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In the meantime, customs administrations can use the web services or consult the web application developed by the guarantee chain; 1.2.1.3 Accept guarantee Potential problems: (a) The customs system is not functioning; (b) The connection between the customs system and the eTIR international system is broken; (c) The eTIR international system is not functioning. (...) Potential problems: (a) The customs or guarantee chain system is not functioning; (b) The connection between the customs system and the eTIR international system is broken; (c) The eTIR international system is not functioning; (d) A previous country in the TIR transport used a fallback procedure. (...) The holder remains responsible to comply with advance information requirements in subsequent countries. 1.2.2.2 Update consignment information The same potential problems and fallbacks as those of the record consignment use case apply. 1.2.2.3 Start of TIR operation Potential problems: (a) The customs system is not functioning; (b) The connection between the customs system and the eTIR international system is broken; (c) The eTIR international system is not functioning; Fall-backs: (a) Customs authorities (other than at the first customs office of departure) accept the accompanying document as source for the declaration, sign and stamp it (and indicate the new seals if required).
Language:English
Score: 1003161.8 - https://unece.org/DAM/trans/bc...ch/documents/2018/id18-09e.pdf
Data Source: un
PowerPoint Presentation Blockchain - Potential use cases in Customs and border regulatory processes WTO Research Workshop on Blockchain 27 November 2018, Geneva Luc De Blieck Deputy Director World Customs Organization Email: Luc.DeBlieck@wcoomd.org Blockchain Copyright ©2018 World Customs Organization. 2 Potential use cases » Customs declaration and regulatory submissions » Exchange of information – Single Window » Risk Management » Implementation of AEO-MRA and Free Trade Agreements » Revenue Collection » Electronic certification/verification of regulatory requirements » Transit » Identity Management Discussions at WCO » Use of the blockchain technology in Customs and border regulatory processes improving compliance, trade facilitation, and fraud detection » Standardization of data and its quality in blockchain (including pre-shipment data, much early in the supply chain) » Interface of Customs systems with, and interoperability of, blockchains Initiatives/Pilots o Mexico-Costa Rica-Peru » CADENA : AEO-MRA Implementation o Netherlands » Risk management and Customs clearance o Korea » Export clearance » E-Commerce clearance » Electronic certificate of origin for FTAs o US » PoC on interoperability, data correlation, and proper business cases to test » NAFTA/CAFTA –Free Trade Agreements o Singapore » Global Trade Connectivity Network Copyright ©2018 World Customs Organization. 3 Thank you Blockchain- Potential use cases in Customs and border regulatory processes Slide Number 2 Initiatives/Pilots Thank you
Language:English
Score: 1002005.5 - https://www.wto.org/english/re...ion_2c_2_luc_de_blieck_wco.pdf
Data Source: un
Assign the functions of formulating government orders and coordinating the activities of state customers of placing state orders to the Ministry of the Economy. 3. (...) The Ministry of the Economy: -in cooperation with potential state consumers, shall balance the amounts of state procurement in their applications with projected amounts of budget financing and non-budgetary sources of financing determined by the Cabinet of Ministers; - shall develop a draft for state procurement and shall submit it for approval according to the established procedures to the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine together with the draft Programme for the economic and social development of Ukraine; - after the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine has considered and approved the draft of state procurement, it shall inform potential state consumers in order to begin preliminary work on the placing of state orders; - after the Supreme Rada of Ukraine has approved the State Budget of Ukraine, according to the figures provided in the State Budget, it may make the necessary changes and modifications to the project of state procurement in order to finally balance the amounts of procurement with the financing provided to each particular state customer, and shall submit it for approval according to the established procedure to the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine together with the list of proposed state customers; - after the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine has approved the volumes of state procurement and the list of state customers, it shall inform state customers about them within a week and shall coordinate activities to place of state orders and negotiate of state contracts. (...) Placing of State Orders and Negotiating of State Contracts. 6. State customers, depending on the approved volumes of state orders and financing allocated to them, shall independently place orders for supplies of goods for state purposes amongst potential suppliers on a competitive basis in accordance with the procedures developed by the Ministry of the Economy, excluding cases provided for in Item 8 Article 2 of the Law of Ukraine "On State Procurement". 7.
Language:English
Score: 974677.1 - https://www.wto.org/english/th..._e/ukr_e/WTACCUKR26_LEG_27.pdf
Data Source: un
Pre-condition Customer recognises need for product. Potential supplier exists. (...) These will be further elaborated in later versions of the model. Name Identify potential partners Actors Customer, Supplier Description The customer looks for potential suppliers and the supplier looks for potential customers. (...) Pre-condition Customer has identified potential suppliers. Figure 4.
Language:English
Score: 970377.3 - https://unece.org/fileadmin/DA...nary/plenary00/docs/00cf14.pdf
Data Source: un
Article 2 (Liabilities that May Be Secured) Security instruments for payment of customs liability shall guarantee: 1. payment of already existent customs liability; 2. payment of potential customs liability; 3. payment of interest, incurred or likely to be incurred, on a secured customs liability. (...) Customs authorities shall refund the cash deposit should it be confirmed that the customs obligor has settled all customs liabilities secured by the cash deposit, or that potential customs liabilities secured by the cash deposit cannot be created any more. 2. (...) Customs authorities shall refund the deposit mentioned in paragraph 3 of this Article if the temporary import customs procedure is completed in compliance with the law and the potentially created customs liability is settled.
Language:English
Score: 969345 - https://www.wto.org/english/th..._e/mkd_e/WTACCMKD20_LEG_17.pdf
Data Source: un
Title of Presentation 1 TAG’s view on the new regulatory approach for EU Roaming Geneva, 22 March 2012 Competition is the right tool to bring roaming prices down 2 > Telekom Austria Group welcomes the Commission’s philosophy of introducing a structural solution to the Roaming Market > We are convinced that a new structure for competition will (better) solve ‘the EU Roaming issue’, especially as price cap regulation has proven to be unable to alleviate the problem of sticky retail prices > Separation of roaming from national services will solve this problem as customers would turn their attention on roaming prices giving operators an incentive to compete on roaming prices > However, for ‘roaming separation’ to successfully open markets for alternative roaming providers, policy makers have to provide the right framework conditions ‘Separation’ of EU – Roaming services - a short description 3 > ‘Separation’ means that a customer will be able to buy roaming services from a different provider than its national services: > Today all mobile services are offered in bundles: The customer has to buy national, international, and roaming services in a bundle from one operator. With ‘separation’, EU roaming services can be purchased individually, without all the other services > This will give all operators the opportunity to compete for customers on EU roaming services exclusively. As a positive effect the new roaming solution would increase competition between operators, minimize customer costs for mobile services, and even help building a common EU mobile market. > For customers nothing changes except that they have two contractual and billing relation instead of one: one with an operator providing roaming services and one with an operator providing national services > The roaming experience itself will remain the same as today: after going abroad customers switch on their mobiles and use it for any roaming service they want – voice, SMS and data and they will be able to make and receive calls under the same number as at home ‘separation’ and its effects on retail competition - overview 4 > Today, customers have to make a purchase decision on the complete bundle of mobile services > Customers take this decision based on the predominant ‘use case’ - in most cases domestic mobile usage > ‘separation of EU-roaming’ services will release the competitive forces and introduce price competition: > On national level: between existing national MNOs and MVNOs > On international level (‘transnational’ competition): entry into the market of ‘new players’ based on EU wide (wholesale) roaming coverage > Competition will try to attract all customer segments > Business customers : via targeted offers > Residential customers: mass market (above the line communication); availability at all points of sale > No differentiation between ‘frequent travelers' and other customers at marketing communication level to be expected > However, different products (for frequent travelers and others) to be expected (bundles, etc) ‘separation’ and its effects on retail competition – national dynamic 5 > With roaming prices in the focus of customers, operators would try to attract customers also via attractive roaming prices. > Especially from challengers on national markets, we expect competitive pressure to start: > As for the domestic mobile service market, challengers with own mobile infrastructure have to grow in order to become more profitable (‘investment in license & network is largely ‘sunk cost’) > This market logic will also apply for the new segment ‘EU roaming customers’: challengers will try to grow via the capture of ‘separated roaming customers’ > We estimate the total market revenue volume for EU roaming to be between 5-15% of the relevant market > This allows market players significant growth, even if due to price reduction (combined with under proportionate volume growth) the total EU roaming market in revenue terms will shrink. > Furthermore: the ‘roaming only’ relationship is a perfect starting base for a consecutive ‘full acquisition’ of the customer (billing relationship, trust, customer insight, etc) Retail competition could be even increased by the advent of transnational operators 6 > Operators from smaller member states can tab into the huge customer base/potential of large member states with very little incremental effort (growth potential) > Large operator groups are enabled to complete their footprints, use their international brands and their footprint network coverage advantages (cost advantages) as well as address large international account customers > As the costs for customer support are the same for frequent as for infrequent roamers, such transnational operators would not just focus on frequent roamers but increase the pressure on prices for all roaming customers > An example for such a transnational operator for data roaming services (dongle use only) is “abroadband” (www.abroadband.com) ‘separation’ can only be successful if two important preconditions are met 7 > Price caps have to provide operators with incentives to compete for roaming customers: > Retail safeguard caps are set in a way that allows market entry > Wholesale caps are not below costs > Implementation costs are reasonable - no duplication required > No ‘backdoor’ for a early re-opening of the Regulation as otherwise the initial investment will be too risky > The way the technical solution will be implemented has to be easy to use by customers: > No change of SIM card when choosing a new roaming provider > No change of telephone number > No need to use a separate PIN number when crossing boarders > Quick change of roaming provider > Choice of roaming provider possible at home or when abroad > Alternative Roaming offer includes all services (voice, data, SMS) Four technical solutions to implement ‘separation’ under discussion… 8 > European stakeholders are currently discussing the feasibility of several technical solutions such as “single IMSI”, “single IMSI+”,‘dual IMSI’ and “Data LBO” > ‘dual IMSI’: customer gets a new SIM card and roaming provider takes full control of customer and traffic management whilst roaming > ‘single IMSI’: a virtual roaming provider offers retail services whilst traffic is still managed by H-MNO > ‘single IMSI+’: enables direct commercial agreements between roaming providers and V-MNOs > Alternative roaming providers can enter directly into commercial negotiations with visited network operators > H-MNO can steer traffic on behalf of the alternative roaming provider > ‘Data LBO’: visited network provides data services whilst H-MNO provides voice/SMS …which have different properties and effects on competition 9 > dual IMSI: > Increased retail & wholesale competition as alternative roaming provider fully controls roaming call and can use his own wholesale deals/footprint > Competitive advantage for bigger operator groups > single IMSI: > Provision of better customer experience (no change of SIM card) increases the number of potential customers willing to switch to an alternative roaming provider, hence increased level of competition > Creates level playing field for smaller M(V)NOs and bigger operator groups > Single IMSI+ might combine advantages of single and double IMSI > combines the better customer experience of single IMSI with the greater autonomy of wholesale arrangements offered by dual IMSI > Lower market rates also for small operators instead of regulated caps > Competitive advantage for bigger operator groups > Data LBO seems not viable and is reducing effectiveness of the separation solution > Marketing, language and usage barriers Thank you 10
Language:English
Score: 963183.1 - https://www.wto.org/english/tr...resentation_telekomaustria.pdf
Data Source: un
In the meantime, customs administrations can use the web services or consult the web application developed by the guarantee chain; 1.2.1.3 Accept guarantee Potential problems: (a) The customs system is not functioning; (b) The connection between the customs system and the eTIR international system is broken; (c) The eTIR international system is not functioning. (...) Potential problems: (a) The customs or guarantee chain system is not functioning; (b) The connection between the customs system and the eTIR international system is broken; (c) The eTIR international system is not functioning; (d) A previous country in the TIR transport used a fallback procedure. (...) The holder remains responsible to comply with advance information requirements in subsequent countries. 1.2.2.2 Update consignment information The same potential problems and fallbacks as those of the record consignment use case apply. 1.2.2.3 Start of TIR operation Potential problems: (a) The customs system is not functioning; (b) The connection between the customs system and the eTIR international system is broken; (c) The eTIR international system is not functioning; Fall-backs: (a) Customs authorities (other than at the first customs office of departure) accept the accompanying document as source for the declaration, sign and stamp it (and Informal document GE.1 No. 5 (2020) 25 indicate the new seals if required).
Language:English
Score: 962390 - https://unece.org/DAM/trans/bc...ech/documents/2020/id20-05.pdf
Data Source: un
In the meantime, customs administrations can use the web services or consult the web application developed by the guarantee chain; 1.2.1.3 Accept guarantee Potential problems: (a) The customs system is not functioning; (b) The connection between the customs system and the eTIR international system is broken; (c) The eTIR international system is not functioning. (...) Potential problems: (a) The customs or guarantee chain system is not functioning; (b) The connection between the customs system and the eTIR international system is broken; (c) The eTIR international system is not functioning; (d) A previous country in the TIR transport used a fallback procedure. (...) The holder remains responsible to comply with advance information requirements in subsequent countries. 1.2.2.2 Update consignment information The same potential problems and fallbacks as those of the record consignment use case apply. 1.2.2.3 Start of TIR operation Potential problems: (a) The customs system is not functioning; (b) The connection between the customs system and the eTIR international system is broken; (c) The eTIR international system is not functioning; Fall-backs: (a) Customs authorities (other than at the first customs office of departure) accept the accompanying document as source for the declaration, sign and stamp it (and indicate the new seals if required).
Language:English
Score: 961742.5 - https://unece.org/DAM/trans/bc...ch/documents/2019/id19-05e.pdf
Data Source: un
Very Short Demonstrations Motivations for E-commerce site Potential benefits for business Potential benefits for business Potential benefits for customer Potential benefits for customer Business transformation Electronic Commerce Forecasts PPT Slide PPT Slide PPT Slide PPT Slide PPT Slide International coordination initiatives Author: GOELZER, Lucio Home Page: /wtd
Language:English
Score: 954798.8 - https://www.itu.int/newsarchive/wtd/1999/ppt/lg/index.htm
Data Source: un
May 1998: £1 bn network modernisation and expansion announced to support anticipated growth in worldwide traffic 4 BT Global Services in 2008 Ten years of growth. Customers looking for ever more seamless, cross border services BT focus on provision of networked IT services to multisite organisations worldwide: Unilever, FIAT, Philips, Credit Suisse, Microsoft, UK National Health Service, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Pepsi, Lufthansa, Visa, Fujitsu and governments world-wide 30,000 employees in more than 50 countries Customers in more than 170 countries The world’s leading MPLS network: 28,000 ports in over 70 countries 19 companies acquired in last 2 years Innovation in network security as well as customer requirements in, eg mobile 5 So what hints can we offer for “better ordering of the universe”? (...) Even after aggregation of needs of all potential customers, economies of scale will rarely justify nation-wide investment in local access. (...) Governments and regulators need to revise almost exclusive focus on private consumer telecoms. Potential benefits of genuinely competitive business telecoms within EU: customer costs 15% lower, GDP at least 1.5% higher 10 Competitive business telecoms are key facilitator for rest of WTO agenda Fit-for-purpose access products Equivalence of Input Effective institutional processes Innovation Productivity Trade Appropriate regulation Benefits of Ubiquitous Connectivity Macro Benefits to National Economies Global networked businesses and economy Network independent business services and applications Use of networks 11 Obligation for Equivalence of Input (EOI) is one solution Provision of monopolised access and backhaul products to competitors on same basis for both incumbent operators’ downstream arms and incumbents’ wholesale customers: Same products Same supply times and terms and conditions (including price and service levels) Use of the same systems and processes Same reliability and performance for systems and processes.
Language:English
Score: 949608.2 - https://www.wto.org/english/tr...lecom_e/sym_feb08_e/moir_e.pdf
Data Source: un