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الترتيب حسبالتاريخ/الترتيب حسبمدى العلاقة
VISIT TO THE NETHERLANDS : REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON HUMAN RIGHTS AND INTERNATIONAL SOLIDARITY
The foreign trade and development cooperation policy also deals with climate action and mobilizing the private sector for sustainable and inclusive growth worldwide, as preconditions for future prosperity and development. (...) The National Water Plan specifies the strategies to be pursued with respect to areas particularly abounding in water, such as the Rhine-Meuse delta and the coastal area. It also examines optimum ways to accommodate water in the spatial planning of the Netherlands and the costs involved. 75.
لغة:العربية
نتيجة: 1022652 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/41/44/ADD.2&Lang=A
مصدر البيانات: ods
NOTE VERBALE DATED 22 MARCH 2016 FROM THE PERMANENT MISSION OF TURKEY TO THE UNITED NATIONS OFFICE AT GENEVA ADDRESSED TO THE OFFICE OF THE UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS
The references in Paragraph 10, to the recommendations received by the Government of Turkey during the twenty-first session of the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) in relation to human rights situation in Northern Cyprus, is inappropriate as it only serves the political purposes and claims of the recommending countries and creates the impression that Turkey has authority and jurisdiction in Northern Cyprus and uses it to prevent the implementation of human rights. The report deals with human rights situation in Cyprus whereas the cited UPR session deals with human rights situation in Turkey and was not related to Cyprus.
لغة:العربية
نتيجة: 972190.3 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...et?open&DS=A/HRC/31/G/8&Lang=A
مصدر البيانات: ods
NOTE VERBALE DATED 31 MARCH 06 FROM CANADA ADDRESSED TO THE SECRETARIAT
01/6002/012.FNOC/A ﺍﻷﻣــﻢ ﺍﳌﺘﺤـﺪﺓ 6002 lirpA 21 lareneG :.rtsiD ﺍﳉﻤﻌﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ cibarA hsilgnE :lanigirO )A( 87213-60 605011
لغة:العربية
نتيجة: 928442.4 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...n&DS=A/CONF.210/2006/10&Lang=A
مصدر البيانات: ods
LETTER DATED 2007/06/14 ADDRESSED BY THE CHAIRPERSON OF THE COORDINATION COMMITTEE OF SPECIAL PROCEDURES TO THE PRESIDENT OF THE HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL
It should accordingly be amended to read: “Mandate-holders may resort to urgent appeals in cases of alleged violations of civil, cultural, economic, political or social rights where the alleged violations are time-sensitive A/HRC/5/19 Page 3 and involve loss of life, life-threatening situations, or imminent damage to victims that cannot be addressed in time by the procedure under Article 9.” (v) Article 15 deals with accountability to the Council. This provision should address the responsibilities of the mandate-holders and facilitate the implementation of the code.
لغة:العربية
نتيجة: 905268.9 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce.../get?open&DS=A/HRC/5/19&Lang=A
مصدر البيانات: ods
NOTE VERBALE DATED 2009/03/26 FROM THE PERMANENT MISSION OF THE REPUBLIC OF TURKEY ADDRESSED TO THE OFFICE OF THE UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS
As for paragraph 7, which deals with the criminal activities through the buffer zone, it should be reiterated that over the years we have repeatedly expressed our readiness to establish contacts at all levels and to cooperate with the Greek Cypriot side in the fight against smuggling, drug trafficking, illegal immigration, human trafficking and similar illicit activities but the Greek Cypriot side has always shied away from such cooperation on the grounds that it would amount to recognition of Turkish Cypriot institutions. (...) It should be known that in the absence of a comprehensive settlement and in view of the ongoing unjust isolation such a reference to the construction sector, which plays an important role in our economy, amounts to lending support to the Greek Cypriot aspiration of keeping the Turkish Cypriot economy under constant pressure. The Report deals with the issue of missing persons in paragraphs 15-17, in this connection reporting that “the Secretary-General has noted his gratitude that the CMP continues its humanitarian work unhindered and in a de-politicized manner and urged all parties concerned to take every possible action in order to speed up the exhumation process”. (...) On the other hand, when the issue deals with Greek Cypriot property rights in the North, the administration not only encourages individuals to apply and ask for an immediate exercise of their property rights, but also actively participates as an intervening party to the applications of Greek Cypriot individuals as well as taking a harsh line for the execution of the inter-state application and other applications that have reached this stage.
لغة:العربية
نتيجة: 891023.4 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...t?open&DS=A/HRC/10/G/12&Lang=A
مصدر البيانات: ods
UNIVERSAL PERIODIC REVIEW : INFORMATION / PRESENTED BY THE COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS (OMBUDSMAN) OF THE REPUBLIC OF AZERBAIJAN ; NOTE BY THE SECRETARIAT
It should be mentioned that eleven points of the document somehow deals with the activity of the Commissioner. The establishment of the Ombudsman Institute was welcomed; in general the activity of the Commissioner was highly appreciated in the Review on the Report of the Republic of Azerbaijan on UPR worked out by the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights.
لغة:العربية
نتيجة: 875474.6 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...t?open&DS=A/HRC/14/NI/1&Lang=A
مصدر البيانات: ods
LJd Distr LIMITED
|l_^"t| >>-^ VI (j_^_oJI Jj mj SJjjJI o lj-4 Jj^qLoj 4_ijL»_» L-ajl |kj La£ 3j^.jJI ljjy fr jjji-tt AJuij • -^-.j i3i jLLVI IjJ _fij a^aLlILi JUjVI S.Wmll f_*VI c-aLjjjj SjjjJL (jJ^wJI ajUJI ^ JS ^_- ^j_>AJI Country Title Duration Function PROJECTPROPOSAL STRUCTURAL REFORM PROGRAMME (TRANSPORTSECTOR) MINISTR Y OF PUBLIC ENTERPRISE SECTOR ARAB REPUBLIC OF EGYPT Arab Republic ofEgypt Structural Reform and Coordination Unit (SRCU) (Transport sector) at the Ministry of Public Enterprise Sector(MPES) 3 Years Speeding up the structuial reform program for different public sector enterprises operating in the field of transport, cargo handling and relevant services and promoting the role of the private sector in providing these services in order to enhance the efficiency of export and import industry Government Sector and Subsector Transport Economy and foreign trade Government Implementing Agency Ministry ofPublic Enterprise Sector Estimated Starting Date November 1995 USAID Contribution UNDP Contribution } $ 840 000 ESCWA Contribution (in kind - to be decided later) ARE Contribution LE 838 000 Total A- CONTEXT• 1- Description of the Sub-Sector The sub-sector of this project is the transport service industry with special emphasis on companies providing services in the fields of inland transport, cargo handling and/or transport logistics In Egypt the Ministry of Public Enterprise Sector (MPES) was established in 1991 Until then, the reforming of all public sector enterprises in Egypt came directly under the responsibility ofHE the Prime Minister, through a liaison office called the Public Enterprise Office (PEO) This office was intrusted with establishing policies for the framework of restructuring all public sector companies as a whole However, with such vast diversified activities in almost all fields of the economy of about 314 companies, the PEO was not considering detailed specific problem-areas on sectorial basis However, after establishing the MPES, the responsibility for reforming the entire public sector enterprises has become more defined under the control of one governmental body through several holding companies, the PEO and a council of special advisors to the Minister Over the past few years there have been continuous complaints from export and import industry regarding severe delays and unnecessary cost incurred on foreign trade during the flow of cargo trough Egyptian ports , such problems are only confined to cargo handling companies at ports but extend to cover the whole chain of inland transport including storage, loading and unloading facilities and transport logistics Meanwhile, the MPES in its efforts to reform the different public sector enterprises has been confronted with acute financial and operational problems facing most of these companies To examine detailed specific issues related to each sub-sector, as in the case of transport, the MPES has embarked on outside technical assistance through ad-hoc advisory consultancy services from international agencies In that context and through the technical assistance program of UN-ESCWA to member countries, and during the past two years 3 advisory missions have been provided covering the following fields j- Freight Road Transport Industry, Scope for Development ofPES (March 1994), li- Tariff charges of Different Services in Egyptian Ports (comparative study with ESCWA countries) (October 1994), in- Cargo Handling in Egyptian Ports (June 1995) These thiee reports have identified several bottlenecks in the whole chain of transport of goods including cargo handling at different Egyptian ports Such problems are having severe negative impact on Egypt foieign trade as a whole with increasing costs of all imports and creating unfavorable envnonment for marketing Egyptian exports The reports included several lecommendations regarding each company group operating in specific field with special emphasis on incieasing operating efficiency and decreasing financial liabilities Although some immediate action plans were foreseen, however, a more detailed analysis through in-depth studies addressing different problems was imperative on both macro and micro levels In order to ease up cargo handling problems at ports, relevant issues must also be tackled such as custom procedures, double handling, the establishment of inland cleaiance depot and the introduction of multimodal transport system The MPES although endorsed these recommendations in principle, it is however anxious to see the Structural Reform program reaching its final stages, especially for those group of companies that are not only practising severe financial operational problems, but also are hampering the development of other sectors, especially import and export industries in the case of transport and related services companies this objective can be achieved through a well coordinated program that comprises three elements i- Establishing a management and cooidmation unit for problem identification, operational management improvement and setting up action plan 11- Providing technical support ( equipment / know how) that may be required in- Bringing those companies to a marketable level (final stage of privatization) For the program to be effective and to achieve its objectives within a limited time span, it will be only covering one company from each sub-sector and hence can set a successful criteria to be followed in similai cases 2- MPES Strategy The MPES is having an overall responsibility towards the structural reform program of all public sector enterprises In order to achieve these objectives the Ministry has adopted, for these companies, an ambitious program with the following objectives to achieve high rate for the utilization of existing facilities, to limit the financial liabilities on the treasury, to allow a wider role for the private sector in providing relevant services, 4 to create the atmosphere for providing new job opportunities, to provide opportunities to deal with international markets, to adopt modern technologies and to attract foreign investment, to solve the problems regarding debts to banks, to create a better environment for activities in the stock maiket, The overall strategy principle of the MPES calls for a policy giving the private sector the opportunity to undertake many of the economic activities of the government 3- Prior and on-going Assistance Technical co-operation provided in the fiamework of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and the United States Agency for Development (USAID) on all aspects of the structural refoim program dates back to 1990, with the main thrust of this co-operation was to advise and assist the Ministry in technical matters to achieve its goals The main objective of the co-operation program was to enhance the capability of the Ministry's technical staff and bring them up to high level of development achieved in this field 4- Institutional Framewoik foi the Subscctor The government implementing agency Tor this project will be the MPES which is responsible for the whole structural reform program of all public sector companies operating in almost all fields of the economy In the field of transport, companies concerned cover the following activities fi eight and passengei transport, Road, river and manne tianspoit, cargo and container handling, warehousing, repair, maintenance and building of vehicles, tugs, boats, vessels and ships logistics shipping and forwarding agents B- PROJECT JUSTIFICATION : 1- The Pi esent Situation The newly established MPES is legally entitled to assume the responsibility of a wide 5 spectrum of activities In the field ofpassenger and freight transport, cargo handling and othei directly related activities, there are 26 operating companies under the direct responsibility of 3 holding companies as follows a- Freight transport 5 road transport 2 river transport 1 marine transport b- Intei-city passenger transport 4 road tiansport c- Caigo handling and warehousing 2 genei al cargo 3 container terminal 1 warehousing d- repair, maintenance and building 4 marine transport 1 road transport e- logistics 2 shipping agents 1 marine (forwarding) As foi dealing with cai go handling, especially bulk cargo like grains and coal there are other specialized public sector companies that are not included in the above group Theie are also other public sector companies and governmental departments that are directly or mdnectly involved in the piocess of cargo handling at different ports Although the Egyptian lailways is also involved mthe field of tiansport, nevertheless its share in freight transport is only maigmal, reaching less than 10% of total volume of fi eight transport In the field ofroad transport, beside these public sector companies, there is also the private sectoi playing a very important role in providing these services, through individuals opeiating in the foim of co-operative societies At the moment theie is virtually no peimanent staff employed by the MPES to undertake the full buidcn of the reform progiam, particularly in the field of transport, as its role is only temporary till achieving the final stages of this program Both the advisory group and the PEO aie having huge burden in examining detailed problem areas of such vast number of multi-sectonal entei prises that cover almost ail economic activities in the country Within each sectonal group of companies there are however urgent problems that would require in depth analysis to alleviate the problems faced by these companies and to speed up the whole structuial refoim piogram and to enhance economic development through facilitating a steady flow of exports and imports at Egyptian ports Previous studies on some of these issues that were initiated by the MPES and performed through technical advisory services of UN-ESCWA have recommended the establisliment of a special unit within the Ministry to act in an advisory capacity to the Mirustei and to undertake the responsibility of setting up a comprehensive program that would set up an example for achieving the full range ofactivities finalize the structural reform program for a set of selected tiansport and cargo handling companies and to tackle some problem areas related to the flow ofcargo at different ports in an effort to drive import and export industry The main concern of the MPES at tins stage in that respect is twofold, first to develop and implement a strategic phased plan to finalize the different stages ofthe structural reform program of selected companies operating m this field and to take measures with other concerned companies to assist in speeding up the handling and transport of cargos at different ports In view of the transitory nature role of the MPES and the lack of expertise to handle such specific issues, the MPES has opted establishing a temporary unit ofa limited number of highly qualified personnel with international experience supported by appropriate local experts, and/or expatriate and local consultants in specific cases, to assume the full responsibility of implementing the required program 2- Expected Aims of thcPioject The project aims at impioving the operational and financial performance ofa selected set of companies providing services in the field of transport of goods and passengers, handling ofcargo and their logistics to bring them to a marketable level The initial stage will be problem identification through examining demand and supply issues, operation 7 characteristics, technical matters, management issues, operating cost and revenues and so forth the second stage will concentrate on strategic issues which will be followed by operational management plan and the finally will be the implementing phase It is also expected that modular seminars and workshops for mid and high level managerial staff will take place as a part of an overall human resource development piogram for this particular group of companies The project will also enhance data acquisition and wider use of management information and decision supporting systems The issues pertinent to companies dealing with general caigo and container handling at different ports will not only cover the performance of these companies but also other organizational and administi ative matters at ports that hamper thewhole process of cargo flow at different ports 3- Target Beneficiaries Direct beneficiaries would be these companies operating in the fields of freight and passenger transport, cargo handling, shipping and forwarding agents and all other directly related activities Piofessionals especially those at managerial levels would benefit through specially tailored seminars and workshops Development of an adequate efficient transport system would provide an incentive to industrial, economic, social and agricultural progress m the country and benefit the entire population 4- Project Strategy The pioject stiategy is to assist the MPES in its effort in the structural reform program of different public sector enterprises by bringing a selected group of transport companies to a marketable level thiough a program managed by a Management and Coordination Unit based on the following defined problems, needs, objectives, criteria and methodology, a system oriented approach based on pioblem impact and priority analysis, a structured workplan, a follow-up procedure, periodical evaluation of performance 5- Special Considciation The project aims at speeding up the piocess of the structural reform program of I J the public enterprise sector and related activities companies and hence contribute to promotion of the role of the piivate sector in transport and handling of goods The project is also aiming at incieasing the overall efficiency of the whole transport chain, thus improving exports competitive environment and ieducing financial burden on imports It will also develop the managerial capabilities at concerned company level 6- Countcrpait Support Capacity National counterparts who might have been employed by the MPES, or those who are already employed in the selected companies, could be assigned by the Ministry as the job may tequire Priorities of the team members of the MCU will be given to specialized nationals that would fulfill job requirement C- DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVES The major objectives of the project is to provide an efficient and economic transport system as a mean to development in all sectors of the economy It will also enhance managerial capabilities tlirough providing opportunities for applying modern technologies The project would provide the opportunity for improving competitiveness of Egyptian foreign trade D- IMMEDIATE OBJECTIVES OUTPUTS AND ACTIVITIES 1- Immediate Objectives The project is expected to achieve the following objectives a- Assessment of the performance of the related companies, quantitative and qualitative over the past 5 years This would include reviewing facilities conditions (infrastructure / equipment and or fleet) capacity, operational conditions, manpower operating costs versus revenue, financial situation, market opportunities, competition with other operators etc Comparison would be made with other internationally accepted performance indicators operating under similar environment in developing countries Prevailing rules and regulations governing the operation of companies in providing services will be also reviewed b- Identifying bottlenecks at each type of service provided by the company and possible proposals for increasing efficiency c- Examining strategic issues, options and scenarios with decision makers to come to agreement in possible paths to be followed d- Formulating an operational management improvement plan setting up detailed action sub-plans to bring these companies up to a maiketable level e- Implementing such plans with continuous assessment and measui mg development achieved, with the introduction ofadjustment ifrequired and reporting on each stage 2- Outputs a- Reports on the present status of companies operating in each sub-sector Freight transport ( road - river ) Intercity passenger transport Cargo handling, container terminal operators and warehousing Repair, maintenance and building Logistics b- Reports on related issues of theselected group of companies like demand and supply of different services, operational characteristics, fare structure, rules and regulations, competition with other operators, administrative problems etc thus identifying bottlenecks either operational, financial, technical, managerial, or elsewise c- Proposed plan to improve operational and financial status of the company to the level requned to attract the interest of the private sector d- To support efforts to secuic financial and technical assistance that might be required to solve specific bottlenecks e- To workjointly with concerned companies in implementing these plans to reach the ultimate goals 3- Activities a- The SRCUwill review all previous studies and reports, conduct visits, meetings and descussions with all concerned partners and prepare a standing paper outlining the present status and the mam issues requiring thorough investigation b- After identifying selected group of companies that will be set as an example for speeding up the structural reform piogiam, a moie in depth analysis will be undertaken covering all activities within the company in order to identify problem areas that are hampering company progress 10 c- The SRCU will prepare different action plans for tackling different issues confronting each company d- The SRCUwill be jointly involved in implementation of these plans and in monitoring and preparing reports on the following up e- Most of these activities will be undertaken directly by the MCU team members However for some specific issues an additional input from outside consultant offices ( local or expatriate ) might be required E- INPUTS 1- Host Government Inputs Appropriate number of office accommodation, including all required equipment, supplies and services, as required for effective implementation of the project Secretaries, research assistants and non-technical local staff Computer facilities as may be required Adequate transportation facilities for local travel on project assignment 2- USAID/UNDP Inputs Cost to Cover Project Director and Deputy Director (See Job Description Annex 1) International and local experts International and local consultants International travel 3- ESCWA Input Professional services throughout the duration of the project (to be decided later) F- WORK PLAN A tentative work plan and its requirement is outlined in Annex 2 However, the preparation ofthe detailed work plan will bethefirst task to beprepared by theunit director and deputy director 11 The recruiting of appropiiate candidates for the two posts will take place as a first step under the responsibility of the UNDP in consultation within MPES G- RISK Delays in selecting and recruiting the professionals required for the MCU will impede the success of the project All possible efforts will be made by either party to fulfill its obligations so as f not to jeopardize the attainment of the project objectives H- PRIOR OBLIGATIONS AND PERQUISITES None I- PROJECT REVIEW. (...) Staff 36 ( locally recruited ) 36 ( locally recruited ) 72 1 5 12 1 5 12 1 5 6 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 2 4 2 4 1 2 2 6 3 3 12 12 24 5 83 16- Administration 1x3 6 17- Research Assistant 3x36 18- Secretaries 2x36 19- Non-Technical 2x36 288 13 Budget Estimate A Advisors , Experts , Supporting staff B a/ Advisors b/ Experts Int local c/ Supporting staff M/m 72 24 5 83 36 108 72 72 Local Consultants ( for surveys ) Approximate lump sum Offices Requirements Rent 36x2x3000 Running expenses 36 x 1000 Miscelleneous antf iate (000) $ LE 5 - 10 _ 2 - 2000 1500 0 75 0 300 Total (000) $ LE 360 - 245 _ 166 72 162 54 21 6 771 771 69 840 309 6 200 216 36 761*6 76 4 838.0 14 Annex 2 STRUCTURAL REFORM PROGRAM TRANSPOR T SECTOR TENTATIVE WORK PLAN OF SRCU A- ACTIVITIES 1- Activity 1 i- Foimulating Detailed Work Plan li- Team Formulation - Preparing TOR for each expert including job decription, functions, qualifications and experience - Selection of candidates - Job assignment 2- Activity 2 Selection of designated companies - An overview on the status of public sector enterprises operating in the field of transport, cargo handling, logistics and maintenance and repair - Detailed sub-sector report on each gi oup of companies operating in each field - Proposals for companies to be selected (4) to be covered by the program 3- Activity 3 Problems identification (for each company ) - Demand and supply of relevant services and the role of the company in providing such services - Competition with other operators - Financial structure Assets/ liabilities/ opeiating costs/ revenues/ tariff structures - Technical matters - Operational characteristics 15 - Management issues - Man power resources - Resource utilization - Legal framework ( rules and regulations ) - Identification of bottlenecks 4- Activity 4 Strategic issues Options and Scenarios - Experience of other countries in privatization - Define role of private sector - Setting of strategic goals- management strategy - Setting objectives and mission definition 5- Activity 5 Operational Management Improvement - Optimum operational management type, shape, stmcturc Define best practices to achieve these objectives - Streamline the flow of mfoimation ( computerization and MIS ) - Computeiization of data, accounting, billing, operation, caigo allocation, storage, maintenance etc - Cost accounting setting up costs and revenues centers - Set up target and goals of productivity for the lower management - Set up efficiency indicators and targets that would be reported and reviewed within the MIS by various management levels - Set up productivity indicatois - Set up training program foi improving management efficiency 16 6- Activity 6 Implement Improvement Plans - Set up a detailed time " action plan " for implementing the proposed improvement - Work jointly with conceined companies in implementing these plans to reach the ultimate goals - Measure performance levels achieved - Adjust plans if necessary and leport B- TIME ALLOCATION Activity Duration ( 1- Formulating detailed work plan and team formulation 2 2- Selection of designated companies 2 3- Problem identification 6 4- Strategic issues 4 5- Operational Management Improvement 10 6- Implement Improvement Plan 11 Total 36 w
لغة:العربية
نتيجة: 835963.9 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...DS=E/ESCWA/TRANS/1995/8&Lang=A
مصدر البيانات: ods
REGIONAL CENTRES FOR SPACE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION (AFFILIATED TO THE UNITED NATIONS) : CURRICULUM ON SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS
ﰲ ﺍﳌﺎﺋﺔ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ٠٦ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺎﺋﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﻭﺱ، ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻤﺎﺭﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ٠٤ﻭﺳﺘﺸﻜﻞ ﺍﶈﺎﺿﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﳌﺮﺍﻓﻖﺍﻟﺘﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﻭ -٣ :ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ ﺍﳊﺪ ﺍﻷﺩﱏ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﳌﺮﺍﻓﻖ ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﺪﻭﺭﺓ -٣١ ﺣﻮﺍﺳﻴﺐ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺔ ﺭﻓﻴﻌﺔ ﺍﻷﺩﺍﺀ ﻭﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻮﺳﺎﺋﻂ BALTAMﺍﻟﱪﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺍﻻﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﱐ ﳏﻠﹼﻞ ﺃﻃﻴﺎﻑ ﻣﻮﻟﹼﺪ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﳏﻠﻞ ﺷﺒﻜﻲ ﻋّﺪﺍﺩ ﻟﻠﻄﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻋّﺪﺍﺩ ﺗﺮﺩﺩﺍﺕ ﺟﻬﺎﺯ ﻟﻠﻨﻘﻞ ﺍﳋﻄﻲ ﺑﺎﳌﻮﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺪﻗﻴﻘﺔ ﻣﻨﻀﺪﺓ ﺍﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﺼﺮﻳﺔ 7 932.L/501.CA/A ﺟﻬﺎﺯ ﳛﺎﻛﻲ ﺍﳌﺮﺳﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻴﺐ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺗﻞ ﺍﳊﺪ ﺍﻷﺩﱏ ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻡ ﻫﻮ، ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ )ﳏﻄـﺔ ﺃﺭﺿـﻴﺔ ﺗـﺆﺩﻱ ﻭﻇـﻴﻔﱵ ﺍﻻﺭﺳـﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﻻﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ (ﺍﳌﺜﺎﻝ، ﳏﻄﺔ ﻃﺮﻓﻴﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ ﻓﺘﺤﺎﺕ ﺻﻐﲑﺓ ﺟﺪﺍ ﻧﺎﻗﻞ ﺍﻃﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭﻱ ﳎﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻣﻌﺪﺍﺕ ﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﻣﻌﺪﻝ ﺍﳋﻄﺄ ﰲ ﺑﺚ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻟﻼﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﻓﻘﻂﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺗﻠﻔﺰﻳﻮﱐ ﺍﳌﻨﻬﺎﺝ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻲ ﺍﳌﻨﻘﺢ -٤ ﺩﻭﺭﺓ ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻬﻴﺔ :ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻴﻄﺔ ﺻﻔﺮ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﺓ ١-ﺻﻔﺮ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﻋﻦ ﺃﻧﺸﻄﺔ ﻭﺧﺼﺎﺋﺺ ﺍﳌﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻻﻗﻠﻴﻤﻲ ٢-ﺻﻔﺮ (ﺷﻔﻮﻳﺎ ﻭﻛﺘﺎﺑﻴﺎ ﻭﻋﺮﺽ ﻭﻣﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ ﲨﺎﻋﻴﺔ)ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ٣-ﺻﻔﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻐـﺔ ﻭﺍﳌﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺍﳉﻐﺮﺍﰲ )ﻣﻘﺪﻣـﺔ ﻋـﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﻴـﺌﺔ ﺍﶈﻠـﻴﺔ ٤-ﺻﻔﺮ (ﻭﻣﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻧﻈﻢ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ :١ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻴﻄﺔ ﻣﺒﺎﺩﺉ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺑﻂ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ١-١ ﳏﺎﺿﺮﺍﺕ ١-١-١ ﶈﺔ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻜﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻼﺳﻠﻜﻴﺔ ﻣﺒﺎﺩﺉ ﻧﻈﺮﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﺒﺎﺩﺉ ﺍﻟﺘﻀﻤﲔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺸﻔﲑ ﻧﻈﺮﻳﺔ ﻭﺗﻘﻨﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻮﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺪﻗﻴﻘﺔ ﻟﺒﺼﺮﻳﺔﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ ﺍ ﻣﺒﺎﺩﺉ ﺍﻟﺮﺑﻂ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﱪﻭﺗﻮﻛﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﺭﻭﺱ ﳐﺘﱪﻳﺔ ٢-١-١ 8 932.L/501.CA/A ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﺏ BALTAMﻗـﺎﺭﺏ ﺍﶈﺎﻛـﺎﺓ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﱪﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺍﻻﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﱐ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻷﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﻣﻌﺎﳉﺔ ﺍﻻﺷﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ٢-١ ﳏﺎﺿﺮﺍﺕ ١-٢-١ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﻢ ﻭﺍﻻﺷﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺰﻣﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻨﻔﺼﻠﺔ ﻟﺰﻣﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻤﺮﺓﺍﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﻋﻴﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﺷﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍ Zﲢّﻮﻝ ﲢّﻮﻝ ﻓﻮﺭﻳﻴﻪ ﺍﳌﻨﻔﺼﻞ ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﲢّﻮﻝ ﻓﻮﺭﻳﻴﻪ ﺍﳌﻨﻔﺼﻞ ﺑﻨﻴﺔ ﻧﻈﻢ ﺍﻻﺷﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺰﻣﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻨﻔﺼﻠﺔ ﺗﻘﻨﻴﺎﺕ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺍﳌﺮﺷﺤﺎﺕ ﺃﻣ ــﺜﻠﺔ ﻋ ــﻠﻰ ﺍﻟ ــﻨﻈﻢ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻋ ــﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﺴــﺘﻨﺪﺓ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻌﺎﳉــﺔ ﺍﻻﺷــﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤ ــﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﳌﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺗﻠﻴﺔ ﺩﺭﻭﺱ ﳐﺘﱪﻳﺔ/ﺎﺭﻳﻦﲤ ٢-١-١ BALTAMﲤﺎﺭﻳﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﱪﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺍﻻﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﱐ ﻧﻈﻢ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺗﻠﻴﺔ :٢ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻴﻄﺔ ﳏﺎﺿﺮﺍﺕ ١-٢ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﻋﻦ ﻧﻈﻢ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺗﻠﻴﺔ ﻣﺪﺍﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺍﺗﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺗﻠﻴﺔ ﻣﺮﻛﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﻃﻼﻕ ﻭﺍﻃﻼﻕ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺍﺗﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻴﺔﺍﳌﻮﺛﻮﻗ ﺍﻟ ــﻨﻈﻢ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻋــﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﻋﻤــﺔ ﻟﻠﺴــﺎﺗﻞ ﺍﳌﻜــّﻮﻥ ﺍﳋــﺎﺹ ﲟﻬﻤــﺔ ﺍﻻﺗﺼــﺎﻻﺕ (ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﻣﻌﺎﳉﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺗﻞ ﻭﺑﺎﳌﻌﺎﳉﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺗﻞ) 9 932.L/501.CA/A ﻭﺻﻼﺕ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺗﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻗﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺩﺩﻳﺔ ﻟﻼﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺗﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟــﺘﺪﺍﺧﻞ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﻣﻐﻨﻄﻴﺴــﻲ ﻭﺍﻟــﺘﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﻣﻐﻨﻄﻴﺴــﻲ ﻭﺗﺪﺍﺧــﻞ ﺍﻟــﺘﺮﺩﺩ ﺍﻟﻼﺳﻠﻜﻲ ﺎﺭ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺻﻼﺕ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺗﻠﻴﺔﺁﺛ ﲡﺎﺭﺏ ﻭﺗﻮﺿﻴﺤﺎﺕ ٢-٢ ﺣﺴـــﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﺭﺍﻣـــﺘﺮﺍﺕ ﻗـــﻨﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﺗﺼـــﺎﻝ، ﲟـــﺎ ﻓـــﻴﻬﺎ ﳕـــﺎﺫﺝ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺸـــﺎﺭ ﺍﳊﻘﻴﻘﻲ ﻋﺮﺽ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺤﻲ ﺑﻮﺍﺳﻄﺔ ﺟﻬﺎﺯ ﳏﺎﻙ ﻟﻠﺴﺎﺗﻞ ﲡﺎﺭﺏ ﳏﺎﻛﺎﺓ ﺍﳌﺪﺍﺭﺍﺕ ﻭﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻄﻴﺔ ﺗﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺎ ﺍﶈﻄﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﺭﺿﻴﺔ :٣ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻴﻄﺔ ﺎﺿﺮﺍﺕﳏ ١-٣ ﶈﺔ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ–ﺍﶈﻄﺔ ﺍﻷﺭﺿﻴﺔ ﻟﻼﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺗﻠﻴﺔ ﺗﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﻢ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻋﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺤﻄﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﺭﺿﻴﺔ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺍﶈﻄﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﺭﺿﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻻﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻳﻨﺒﻐﻲ ﻣﺮﺍﻋﺎﺗﻬﺎ ﰲ ﺻﻨﻌﻬﺎ ﻣﻌﺎﻳﲑ ﺍﶈﻄﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﺭﺿﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻘﻖ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺩﺍﺀ ﺍﶈﻄﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﺭﺿﻴﺔ ﻴﺔﻣﻮﺛﻮﻗﻴﺔ ﺍﶈﻄﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﺭﺿ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎﻧﺔ ﲡﺎﺭﺏ ﻭﺗﻮﺿﻴﺤﺎﺕ ٢-٣ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻓﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺗﻠﻴﺔ/ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﳏﻄﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﻻﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﻻﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﺘﻌﺪﺩ ﻭﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﳌﺘﻌﺪﺩ :٤ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻴﻄﺔ ﳏﺎﺿﺮﺍﺕ ١-٤ ﺗﻘﻨﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺎﻇﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻀﻤﲔ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻲ 01 932.L/501.CA/A ﺭﺳﺎﻝﺗﺸﻔﲑ ﺍﻻﺷﺎﺭﺓ ﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻷﺧﻄﺎﺀ ﺍﶈﺘﻤﻠﺔ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻻ ﺍﻻﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﻏﲑ ﺍﳌﺘﻌﺪﺩ/ﺍﻻﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﺘﻌﺪﺩ ﺗﻘﻨﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻄﻴﻔﻲ ﺗﻘﻨﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﳌﺘﻌﺪﺩ ﲡﺎﺭﺏ ﳐﺘﱪﻳﺔ ٢-٤ BALTAMﲡﺎﺭﺏ ﺍﶈﺎﻛﺎﺓ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﱪﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺍﻻﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﱐ ﲡﺎﺭﺏ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻷﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﺚ ﺍﻻﺫﺍﻋﻲ ﺑﻮﺍﺳﻄﺔ ﺳﻮﺍﺗﻞ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ :٥ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻴﻄﺔ ﳏﺎﺿﺮﺍﺕ ١-٥ ﻣﻌﺎﻳﲑ ﻧﻈﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﺚ ﺍﻻﺫﺍﻋﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺎﻇﺮﻱ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻔﺰﻳﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻔﺰﻳﻮﻥ ﻭﺍﻻﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺍﺗﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﺚ ﺍﻻﺫﺍﻋﻲ ﺑﱪﻭﺗﻮﻛﻮﻝ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ :ﺃﻣﺜﻠﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﳐﺘﺎﺭﺓ ﲨﻊ ﺃﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺴﻮﺍﺗﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ ﺍﻻﺫﺍﻋﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻠﻔﺰﻳﻮﻥ ﻼﺳﻠﻜﻲﺍﻟﺮﺑﻂ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﻟ ﺍﻟﺒﺚ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﰐ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻲ ﻋﺮﺑﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺚ ﺍﻻﺫﺍﻋﻲ ﰲ ﺍﳍﻮﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﻖ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻮﺩﻳﻮ ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻔﺰﻳﻮﱐ ﻭﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻪ ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻄﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻔﺰﻳﻮﻧﻴﺔ ﻟﻸﻟﻌﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺚ ﺍﳌﺘﻌﺪﺩ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﻴﺪﻳﻮ ﺑﻮﺍﺳﻄﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺍﺗﻞ (ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺽ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﻴﺪﻳﻮ)ﺍﻟﻮﺳﺎﺋﻂ ﺍﳌﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ ﻟﻔﻴﺪﻳﻮ ﺣﺴﺐ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺐﺍ ﲡﺎﺭﺏ ﳐﺘﱪﻳﺔ ﻭﺗﻮﺿﻴﺤﺎﺕ ٢-٥ 11 932.L/501.CA/A ﲡـــﺎﺭﺏ ﻋﻤﻠـــﻴﺔ ﺑﺎﺳـــﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﳏﻄـــﺎﺕ ﻃﺮﻓـــﻴﺔ ﻟﻠـــﺘﻠﻔﺰﻳﻮﻥ ﻭﺑـــﺮﻭﺗﻮﻛﻮﻝ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻻﲡﺎﻫﺎﺕ ﰲ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺗﻠﻴﺔ :٦ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻴﻄﺔ ﳏﺎﺿﺮﺍﺕ ١-٦ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺗﻠﻴﺔ :ﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺗﻠﻴﺔﺃﻣﺜﻠﺔ ﳐﺘﺎﺭﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻻ ﺷﺒﻜﺎﺕ ﺍﶈﻄﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻓﻴﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻐﲑﺓ ﺟﺪﺍ ﻧﻈﻢ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﺭﺻﺎﺩ ﺍﳉﻮﻳﺔ ﻧﻈﻢ ﺑﺚ ﺍﻷﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﻭﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﺭﺻﺎﺩ ﺍﳉﻮﻳﺔ ﻧﻈﻢ ﲨﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﺪﻱ ﻟﻠﻜﻮﺍﺭﺙ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺗﻠﻴﺔ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻭﺍﻻﻧﻘﺎﺫ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﱄ ﺍﻻﻗﻠﻴﻤﻲ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺑﺚ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺬﻳﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﻋﻦ ُﺑﻌﺪ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﺚ ﺍﻟﺪﻗﻴﻖ ﻟﻠﺘﻮﻗﻴﺖ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺮﺩﺩ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﺘﻨﻘﻠﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ ﻧﻈﻢ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺗﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﻴﺠﻴﺔ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﳌﻼﺣﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺗﻠﻴﺔ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺍﺗﻞ ﺍﻟﻮﺳﺎﺋﻂ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﻳﺾ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕﺍﻟﻨﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺗﻠﻲ ﺍﳌﺘﻌﺪﺩ ﲡﺎﺭﺏ ﻭﻋﺮﻭﺽ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺤﻴﺔ ﳐﺘﱪﻳﺔ ٢-٦ 21 932.L/501.CA/A ﲡـــﺎﺭﺏ ﻋـــﻠﻰ ﺃﺟﻬـــﺰﺓ ﳐـــﺘﺎﺭﺓ ﺑﺎﺳـــﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﳌـــﺮﺍﻓﻖ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤـــﺔ ﻭﻣﻌـــﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺋﻲ ﻭﻋﺮﻭﺽ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺤﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻨﻈﻢ ﻧﻈﻢ ﺳﻮﺍﺗﻞ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﺔ :٧ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻴﻄﺔ ﳏﺎﺿﺮﺍﺕ ١-٧ ﶈﺔ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ ﻋﻦ ﻧﻈﻢ ﺳﻮﺍﺗﻞ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﺍﳋﺪﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺗﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﺑﺘﺔ ﺍﳋﺪﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺗﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﺘﻨﻘﻠﺔ ﺍﳋﺪﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺗﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻻﺫﺍﻋﻴﺔ ﺧﺪﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺚ ﺍﻻﺫﺍﻋﻲ ﺍﳌﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻮﺳﺎﺋﻂ ﳔﺒﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻧﻈﻢ ﺳﻮﺍﺗﻞ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﺍﻻﲢـﺎﺩ ﺍﻟـﺪﻭﱄ ﻟﻼﺗﺼـﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﺴـﻠﻜﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻼﺳـﻠﻜﻴﺔ ﻭﻣﻨﻈﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺣﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺳﻲ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ ﻟﺪﻭﻟـ ــﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻮﺣـ ــﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺳـــﻲ ﻭﺍﲢـ ــﺎﺩ ﺍﻻﺗﺼـــﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﺴـ ــﻠﻜﻴﺔ ﺍﳌـ ــﻨﻈﻤﺔ ﺍ) ﻭﺍﻟﻼﺳــــﻠﻜﻴﺔ ﻵﺳــــﻴﺎ ﻭﺍﶈــــﻴﻂ ﺍﳍــــﺎﺩﺉ ﻭﺍﳌﻌﻬــــﺪ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﰊ ﳌﻌــــﺎﻳﲑ (ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻜﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻼﺳﻠﻜﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﻮﺍﺋﺢ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﻣﺴــــﺎﺋﻞ ﲣﻄــــﻴﻂ ﺍﻟﺸــــﺒﻜﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻻﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺸــــﻐﻴﻞ ﺍﳋﺎﺻــــﺔ ﺑــــﻨﻈﻢ :٨ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻴﻄﺔ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺗﻠﻴﺔ ﳏﺎﺿﺮﺍﺕ ١-٨ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﺨﻄﻴﻂ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺎﺕ ﲣﻄﻴﻂ ﺍﳉﺰﺀ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﺎﺋﻲ ﲣﻄﻴﻂ ﺍﳉﺰﺀ ﺍﻷﺭﺿﻲ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺔ ﻭﻣﺮﺍﻗﺒﺘﻬﺎ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺳﻮﺍﺗﻞ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺗﻨﺴﻴﻖ ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺍﺧﻞ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﻢ ﻭﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﺎ 31 932.L/501.CA/A ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﺎﺀ ﺍﳉﻮﺍﻧﺐ ﺍﳌﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻟﻼﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺗﻠﻴﺔ ﻻﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺗﻠﻴﺔ ﻷﻏﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺪﺭﻳﺐﺗﺴﺨﲑ ﺍ :٩ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻴﻄﺔ ﳏﺎﺿﺮﺍﺕ ١-٩ –ﺗﺴـﺨﲑ ﺍﻻﺗﺼـﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﺴـﺎﺗﻠﻴﺔ ﻷﻏـﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤـﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠـﻴﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺪﺭﻳﺐ ﶈﺔ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ :ﺍﳋﱪﺓ ﺍﻻﻗﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ ﰲ ﳎﺎﻝ ﺍﻷﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﺍﻟﱪﺍﳎﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻮﺙ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ (ﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻠﻴﺔﺍﻟﺘﻠﻔﺰﻳﻮﻥ ﻭﺍﻻﺫﺍﻋ)ﺍﻟﺒﺚ ﺍﶈﻠﻲ ﲣﻄﻴﻂ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺗﻠﻴﺔ ﻷﻏﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ ﺗﺴﺨﲑ ﺗﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺎ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺍﺗﻞ ﻷﻏﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺪﺭﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﺴــﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺸــﻐﻴﻠﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮﺟــﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻧ ــﻴﺔ ﺍﳌ ــﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻘ ــﻨﻮﺍﺕ ﻋ ــﱪ ﺍﳊﺪﻭﺩﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﻷﻏﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ ﻋﻦ ُﺑﻌﺪ ﻷﻏﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﻳﻔﻴﺔﺧﱪﺍﺕ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻌﻤﻠﲔ ﰲ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﺪﻱ ﻟﻠﻜﻮﺍﺭﺙ ﻋﺮﻭﺽ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺤﻴﺔ ﺑﻮﺍﺳﻄﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﻢ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ٢-٩ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ ﺭﻳﺎﺩﻱ :٠١ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻴﻄﺔ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻭﻉ ﺍﺣﺘﻴﺎﺟﺎﺕ ﺑﻠﺪ ﺍﳌﺸﺎﺭﻙ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻬﻢ ﺍﳌﺸﺎﺭﻙ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﳌﺆﺩﻱ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺣﺪﺓ ﻭﻉﻣﻮﺍﺿﻴﻊ ﻣﻘﺘﺮﺣﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺮ 41 932.L/501.CA/A ﺍﻟﻨﻈﻢ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻋﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺤﻄﺔ ﺍﻷﺭﺿﻴﺔ ﲢﻠﻴﻞ ﻧﻈﻢ ﺳﻮﺍﺗﻞ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺍﳌﺮﻛﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺍﳍﻮﺍﺋﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﶈﺪﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻐﻄﻴﺔ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﻧﻈﻢ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ ﲣﻄﻴﻂ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺎﺕ ﻭﻭﺿﻊ ﺍﻟﱪﺍﳎﻴﺎﺕ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ ﻠﻘﺔ ﺍﺳـ ــﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟـ ــﺘﻠﻔﺰﻳﻮﻥ ﻭﺍﻻﺫﺍﻋـ ــﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻻﺗﺼـ ــﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﳌـ ــﺘﻌ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺗﻠﻴﺔ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﶈﻠﻲ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻮﺙ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﺎﺗﻴﺔ 15 A/AC.105/L.239 ﻝﻭﻷﺍ ﻖﻓﺮﳌﺍ ﱃﻭﻷﺍ ﺙﻼﺜﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﻭﺪﻠﻟ ﻲﻤﻴﻠﻌﺘﻟﺍ ﺝﺎﻬﻨﳌﺍ Module/ submodule Topic Number of 45-minute sessions 0 Orientation course (1 week) 0.1 Introduction to the regional centre 2 0.2 Introduction to activities of the local host institution 2 0.3 Communication skills (oral, written, presentation, group discussion etc.) 24 0.4 Introduction to the host country 6 Geographic perspectives of the host country Social systems and customs Festivals of the host country 0.5 Local language—common phrases in the local language 6 Total 40 1 Communication systems and digital signal processing 1.1 Classroom lectures—communication systems (3 weeks) Telecommunications overview Distribution, traffic, signalling, switching 6 Analog and digital communications systems 2 Long-distance communications 1 Fibre optics technology and applications 4 Data networking 10 Signalling and modulation Local area network (LAN) Wiring plans Data services in public networks Introduction to transmission control protocol/Internet protocol (TCP/IP) Internet Asychronous transfer mode (ATM) Personal communication services 4 Integrated services digital network (ISDN) 3 Packet switching fundamentals 3 Broadband—an overview 3 Protocols 3 Microwave theory and techniques 6 Transmission line parameters (Z, Y, ABCD, S) Waveguide and coaxial components Applications of microwave technology Introduction to computers 6 Computer architecture Complex instruction set computer (CISC) Reduced instruction set computer (RISC) Parallel processor Input/output (I/O) devices 16 A/AC.105/L.239 Module/ submodule Topic Number of 45-minute sessions I/O programming I/O controlling Interrupt Direct memory access (DMA) Operating systems Standard operating systems Disc operating system (DOS) UNIX and Linux Windows 95 NT Communication theory and mathematical tools Probability theory and basic statistics 10 Information theory 6 Spherical geometry 1 Linear algebra 4 MATLAB mathematical tools 8 Subtotal 80 1.2 Laboratory sessions Computer 4 MATLAB 8 Microwave measurements 8 Analog and digital modems 4 Fibre optics 8 Subtotal 32 1.3 Classroom lectures—digital signal processing (2 weeks) Discrete time signals and systems 4 Discrete time signals: sequences Discrete time systems Linear time-in variant systems Frequency domain representation of sampling Discrete time signals and systems Representation of sequences by Fourier transform Fourier transform theorems Discrete time random signals Sampling of continuous time signals 6 Periodic sampling Frequency domain representation of sampling Reconstruction of a band limited signal from its samples Discrete time processing of continuous time signals Continuous time processing of discrete time signals Changing the sampling rate using discrete time processing Practical considerations Z-transform 10 Properties of region of convergence for Z-transform Inverse Z-transform 17 A/AC.105/L.239 Module/ submodule Topic Number of 45-minute sessions Z-transform properties Inverse Z-transform using contour integration Complex convolution theorem Parseval’s relation Unilateral Z-transform Discrete Fourier transform (DFT) 6 Representation of periodic sequences Discrete Fourier series Properties of discrete Fourier series Fourier transform of periodic signals Sampling of Fourier transform Fourier representation of finite duration sequences Discrete Fourier transform Linear convolution using discrete Fourier transform Computation of discrete Fourier transform 8 Efficient computation of discrete Fourier transforms Goertzel algorithm Decimation-in-time fast Fourier transform (FFT) algorithms Decimation-in-frequency FFT algorithms Implementation of FFT algorithms FFT algorithms for composite N Implementation of DFT using convolution Effects of finite register length in DFT computations Structure for discrete time systems 6 Block diagram representation of linear constant coefficient differential equation Basic structure for infinite impulses response (IIR) systems Basic network structures for finite impulse response (FIR) systems Overview of finite precision numerical effects Effects of coefficient quantization Effects of round-off noise in digital filters Zero input cycles in fixed-point realizations of IIR digital filters Filter design techniques 12 Basic issues in digital filter design IIR filter design Frequency transformation of low-pass IIR filters Design of filters by windowing Optimum approximation of FIR filters FIR equi-ripple approximation Wavelet transform 2 Examples of DSP-based subsystems for satellite communications 4 Subtotal 58 1.4 Laboratory exercises/tutorial MATLAB-based exercises 10 18 A/AC.105/L.239 Module/ submodule Topic Number of 45-minute sessions Design of FIR and IIR filters Implementation of DFT/FFT Examples of DSP-based communication subsystems Familiarization with and implementation of evaluation board 12 FIR and IIR filters Demodulator algorithm Viterbi coding FFT and discrete cosine transform (DCT) Subtotal 22 Totala 192 2 Satellite communication systems (6 weeks) 2.1 Classroom lectures Introduction to satellite communications 4 Evolution of satellite communications Elements of satellite communications Types of satellite orbits Geosynchronous satellite communications Satellite communications services Satellite orbits 4 Launch vehicles and launching of satellites 4 Satellite communications links 4 Frequency bands for satellite communications 2 Propagation effects on satellite communication links 2 Satellite communication techniques 28 Multiplexing techniques 4 Modulation techniques 6 Multiple access techniques 6 Code division multiple access (CDMA) 2 Coding theory and error correction techniques 4 IP over satellite 4 Satellite configurations 2 Space environment 2 Satellite bus subsystems 12 Mechanical structure 2 Attitude and orbit control system (AOCS) 2 Propulsion subsystem 2 Electrical power subsystem 2 Telemetry, tracking and command (TT and C) 2 Thermal subsystem 2 Communication transponder 2 Communication transponder subsystems 6 Antenna and feed 2 Receiver and transmitter 2 I/O multiplexer 2 19 A/AC.105/L.239 Module/ submodule Topic Number of 45-minute sessions Advanced communication transponder on-board processing 4 Integration and testing of communication transponders 2 Integration and testing of satellites 2 In-orbit check out of communication payloads 2 Reliability and space qualifications 2 Reliability of satellite communication payloads 2 EMI, EMC and RFI 2 Electrostatic discharge hazards in satellite communications electronics 2 Life of a satellite 2 Satellite communications (video computer-based teaching (CBT) and tutorials) 28 Subtotal 120 2.2 Experiments/demonstrations Familiarization with measuring instruments 4 Determination of satellite look angles and optimization of Earth station antennas 4 Azimuth and elevation angles X-Y angles Optimization of sense of polarization Measurement of satellite link parameters 8 Total C/kT and down-link C/kT Antenna gain to system noise temperature ratio (G/T) and effective isotropic radiated power (EIRP) Bit error rate (BER) versus C/kT Familiarization with and measurement of satellite transponder characteristics (communication simulator) 4 Familiarization with and operation of single channel per carrier (SCPC), spread spectrum multiple access (SSMA) and time division multiple access (TDMA) equipment 12 Testing of communication transponder subsystems 16 Multiplexer Receiver Power amplifier Antenna and feed Subtotal 48 2.3 Visits to laboratories and other facilities of the host institution 24 Communication payload research and development laboratories Communications techniques laboratories Payload fabrication facility Environmental test facility Communication system laboratories Remote sensing laboratories Subtotal 24 Totala 192 3 Earth station technology (3 weeks) 20 A/AC.105/L.239 Module/ submodule Topic Number of 45-minute sessions 3.1 Classroom lectures Satellite communications Earth station—an overview 2 Technology of Earth station subsystems 22 Antenna reflector and mount for large, medium and small Earth stations Feed system for large, medium and small Earth stations Antenna tracking system Low-noise amplifier (LNA) Solid-state power amplifier High-power amplifier (HPA) Frequency converter Modulator and demodulator Encoder and decoder Test-loop translator Electrical power supply system Foresight and rearward link Earth station design considerations 5 Earth station standards EIRP and G/T Antenna size and gain Radiation pattern and antenna coverage Redundancy and reliability Environmental specifications VSAT/mobile/briefcase/hand-held terminals Check out of Earth stations 8 Antenna measurements (farfield, nearfield, anechoic chamber) LNA and G/T HPA and EIRP Frequency converter Test-loop translator Reliability of Earth stations 1 Operations and maintenance of fixed and transportable Earth stations 2 Fabrication techniques 6 Mechanical fabrication techniques Electronics fabrication techniques Microwave integrated circuits (MIC) Subtotal 46 3.2 Local visits 24 Department of Telecommunications (DOT) Earth station Department of Electronics (DOE) Software Technology Park Antenna test facility (host institution) MIC facility (host institution) Electronics fabrication facility (host institution) Mechanical fabrication facility (host institution) Subtotal 24 21 A/AC.105/L.239 Module/ submodule Topic Number of 45-minute sessions 3.3 Experiments/demonstrations Familiarization with Earth station subsystems 4 Testing of Earth station subsystems 24 Testing of feed system Testing of HPA Testing of LNA Testing of frequency converter Testing of antenna tracking system (manual and auto mode) Subtotal 28 Totala 98 4 Broadcasting using communication satellites (3 weeks) 4.1 Classroom lectures Broadcasting system standards 6 Frequency modulation television (FMTV) High-definition television (HDTV) Digital video broadcasting (DVB) Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) Digital television (video presentation) 6 Satellite links for TV broadcasting (analog and digital) 2 Frequency bands for satellite broadcasting and national/international regulations 2 Satellite TV and access systems 6 Cable TV Direct broadcasting satellite/direct-to-home (DBS/DTH) Conditional access Network management Satellite news gathering (SNG) for radio and TV 2 Radio networking 2 Digital audio broadcasting 2 Outdoor broadcasting van 2 TV studio and its operations 2 TV coverage of sports 2 Multicasting 2 Videoconferencing via satellite 2 Multimedia (video presentation) 2 Video on demand 2 Subtotal 42 4.2 Laboratory experiments/demonstrations 48 Familiarization with video baseband systems Measurement of video signal-to-noise (S/N) ratio versus carrier-to-noise (C/N) radio and video threshold Measurement of TV audio S/N Measurement of S/N versus FM deviation Measurement of TV signal parameters using waveform monitor, vectorscope and automated test equipment 22 A/AC.105/L.239 Module/ submodule Topic Number of 45-minute sessions SCPC/multiple channels per carrier (MCPC) digital TV Determination of transponder operating points for: Single carrier per transponder Multicarrier per transponder Familiarization with radio networking terminals Demonstration of operations of SNG terminals Setting up a TV direct reception system Digital sound and data broadcasting (DSDB) system Multimedia broadcasting/multicasting Subtotal 48 4.3 Local visits 12 TV broadcasting station of Doordarshan Radio networking system of All India Radio (AIR) TV studio of the Development and Educational Communication Unit (DECU) Subtotal 12 Totala 102 5 Applications and trends in satellite communications (3 weeks) 5.1 Classroom lectures Satellite communications services 26 Rural/remote area communications 2 VSAT network 8 Time division multiplexing (TDM)-TDMA SCPC-demand assignment multiple access (DAMA) Remote terminals Hub Network management Meteorological data reception systems (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Indian National Satellite System (INSAT)) 2 News and meteorological data dissemination system 2 Data collection system 2 Disaster management using satellite communications 2 Search and rescue system 2 International Regional (INSAT) Cyclone warning dissemination system 2 Telemedicine 2 Time and frequency transmission system 2 Mobile and personal communication services (IMT-2000, 4G etc.) 8 Strategic satellite communication systems 4 Satellite navigation system 6 Satellite-based Internet system 2 Multimedia broadband satellite system 2 23 A/AC.105/L.239 Module/ submodule Topic Number of 45-minute sessions Video CBT and tutorials 14 Subtotal 62 5.2 Laboratory experiments/demonstrations NOAA very high resolution radiometer (VHRR) data reception News and meteorological data dissemination system Search-and-rescue beacon Operations of Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver and INSAT reporting system VSAT terminal and network Data and sound broadcasting system Subtotal 28 5.3 Local visit Press Trust of India (PTI) India Mobile Department (IMD) Airport National Informatics Centre Network (NICNET) Subtotal 16 Totala 106 6 Operational communications satellite systems (1 week) 6.1 Classroom lectures Overview of operational communications satellite systems 8 FSS MSS BSS Broadband multimedia system Operational communications satellite systems 18 International Telecommunication Union and other standardization organizations (ISO, APT, ETSI) 2 International regulations 2 Totala 30 7 Network planning/management/operational issues of satellite communications systems (1 week) 7.1 Classroom lectures Technical considerations for network planning 2 Planning for space segment 2 Traffic requirements Options for satellite transponder (coverage, power, bandwidth, bent- pipe/regenerative) Cross-pol isolation and collocated satellites Choice of orbits (geosynchronous Earth orbit (GEO), MEO, LEO) Planning for ground segment 2 Trade-off between space segment and ground segment HPA power and transmit antenna size Off-axis radiation pattern LNA noise temperature and receive 24 A/AC.105/L.239 Module/ submodule Topic Number of 45-minute sessions Antenna size Cost Network operations and control 2 Management of communication satellite operations 4 Normal operations Operations of satellite control Earth station (tele-command, telemetry, tracking and ranging) Orbit determinations, station keeping and fuel management Sun outage and eclipse operations Loss of lock Intra-system/inter-system interference coordination 4 Space law 2 Financial aspects of satellite communications 2 Totala 20 8 Satellite communications for development, education and training (2 weeks) 8.1 Classroom lectures Satellite communications for development education and training—an overview 4 Indian experience with the Satellite Instructional Television Experiment (SITE), Kneda Communications Project (KCP), Training and Development Communications Channel (TDCC), Jhabua Development Communications Project (JDCP) and University Grant Commission (UGC) 6 Hardware Software Social research Local broadcasting (TV, radio, cable network) 2 Planning for satellite communications for development 4 Research and evaluation Program production for development communications Hardware Cost Satellite technology for development, education and training 8 Receive system Transmit system Talk-back system DAMA control Value-added services Return video Data broadcasting Internet broadcasting Multimedia broadcasting Two-way videoconferencing Operational, technological and legal issues in transborder channels for development 2 Teleconferencing experiences of users for rural development 4 25 A/AC.105/L.239 Module/ submodule Topic Number of 45-minute sessions Disaster management 2 Subtotal 32 8.2 Demonstrations 20 Demonstration of talk-back systems (JDCP and TDCC) Direct reception system (analog and digital) Two-way video conference (Spacenet) 8.3 Field visits 24 Totala 76 9 Pilot project (10 weeks) Project definition Needs of the participant’s country Topic of interest of the participant The work leading towards the one-year project Suggested topics for the project Earth station subsystems Systems analysis for communications satellites Spacecraft design Antenna footprint design Communication systems design Network planning and relevant software development Applications of TV and radio for development communications Economics of satellite communications Domestic system definition Policy research aTotals do not include tests and examinations or library work (see also chap.
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نتيجة: 835963.9 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...?open&DS=A/AC.105/L.239&Lang=A
مصدر البيانات: ods
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON ADEQUATE HOUSING AS A COMPONENT OF THE RIGHT TO AN ADEQUATE STANDARD OF LIVING, MILOON KOTHARI : ADDENDUM
However, this deal has yet to be confirmed, and the Special Rapporteur hopes that it will not go ahead. (...) Land transactions have been made public long after the conclusion of the deals between the Government and private companies. 33. (...) Cases of threats and intimidation by local authorities and private developers leading to involuntary deals and relocation or resettlement were repeatedly brought to the Special Rapporteur’s attention.
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نتيجة: 822269.3 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...DS=E/CN.4/2006/41/ADD.3&Lang=A
مصدر البيانات: ods
CONTRIBUTION OF PARLIAMENTS TO THE WORK OF THE HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL AND ITS UNIVERSAL PERIODIC REVIEW. REPORT OF THE OFFICE OF THE UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS
GE.18-08016(A)  جملس حقوق اإلنسان الدورة الثامنة والثالثون 20١٨متوز/يوليه ٦ -حزيران/يونيه ١٨ من
لغة:العربية
نتيجة: 785744.2 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...get?open&DS=A/HRC/38/25&Lang=A
مصدر البيانات: ods