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INDIA NEW PLAYER IN ASIAN PROD | Shop.un.org : Official Source for United Nations Books and More Skip to main content 欢迎来到联合国,您的世界! عربي 中文 English Français Русский Español Search form 搜索 Toggle navigation 图书 作者 订阅 资源 图书管理员 分销商 教育者 商品目录 定期订单 版权与权限 Shopping cart You are here Shop » INDIA NEW PLAYER IN ASIAN PROD English Series: ESCAP Studies in Trade and Investment Subjects(s): International Trade and Finance Region(s): Asia Pacific India: A New Player in Asian Production Networks? Author: UN , ESCAP Publication date: May 2013 Page count: 694 Language(s) in this book: English Sales number: 12.II.F.5 Available Formats Unavailable PDF $20.00 ISBN: 9789210552882 Add to cart About the product While the IPN phenomenon has accelerated trade and investment linkages between countries in East and South-East Asia, the remainder of the region has not matched those countries in this process. The objective of this study is to explore the reasons for this by using India’s performance in the Asian IPNs as a case study for other countries that are trailing behind in this area.
Language:English
Score: 1059606.8 - https://shop.un.org/zh/node/39994
Data Source: un
In telecommunications as in other businesses, regulations allow fair treatment for all players. While the customers demand that telecommunications become more responsive to their needs, the players demand greater opportunities to do business and to compete in an increasingly global market. (...) Experience has shown that one way of responding to these diverse demands is to restructure regulations and liberalize the telecommunication market. In this way, more players can join in the development and provision of services and the market is open to competition. (...) As to the different views and different models concerning these objectives and expectations and how they should be achieved, we shall benefit from the experience of the speakers and also from the comments of the participants at this symposium.
Language:English
Score: 1059606.8 - https://www.itu.int/itudoc/osg...eech/theme/telcom/atlc-reg.txt
Data Source: un
In telecommunications as in other businesses, regulations allow fair treatment for all players. While the customers demand that telecommunications become more responsive to their needs, the players demand greater opportunities to do business and to compete in an increasingly global market. (...) Experience has shown that one way of responding to these diverse demands is to restructure regulations and liberalize the telecommunication market. In this way, more players can join in the development and provision of services and the market is open to competition. (...) As to the different views and different models concerning these objectives and expectations and how they should be achieved, we shall benefit from the experience of the speakers and also from the comments of the participants at this symposium.
Language:English
Score: 1059606.8 - https://www.itu.int/itudoc/osg...speech/chron/1993/atlc-reg.txt
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Presentation of the Protocol to the key players at national level and creation of an inter-ministerial committee The process of target setting should be led by the main competent authority for the implementation of the Protocol in close cooperation with all other concerned stakeholders. This section will include guidance and recommendations on how to carry out the following steps: · Identification of main authorities and key players concerned by the Protocol implementation in ministries, local authorities, private sector, research institutes and academia in the area of health, environment, water, finance, tourism, agriculture, economy, development cooperation, etc. · The Protocol, ratified by the Government, has to be consulted within each Party with main authorities and key players concerned, the obligations shall be presented in detail and discussed to create a common understanding. · It has to be clear that the Protocol is a legally binding instrument. · To agree on targets and target dates, an inter-ministerial and multi-stakeholder committee should be created (reference to article 6, para. 5). (...) Baseline analysis: exploring the legal basis, strategies and visions of the different key-players and assessing the current situation Assessment of the current situation in the country, based on the knowledge of the different key players, through: · Compilation of relevant national and sub-national legal requirements, adopted strategies and goals set by the different authorities; · Compilation of relevant activities and projects, such as those on improving the water supply system, water protection and treatment, on water quality, dissemination of information, at national and local levels, · Compilation of data already collected and of agreed indicators: list of existing monitoring systems at the local and national levels, including in urban and rural areas, and of international and national reporting obligations; · Assessment of existing situation related to the areas of article 6 paragraph 2; a common baseline year for such assessment should be agreed upon. 3.
Language:English
Score: 1055743.2 - https://unece.org/fileadmin/DA.../1st_meeting/WH_TFIR_01-02.doc
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NGN and its Standards 3. Objectives of today ITU-T Workshop “NGN and its Transport Networks“ Kobe, 20-21 April 2006 Success, Problems or Dilemmas? (...) NGN and its Standards • for Services • for Businesses • for Players • for Users • by Fixed • by Mobile • by Wireless ITU-T Workshop “NGN and its Transport Networks“ Kobe, 20-21 April 2006 Objective of ITU-T NGN ! (...) NGN and its Standards Limited BB BE IP Limited Services N G N Converged Broadband Managed IP FMC RFID IPTV Others Business/Application oriented projects •Simple linkage btw layers •Simple business relationships •Simple players •Simple linkage btw layers with dynamics •Diverse and Flexible business relationships •Diverse business models and players ITU-T Workshop “NGN and its Transport Networks“ Kobe, 20-21 April 2006 Overall NGN Architecture 3.
Language:English
Score: 1053260.4 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-T/work...200604/presentation/s1_lee.pdf
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 Trends in Telecommunication Reform 2015 recently been made to address the conduct of the new market players that are gaining importance in the e-commerce ecosystem.As policy-makers and regulators seek to drive broadband adoption, they have rightly concluded that online consumer protection will be an important part of ensuring trust and security in the online world. (...) Second, the online world tends to be dominated by only a handful of large players (e.g., Google, Microsoft and Facebook), each of which controls a large part of their individual markets. (...) From these five models, the strategic options of market players and emerging challenges for all stakeholders are identified.
Language:English
Score: 1052505.4 - https://www.itu.int/wftp3/Publ..._files/WebSearch/page0015.html
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FDI, Remittances and Net ODA towards Latin America and the Caribbean (in percent of GDP) 4% 5% 6% FDI Source: on the basis of WDI, World Bank 03% 01% 00% 0% 1% 2% 3% 4% 19 70 19 72 19 74 19 76 19 78 19 80 19 82 19 84 19 86 19 88 19 90 19 92 19 94 19 96 19 98 20 00 20 02 20 04 20 06 20 08 20 10 20 12 6 remittances ODA Portfolio flows have at times been a relevant source of finance for the region but they have been volatile and during the nineties they were highly procyclical… 02% 02% 03% 03% 4% 6% 8% Real GDP, yoy % change, left axis Private portfolio flows, net, in % of GDP (right axis) 7 Source: on the basis of WEO, IMF -02% -01% -01% 00% 01% 01% -4% -2% 0% 2% 19 80 19 81 19 82 19 83 19 84 19 85 19 86 19 87 19 88 19 89 19 90 19 91 19 92 19 93 19 94 19 95 19 96 19 97 19 98 19 99 20 00 20 01 20 02 20 03 20 04 20 05 20 06 20 07 20 08 20 09 20 10 20 11 20 12 20 13 Even though a larger mobilization of private resources could be potentially beneficial, some very important issues arise from a financing for development perspective…  Public and private flows obey a different logic and respond to different incentives Private capital mostly driven by the profit motive (economic profitability) o Private sector will under-invest in certain areas relevant for development if the expected return -on a risk adjusted basis- underperforms other investment opportunities Public resources play a unique role, providing financing for sectors that do not attract private flows sufficiently (social profitability) But there is also space and mechanisms for public policies to gear private capital towards development objectives o Requires an adequate regulatory environment and incentive scheme  Public and private flows obey a different logic and respond to different incentives Private capital mostly driven by the profit motive (economic profitability) o Private sector will under-invest in certain areas relevant for development if the expected return -on a risk adjusted basis- underperforms other investment opportunities Public resources play a unique role, providing financing for sectors that do not attract private flows sufficiently (social profitability) But there is also space and mechanisms for public policies to gear private capital towards development objectives o Requires an adequate regulatory environment and incentive scheme New trends in financing sources have been accompanied by changes in the players channeling this finance… Some players have the potential to increase their relevance in the financing for development landscape Private philanthropy o At the global level it now amounts to nearly US$ 60 billion per year, equivalent to almost half the net ODA disbursed in one year by DAC donor countries South-South cooperation and non-DAC donor countries Private and public institutional investors: Pension Funds, Insurance Companies, Mutual Funds, Sovereign Wealth Funds, etc. oWith growing assets under management and the potential to provide long-term financing they can become important players in development finance Some players have the potential to increase their relevance in the financing for development landscape Private philanthropy o At the global level it now amounts to nearly US$ 60 billion per year, equivalent to almost half the net ODA disbursed in one year by DAC donor countries South-South cooperation and non-DAC donor countries Private and public institutional investors: Pension Funds, Insurance Companies, Mutual Funds, Sovereign Wealth Funds, etc. oWith growing assets under management and the potential to provide long-term financing they can become important players in development finance Consistently with these trends, mechanisms and instruments for development finance have also been changing…  New initiatives that use limited public concessional resources (grants) to leverage sizeable non-concessional resources (loans) Eg. (...) Latin American Investment Facility (LAIF), 2010 o Its primary objective is to finance key infrastructure projects in transport, energy, social and environmental sectors in LAC region o Uses limited funds (grants) contributed by the European Commission to leverage sizable loans from multilateral or bilateral public European Development Finance Institutions, Regional Latin American Development Banks and own contributions from partner countries in Latin America. o Since its inception (in 2010), grant contributions amounted to aprox. € 160 million, leveraging total new investments of about € 4.2 billion (i.e. 26 euros raised for every euro contributed by LAIF) Consistently with these trends, mechanisms and instruments for development finance have also been changing… (cont.)  New initiatives that use public resources to mobilize private investment towards development objectives  Eg. (...) In summary… • The financing for sustainable development architecture faces important future challenges Take charge of a widening set of development objectives and priorities While at the same time being articulated in a coherent and orderly way Take charge of policy issues that arise from the growing importance of private financing Take charge of the necessary balance that should be maintained between foreign and domestic resource mobilization • The financing for sustainable development architecture faces important future challenges Take charge of a widening set of development objectives and priorities While at the same time being articulated in a coherent and orderly way Take charge of policy issues that arise from the growing importance of private financing Take charge of the necessary balance that should be maintained between foreign and domestic resource mobilization
Language:English
Score: 1049801 - https://www.cepal.org/sites/de.../news/files/2.d.titelman-2.pdf
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Although the eventual outcome was in Pakistan’s favour, the pursuit of a positive decision was a challenging task manifested by an array of problems relating to co-ordination and co-operation between the public and the private sectors. The objective of this case study therefore is not just to narrate the events which occurred in this case but also to highlight the various obstacles faced by the government and the business players in contesting the case at each stage of the dispute settlement process. (...) Notwithstanding the fact that in 1996 Pakistan was able to deter the United States from employing the safeguard measures at the bilateral negotiations stage, there was still scepticism amongst local business players about the WTO. The primary reason for this was the paucity of information within the private sector about the workings and the objectives of the WTO and a generally held notion of it being more representative of Western trade interests. (...) The local and external players and their roles  All Pakistan Textile Mills Association The business/industry players, both exporters and manufacturers, were represented by the All Pakistan Textile Mills Association (APTMA).
Language:English
Score: 1049527.7 - https://www.wto.org/english/re...p_e/casestudies_e/case34_e.htm
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201109Dubai_LIME-(Matsubara)ForUpload ITU-T H.762 LIME Interactive Multimedia Application Interoperability Fernando Masami Matsubara Editor ITU-T Q13/SG16 Mitsubishi Electric Corporation Joint ITU - AICTO Workshop on “Interoperability of IPTV in the Arab region” (Dubai, UAE, 20 – 21 September 2011 ) LIME Background Internet ubiquity, faster broadband access Enhanced content / datacasting, interactivity Early attempts: web browsers in TVs lean forward problem inadequate user interface only remote controller: no mouse/keyboard LIME: Lightweight Interactive Multimedia Environment LIME Background Standards: W3C CSS TV CEA-2014: Developed by CEA (USA) MHEG: used in UK (red button) BML: used extensively in Japanese Digital TV (ISDB) LIME: ITU-T Recommendation H.762 consented in 2009 uses BML and Web standards targets IPTV Synchronization among multiple sources Simplification of navigation (no mouse) Rendering tailored to TV Contextual Information Live TV LIME design considerations EEDDAA BB NetherlandsNetherlands JapanJapan DenmarkDenmark CameroonCameroon GLDWPCMRDENJPNNET 0-1 1-0 1-2 2-0 2-1 1-0 0 3 3 6 -11010-2 -2200 01010-1 3002 Group C C Menu MyPageStandings Players NewsNews WeatherWeather TrafficTraffic On-demand portalOn-demand portal Blue YellowRed Green LIME (ITU-T H.762) LIME: “Lightweight Interactive Multimedia Environment (LIME)” Based on common Web-practices like HTML, CSS, DOM and Javascript (= ECMAScript) Easy integration of Video (both Linear streaming and VOD) Suitable for different types of Terminals; e.g. (...) Agnostic as to the DTV standard Content from ATSC, DVB, ISDB can be used with LIME LIME over DVB is being discussed at ITU LIME Overview of ITU-T Recommendations for IPTV G.1080: IPTV QoE G.1081: Performance Monitoring X.1911 Req & arch for IPTV security H.622.1: Req & Arch for IPTV Home networks H.750: Metadata for IPTV Services H.701: Content Error-Recovery H.770 : IPTV Service discovery Architecture, requirements, network Security and Content Protection Quality of Experience Home networking Applications and end-systems H.721: IPTV Terminal (Basic) H.761: Ginga-NCL H.762: LIME 6 H.763.1: Cascading style sheets for IPTV services H.740: Application Event Handling Y.1901 IPTV Service Requirements Y.1910 IPTV Functional Arch Y.sup5 IPTV Service use cases Y.2007: NGN Capability Set 2 Y.sup7 NGN Release 2 Scope G.1082: Improving robustness of IPTV performance ITU-T H.762 LIME for IPTV ITU-T IPTV Standards IPTV domains ITU-T IPTV end-end solution Content provider Service provider Network provider End user Gateway H.700 Series H.721 IPTV set- top box TV Mobile HEWLETT PACKARD PC Web server provides LIME documents User agent renders LIME documents IPTV Terminal w/LIME support Audio output Video output Remote SCP client Presentation Network I/F Application Client Functions IPTV Terminal Transport Functions Content Delivery Client Functions SCP Client Functions Audio/Video/ Data decode EPG AV Player MAFR user agent ECG Channel selection UDP TCP IP Phy / Link IGMP/MLD RTP/FEC Descrambling Decryption TTS to TS conv. (...) E.g. synchronize contextual data with main content stream (e.g. sports statistics). body& invisible switches off the document to let main service (usually a TV program) undisturbed onfocus/onblur attributes of div& p& span& object& address the lack of a mouse LIME XHTML Profile Extensions (7 elements) LIME Script Profile Subset of ECMAScript in LIME-script profile is limited to eight objects global Object Function Array String Boolean Number Date LIMEScript Profile Extensions Browser pseudo object functions Extensions: 8 categories LIME CSS Profile Extended properties for Color Resolution Aspect ratio Navigation assuming a remote controller LIME CSS Profile LIME Examples EEDDAA BB NetherlandsNetherlands JapanJapan DenmarkDenmark CameroonCameroon GLDWPCMRDENJPNNET 0-1 1-0 1-2 2-0 2-1 1-0 0 3 3 6 -11010-2 -2200 01010-1 3002 Group C C Menu MyPageStandings Players NewsNews WeatherWeather TrafficTraffic On-demand portalOn-demand portal Synchronized contextual data from LIME server Linear TV Interactivity via focus selection Blue YellowRed Green Interactivity via color buttons LIME document LIME datacasting example Up Down Right Left Arrow buttons IPTV Remote Controller Color buttons LIME Remote Controller example “d” Button LIME datacasting example LIME datacasting example Transition from Linear TV to Datacasting Transition from a Linear TV program to another program while datacasting is enabled LIME datacasting example Interop event for IPTV in Geneva Public Info Board on IPTV (Bus traffic Info) Check the route on the map Traffic condition of the bus routes Length of the Waiting queues (how long you would have to wait.)
Language:English
Score: 1049349 - https://www.itu.int/dms_pub/it.../06/5B/T065B0000060024PDFE.pdf
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The rationale for any regulatory response to new technologies should be grounded in the impact on consumers, societies, market players and investment flows as well as on national development as a whole. v. (...) Policy and regulation should focus on building trust and engagement: Collaborative regulation provides the space for co-creating win-win propositions, working towards regulatory objectives while increasing the engagement of industry. (...) These instruments can also enable market players to reflect on their performance and impact on the economy and development, and engage in self-regulation. 3.
Language:English
Score: 1047931.5 - https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/C...9/Documents/GSR19_BPG_V2_E.pdf
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