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International Telecommunication Union International Telecommunication Union Myanmar, September 2014 ITU - Evolution of internet market offers - OGS ITU/BDT Regional Economic and Financial Forum of Telecommun ​ications/I ​CTs for Asia and Pacific Evolution of Internet market offers, convergence and service bundling Myanmar, 1-2 September, 2014 Oscar González Soto ITU Consultant Expert Spain oscar.gso@gmail.com International Telecommunication Union ITU - Evolution of internet market offers - OGS Myanmar, September 2014 2 Agenda • Key factors driving the offers • Influence of Convergence • Historical evolution of market offers • Service bundling offers and trends International Telecommunication Union ITU - Evolution of internet market offers - OGS Myanmar, September 2014 3 Key factors driving the offers Network technology and convergence Higher capacities at lower costs Competition level and market fairness Regulatory rules and Optimization of the offers New services market and consumer capabilities Consumer motivation and affordability Resource consumption and service provisioning costs Economic sustainability Economy of scale and service packaging Operational cost reduction and easier relation to consumer International Telecommunication Union ITU - Evolution of internet market offers - OGS Myanmar, September 2014 4 Key factors driving the offers: evolution of optic capacities Source: NTT International Telecommunication Union ITU - Evolution of internet market offers - OGS Myanmar, September 2014 5 Key factors driving the offers: historical cost reduction for Ethernet 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 $3,500 $3,000 $2,500 $2,000 $1,500 $1,000 $500 $0 Source: Dell’Oro Group International Telecommunication Union ITU - Evolution of internet market offers - OGS Myanmar, September 2014 November, 2007 Business feasibility area limited by positive NPV and payment affordability Revenues per customer/year (ARPU) Volume of Customers/type Pressure by required NPV and IRR r1 $ n1 Pressure by payment capability, churn or regulation constraints Business Feasibility area: r2 $ n2 Key factors driving the offers: Competition level International Telecommunication Union ITU - Evolution of internet market offers - OGS Myanmar, September 2014 7 Agenda • Key factors driving the offers • Influence of Convergence • Historical evolution of market offers • Service bundling offers and trends International Telecommunication Union ITU - Evolution of internet market offers - OGS Myanmar, September 2014 8 The five dimensions of the economy of scale: By Size of the systems within a technology By Technology capabilities By Traffic efficiency with the occupancy By customers Density By Volume of purchasing Influence of Convergence: higher economic efficiencies Economic benefits per dimension: Cost reduction per unit (i.e.: 10% to 30%) New technologies with higher productivity (i.e.: x4 capacity with 1.2 in cost) Better utilization for a given GoS when larger systems (i.e.: +20%) Quadratic decrease with coverage radio increase Discount per volume in log scale (i.e.: up to 40%) International Telecommunication Union ITU - Evolution of internet market offers - OGS Myanmar, September 2014 November, 2007 Internet Internet & VoDSL Internet & Video Services bundling (reference) Y0 Y1 Y2 Y3 Y4 Y5 Y6 Y7 Y8 Y9 Y10 Year -2e+08 -1e+08 0e+08 1e+08 2e+08 3e+08 4e+08 5e+08 6e+08 7e+08 N P V ( E u ro ) Influence of Convergence: Business effects of service packaging Effects of the mix of services on the Network NPV in a NGN network: • Major impact of service classes on NPV and company survivability • High benefit of services bundling International Telecommunication Union ITU - Evolution of internet market offers - OGS Myanmar, September 2014 10 Agenda • Key factors driving the offers • Influence of Convergence • Historical evolution of market offers • Service bundling offers and trends International Telecommunication Union ITU - Evolution of internet market offers - OGS Myanmar, September 2014 11 Highlights per country: Philippines case at 2011 Diagram illustrates the relations between speeds and prices that show a significant linear increase with speeds. (...) International Telecommunication Union ITU - Evolution of internet market offers - OGS Myanmar, September 2014 21 Service bundling offers and trends: Historical evolution Extra offers are very diverse: Installation package, mail, minutes of conversation at fixed or mobile, TV packages, security, storage, etc. (...) International Telecommunication Union ITU - Evolution of internet market offers - OGS Myanmar, September 2014 31 Main Outcomes • Major revolution in the ICT due to new technologies and competition level • Great influence of economy of scale: from proportional prices per speed to incremental prices • Cost reduction of offers in several orders of magnitude in the last decade due to network Optimization and Regulation • Significant savings of multiservice and bundle offers for operators and for consumers: Applied for customer loyalty International Telecommunication Union ITU - Evolution of internet market offers - OGS Myanmar, September 2014 32 International Telecommunication Union Committed to connecting the world
Language:English
Score: 538066.26 - https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/R..._OscarGS_Internet%20offers.pdf
Data Source: un
If you are interested in submitting an offer, please make sure to have, at least, a UNGM Basic Registration with FAO (www.ungm.org). (...) Tender No. 2019-FAPAK-FAPAK-101301(Egg Hatching Machine / Incubator) General Terms and Conditions (Goods) UNGM Bidders Instructions OFFERS WILL ONLY BE ACCEPTED IF SUBMITTED THROUGH THE UNGM PORTAL OFFERS NOT SUBMITTED THROUGH THE UNGM PORTAL WILL BE INVALIDATED Request for Procurement - Quail Birds The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) invites you to submit an offer for the procurement of Quail Birds to be delivered to Pakistan . If you are interested in submitting an offer, please make sure to have, at least, a UNGM Basic Registration with FAO (www.ungm.org).
Language:English
Score: 536925.44 - https://www.fao.org/pakistan/o...ice/employment-procurement/en/
Data Source: un
If you are interested in submitting an offer, please make sure to have, at least, a UNGM Basic Registration with FAO (www.ungm.org). (...) Tender No. 2019-FAPAK-FAPAK-101301(Egg Hatching Machine / Incubator) General Terms and Conditions (Goods) UNGM Bidders Instructions OFFERS WILL ONLY BE ACCEPTED IF SUBMITTED THROUGH THE UNGM PORTAL OFFERS NOT SUBMITTED THROUGH THE UNGM PORTAL WILL BE INVALIDATED Request for Procurement - Quail Birds The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) invites you to submit an offer for the procurement of Quail Birds to be delivered to Pakistan . If you are interested in submitting an offer, please make sure to have, at least, a UNGM Basic Registration with FAO (www.ungm.org).
Language:English
Score: 536173.93 - https://www.fao.org/pakistan/o...ice/employment-procurement/es/
Data Source: un
ANNEX B2- Technical Bid Data Sheet RFQ/SOQ/2022/041 Sr. No Items Offered Specifications -If the offered specs are same as UNHCR required specs, then please state below for each item “As per UNHCR specs". -If the offered specs are different from UNHCR required specs, then please clealry state below the offered specs. (...) -If the offered specs are different from UNHCR required specs, then please clealry state below the offered specs.
Language:English
Score: 533954.35 - https://www.unhcr.org/pk/wp-co...echnical-Offer-Form-part-B.pdf
Data Source: un
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Language:English
Score: 533835.5 - https://www.itu.int/wftp3/Publ...1/_vti_cnf/list-by-module.html
Data Source: un
Your offer shall comprise the following two sets of documents: Technical offer Financial offer 2.4.1 Content of the TECHNICAL OFFER The technical details of the products requested by UNHCR can be found in Annex A. (...) The Financial offer is to be submitted as per the Financial Offer Form (Annex B). (...) The Technical and Financial offers shall be clearly separated. IMPORTANT: The technical offer and financial offer are to be sent in separate documents.
Language:English
Score: 533815 - https://www.unhcr.org/th/wp-co.../2022/01/ITB202201-MHS-car.pdf
Data Source: un
Please send your bid directly to the address provided in the “Submission of Bid” section 2.6 of this ITB. Your offer shall comprise the following set of documents: • Technical offer • Financial offer - Technical offer: And separately: - Financial offer (signed and stamped: duly filled Financial Offer Form, Annex B). 2.4.1 Content of the TECHNICAL OFFER IMPORTANT: No pricing information should be included in the technical offer. (...) Volume discounts can be offered as per Annex B. The Financial offer is to be submitted as per the Financial Offer Form, Annex B. (...) IMPORTANT: - The technical offer and financial offer are to be sent in separate documents.
Language:English
Score: 533563.5 - https://www.unhcr.org/ua/wp-co...yres-ENG-Retendering-FINAL.pdf
Data Source: un
Your offer shall comprise the following two sets of documents: - Technical offer - Financial offer 2.4.1 Content of the TECHNICAL OFFER IMPORTANT: No pricing information should be included in the Technical offer. (...) The Financial offer is to be submitted as per the Financial Offer Form (Annex C). (...) IMPORTANT: The technical offer and financial offer are to be sent in separate documents.
Language:English
Score: 532396.53 - https://www.unhcr.org/ph/wp-co...nd-Delivery-of-Solar-Lamps.pdf
Data Source: un
To this fixed price are added other services offered as a package. The services offered can be voice, data and images. (...) The distinctive characteristic of the Bell Canada offer is that the prices vary with the band offered. (...) Suitable commercial offer We must take into account that incomes are not necessarily high and individual data service should also be offered through Cybercafes.
Language:English
Score: 532013.96 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-D/fina...2_ngn_new_service_offer-en.pdf
Data Source: un
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Language:English
Score: 531959.3 - https://www.itu.int/wftp3/Publ...450.10/2001/_vti_cnf/list.html
Data Source: un