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The results of the comparison are provided below. Bitrate overhead is calculated relative to the standard AVC codec with the raster scan. 0% overhead denotes the same compression efficiency as for the AVC codec with the raster scan. Bitstream overhead in compare to raster scan -10 -5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 202530354045 PSNR [dB] overhead [%] bus_spiralbus_spiral_fmo Bitstream overhead in compare to raster scan -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 202530354045 PSNR [dB] overhead [%] football_spiralfootball_spiral_fmo Bitstream overhead in compare to raster scan 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 202530354045 PSNR [dB] overhead [%] foreman_spiralforeman_spiral_fmo Bitstream overhead in compare to raster scan -5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 15202530354045 PSNR [dB] overhead [%] mobile_spiralmobile_spiral_fmo Bitstream overhead in compare to raster scan -5 0 5 10 15 202530354045 PSNR [dB] overhead [%] crew_spiralcrew_spiral_fmo Bitstream overhead in compare to raster scan 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 202530354045 PSNR [dB] overhead [%] city_spiralcity_spiral_fmo Bitstream overhead in compare to raster scan 0 5 10 15 20 202530354045 PSNR [dB] overhead [%] soccer_spiralsoccer_spiral_fmo Bitstream overhead in compare to raster scan 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 202530354045 PSNR [dB] overhead [%] harbour_spiralharbour_spiral_fmo Bitstream overhead in compare to raster scan -5 0 5 10 15 20 2530354045 PSNR [dB] overhead [%] crew_spiralcrew_spiral_fmo Bitstream overhead in compare to raster scan -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 202530354045 PSNR [dB] overhead [%] city_spiralcity_spiral_fmo Bitstream overhead in compare to raster scan 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 202530354045 PSNR [dB] overhead [%] soccer_spiralsoccer_spiral_fmo Bitstream overhead in compare to raster scan -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 202530354045 PSNR [dB] overhead [%] harbour_spiralharbour_spiral_fmo Compression efficiency is quite similar for: · the standard AVC codec with the raster scan, · the modified AVC codec with spiral scan with variable context.
Language:English
Score: 1121049.2 - https://www.itu.int/wftp3/av-a...ite/2005_04_Busan/JVT-O036.doc
Data Source: un
Cost Of Money The cost of funds borrowed to finance project work effort. Direct Plus Overhead The direct costs plus overhead or indirect costs required to complete a unit of work excluding general and administrative indirect costs. (...) Labour overhead Indirect costs related to labour resources required to complete a unit of work. (...) Manufacturing Operations Overhead Total costs related to manufacturing operations.
Language:English
Score: 1119721.9 - https://unece.org/fileadmin/DA...ECE_CostReportingCode_D09B.xsd
Data Source: un
Description Amount of Overhead Total - Other Administrative Overhead Total Expenses - Commitments outstanding (POs and Contracts) known up to 31 December 2017 Amount Percentage Amount of Overhead 14 Exp & Non Exp International Equipment Costs without Purchase Order - 7.00% - Total - Purchase Order Purchase Order No. (...) Description Amount of Overhead Total - Other Administrative Overhead Total Expenses - Commitments outstanding (POs and Contracts) known up to 31 December 2018 Amount Percentage Amount of Overhead 14 Exp & Non Exp International Equipment Costs without Purchase Order - 7.00% - Total - Purchase Order Purchase Order No. (...) Administrative Overhead Expense and Estimated Commitments SAFE Grant to RAF14801 (African Flight Procedure Programme) Management Service Agreement RAF14801SF (in United States dollars) Overhead Accounts
Language:English
Score: 1119066.8 - https://www.icao.int/WACAF/Afr...udget%20and%20expenditures.pdf
Data Source: un
Costs considered sunk cost since the spare drives that are being used are part of the original base system costs shown below. 0 RAID Protected Space 3,188 WAFL Overhead 319 Available RAID protected space 2,869 Percentage Overhead for RAID-DP, Spare and WAFL 23% Percentage Overhead including Right-Sizing 32% Cost per 100 GB of RAID Protected Storage $1,726.14 144 GB Fibre Channel Storage Pricing assumes RAID-DP configuration with 2 drives for RAID parity per shelf. (...) Costs considered sunk cost since the spare drives that are being used are part of the original base system costs shown below. 0 RAID Protected Space 4,958 WAFL Overhead 496 Available RAID protected space 4,462 Percentage Overhead for RAID-DP, Spare and WAFL 23% Percentage Overhead including Right-Sizing 36% Cost per 100 GB of RAID Protected Storage $1,092.35 Base System and Software Costs Base system costs. (...) Estimate is rough estimate from Accris for planning purposes. 0 RAID Protected Space 1,768 WAFL Overhead 0 Available RAID protected space 1,768 Percentage Overhead for RAID-DP, Spare and WAFL 7% Percentage Overhead including Right-Sizing 14% Cost per 100 GB of RAID Protected Storage $2,174.02 HP MSA 1000 Storage Costs List prices are used for budgeting purposes.
Language:English
Score: 1065610.7 - https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/S...IS_metadata_questionnaire.xlsx
Data Source: un
Description Amount of Overhead 22202519 52 Total 52 Other Administrative Overhead Total Expenses 2,376 Payment of coffee breaks & lunch during CODEVMET AFI steering committee 7-8 Feb. 2018 Administrative Overhead Expense and Estimated Commitments Cooperative Development of Aeronautical Meteorology Services in the AFI Region Management Service Agreement RAF16802 (in United States dollars) Overhead Accounts CODEVMET AFI SC/2 – WP2.3 2021 (14 pages) RAF16802 sc2_wp2.3 Review of the budget approved by the SC1_v03 APPENDIX 3 – FINANCIAL STATEMENT 2019 Financial Status from accounts: Balance of Surplus (Deficit) as at 1 January 2019 147,542 Adjustment - Adjusted Balance of Surplus (Deficit) as at 1 January 2019 147,542 Add/(Deduct): Contributions Received (Schedule I) - Transfer of Funds to/from Other Funds (Schedule I) - Interest Earned and Accrued - Foreign Currency Exchange Gain(Loss) and other Income (Note 5) - Refund of Contributions - Interest Expenses - Refund of Interest Earned - - 147,542 Deduct Expenses (Note 1): Experts (Schedule II) - Administrative Support Personnel (Schedule III) - United Nations Volunteers (Schedule IV) - Travel on Official Business (Schedule V) - Mission Costs (Schedule VI) - National Professionals (Schedule VII) - Subcontracts (Schedule VIII) - Fellowships (Schedule IX) - Equipment (Schedule X) - Sundry (Schedule XI) 5 Administrative Overhead (Schedule XII) (Note 2) 1 6 Fund Balance/(Deficit Balance) as at 31 December 2019 147,536 (in United States dollars) Statement of Estimated Fund Balance Cooperative Development of Aeronautical Meteorology Services in the AFI Region Management Service Agreement RAF16802 As at 31 December 2019 CODEVMET AFI SC/2 – WP2.3 2021 Schedule XI Financial Status From Accounts as at 31 December 2019 Purchase Order Purchase Order No. Description Total Professional Liability Insurance Report costs Other Sundry Expenses * 5 Total 5 Sundry Expenses and Estimated Commitments Cooperative Development of Aeronautical Meteorology Services in the AFI Region Management Service Agreement RAF16802 (in United States dollars) Schedule XII Financial Status From Accounts as at 31 December 2019 Amount Percentage Amount of Overhead 18 All Sundry/Misc Costs 5 10.00% 1 Total 1 Purchase Order Purchase Order No. Description Amount of Overhead Total - Other Administrative Overhead Total Expenses 1 Administrative Overhead Expense and Estimated Commitments Cooperative Development of Aeronautical Meteorology Services in the AFI Region Management Service Agreement RAF16802 (in United States dollars) Overhead Accounts CODEVMET AFI SC/2 – WP2.3 2021 APPENDIX 4 – FINANCIAL STATEMENT 2020 Financial Status from accounts: Balance of Surplus (Deficit) as at 1 January 2020 147,536 Adjustment - Adjusted Balance of Surplus (Deficit) as at 1 January 2020 147,536 Add/(Deduct): Contributions Received (Schedule I) - Transfer of Funds to/from Other Funds (Schedule I) - Interest Earned and Accrued - Foreign Currency Exchange Gain(Loss) and other Income (Note 5) - Refund of Contributions - Interest Expenses - Refund of Interest Earned - - 147,536 Deduct Expenses (Note 1): Experts (Schedule II) - Administrative Support Personnel (Schedule III) - United Nations Volunteers (Schedule IV) - Travel on Official Business (Schedule V) - Mission Costs (Schedule VI) - National Professionals (Schedule VII) - Subcontracts (Schedule VIII) - Fellowships (Schedule IX) - Equipment (Schedule X) - Sundry (Schedule XI) - Administrative Overhead (Schedule XII) (Note 2) - - Fund Balance/(Deficit Balance) as at 31 December 2020 147,536 (in United States dollars) Statement of Estimated Fund Balance Cooperative Development of Aeronautical Meteorology Services in the AFI Region Management Service Agreement RAF16802 As at 31 December 2020 CODEVMET AFI SC/2 – WP2.3 2021 APPENDIX 5 – FINANCIAL STATEMENT MARCH 2021 Financial Status from accounts: Balance of Surplus (Deficit) as at 1 January 2021 147,536 Adjustment - Adjusted Balance of Surplus (Deficit) as at 1 January 2021 147,536 Add/(Deduct): Contributions Received (Schedule I) - Transfer of Funds to/from Other Funds (Schedule I) - Interest Earned and Accrued - Foreign Currency Exchange Gain(Loss) and other Income (Note 5) - Refund of Contributions - Interest Expenses - Refund of Interest Earned - - 147,536 Deduct Expenses (Note 1): Experts (Schedule II) - Administrative Support Personnel (Schedule III) - United Nations Volunteers (Schedule IV) - Travel on Official Business (Schedule V) - Mission Costs (Schedule VI) - National Professionals (Schedule VII) - Subcontracts (Schedule VIII) - Fellowships (Schedule IX) - Equipment (Schedule X) - Sundry (Schedule XI) - Administrative Overhead (Schedule XII) (Note 2) - - Fund Balance/(Deficit Balance) as at 31 March 2021 147,536 (in United States dollars) Statement of Estimated Fund Balance Cooperative Development of Aeronautical Meteorology Services in the AFI Region Management Service Agreement RAF16802 As at 31 March 2021
Language:English
Score: 1060683.6 - https://www.icao.int/WACAF/Doc...roved%20by%20the%20SC1_v03.pdf
Data Source: un
Average overhead for the four sequences tested is given in Figure 5. (...) This overhead can be reduced or eliminated by increasing the GOP size. Average Simulcast Overhead -10.00% -5.00% 0.00% 5.00% 10.00% 15.00% 20.00% 25.00% GOP-15GOP-30GOP-60 QP-28 QP-34 QP-37 Figure 5 simulcast overhead 5.
Language:English
Score: 1055853.4 - https://www.itu.int/wftp3/av-a...e/2004_07_Redmond/JVT-L019.doc
Data Source: un
This results in an unavoidable trade-off between latency and overhead in a packet based channel aggregation protocol. (...) Transparency control overhead can be kept very small by using a sufficiently large flag. The overhead due to model updates can be kept very low since these updates will typically be needed infrequently.
Language:English
Score: 1052707.6 - https://www.itu.int/wftp3/av-a...deo-site/9702_Nic/lbc97040.doc
Data Source: un
The ODUk performs similar functions as the Line Overhead in SONET/SDH. The OTUk contains the FEC and performs similar functions as the Section Overhead in SONET/SDH. (...) T1542430-00 1 2 3 4 1 14 15 3824Row Column Area reserved for FA and OTUk overhead. OPUk area (4 × 3810 bytes)ODUk overhead area Figure 21 ODUk frame structure (Figure 12-1/G.709) The three main areas of the ODUk frame are: • OTUk area • ODUk overhead area; • OPUk area. Columns 1 to 14 of rows 2-4 are dedicated to ODUk overhead area. Columns 1 to 14 of row 1 are reserved for frame alignment and OTUk specific overhead.
Language:English
Score: 1049221.1 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-T/stud...oups/com15/otn/OTNtutorial.pdf
Data Source: un
This would increase the link layer overhead and thereby decrease the effective payload rate. (...) The scheme also requires an initialization period, where all headers are sent uncompressed, this time is approximately the round-trip time of the connection. Packetization overhead in UMTS protocol stack: · Overhead per RLC PDU = RLC frame header (4 bytes) = 4 bytes · Overhead per PDCP PDU = PDCP packet header (1 byte) + length info (1 byte) = 2 bytes Packetization overhead in CDMA-2000 protocol stack: · Overhead per RLC PDU = RLC frame header (2 bytes) = 2 bytes · Overhead per PPP PDU = PPP packet header (3 bytes) + bit stuffing (~2% of payload)+compressed RTP/UDP/IP header (3 bytes) Simulation Software Simulation software will be available on the standard ftp-site. (...) It is up to the experimenter to ensure, that the packetized video stream with the added simulator packetization overhead and optional RLC retransmission overhead fits into the available radio bearer.
Language:English
Score: 1045948.3 - https://www.itu.int/wftp3/av-a...deo-site/0104_Aus/VCEG-M77.doc
Data Source: un
The bigger data quantum could result in unwanted memory bandwidth overhead while the data is being transferred. Additional memory cycles may be required when the data to be referenced is lying across different memory banks. (...) Based on the extended block partition, the overhead ratio relative to each block size is calculated in Table 1, where the overhead ratio is defined as follows: (overhead ratio) = (# of needed pixels for interpolation of a block partition) / (# of pixels of a block partition). (...) Extended block partitions from 4x4 to 64x64 Table 1. Overhead ratio of motion compensation to its size for each block size Block Size Overhead Ratio Block Size Overhead Ratio Block Size Overhead Ratio Block Size Overhead Ratio Y C Y C Y C Y C Y C Y C Y C Y C 64x64 32x32 1.16 1.06 32x32 16x16 1.34 1.13 16x16 8x8 1.72 1.27 8x8 4x4 2.64 1.56 64x32 32x16 1.25 1.10 32x16 16x8 1.52 1.20 16x8 8x4 2.13 1.41 8x4 4x2 3.66 1.86 32x64 16x32 1.25 1.10 16x32 8x16 1.52 1.20 8x16 4x8 2.13 1.41 4x8 2x4 3.66 1.86 4x4 2x2 5.06 2.25 3 Memory bandwidth estimate The memory bandwidth for motion compensation could be represented with or without memory compression respectively as follows: (memory bandwidth) = (average bitrate of motion compensation in a frame) x (frame rate) or (average number of pixels to be referenced in a frame) x (bit width per pixel) x (frame rate).
Language:English
Score: 1037634 - https://www.itu.int/wftp3/av-a...010_07_B_Geneva/JCTVC-B086.doc
Data Source: un