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The discussion provided examples of some synergies between social protection and forestry policies/goals, factors vital for the successful implementation of social protection and forestry policies, and examples of sources of vulnerability among forest dependent people. Here is a summary of your contributions: Social protection and forestry policies: Synergies, issues and examples ·         In India, social protection instruments and other social policies have positively impact forest dependent people. (...) No need for new schemes in India, policy makers should ensure the proper implementation of social protection schemes in remote areas and protect the rights of forest dependent communities. ·         In China, there is an example of strong linkages and synergies between social protection and forestry policy.
Language:English
Score: 786985.9 - https://www.fao.org/fsnforum/es/comment/4227
Data Source: un
State of Commodity Dependence 2012 Series: The State of Commodity Dependence 11 May 2012 The State of Commodity Dependence 2012 was prepared by the Special Unit on Commodities (SUC) of UNCTAD. (...) State of Commodity Dependence 2019 Series: The State of Commodity Dependence 18 Jun 2019 This publication contains 189 individual country profiles, each comprising 30 indicators mostly related to the four main dimensions of commodity dependence, namely: merchandise and commodity export dependence - Commodity import dependence - key socioeconomic indicators - other structural indicato... State of Commodity Dependence 2016 Series: The State of Commodity Dependence 17 Jan 2018 The 2016 edition of the State of Commodity Dependence contains 135 individual country profiles, each comprising 40 indicators mostly related to the three main dimensions of commodity dependence, namely: export commodity dependence, import commodity dependence and net merchandise and commodity tra...
Language:English
Score: 785557.4 - https://shop.un.org/series/state-commodity-dependence
Data Source: un
The discussion provided examples of some synergies between social protection and forestry policies/goals, factors vital for the successful implementation of social protection and forestry policies, and examples of sources of vulnerability among forest dependent people. Here is a summary of your contributions: Social protection and forestry policies: Synergies, issues and examples ·         In India, social protection instruments and other social policies have positively impact forest dependent people. (...) No need for new schemes in India, policy makers should ensure the proper implementation of social protection schemes in remote areas and protect the rights of forest dependent communities. ·         In China, there is an example of strong linkages and synergies between social protection and forestry policy.
Language:English
Score: 785095.9 - https://www.fao.org/fsnforum/index.php/zh-hans/comment/4227
Data Source: un
The discussion provided examples of some synergies between social protection and forestry policies/goals, factors vital for the successful implementation of social protection and forestry policies, and examples of sources of vulnerability among forest dependent people. Here is a summary of your contributions: Social protection and forestry policies: Synergies, issues and examples ·         In India, social protection instruments and other social policies have positively impact forest dependent people. (...) No need for new schemes in India, policy makers should ensure the proper implementation of social protection schemes in remote areas and protect the rights of forest dependent communities. ·         In China, there is an example of strong linkages and synergies between social protection and forestry policy.
Language:English
Score: 785095.9 - https://www.fao.org/fsnforum/zh-hans/comment/4227
Data Source: un
You may wish to consider the following questions: What are the  impacts of forest policy and programs  on risks and vulnerability? What are the major  sources of vulnerability for forest dependent people ? (...) The discussion provided examples of some synergies between social protection and forestry policies/goals, factors vital for the successful implementation of social protection and forestry policies, and examples of sources of vulnerability among forest dependent people. Here is a summary of your contributions: Social protection and forestry policies: Synergies, issues and examples ·         In India, social protection instruments and other social policies have positively impact forest dependent people.
Language:English
Score: 782571.3 - https://www.fao.org/fsnforum/z...ion/social-protection-forestry
Data Source: un
You may wish to consider the following questions: What are the  impacts of forest policy and programs  on risks and vulnerability? What are the major  sources of vulnerability for forest dependent people ? (...) The discussion provided examples of some synergies between social protection and forestry policies/goals, factors vital for the successful implementation of social protection and forestry policies, and examples of sources of vulnerability among forest dependent people. Here is a summary of your contributions: Social protection and forestry policies: Synergies, issues and examples ·         In India, social protection instruments and other social policies have positively impact forest dependent people.
Language:English
Score: 782571.3 - https://www.fao.org/fsnforum/i...ion/social-protection-forestry
Data Source: un
pepedersen.ppt Moving out of Aid Dependency: Money, Mindsets and Politics. Or: We are all aid dependent! (...) Norway is tying aid to its foreign policy goals; We’re aid dependent Aid dependency as a mindset problem in ’donor’ and ’recipient’ countries • Recent visit to Afghanistan: Politicians and civil servants at all levels appear to be in a dependency mindset. (...) Much of it aims to solve other global problems than poverty – never reaching the poor. – New global actors, public and private, dominate the scene. – The Paris Declaration on aid effectiveness – and debates on aid dependency – risk addressing aid as it used to be. • Yet, aid is the most flexible and potentially effective instrument of equitable globalization and development cooperation The case of Norway: Aid as an instrument of foreign policy makes us aid dependent... • Norway’s annual 4 billion USD aid budget is founded on solidarity in the labour and Christian movements.
Language:English
Score: 781735.4 - https://www.un.org/en/ga/second/62/pepedersen.pdf
Data Source: un
Microsoft PowerPoint - IFCS_Presentation_Kiaka.ppt INTERGOVERNMENTAL FORUM ON CHEMICAL INTERGOVERNMENTAL FORUM ON CHEMICAL SAFETY (IFCS) FORUM VISAFETY (IFCS) FORUM VI-- SUBSTITUTION AND SUBSTITUTION AND ALTERNATIVES ALTERNATIVES September 17, 2008September 17, 2008 La President Dakar, SenegalLa President Dakar, Senegal Dependency syndrome as the underlying Dependency syndrome as the underlying challenge to substitution of hazardous chemicals challenge to substitution of hazardous chemicals in developing countries and economies in developing countries and economies By Richard By Richard KiakaKiaka Project Coordinator, Project Coordinator, iLimaiLima--Kenya Kenya OverviewOverview DefinitionsDefinitions Why developing countries and economiesWhy developing countries and economies Challenges in light of dependency syndrome Challenges in light of dependency syndrome •• In research & development In research & development •• Public awareness and education gaps Public awareness and education gaps •• Technical capacity lapses Technical capacity lapses •• Financial capacity Financial capacity •• Policy formulation and implementation Policy formulation and implementation •• Economic investment priorities Economic investment priorities Overcoming the challenges Overcoming the challenges Definitions Definitions Substitution as adopted by the forum Substitution as adopted by the forum •• replacement or reduction of hazardous replacement or reduction of hazardous substances (products & processes)substances (products & processes) •• use less hazardous or nonuse less hazardous or non--hazardous hazardous substances (technology and organisation)substances (technology and organisation) Dependency syndrome Dependency syndrome •• Lack of inLack of in--built capacity (technical, financial built capacity (technical, financial and administration)and administration) •• Thus looking for interventions from external Thus looking for interventions from external Developing countries and economies Developing countries and economies –– as as adopted by the forum adopted by the forum Why developing countries and economies Why developing countries and economies Increased desire to get industrialized and Increased desire to get industrialized and developed and be at per with others developed and be at per with others Economic growth overrides environmental and Economic growth overrides environmental and human health safety expressed by governments human health safety expressed by governments and private sector and private sector The low technical, administrative and fiscal The low technical, administrative and fiscal capacity relative to developed economies capacity relative to developed economies The resultant socioThe resultant socio--economic and political economic and political problems already evident in the countries problems already evident in the countries Weaker capacity in research and developmentWeaker capacity in research and development Research in toxic chemicals is underdeveloped in DC & EResearch in toxic chemicals is underdeveloped in DC & E DC & Es contribute to <1% of research in chemicals DC & Es contribute to <1% of research in chemicals ––publications publications Researches backing responses are done in developed countries & Researches backing responses are done in developed countries & sometimes supported by interested corporations sometimes supported by interested corporations The developing countries and economies thus depend on the The developing countries and economies thus depend on the developed countriesdeveloped countries’’ research research –– the different conditions pose the different conditions pose challenges challenges Preferred action Preferred action –– •• Institutional strengthening of research NGOs etc Institutional strengthening of research NGOs etc •• Organizational development for research NGOs etc Organizational development for research NGOs etc •• Screening the intention of corporations and multinationals Screening the intention of corporations and multinationals –– Rockefeller Rockefeller Challenges in light of dependency syndromeChallenges in light of dependency syndrome •• Weaker capacity in research & Weaker capacity in research & development development •• Public awareness and education gaps Public awareness and education gaps •• Weaker technical capacity Weaker technical capacity •• Low financial capacity Low financial capacity •• Policy formulation and implementation Policy formulation and implementation •• Biased or skewed economic investment Biased or skewed economic investment prioritiespriorities Public awareness and education gaps Public awareness and education gaps Lower awareness and knowledge levels on the toxicity Lower awareness and knowledge levels on the toxicity of chemicals in use especially in the informal of chemicals in use especially in the informal SMMEsSMMEs Informal Informal SMMEsSMMEs employs over 60% in the DC & Esemploys over 60% in the DC & Es Alternatives and substitutions are new entrants to the Alternatives and substitutions are new entrants to the sector sector Eurocentric education tools are dominant from the Eurocentric education tools are dominant from the researches researches –– a challenge in our project a challenge in our project Fewer forums on chemicals and possible intervention Fewer forums on chemicals and possible intervention accessible to accessible to DCsDCs & Es & Es –– the IFCS is uncertain the IFCS is uncertain –– funds funds NGOs are instrumental in advocacy for policy in line NGOs are instrumental in advocacy for policy in line with resolutions of forums (IFCS, SAICM, etc )with resolutions of forums (IFCS, SAICM, etc ) Weaker technical capacity Weaker technical capacity Development of substitutes & alternatives require Development of substitutes & alternatives require technical personnel technical personnel ––mostly borrowed from the mostly borrowed from the developed economiesdeveloped economies Thus the sustainability is uncertain Thus the sustainability is uncertain Appropriate approach is to build the capacity of the Appropriate approach is to build the capacity of the local personnel:local personnel: •• To design To design BATsBATs & & BEPsBEPs to respond to local scenarios to respond to local scenarios •• To train local people emphasizing on To train local people emphasizing on TOTsTOTs (best in (best in developed in NGOs) developed in NGOs) •• Interpretation Interpretation –– the research and policies into the research and policies into feasible technologies on substitution & alternativesfeasible technologies on substitution & alternatives The policy behind the expatriates should be reThe policy behind the expatriates should be re-- interpreted or reinterpreted or re--thoughtthought within within NCPCsNCPCs –– National National Cleaner Production Cleaner Production CentresCentres Policy formulation & implementation Policy formulation & implementation Policy formulation on substitution and alternatives are Policy formulation on substitution and alternatives are mostly influenced by:mostly influenced by: •• Eurocentric researches and international conventionsEurocentric researches and international conventions •• Level of awareness and knowledge of the policy Level of awareness and knowledge of the policy makers makers ––lowlow •• Interests of the multinationals & corporations Interests of the multinationals & corporations ––those those that justify the existence of their chemicals productsthat justify the existence of their chemicals products Wanting political will Wanting political will –– the politics of the influence of the politics of the influence of the east and the west in the east and the west in DCsDCs & Es and support of & Es and support of govtsgovts Limited forums for policy advocacy and lobbying Limited forums for policy advocacy and lobbying –– the the role of NGOs (calls for support) role of NGOs (calls for support) Need for well thought alternatives Need for well thought alternatives –– e.g. bioe.g. bio--fuels & fuels & demand for pesticides & food security demand for pesticides & food security Low financial capacity Low financial capacity The most outstanding and crossThe most outstanding and cross--cutting challenge cutting challenge The available finds are overThe available finds are over--stretched infrastructure stretched infrastructure development, food security & other national priorities development, food security & other national priorities StrategicStrategic funding is required for:funding is required for: •• Research & monitoring Research & monitoring •• Public awareness and education Public awareness and education •• Policy Policy devlptdevlpt, advocacy & lobbying for adoption , advocacy & lobbying for adoption •• Technical and administrative capacity buildingTechnical and administrative capacity building •• Development and access to substitutes and Development and access to substitutes and alternatives especially within the alternatives especially within the SMMEsSMMEs through through micromicro--credits/microcredits/micro--finance finance The line ministries are so much redThe line ministries are so much red--taped to reach the taped to reach the grassroots and the informal sector grassroots and the informal sector –– NGOs/NGOs/CSOsCSOs are are viable options to supplement and complement the viable options to supplement and complement the govtsgovts’’ service provisionservice provision Biased economic investment Biased economic investment Main investment focus is macroMain investment focus is macro-- & formal sector & formal sector -- skewed towards economics skewed towards economics Mainstream credit facilities focus more on the formal Mainstream credit facilities focus more on the formal sector industrial sector than informal sector industrial sector than informal SMMEsSMMEs (60% (60% workforce in Kenya)workforce in Kenya) MFIsMFIs interest rates and collateral requirements makes interest rates and collateral requirements makes them inaccessible to informal them inaccessible to informal SMMEsSMMEs Development & adoption of substitutes and alternatives Development & adoption of substitutes and alternatives in the informal in the informal SMMEsSMMEs sector becomes unaffordable sector becomes unaffordable NonNon--profit making institutions are thus suitable for profit making institutions are thus suitable for promoting development and adoption of the promoting development and adoption of the alternatives and substitutes through microalternatives and substitutes through micro--credits credits (revolving fund scheme)(revolving fund scheme) Overcoming the challengesOvercoming the challenges Strategic funding to NGOs to build for Strategic funding to NGOs to build for •• Institutional capacity building for public awareness Institutional capacity building for public awareness and education and advocacy on policy and education and advocacy on policy •• Research and development of alternatives locally Research and development of alternatives locally NCPCsNCPCs •• MicroMicro--credit schemes to aid access to alternatives credit schemes to aid access to alternatives and substitutes and substitutes Promote technical capacity building to individuals, Promote technical capacity building to individuals, NGOs and NGOs and GovtsGovts through trainings through trainings Strategic information sharing Strategic information sharing ––support participation of support participation of NGOs & NGOs & GovtsGovts in forums and meetings e.g.
Language:English
Score: 780785.06 - https://www.who.int/ifcs/docum...ums/forum6/ppt_subst_kiaka.pdf
Data Source: un
This refinement is used here and will serve later as a basis for policy recommendations. Figure I: Age dependency categories: Standard versus refined classifications 2. (...) However, it also depends on feasible policy choices about national budget and household-level decisions about resource allocation processes, some of which depend on investments in education. (...) Given the current demographic inequalities, these programs must cater to the needs of the poor and youth. 5. Early retirement policies to harness the experiences of new retirees Just as the youth bulge, early retirees are overlooked in standard descriptions of age dependency.
Language:English
Score: 780382.13 - https://www.un.org/en/developm...undou-Enyegue_Expert-Paper.pdf
Data Source: un
Commodities and Development Report | Shop.un.org : Official Source for United Nations Books and More Skip to main content Welcome to the United Nations عربي 中文 English Français Русский Español Search form Search Toggle navigation Books Authors Series Subjects Librarians Databases Distributors Educators Catalogue Standing Orders Rights & Permissions Subscriptions Shopping cart You are here Shop » Shop » Series » Commodities and Development Report Commodities and Development Report Filter Results Search form Search The UNCTAD Commodities and Development Report series provides in-depth analysis of topics of particular interest to commodity dependent developing countries and presents policy proposals. Series Status:  Active Subject:  International Trade and Finance Commodities and Development Report 2021 Escaping From the Commodity Dependence Trap Through Technology and Innovation Series: Commodities and Development Report 5 Aug 2021 Commodity dependence is a trap: once a country is commodity dependent, it is difficult to develop a productive sector out of commodities and export non-commodity products. This publication argues that without strong action at the highest political level in Commodity-dependent Developing Countries... Commodities and Development Report 2019 Commodity Dependence, Climate Change and the Paris Agreement Series: Commodities and Development Report 20 Sep 2019 This report explores key aspects of the two-way relationship between commodities and climate change, discusses the concept of natural resource conversion and explores its application to renewable and non-renewable resources.
Language:English
Score: 778686.3 - https://shop.un.org/series/com...odities-and-development-report
Data Source: un