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State Probability Next_State_LPS Next_State_MPS Switch_MPS 0 0.50000 0 1 1 1 0.45850 0 2 0 2 0.42045 1 3 0 3 0.38555 2 4 0 4 0.35355 2 5 0 5 0.32421 3 6 0 6 0.29730 4 7 0 7 0.27263 5 8 0 8 0.25000 5 9 0 9 0.22925 6 10 0 10 0.21022 7 11 0 11 0.19278 8 12 0 12 0.17678 8 13 0 13 0.16210 9 14 0 14 0.14865 10 15 0 15 0.13631 10 16 0 16 0.12500 11 17 0 17 0.11463 11 18 0 18 0.10511 12 19 0 19 0.09639 12 20 0 20 0.08839 13 21 0 21 0.08105 13 22 0 22 0.07433 14 23 0 23 0.06816 14 24 0 24 0.06250 15 25 0 25 0.05731 15 26 0 26 0.05256 15 27 0 27 0.04819 16 28 0 28 0.04419 16 29 0 29 0.04053 16 30 0 30 0.03716 17 31 0 31 0.03408 17 32 0 32 0.03125 17 33 0 33 0.02866 18 34 0 34 0.02628 18 35 0 35 0.02410 18 36 0 36 0.02210 18 37 0 37 0.02026 18 38 0 38 0.01858 19 39 0 39 0.01704 19 39 0 Table 1: Probability states and its transition rules for probability estimation 2 Table-based interval division First the interval I is mapped to a quantized value Q, shown as following: ( ) ( ) ( ) 15 & 4 - >> = I MI I Q . then the updated I is gotten as following (s denotes the current LPS state): ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) R I I else R I LPS if s I MI s Q RTAB R - = = >> >> - << = 3 8 7 & , and update the MI(I) lastly: ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) - - == << + >> = - ) ( 0 ) ( 1 & 1 3 I MI I MI I if s I MI LPS if Q State 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 0 132 140 148 156 164 172 180 188 196 204 212 220 228 236 244 252 1 121 128 136 143 150 158 165 172 180 187 194 202 209 216 224 231 2 111 118 124 131 138 145 151 158 165 172 178 185 192 198 205 212 3 102 108 114 120 126 133 139 145 151 157 163 170 176 182 188 194 4 93 99 105 110 116 122 127 133 139 144 150 156 161 167 173 178 5 86 91 96 101 106 112 117 122 127 132 137 143 148 153 158 163 6 78 83 88 93 98 102 107 112 117 121 126 131 136 140 145 150 7 72 76 81 85 89 94 98 103 107 111 116 120 124 129 133 137 Table 2: RTAB(Q, state) only states from 0…7 is stored because others can be gotten by shift 3 Programs Data Structure of the encoder: Unsigned short low=0, range=0xffff; Int pos=7; //MI(range)-8 Int outstanding=0; //used in the renormalization Unsigned char store; //store the byte Encoder: val denotes the input, Pseq denotes the current LPS state Int temp=(Pseq>>3); Int sel=(Pseq&7); Int rLPS=(RTAB[sel][(range>>(pos+4))&15]<<(pos-temp)); Int sLow; If( val== LPS ) { Range=rLPS; pos-=(temp+1); if((range>>pos)<256) pos--; } Else { Range-=rLPS; sLow=low+rLPS; if(sLowoutstanding-1); //output outstanding-1 bytes equal to 0 outstanding=0; } low=sLow; If((range>>pos)<256) pos--; } If(range<256) { If( ( (low&255)+range ) > 256 ) { If((low>>8)==255 ) Outstanding++; Else { If(outstanding) { outByte(store); outByte(0xff, outstanding-1); } outstanding=1; Store=low>>8; } } Else { If(outstanding) { outByte(store); outByte(0xff, outstanding-1); } outByte(low>>8); outstanding=0; } Low<<=8; Range<<=8; } Update the probability estimation Data structure of the decoder: Unsigned short sub=readByte(2); //read two bytes from the bitstream Unsigned short range=0xffff; Int pos=7; //MI(range)-8 Decoder: val denotes the output, Pseq denotes the current LPS states Int temp=(Pseq>>3); Int sel=(Pseq&7); Int rLPS=(RTAB[sel][(range>>(pos+4))&15]<<(pos-temp)); If( rLPS>sub ) { val=LPS; range=rLPS; pos-=(temp+1); if((range>>pos)<256) pos--; } Else { val=1-LPS; range-=rLPS; sub-=rLPS; If((range>>pos)<256) pos--; } If(range<256) { sub<<=8; range<<=8; sub+=ReadByte(1); //read a byte as the low byte of sub } Update the probability estimation Reference [1].
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Score: 1114262.1 - https://www.itu.int/wftp3/av-a...eo-site/0601_Ban/VCEG-AB08.doc
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UNV Online Volunteering Award 2017: UNV honours outstanding Online Volunteers and launches public voting Skip to main content Zoom MENU Region menu Donate UVP log-in Regions en down en fr es UNV Regional Websites UNV works in 150 countries and territories, deploying UN Volunteers to advance sustainable development at grassroots level. Explore our work in the different regions of the world. view East and Southern Africa view West and Central Africa view Arab States view Europe and the CIS view Latin America and the Caribbean view Asia and the Pacific Log in Log-in en down en fr es Main navigation Become a UN Volunteer Unified Conditions of Service Volunteer abroad Volunteer in your country Volunteer online Frequently Asked Questions Engage a UN Volunteer UN Partner Toolkit Request UN Volunteers United Nations partners UNV funding partners Sponsor UN Volunteers UNV and the private sector Volunteerism State of the World's Volunteerism Volunteerism and the Global Goals Knowledge Portal on Volunteerism Plan of Action 2016-2030 Our campaigns International Volunteer Day 2021 About UNV Who we are Our mission: Mobilize volunteers Our mission: Promote volunteerism Publications database Employment & internships Procurement information Scam alert Contact us Reports Annual Report 2020 Annual Report 2019 Annual Report 2018 Our legacy A short history of UNV UNV at 50 UNV alumni Region menu Donate UVP log-in Regions en down en fr es UNV Regional Websites UNV works in 150 countries and territories, deploying UN Volunteers to advance sustainable development at grassroots level. Explore our work in the different regions of the world. view East and Southern Africa view West and Central Africa view Arab States view Europe and the CIS view Latin America and the Caribbean view Asia and the Pacific Regions Europe and the CIS Asia and the Pacific Latin America and the Caribbean Arab States East and Southern Africa West and Central Africa Breadcrumb Home UNV Online Volunteering Award 2017: UNV honours outstanding Online Volunteers and launches public voting UNV Online Volunteering Award 2017: UNV honours outstanding Online Volunteers and launches public voting print Low quality, print optimized High quality, color print pdf facebook twitter linkedin youtube-play instagram flickr Main navigation Become a UN Volunteer Unified Conditions of Service Volunteer abroad Volunteer in your country Volunteer online Frequently Asked Questions Engage a UN Volunteer UN Partner Toolkit Request UN Volunteers United Nations partners UNV funding partners Sponsor UN Volunteers UNV and the private sector Volunteerism State of the World's Volunteerism Volunteerism and the Global Goals Knowledge Portal on Volunteerism Plan of Action 2016-2030 Our campaigns International Volunteer Day 2021 About UNV Who we are Our mission: Mobilize volunteers Our mission: Promote volunteerism Publications database Employment & internships Procurement information Scam alert Contact us Reports Annual Report 2020 Annual Report 2019 Annual Report 2018 Our legacy A short history of UNV UNV at 50 UNV alumni Regional offices Regional offices Europe and the CIS Asia and the Pacific Latin America and the Caribbean Arab States East and Southern Africa West and Central Africa My UNV Profile UNV eCampus This website benefits from the continuous support of Online Volunteers.
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Score: 1059486.2 - https://www.unv.org/news/unv-o...online-volunteers-and-launches
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UNV Online Volunteering Award 2017: UNV honours outstanding Online Volunteers and launches public voting | UNV Skip to main content Zoom MENU Region menu Donate UVP log-in Regions en down en fr es UNV Regional Websites UNV works in 150 countries and territories, deploying UN Volunteers to advance sustainable development at grassroots level. Explore our work in the different regions of the world. view East and Southern Africa view West and Central Africa view Arab States view Europe and the CIS view Latin America and the Caribbean view Asia and the Pacific Log in Log-in en down en fr es Main navigation Become a UN Volunteer Unified Conditions of Service Volunteer abroad Volunteer in your country Volunteer online Frequently Asked Questions Engage a UN Volunteer UN Partner Toolkit Request UN Volunteers United Nations partners UNV funding partners Sponsor UN Volunteers UNV and the private sector Volunteerism State of the World's Volunteerism Volunteerism and the Global Goals Knowledge Portal on Volunteerism Plan of Action 2016-2030 Our campaigns International Volunteer Day 2021 About UNV Who we are Our mission: Mobilize volunteers Our mission: Promote volunteerism Publications database Employment & internships Procurement information Scam alert Contact us Reports Annual Report 2020 Annual Report 2019 Annual Report 2018 Our legacy A short history of UNV UNV at 50 UNV alumni Region menu Donate UVP log-in Regions en down en fr es UNV Regional Websites UNV works in 150 countries and territories, deploying UN Volunteers to advance sustainable development at grassroots level. Explore our work in the different regions of the world. view East and Southern Africa view West and Central Africa view Arab States view Europe and the CIS view Latin America and the Caribbean view Asia and the Pacific Regions Europe and the CIS Asia and the Pacific Latin America and the Caribbean Arab States East and Southern Africa West and Central Africa Breadcrumb Home UNV Online Volunteering Award 2017: UNV honours outstanding Online Volunteers and launches public voting UNV Online Volunteering Award 2017: UNV honours outstanding Online Volunteers and launches public voting print Low quality, print optimized High quality, color print pdf facebook twitter linkedin youtube-play instagram flickr Main navigation Become a UN Volunteer Unified Conditions of Service Volunteer abroad Volunteer in your country Volunteer online Frequently Asked Questions Engage a UN Volunteer UN Partner Toolkit Request UN Volunteers United Nations partners UNV funding partners Sponsor UN Volunteers UNV and the private sector Volunteerism State of the World's Volunteerism Volunteerism and the Global Goals Knowledge Portal on Volunteerism Plan of Action 2016-2030 Our campaigns International Volunteer Day 2021 About UNV Who we are Our mission: Mobilize volunteers Our mission: Promote volunteerism Publications database Employment & internships Procurement information Scam alert Contact us Reports Annual Report 2020 Annual Report 2019 Annual Report 2018 Our legacy A short history of UNV UNV at 50 UNV alumni Regional offices Regional offices Europe and the CIS Asia and the Pacific Latin America and the Caribbean Arab States East and Southern Africa West and Central Africa My UNV Profile UNV eCampus This website benefits from the continuous support of Online Volunteers.
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Score: 1050591.5 - https://www.unv.org/node/15625
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In particular, in many countries, credit is primarily short-term. For example, in some countries in Africa, short-term credit accounts for up to 90 per cent of bank financing, 1 vs. 50-60 per cent for developing countries as a whole. 2 Long- term bond markets are limited in many developing countries, and alternative vehicles for financing innovative start-ups, such as angel investors and venture capital funds, are largely missing in many developing 1 K. Kpodar and K. Gbenyo, Short- Versus Long-Term Credit and Economic Performance: Evidence from the WAEMU, IMF Working Paper, WP/10/115, May 2010. 2 BIS database countries. (...) Nonetheless, there is a risk that such nascent markets will attract speculative capital, leading to short-term bubbles and shocks to the real economy. 3 The banking system depth is measured as the stock of private credit (by deposit money banks and other financial institutions) in percent of GDP, the equity market depth is measured by the stock market capitalization with respect to GDP and the domestic bond market depth is measured by the stock of outstanding domestic public and private debt securities, as a percentage of GDP. 4UNTT, Background Paper 2, 2013, based on the basis of Global Financial Development Database, World Bank 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 1990 2000 2010 Private credit by deposit money banks and other financial institutions to GDP (%) Stock market capitalization to GDP (%) Outstanding domestic private debt securities to GDP (%) Outstanding domestic public debt securities to GDP (%) Middle Income Countries - Financial Depht, 1990-2010. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 1990 2000 2010 Private credit by deposit money banks and other financial institutions to GDP (%) Stock market capitalization to GDP (%) Outstanding domestic private debt securities to GDP (%) Outstanding domestic public debt securities to GDP (%) High Income Countries - Financial Depht, 1990-2010. (%) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 1990 2000 2010 Private credit by deposit money banks and other financial institutions to GDP (%) Stock market capitalization to GDP (%) Outstanding domestic private debt securities to GDP (%) Outstanding domestic public debt securities to GDP (%) Low Income Countries - Financial Depht, 1990-2010. (%) (Not available) (Not available) It is therefore important for countries to design a strong regulatory framework, potentially including capital account management tools.
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Score: 1022331.25 - https://www.un.org/esa/ffd/wp-...13-November_PrivateFinance.pdf
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Interest income consists of amounts derived from short-term investments of unused cash currently in hand to meet future payment of debts.   (...) Interest income is credited to the account under which the short-term investment was made. UNDOF and UNIFIL 4. (...) The UNDOF and UNIFIL accounts had outstanding assessments at the end of April 1995 of $25.8 million and $215.8 million, respectively.  
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Score: 1022324.8 - https://www.un.org/unispal/document/auto-insert-188578/
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Key findings Benefits payment management During the year 2017, UNJSPF processed 9,588 cases leaving an outstanding balance of 5,537 cases, which is an increase of about 53 per cent outstanding cases over the previous year. The number of cases that the Fund processed within the prescribed time limit of 15 business days increased significantly over the previous year to 62 per cent but was still short of the internal target of 75 per cent. beanygu25 Stamp Certificates of entitlement Non-receipt of the certificates of entitlement (CE) by UNJSPF leads to suspension of benefits of the beneficiaries. (...) Recommendations Of the 41 outstanding recommendations up to the period ended 31 December 2016, 20 recommendations (49 per cent) have been implemented, 19 recommendations (46 per cent) are under implementation and two recommendations (5 per cent) has not been implemented.
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Score: 996271.3 - https://www.un.org/en/auditors...fth%20Committee_UNJSPF.Rev.pdf
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FAO Partnership Award Ad Hoc Screening Committee An ad hoc interdepartmental Screening Committee chaired by the Director-General (Operations) and comprising the FAO Core Leadership Team, Assistant Directors-General at headquarters and at regional level, the Legal Counsel, the Director of the Agricultural Development Economics Division, and the Director of the  Partnerships and UN Collaboration Division and the Director  of the Office of Communications, as Secretary, will review the list of nominations submitted by the Awards Secretariat, and establish a short-list of three nominations.  The Chairperson of the Screening Committee will submit the short-list of three institutions to the Chairperson of the Selection Committee. FAO Partnership Award Selection Committee The Committee, chaired by the Director-General, and comprising the Independent Chairperson of the Council, the Chairperson of the Programme Committee and the Chairperson of the Finance Committee, will make a final decision on the basis of the short-list submitted by the Screening Committee. (...) Detailed information of the nominated entity: Name Telephone Email Exact acronym (for institution) Address Name of the head of the nominated institution Executive Summary - please provide a short summary including some background information of the entity and its engagement with FAO Detailed Nomination I.
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Score: 982118.5 - https://www.fao.org/fao-awards/partnership/apply-now/ar
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FAO Partnership Award Ad Hoc Screening Committee An ad hoc interdepartmental Screening Committee chaired by the Director-General (Operations) and comprising the FAO Core Leadership Team, Assistant Directors-General at headquarters and at regional level, the Legal Counsel, the Director of the Agricultural Development Economics Division, and the Director of the  Partnerships and UN Collaboration Division and the Director  of the Office of Communications, as Secretary, will review the list of nominations submitted by the Awards Secretariat, and establish a short-list of three nominations.  The Chairperson of the Screening Committee will submit the short-list of three institutions to the Chairperson of the Selection Committee. FAO Partnership Award Selection Committee The Committee, chaired by the Director-General, and comprising the Independent Chairperson of the Council, the Chairperson of the Programme Committee and the Chairperson of the Finance Committee, will make a final decision on the basis of the short-list submitted by the Screening Committee. (...) Detailed information of the nominated entity: Name Telephone Email Exact acronym (for institution) Address Name of the head of the nominated institution Executive Summary - please provide a short summary including some background information of the entity and its engagement with FAO Detailed Nomination I.
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Score: 982118.5 - https://www.fao.org/fao-awards/partnership/apply-now/en
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FAO Partnership Award Ad Hoc Screening Committee An ad hoc interdepartmental Screening Committee chaired by the Director-General (Operations) and comprising the FAO Core Leadership Team, Assistant Directors-General at headquarters and at regional level, the Legal Counsel, the Director of the Agricultural Development Economics Division, and the Director of the  Partnerships and UN Collaboration Division and the Director  of the Office of Communications, as Secretary, will review the list of nominations submitted by the Awards Secretariat, and establish a short-list of three nominations.  The Chairperson of the Screening Committee will submit the short-list of three institutions to the Chairperson of the Selection Committee. FAO Partnership Award Selection Committee The Committee, chaired by the Director-General, and comprising the Independent Chairperson of the Council, the Chairperson of the Programme Committee and the Chairperson of the Finance Committee, will make a final decision on the basis of the short-list submitted by the Screening Committee. (...) Detailed information of the nominated entity: Name Telephone Email Exact acronym (for institution) Address Name of the head of the nominated institution Executive Summary - please provide a short summary including some background information of the entity and its engagement with FAO Detailed Nomination I.
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Score: 982118.5 - https://www.fao.org/fao-awards/partnership/apply-now/ru
Data Source: un
Read more Key Issue: Innovation Resource type: Publication UNPAN I ESCAP   Innovative Practices 2020 Eastern Regional Organization for Public Administration ( EROPA ) Outstanding Young Practitioner Award The EROPA Outstanding Young Practitioner Award is a search conceptualized and organized by Eastern Regional Organization for Public Administration, Inc. (...) Seasonal school agenda and short video teasers explaining the content and format of the activities may be seen at: https://www.respaweb.eu/0/events/215/seasonal-school-on-rapid-innovation-lab-2020   OTHER RESOURCES Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) The UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific located in Bangkok, Thailand, is the regional development arm of the UN for the Asia-Pacific region.
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Score: 981663.1 - https://unpan.un.org/Regions/unpan-asia-the-pacific
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