.85 - https://www.un.org/womenwatch/...i/wps/publication/Chapter7.htm
Data Source: un
Today, the Global Observing System is one of the key component observing system of the WMO Integrated Global Observing System (WIGOS). (...) Over two thirds of the stations make observations at 0000UTC and 1200UTC. Between 100 and 200 stations make observations once per day. (...) The number of observing ships is around 4 000. About 1 000 of them report observations every day.
Language:English
Score: 538677.25 - https://public.wmo.int/en/programmes/global-observing-system
Data Source: un
Components The WIGOS component observing systems are the Global Observing System (GOS), the WMO Hydrological Observing System (WHOS) and the observing components of the Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) and of the Global Cryosphere Watch (GCW). (...) Global Atmosphere Watch Programme WMO Hydrological Observing System   The WMO Hydrological Observing System (WHOS) comprises hydrological observations, initially focusing on water level and discharge. (...) The GCW observing network and its standardized core network (CryoNet) shall build on existing observing programmes and promote the addition of standardized cryospheric observations to existing facilities.
Language:English
Score: 537724.37 - https://public.wmo.int/en/programmes/wigos
Data Source: un
What is the WMO vision for the evolution of its observing systems? The future Global Observing System will play a central role within the WMO Integrated Global Observing System (WIGOS). This evolved integrated observing system will be a comprehensive “system of systems” interfaced with WMO co-sponsored and other non-WMO observing systems, making major contributions to the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS). (...) Global Observing System 2. How do WMO Members decide on the evolution of the global observing systems?
Language:English
Score: 537148.7 - https://public.wmo.int/en/abou...y-asked-questions/observations
Data Source: un
Group horizontal tab About The Commission for Instruments and Methods of Observations facilitates, through the Instruments and Methods of Observation Programme, international standardization and compatibility of instruments and methods of observations to improve quality of products and services of Members. (...) The work of the Commission underpins all observations within the WMO Integrated Global Observing System (WIGOS). (...) The Commission first published the  WMO Guide to Meteorological Instruments and Methods of Observation  (CIMO Guide, WMO-No. 8), in 1954. The Guide deals with the standardization of observational procedures and techniques, and provides comprehensive and up-to-date guidelines on the most effective practices for carrying out meteorological observations and measurements.
Language:English
Score: 536744.9 - https://public.wmo.int/en/our-...nd-methods-of-observation-cimo
Data Source: un
We will need an Integrated Marine debris Observing System (IMDOS) to work to enhance observations from existing networks, coordinate data flow and to ensure delivery of products integrated with remote (satellite) observations, and for the development of new observing technology in this area. (...) Several of the global ocean observing networks under GOOS Observations Coordination Group (OCG) observe carbon, but it is not enough - we need a more comprehensive carbon observing system. (...) WMO Members have asked that ocean observations be considered a part of the WMO Global Basic Observing Network (GBON), and GOOS considers observations from mature networks ready for this commitment.
Language:English
Score: 536574.1 - https://www.un.org/depts/los/c...process/contribution22/IOC.pdf
Data Source: un
To highlight this importance, WMO has a mechanism to recognize centennial observing stations. Read more about Centennial Observing Stations Frequently Asked Questions: Observations FAQs - Observations Related Programmes WMO Space Programme Coordinating the activities of Members related to the space-based observing system component of the WMO Integrated Global Observing System to ensure sustained and interoperable satellite observations and to promote their... Global Observing System Offering operationally reliable, surface-based and space-based subsystems with observing facilities on land, at sea, in the air and in outer space in support of the World Weather Watch... (...) WMO Integrated Global Observing System WIGOS provides the new overarching framework for all WMO observing systems and for WMO contributions to co-sponsored observing systems in support of all WMO activities.
Language:English
Score: 536151.2 - https://public.wmo.int/en/our-...andate/what-we-do/observations
Data Source: un
United Nations Open-ended Informal Consultative Process on Oceans and the Law of the Sea Twenty-Second meeting 6 – 10 June 2022 Panel “Ocean observing” Segment 1 Ocean observation: tools, contributions to science-based decision-making, and challenges relating to gaps in observational data Monday, 6 June 3 – 6 pm EDT Panellist Affiliation Presentation Ms. (...) Michelle Heupel Director of Australia's Integrated Marine Observing System (IMOS) Application of ocean observations for decision-making: delivering benefits at multiple scales Mr. (...) David Legler Director, Global Ocean Monitoring and Observation program at NOAA; Chair, Ocean Observation Coordination Group Ocean observing co-design through international cooperation and coordination Ms.
Language:English
Score: 535727.5 - https://www.un.org/depts/los/c.../ICP22PanelProgramme_Final.pdf
Data Source: un
For three decades, GOOS has been coordinating in situ observations via a broad range of global, national and regional ocean observing initiatives, projects and systems. (...) Augment the WMO Global Basic Observing Network (GBON) with a global basic ocean observing system . (...) A note on satellite observations: while this paper focuses on the in situ oceans observing component, it is also important to recognize the impact of very significant investments in ocean observations from space.
Language:English
Score: 535457.23 - https://public.wmo.int/en/reso...-data-earth-system-predictions
Data Source: un
Main Problems in Ocean Observation Strengthening ocean observation capability is required by marine disaster prevention and mitigation. (...) It is urgent to further improve the ocean observation capability. Expanding ocean observation capacity is urgently needed to solve emerging maritime problems. (...) The capabilities of operational observation continue to improve, and a national global-ocean stereoscopic observation network covering shore-based, sea-based, air-based, and space-based ocean observation systems is basically established.
Language:English
Score: 535358.1 - https://www.un.org/depts/los/c...ocess/contribution22/China.pdf
Data Source: un