Home

Results 1 - 10 of 623,879 for policy depends. Search took 4.566 seconds.  
Sort by date/Sort by relevance
Social protection and forestry English FAO Home Forestry Social protection and forestry Publications Past News Past Events FTN Webinar Social protection for forest-dependent communities: building on the response to the COVID-19 pandemic for more resilient forest livelihoods Expert meeting to discuss the draft guiding framework for strengthening coherence between forestry and social protection for forest-dependent communities Sub-regional workshop on social protection for forest-dependent communities in East Africa COFO 24 / WFW6 side event on creating synergies between forestry and social protection Social protection and forestry send by email Publications Strengthening decent rural employment opportunities for youth across different processes in the forest value chain in Uganda   Expanding social protection in rural areas, focusing on fisheries and forestry    FAO policy brief: Social Protection and COVID-19 response in rural areas The role of forest producer organizations in social protection A diagnostic on social protection needs and opportunities for forest-dependent communities in the United Republic of Tanzania   Social protection for building the resilience of forest-dependent people: evidence, linkages, practices and potential applications   A mapping of social protection needs and opportunities for forest-dependent communities in Uganda   Impact of the shea nut industry on women's empowerment in Burkina Faso   Links between social protection and forestry policies: lessons from China   Policy brief: Social protection for forest-dependent communities   last updated:  Monday, April 12, 2021 Contact us  |  Privacy policy  |  Scam alert © FAO, 2022
Language:English
Score: 696352.93 - https://www.fao.org/forestry/social-protection/97247/en/
Data Source: un
Social protection and forestry English FAO Home Forestry Social protection and forestry Publications Past News Past Events FTN Webinar Social protection for forest-dependent communities: building on the response to the COVID-19 pandemic for more resilient forest livelihoods Expert meeting to discuss the draft guiding framework for strengthening coherence between forestry and social protection for forest-dependent communities Sub-regional workshop on social protection for forest-dependent communities in East Africa COFO 24 / WFW6 side event on creating synergies between forestry and social protection Social protection and forestry send by email Social protection and forestry ©FAO/Qiang Ma Social protection comprises a set of policies and programmes that addresses economic, environmental and social vulnerabilities to food insecurity and poverty by protecting and promoting livelihoods.  (...) Ecological degradation and climate change present challenges to forest-dependent communities (FDCs), forest-dependent households (FDHs) and forest workers around the world. (...) Forest producer organizations or associations can also play an important role in ensuring accountability so that the design and implementation of social protection policies and programmes are tailored to the specific needs and vulnerabilities of forest-dependent people.
Language:English
Score: 693911.87 - https://www.fao.org/forestry/social-protection/en/
Data Source: un
BUT it also recommends an expanded perspective – Education Policy > Raising schooling outcomes – FPP > achieving desired fertility – Dependency > Age dependency – Transition from school to work > Waiting time Plausible but not Automatic • Wide variation in size of first dividends across world region (Mason 2006): from -0.09(SSA) to 0.62 (LAC) btw 1970 and 2000. • Recent data on fertility-related gains in public education spending per capita likewise show great variation • Q: Why these variations? (...) ? ? ? D d F β β β ββ Policies β Methodological Approaches Strengths & Weaknesses Regression Logical Mathematical NTA Simulation Data Needs +/- + + Details on process + + + Theoretical sophistication + + Internal validity + + + Country specificity + + + + External validity + + Steps in the Dividend-Production Process Age dependency Fertility Decline 1 Age dependency 2 Economic Dependency 3 Saving & Investment 4 Eco growth 5 Inequality 6 7 Other mediator STEPS Fertility transition Swift, broad- based decline Mortality Supportive family struct. (...) FPP Employment rate Debt Effective policy Global envt. Global support to FP MGD agenda A Matrix of Challenges & Opportunities Education FPP Swift, irreversible, and broad-based transitions within supportive families Productive investment of the resource bonus Key Steps & Factors Expanded Scope for Education and FPP Policy Investments Education • Beyond raising education outcomes • Raise the returns to schooling • Manage the transition from school to work and adulthood • Harness the potential of school systems as source of employment FPP • Beyond achieving desired fertility • Achieve supportive families – Parenting – Union stability Old dependents Young dependents WAITERS Active Academic maintenance/ service; Internships; tutoring; Professional Dvpt Communication; leadership; ICTs, languages; career planning Personal Dvpt Family planning/parenting; Domestic skills Community/Natl.
Language:English
Score: 688372.6 - https://www.un.org/en/developm...it%20M.%20Eloundou-Enyegue.pdf
Data Source: un
pepedersen.ppt Moving out of Aid Dependency: Money, Mindsets and Politics. Or: We are all aid dependent! (...) Norway is tying aid to its foreign policy goals; We’re aid dependent Aid dependency as a mindset problem in ’donor’ and ’recipient’ countries • Recent visit to Afghanistan: Politicians and civil servants at all levels appear to be in a dependency mindset. (...) Much of it aims to solve other global problems than poverty – never reaching the poor. – New global actors, public and private, dominate the scene. – The Paris Declaration on aid effectiveness – and debates on aid dependency – risk addressing aid as it used to be. • Yet, aid is the most flexible and potentially effective instrument of equitable globalization and development cooperation The case of Norway: Aid as an instrument of foreign policy makes us aid dependent... • Norway’s annual 4 billion USD aid budget is founded on solidarity in the labour and Christian movements.
Language:English
Score: 684061.04 - https://www.un.org/en/ga/second/62/pepedersen.pdf
Data Source: un
This refinement is used here and will serve later as a basis for policy recommendations. Figure I: Age dependency categories: Standard versus refined classifications 2. (...) However, it also depends on feasible policy choices about national budget and household-level decisions about resource allocation processes, some of which depend on investments in education. (...) Given the current demographic inequalities, these programs must cater to the needs of the poor and youth. 5. Early retirement policies to harness the experiences of new retirees Just as the youth bulge, early retirees are overlooked in standard descriptions of age dependency.
Language:English
Score: 682925.9 - https://www.un.org/en/developm...undou-Enyegue_Expert-Paper.pdf
Data Source: un
Microsoft PowerPoint - IFCS_Presentation_Kiaka.ppt INTERGOVERNMENTAL FORUM ON CHEMICAL INTERGOVERNMENTAL FORUM ON CHEMICAL SAFETY (IFCS) FORUM VISAFETY (IFCS) FORUM VI-- SUBSTITUTION AND SUBSTITUTION AND ALTERNATIVES ALTERNATIVES September 17, 2008September 17, 2008 La President Dakar, SenegalLa President Dakar, Senegal Dependency syndrome as the underlying Dependency syndrome as the underlying challenge to substitution of hazardous chemicals challenge to substitution of hazardous chemicals in developing countries and economies in developing countries and economies By Richard By Richard KiakaKiaka Project Coordinator, Project Coordinator, iLimaiLima--Kenya Kenya OverviewOverview DefinitionsDefinitions Why developing countries and economiesWhy developing countries and economies Challenges in light of dependency syndrome Challenges in light of dependency syndrome •• In research & development In research & development •• Public awareness and education gaps Public awareness and education gaps •• Technical capacity lapses Technical capacity lapses •• Financial capacity Financial capacity •• Policy formulation and implementation Policy formulation and implementation •• Economic investment priorities Economic investment priorities Overcoming the challenges Overcoming the challenges Definitions Definitions Substitution as adopted by the forum Substitution as adopted by the forum •• replacement or reduction of hazardous replacement or reduction of hazardous substances (products & processes)substances (products & processes) •• use less hazardous or nonuse less hazardous or non--hazardous hazardous substances (technology and organisation)substances (technology and organisation) Dependency syndrome Dependency syndrome •• Lack of inLack of in--built capacity (technical, financial built capacity (technical, financial and administration)and administration) •• Thus looking for interventions from external Thus looking for interventions from external Developing countries and economies Developing countries and economies –– as as adopted by the forum adopted by the forum Why developing countries and economies Why developing countries and economies Increased desire to get industrialized and Increased desire to get industrialized and developed and be at per with others developed and be at per with others Economic growth overrides environmental and Economic growth overrides environmental and human health safety expressed by governments human health safety expressed by governments and private sector and private sector The low technical, administrative and fiscal The low technical, administrative and fiscal capacity relative to developed economies capacity relative to developed economies The resultant socioThe resultant socio--economic and political economic and political problems already evident in the countries problems already evident in the countries Weaker capacity in research and developmentWeaker capacity in research and development Research in toxic chemicals is underdeveloped in DC & EResearch in toxic chemicals is underdeveloped in DC & E DC & Es contribute to <1% of research in chemicals DC & Es contribute to <1% of research in chemicals ––publications publications Researches backing responses are done in developed countries & Researches backing responses are done in developed countries & sometimes supported by interested corporations sometimes supported by interested corporations The developing countries and economies thus depend on the The developing countries and economies thus depend on the developed countriesdeveloped countries’’ research research –– the different conditions pose the different conditions pose challenges challenges Preferred action Preferred action –– •• Institutional strengthening of research NGOs etc Institutional strengthening of research NGOs etc •• Organizational development for research NGOs etc Organizational development for research NGOs etc •• Screening the intention of corporations and multinationals Screening the intention of corporations and multinationals –– Rockefeller Rockefeller Challenges in light of dependency syndromeChallenges in light of dependency syndrome •• Weaker capacity in research & Weaker capacity in research & development development •• Public awareness and education gaps Public awareness and education gaps •• Weaker technical capacity Weaker technical capacity •• Low financial capacity Low financial capacity •• Policy formulation and implementation Policy formulation and implementation •• Biased or skewed economic investment Biased or skewed economic investment prioritiespriorities Public awareness and education gaps Public awareness and education gaps Lower awareness and knowledge levels on the toxicity Lower awareness and knowledge levels on the toxicity of chemicals in use especially in the informal of chemicals in use especially in the informal SMMEsSMMEs Informal Informal SMMEsSMMEs employs over 60% in the DC & Esemploys over 60% in the DC & Es Alternatives and substitutions are new entrants to the Alternatives and substitutions are new entrants to the sector sector Eurocentric education tools are dominant from the Eurocentric education tools are dominant from the researches researches –– a challenge in our project a challenge in our project Fewer forums on chemicals and possible intervention Fewer forums on chemicals and possible intervention accessible to accessible to DCsDCs & Es & Es –– the IFCS is uncertain the IFCS is uncertain –– funds funds NGOs are instrumental in advocacy for policy in line NGOs are instrumental in advocacy for policy in line with resolutions of forums (IFCS, SAICM, etc )with resolutions of forums (IFCS, SAICM, etc ) Weaker technical capacity Weaker technical capacity Development of substitutes & alternatives require Development of substitutes & alternatives require technical personnel technical personnel ––mostly borrowed from the mostly borrowed from the developed economiesdeveloped economies Thus the sustainability is uncertain Thus the sustainability is uncertain Appropriate approach is to build the capacity of the Appropriate approach is to build the capacity of the local personnel:local personnel: •• To design To design BATsBATs & & BEPsBEPs to respond to local scenarios to respond to local scenarios •• To train local people emphasizing on To train local people emphasizing on TOTsTOTs (best in (best in developed in NGOs) developed in NGOs) •• Interpretation Interpretation –– the research and policies into the research and policies into feasible technologies on substitution & alternativesfeasible technologies on substitution & alternatives The policy behind the expatriates should be reThe policy behind the expatriates should be re-- interpreted or reinterpreted or re--thoughtthought within within NCPCsNCPCs –– National National Cleaner Production Cleaner Production CentresCentres Policy formulation & implementation Policy formulation & implementation Policy formulation on substitution and alternatives are Policy formulation on substitution and alternatives are mostly influenced by:mostly influenced by: •• Eurocentric researches and international conventionsEurocentric researches and international conventions •• Level of awareness and knowledge of the policy Level of awareness and knowledge of the policy makers makers ––lowlow •• Interests of the multinationals & corporations Interests of the multinationals & corporations ––those those that justify the existence of their chemicals productsthat justify the existence of their chemicals products Wanting political will Wanting political will –– the politics of the influence of the politics of the influence of the east and the west in the east and the west in DCsDCs & Es and support of & Es and support of govtsgovts Limited forums for policy advocacy and lobbying Limited forums for policy advocacy and lobbying –– the the role of NGOs (calls for support) role of NGOs (calls for support) Need for well thought alternatives Need for well thought alternatives –– e.g. bioe.g. bio--fuels & fuels & demand for pesticides & food security demand for pesticides & food security Low financial capacity Low financial capacity The most outstanding and crossThe most outstanding and cross--cutting challenge cutting challenge The available finds are overThe available finds are over--stretched infrastructure stretched infrastructure development, food security & other national priorities development, food security & other national priorities StrategicStrategic funding is required for:funding is required for: •• Research & monitoring Research & monitoring •• Public awareness and education Public awareness and education •• Policy Policy devlptdevlpt, advocacy & lobbying for adoption , advocacy & lobbying for adoption •• Technical and administrative capacity buildingTechnical and administrative capacity building •• Development and access to substitutes and Development and access to substitutes and alternatives especially within the alternatives especially within the SMMEsSMMEs through through micromicro--credits/microcredits/micro--finance finance The line ministries are so much redThe line ministries are so much red--taped to reach the taped to reach the grassroots and the informal sector grassroots and the informal sector –– NGOs/NGOs/CSOsCSOs are are viable options to supplement and complement the viable options to supplement and complement the govtsgovts’’ service provisionservice provision Biased economic investment Biased economic investment Main investment focus is macroMain investment focus is macro-- & formal sector & formal sector -- skewed towards economics skewed towards economics Mainstream credit facilities focus more on the formal Mainstream credit facilities focus more on the formal sector industrial sector than informal sector industrial sector than informal SMMEsSMMEs (60% (60% workforce in Kenya)workforce in Kenya) MFIsMFIs interest rates and collateral requirements makes interest rates and collateral requirements makes them inaccessible to informal them inaccessible to informal SMMEsSMMEs Development & adoption of substitutes and alternatives Development & adoption of substitutes and alternatives in the informal in the informal SMMEsSMMEs sector becomes unaffordable sector becomes unaffordable NonNon--profit making institutions are thus suitable for profit making institutions are thus suitable for promoting development and adoption of the promoting development and adoption of the alternatives and substitutes through microalternatives and substitutes through micro--credits credits (revolving fund scheme)(revolving fund scheme) Overcoming the challengesOvercoming the challenges Strategic funding to NGOs to build for Strategic funding to NGOs to build for •• Institutional capacity building for public awareness Institutional capacity building for public awareness and education and advocacy on policy and education and advocacy on policy •• Research and development of alternatives locally Research and development of alternatives locally NCPCsNCPCs •• MicroMicro--credit schemes to aid access to alternatives credit schemes to aid access to alternatives and substitutes and substitutes Promote technical capacity building to individuals, Promote technical capacity building to individuals, NGOs and NGOs and GovtsGovts through trainings through trainings Strategic information sharing Strategic information sharing ––support participation of support participation of NGOs & NGOs & GovtsGovts in forums and meetings e.g.
Language:English
Score: 681058 - https://www.who.int/ifcs/docum...ums/forum6/ppt_subst_kiaka.pdf
Data Source: un
PowerPoint Presentation 1 1 GVCs in Latin America: Patterns and Policy Implications Masataka Fujita Head, Investment Issues and Trends Branch Division on Investment and Enterprise UNCTAD ECLAC – SANTIAGO DE CHILE 3-4 JUNE 2014 Trade, Foreign Direct Investment in Latin America and Global Value Chains: An International Integration Strategy for Latin America 2 2 GVCs’ two important findings (World Investment Report 2013) 7 8 9 10 11 G DP pc 10 12 14 16 18 20 GVC participation Developed Countries - logs GVC Participation vs GDP per Capita 4 6 8 10 12 G DP pc 10 12 14 16 18 20 GVC participation Developing Countries - logs GVC Participation vs GDP per Capita There is correlation between growth in GVC participation and GDP per capita There is correlation between inward FDI and GVC participation Source: UNCTAD, World Investment Report 2013. 3 3 ▪ GVCs: the trade-investment nexus ▪ Policy options to upgrade value chains Contents  Value added trade in commodity-dependent and non-commodity-dependent developing countries 4 4 How much value added does global trade actually generate? (...) GVC participation and GDP per capita -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 Growth rates of real GDP per capita, 1995-2011 GV C pa rt ici pa tio n gr ow th ra te s, 19 95 -2 01 1 Commodity-dependent developing countries Non commodity-dependent developing countries Non-commodity dependent developing countries (30 countries) Commodity-dependent developing countries (31 countries) 12 12 Impacts of FDI on GVC participation are not uniform between commodity-dependent developing countries and non- commodity dependent developing countries TNCs increase less GVC participation in commodity-dependent countries than in non-commodity dependent countries. GVC participation and FDI inward stock Source: UNCTAD-EORA GVC Database. 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Growth rates of FDI inward stock, 1995-2011 GV C pa rt ici pa tio n gr ow th ra te s, 19 95 -2 01 1 Commodity-dependent developing countries Non commodity-dependent developing countries Non-commodity dependent developing countries (30 countries) Commodity-dependent developing countries (31 countries) 13 13 Source: UNCTAD-EORA GVC Database.
Language:English
Score: 681018.9 - https://www.cepal.org/sites/de...on_masataka_fujita3_unctad.pdf
Data Source: un
All agencies Staff time – additional financial resources tbd depending on inputs needed Depending on UNCTs’ requests Tbd depending on UNCTs’ requests OUTPUT 2: Capacity development and knowledge sharing: Capacities developed and knowledge transferred to strengthen sustainable food systems, through support to countries in developing and implementing appropriate policy measures, including through the provisioning of statistics, analytical tools and guidelines, and sharing best practices from within and outside the region. 2.1. (...) Develop joint regional UN policy recommendations/key messages Lead agency tbd depending on technical focus Staff time - no additional financial resources are needed Throughout 2020 Target: 3 policy recommendations/key messages formulated Indicator: no. of policy recommendations/key messages formulated KNOWLEDGE SHARING AND ANALYSIS 3.4. (...) Organize webinars on COVID-19 and food systems to facilitate the sharing of best practices and knowledge from within and outside of the region Lead agency tbd depending on technical focus Staff time – additional financial resources tbd depending on inputs needed Throughout 2020 Targets: 1 webinar organized for UNCTs and 1 at regional/sub- regional level Indicator: no. of webinars organized
Language:English
Score: 677157.03 - https://unece.org/DAM/RCM_Webs...C_on_Food_Systems_Workplan.pdf
Data Source: un
Under what circumstance is a secondary dependent’s benefit not payable by the Fund? A secondary dependent’s benefit is not payable if a benefit is due to a child or surviving spouse/divorced surviving spouse. (...) How many secondary dependents can benefit from this entitlement? A secondary dependent’s benefit is payable to only one surviving secondary dependent of a participant or a retiree. (...) How is the secondary dependent’s benefit paid and for how long is it payable?
Language:English
Score: 674090.7 - https://www.unjspf.org/documents/childs-benefit/
Data Source: un
The United Nations Commission presented conclusions of the Consultation on dependent care policies in Latin America: children, older adults, the disabled and the chronically ill , which surveyed more than 500 opinion makers in several of the region's countries in March 2012. (...) That is why we need public policies that generate better conditions for children and dependents. (...) The main results of the consultation were presented by Luis Eduardo González, from the CIFRA consultancy in Uruguay, and were obtained thanks to support from the Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation (AECID) and the Spanish Government's Directorate-General for Development Policy Planning and Evaluation (DGPOLDE). Mr González explained that there is a favourable climate for socially tackling the issue of dependent care in the region (45% of women polled and 41% of men surveyed).
Language:English
Score: 673687.26 - https://www.cepal.org/en/press...red-between-state-and-families
Data Source: un