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(If left clicking the link does not work please right click and select Save link as...). - Documents related to one question  Q1/9 Q2/9 Q3/9 Q4/9 Q5/9 Q6/9 Q7/9 Q8/9 Q9/9 Q10/9 Q11/9 Q12/9   Meeting : E-Meeting, 26 January 2021     Collective Letters       [ Contributions  -  Reports ]        [ Temporary Documents  ]        Documents list: - All documents sorted by descending order , Working Party or Question . (...) (If left clicking the link does not work please right click and select Save link as...). - Documents related to one question  Q1/9 Q2/9 Q3/9 Q4/9 Q5/9 Q6/9 Q7/9 Q8/9 Q9/9 Q10/9 Q11/9 Q12/9   Meeting : E-Meeting, 25 November 2020     Collective Letters       [ Contributions  -  Reports ]        [ Temporary Documents  ]        Documents list: - All documents sorted by descending order , Working Party or Question . (...) (If left clicking the link does not work please right click and select Save link as...). - Documents related to one question  Q1/9 Q2/9 Q3/9 Q4/9 Q5/9 Q6/9 Q7/9 Q8/9 Q9/9 Q10/9 Q11/9 Q12/9   Meeting : E-Meeting, 07 July 2020     Collective Letters       [ Contributions -  Reports ]        [ Temporary Documents  ]        Documents list: - All documents sorted by descending order , Working Party or Question .
Language:English
Score: 747173.44 - https://www.itu.int/md/T17-SG09/en
Data Source: un
Slide 1 1 Mutual Recognition Agreement/Arrangement: Procedures for definition, implementation and management of MRAs Presented by Andrew Kwan ITU Consultant Meeting of UMA/Maghreb Committee on Conformance and Interoperability (C&I) Rabat, Morocco 23-25 November 2015 Rabat, Morocco, 23-25 November 2015 PRESENTATION OVERVIEW Procedures for: Definition/Development Implementation Management of Mutual Recognition Agreements/Arrangements (MRAs) 2 Rabat, Morocco, 23-25 November 2015 Definition/Development  Types of MRAs Bilateral MRA between two parties Framework MRA with more than 2 parties  Scope and coverage Terminal attachment and radio equipment Electro-magnetic compatibility (EMC) Electrical safety  Parties to the MRA Belong to one geographic region Common trade and economic interests Common telecom standards and conformity assessment procedures 3 Rabat, Morocco, 23-25 November 2015 Definition/Development  Obligations of parties Recognition of conformity assessment results Recognition of conformity assessment bodies Maintain confidentiality commitments Accept legal and liability responsibilities Establish and participate in MRA management procedures 4 Rabat, Morocco, 23-25 November 2015 Definition/Development  Examples of MRAs on conformity assessment Bilateral MRA  United States/Mexico MRA  Australia/European Union MRA Framework MRA  Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation Telecom MRA (APEC TEL MRA, 21 economies)  Inter-American MRA (CITEL MRA, 35 member states) 5 Rabat, Morocco, 23-25 November 2015 Definition/Development  Duration and Disestablishment of MRAs  Implementation dates and duration MRA can be disestablished in response to technological, regulatory or political changes – conditions to be specified in the MRA. 6 Rabat, Morocco, 23-25 November 2015 Implementation of an MRA  Pre-implementation preparation Review, amend or develop legislation, regulations and procedures. It would take time and political will to make changes Parties should cooperate in above processes to streamline implementation  Scope and coverage Full coverage or limited coverage to gain experience and confidence 7 Rabat, Morocco, 23-25 November 2015 Implementation of an MRA  Regulations, standards and specifications Decision on set of regulations, standards and specifications to be offered to partners, this list can be amended upon mutual consent Agreement on the list and exchange of information 8 Rabat, Morocco, 23-25 November 2015 Implementation of an MRA  Accreditation Bodies Accreditation bodies should be ISO/IEC 17011 compliant and be signatories of ILAC MRA or IAF MLA Parties appoint accreditation bodies within their territories Parties can recognize foreign accreditation bodies if there are no accreditation bodies within their territories 9 Rabat, Morocco, 23-25 November 2015 Implementation of an MRA  Confidence building period Exchange of conformity assessment results without mutual recognition to learn and understand each other’s technical requirements and procedures Typically 6 to 12 months before formally entering into implementation. 10 Rabat, Morocco, 23-25 November 2015 Implementation of an MRA  Implementation Phases Phase 1 – Mutual recognition of testing laboratories and mutual acceptance of test reports prepared by the recognized testing laboratories Phase 2 - Mutual recognition of certification bodies and mutual acceptance of certifications prepared by the recognized certification bodies 11 Rabat, Morocco, 23-25 November 2015 Implementation of an MRA  Implementation Phases (cont’d) Phases can be implemented one at a time or both together Typically Phase 1 will be implemented first to gain experience and confidence followed by Phase 2 implementation 12 Rabat, Morocco, 23-25 November 2015 Implementation of an MRA  Identification of Contacts and MRA Host MRA stakeholders include designating authorities, regulatory authorities, accreditation bodies, conformity assessment bodies and equipment manufacturers To coordinate and facilitate implementation, each party has to nominate a contact person  In the regulatory sector, MRA hosts should be identified 13 Rabat, Morocco, 23-25 November 2015 Implementation of an MRA  Nomination of regulatory authority Typically the regulatory authority is the regulator of the party The regulatory authority may delegate this task to a competent body One regulator should be nominated unless equipment under coverage is regulated under different regulatory authorities 14 Rabat, Morocco, 23-25 November 2015 Implementation of an MRA  Nomination of designating authority One or more designating authorities can be nominated and it is recommended to nominate only one designating authority Regulatory authority can assumed the role of designating authority  Identification of accreditation bodies  One or more accreditation bodies appointed within a party’s territory  Recognized accreditation bodies in foreign territories 15 Rabat, Morocco, 23-25 November 2015 Implementation of an MRA  Notification of conformity assessment bodies Party A of an MRA which has designated a conformity assessment body (cab) accredited to conduct conformity assessment meeting requirements of Party B, will notify the regulatory authority of Party B of this designation along with documentation and a request for recognition by Party B of this cab 16 Rabat, Morocco, 23-25 November 2015 Implementation of an MRA  Recognition of conformity assessment bodies  If regulatory authority of Party B is satisfied with designation by Party A, it will notify the designating authority of Party A with its recognition Response to recognition requests typically within 3 months The recognized cab from Party A will be permitted to send conformity assessment results to regulatory authority of Party B 17 Rabat, Morocco, 23-25 November 2015 Implementation of an MRA  Formation of a Joint Committee Establish Joint Committee co-chaired by personnel from both parties Membership should include all MRA stakeholders Meets regularly or at the request of either parties 18 Rabat, Morocco, 23-25 November 2015 Implementation of an MRA  Monitor and surveillance programs Establish programs to monitor designated conformity assessment bodies to ensure their accreditations are up to date Establish programs to audit equipment tested or certified by designated conformity assessment bodies 19 Rabat, Morocco, 23-25 November 2015 Implementation of an MRA  Experiences from implementation of MRAs Time taken to develop and implement MRA is longer than expected  It is useful and beneficial to share assessors for accreditation  It is necessary to establish program to monitor conformity assessment bodies Parties report good results and benefits from implementation  It is expedient and useful to develop a Framework MRA for a region such as the Inter-American MRA for the Americas 20 Rabat, Morocco, 23-25 November 2015 Management of an MRA  Joint Committee Work by consensus Facilitate implementation Assist in dispute resolution Facilitate sharing of information Coordinate training and information programs to support implementation Sharing of results on the monitoring and surveillance of conformity assessment bodies 21 Rabat, Morocco, 23-25 November 2015 Management of an MRA  Update and surveillance by accreditation bodies of conformity assessment bodies Surveillance activities Reassessment (comprehensive as initial accreditation) visits Responds to claims and complaints on accredited conformity assessment bodies Extension of scope of accreditation 22 Rabat, Morocco, 23-25 November 2015 Management of an MRA  Management of data  Information gathered prior to implementation, variation to the operation of the MRA and prior to termination of the MRA has to be compiled, organized and stored by each partyParties can delegate this task to other organizations or join together to channel the information to one organization 23 Rabat, Morocco, 23-25 November 2015 Management of an MRA  Termination and withdrawal from an MRA Remedial measures include  Contesting competence of a conformity assessment body and  Referral of any matter to the joint committee Criteria for termination to be determined by both parties during development of the MRA Parties which terminates its participation should ensure that after termination it continues to give effect to conformity assessment results accepted prior to termination 24 Rabat, Morocco, 23-25 November 2015 Mutual Recognition Agreement/Arrangement: Procedures for definition, implementation and management of MRAs Thank you Andrew Kwan akwan68@gmail.com 25Rabat, Morocco, 23-25 November 2015
Language:English
Score: 746917.3 - https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/R...MRA%20Kwan%20%20rabat%20S7.pdf
Data Source: un
There are always at least two sides to every story. Even if they work for one media that supports one party, professional journalists try to be unbiased and include balance in their reporting. (...) Are any powerful interests spending large amounts of money to support one particular party? Are the parties willing to disclose where they get their money? (...) Core vote One essential strategy of a party is to win the votes of people who supported the party in the past.
Language:English
Score: 746820.75 - https://en.unesco.org/sites/de...ions_reporting_handbook_en.pdf
Data Source: un
One to two representatives were selected from each of the twelve parties for the focus group discussions. (...) Moreover, one of the candidates from the Party of Communists declared that, “the problem of gender inequality is far-fetched. (...) The other parties limited themselves to nominating the minimum number, i.e. only one woman in the first five of their list of candidates.
Language:English
Score: 746559.7 - https://www.undp.org/sites/g/f...n/kg/eng-political-parties.pdf
Data Source: un
When the subsidiary body is open-ended, one quarter of the Parties shall constitute a quorum. (...) VOTING Rule 49 1. Each Party shall have one vote, except as provided for in paragraph 2. 2. (...) A representative of a Party may speak in a language other than an official language if the Party provides for interpretation into one of the official languages.
Language:English
Score: 746360.45 - https://www.who.int/fctc/protocol/mop/FCTC_MOP1(1)-en.pdf
Data Source: un
When the subsidiary body is open ended, one quarter of the Parties shall constitute a quorum. (...) VOTING Rule 49 1. Each Party shall have one vote, except as provided for in paragraph 2. 2. (...) A representative of a Party may speak in a language other than an official language if the Party provides for interpretation into one of the official languages.
Language:English
Score: 746237.74 - https://www.who.int/fctc/proto.../mop/FCTC_MOP_1_1_Annex_EN.pdf
Data Source: un
If the Conference of Parties at an extraordinary meeting convened in accordance with paragraph 5 or 6 decides by a two-third majority of the States Parties present and voting that the denunciation will significantly impair the ability of the Supplementary Compensation Mechanism to perform its functions, any State Party may, not later than one hundred and twenty days before the date on which the denunciation takes effect, denounce this Convention with effect from that same date. (…) Chapter IX Final Clauses 38 – Signature, ratification, acceptance, approval or accession 1. (...) For a declaration made under Article 2, paragraph 2, by a State Party having two or more territorial units in which different systems of law are applicable, it may declare that this Convention shall apply to damage to third parties that occurs in all its territorial units or in one or more of them and may modify this declaration by submitting another declaration at any time. [4. (...) For a declaration made under Article 2, paragraph 2, by a State Party having two or more territorial units in which different systems of law are applicable, it may declare that this Convention shall apply to damage to third parties that occurs in all its territorial units or in one or more of them and may modify this declaration by submitting another declaration at any time. [4.
Language:English
Score: 746007.67 - https://www.icao.int/secretari...CCD2009/MISC/DCCD_FCC_2_en.pdf
Data Source: un
As noted, it is not necessary to be on the indicative list in order to be proposed as a potential panel member in a specific dispute. Citizens of a party or a third party to a dispute may not serve as panelists without the agreement of the parties ( Article 8.3 of the DSU). (...) Compared to the passive option, being a third party offers the advantage of receiving information on the dispute, namely, the initial submissions, and of being heard by the panel and the parties. (...) This usually happens in consultations or in agreement with the parties during the panel’s “organizational” meeting with the parties.
Language:English
Score: 745737.2 - https://www.wto.org/english/tr..._settlement_cbt_e/c6s3p2_e.htm
Data Source: un
SPECIFIC INFORMATION REQUIREMENTS [ ] A. Stage one: Notification of the proposed activity to the affected Party 7. (...) The quality of information provided by the affected Party is dependent on the information on the proposed activity that was provided by the Party of origin in stage one. (...) The response to the stage one notification from the affected Party could be in the form of a letter.
Language:English
Score: 745510.94 - https://unece.org/environment-...-notification-under-convention
Data Source: un
In cases where there are more than two parties to the dispute, which is a not infrequent occurrence, the rule is that parties acting in the same interest are restricted to a single judge ad hoc between them and that, if one of them already has a judge of its nationality on the Bench, they are not entitled to choose a judge ad hoc at all. There are therefore various possibilities, the following of which have actually occurred in practice: two regular judges having the nationality of the parties; two judges ad hoc ; a regular judge of the nationality of one of the parties and a judge ad hoc ; neither a regular judge having the nationality of one of the parties nor a judge ad hoc . (...) Nevertheless, numerous writers take the view that it is useful for the Court to have a judge participating in its deliberations who is more familiar with the views of one of the parties than the elected judges may sometimes be.
Language:English
Score: 745357.9 - https://www.icj-cij.org/en/judges-ad-hoc
Data Source: un