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.  This transition will provide: – Significant improvement in programme choice and picture quality for viewers – An opportunity to use some of the radio spectrum currently used for TV for other purposes, such as expanded mobile broadband service. 470 MHz 862 MHz Analogue broadcasting 470 MHz 862 MHz Digital broadcasting Regulatory Framework of the Digital Dividend  Digital Dividend 1: In 2007, an international decision (ITU treaty – WRC-07) allocated the 790-862MHz band to mobile broadband.  Digital Dividend 2: In 2012, as proposed by the African Telecommunication Union (ATU), a second international decision (ITU treaty – WRC-12) allocated the 694-790MHz band to mobile broadband after 2015.  In October 2012, the ATU positively concluded that it is feasible to limit broadcasting to 470-694MHz, for four multiplexes with nationwide coverage. 470 MHz 862 MHz Digital broadcasting 790 MHz Mobile 470 MHz 862 MHz Digital broadcasting 790 MHz 694 MHz Mobile Mobile Maximising economies of scale through harmonisation  Facilitate roaming  Enable economies of scale and bring down the cost of mobile devices  Respond quickly to market needs and bridge the Digital Divide  Help manage cross-border interference Importance of aligning spectrum rights, and regulatory and technical conditions with the internationally harmonised mobile spectrum bands ROAMING due to harmonised bands SCALE due to billions of subscribers AFFORDABILITY due to manufacturing economies CHOICE due to competition  A decision at WRC-12 created the possibility of allocating the 694–790MHz frequency band (aka the 700MHz band) for mobile services.  The outcome of the WRC-12 was based on a commitment to seek harmonisation of that band and the adjacent band (790-862MHz) already allocated to mobile services (and identified for IMT) in Africa, the Middle East and Europe  What should the preferred band plan in 700MHz for the region be? (...) 694/698 Digital Dividend 2 Digital Dividend 1 Situation of the 700MHz band in other regions 703 748 758 803 MHz 694/698 700 MHz APT Band Plan 3GPP Band 28  Large parts of the Asia Pacific region have declared support for that band plan, typically in its 2x45 MHz format.  Most of Latin America such as Brazil, Chile, Colombia and recently Mexico have expressed their support. 703 748 758 803 MHz 733 788 MHz Upper APT duplexer Lower APT duplexer 718 Allow nations to opt for the full bandwidth or restrict to the upper 2x30 MHz or the lower 2x30 MHz to allow for related services in the band and provide overall band plan efficiency The APT band plan (3GPP Band 28) is a close-to-global ecosystem opportunity Overlap between the 700MHz and 800MHz band plans (790-803 MHz) 791 832 862 MHz 790 821 800 MHz R1 Band Plan 3GPP Band 20 703 748 758 803 MHz 694/698 700 MHz APT Band Plan 3GPP Band 28 703 748 758 803 MHz 733 788 MHz Upper APT duplexer Lower APT duplexer 718 Overlap between the 700 MHz and the 800 MHz band plans Preferred 700 MHz band plan - 2x30 MHz Based on the lower APT duplexer 791 832 862 MHz 790 821 800 MHz R1 Band Plan 3GPP Band 20 703 758 733 788 MHz 791 832 862 MHz 821 694 Digital Dividend 2 Digital Dividend 1 703 758 733 788 MHz Preferred band plan 2x30 MHz Alignment of the band plan and the technical conditions to maximise harmonisation  In summary, there is a unique opportunity to deliver mobile broadband, especially in rural areas.  The unique physical characteristic of the bands below 1GHz favour larger coverage.  Combination of spectrum bands to deliver mobile broadband – Below 1 GHz (interesting for coverage) – Complemented for capacity with 1800 MHz, 2.3 GHz and 2.6 GHz Maximising the benefit of bands below 1GHz to deliver mobile broadband 880 915 925 960 MHz 791 862 832 821 788 703 733 758 700 MHz 800 MHz 900 MHz THANK YOU - MERCI Questions? ITU – RRS – 13 – AfricaYaoundé, Cameroon20 September, 2013 Regulatory Framework of the Digital Dividend Regulatory Framework of the Digital Dividend Maximising economies of scale through harmonisation Digital Dividend 2Use of the 700MHz band by mobile services Situation of the 700MHz band in other regions Overlap between the 700MHz and 800MHz band plans (790-803 MHz) Preferred 700 MHz band plan - 2x30 MHz Based on the lower APT duplexer Maximising the benefit of bands below 1GHz to deliver mobile broadband Slide Number 10
Language:English
Score: 1174767.7 - https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-R/s...ica/Documents/Forum/GSMA_1.pdf
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 Yes  No Which trade union organisation does it belong to? (multiple choices presented) Are you a member of this organisation? (...)  Yes  No Do you know to which federation of trade unions the union is affiliated? (multiple choices presented) What is the name of the union? (...) Do you know which central organisation you belong to? (multiple choices presented)
Language:English
Score: 1171671.3 - https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/gro...ts/publication/wcms_204123.pdf
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Globalization has also lead to a strong integration in the markets for goods, services, and factors of production allowing firms in the developing world to choose their production technologies. This choice would not be pro- labor if policies, rules and incentives dictated otherwise. (...) The empirical evidence suggests that certain firms – often small and medium sized ones – are more labor intensive than others, that some sectors are more conducive to job creation than others, and that enterprises in a given sector react to incentives and relative prices in their choice of production technology and hence labor content. The policy conclusion that follows this 2 assessment, however, is not for governments to actively try to influence the enterprise’s choice of sector, firm size or production technology.
Language:English
Score: 1171108.4 - https://www.un.org/en/ecosoc/m...ratory/Statements/holzmann.pdf
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Mr Sljivancanin claims that the registrar’s refusal to assign his preferred attorneys violates Mr Sljivancanin’s right to counsel of his own choice, guaranteed by Article 21, para 4 of the Statute. (...) Whatever may be the scope of the right to counsel of ones own choosing when a defendant hires his own counsel, the right to publicly paid counsel of ones own choice is limited. The ICTR Appeals Chamber and several ICTY Trial Chambers have repeatedly held that, while the Registrar should normally take a defendant’s preferences into account, a defendant must accept any duly qualified counsel appointed from the list maintained by the Registrar. (...) The primary focus is on the needs of the Accused’s lead counsel for suitable assistance by counsel chosen by the lead counsel, rather than on the preferences of the Accused. Indeed, it has been held by the Appeals Chamber in Blagojevic that lead counsel may seek the appointment of a nominated co-counsel without the Accused’s agreement to the choice of co-counsel.
Language:English
Score: 1167233.6 - https://www.icty.org/x/cases/mrksic/tdec/en/051007.htm
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Please make a choice Please make a choice Please make a choice 1.2.2 Does your approach require dedicated access to the vehicle while it is in operation? (...) Please make a choice 1.3.7 How to evaluate impacts on GDPR? Please make a choice 2 Processes 2.1 Vehicle or manufacturer Vehicle Degree Manufacturer Degree Comment 2.1.1 Account management process (grant access) Please make a choice Please make a choice #### Please make a choice Please make a choice #### 2.1.2 Authentication process (check of identity) Please make a choice Please make a choice #### Please make a choice Please make a choice #### 2.1.3 Key management process Please make a choice Please make a choice #### Please make a choice Please make a choice #### 2.1.4 Encryption process including tunneling Please make a choice Please make a choice #### Please make a choice Please make a choice #### 2.1.5 Data acquisition process Please make a choice Please make a choice #### Please make a choice Please make a choice #### 2.1.6 Data transmission process Please make a choice Please make a choice #### Please make a choice Please make a choice #### 2.2 Trust Center / Data Trustee Requirement Degree Comment 2.2.1 Account management process (grant access) Nothing required Please make a choice #### 2.2.2 Authentication process (check of identity) Please make a choice Please make a choice #### 2.2.3 Key management process Please make a choice Please make a choice #### 2.2.4 Encryption process including tunneling Please make a choice Please make a choice #### 2.2.5 Persistence Management Please make a choice Please make a choice #### 2.2.6 Storage & Compute Please make a choice Please make a choice #### 2.2.7 Connectivity Please make a choice Please make a choice #### 2.3 MNOs Requirement Degree Comment 2.3.1 Account management process (grant access) Amendments required Please make a choice #### 2.3.2 Authentication process (check of identity) Amendments required Please make a choice #### 2.3.3 Key management process Amendments required Please make a choice #### 2.3.4 Encryption process including tunneling Amendments required Please make a choice #### 2.3.5 Persistence Management Amendments required Please make a choice #### 2.3.6 Storage & Compute Amendments required Please make a choice #### 2.3.7 Connectivity Amendments required Please make a choice #### 2.4 Third Parties Requirement Degree Comment Amendments may be required to processes at vehicles, manufacturers, MNOs and third parties to enable the data access your approach involves. (...) Third party have to bear expenses in order to access data at the preferred access point by their own processes. 2.4.1 Account management process (grant access) Please make a choice Please make a choice #### 2.4.2 Authentication process (check of identity) Please make a choice Please make a choice #### 2.4.3 Key management process Please make a choice Please make a choice #### 2.4.4 Encryption process including tunneling Please make a choice Please make a choice #### 2.4.5 Persistence Management Please make a choice Please make a choice #### 2.4.6 Storage & Compute Please make a choice Please make a choice #### 2.4.7 Connectivity Please make a choice Please make a choice #### 3 Regulatory Requirements Requirement Comment 3.1 Multinational regulation required Please make a choice 3.2 National legislation required Please make a choice 4 Financial Requirements Requirement Comment 4.1 Initial Funding Please make a choice 4.2 Ongoing Funding Please make a choice 4.3 Who should fund the changes to vehicle and manufacturer´s processes?
Language:English
Score: 1164417.1 - https://unece.org/sites/defaul.../files/2022-01/GRVA-12-40e.pdf
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The freedom to work – by choice, in conditions of dignity, safety and fairness – is integral to human welfare. (...) The power of women’s preference In countries at all levels of economic development, a woman’s personal preference is the key factor in determining whether she will seek out and engage in paid work. (...) In developing countries the reverse is true: the economic necessity in the region gives all women little choice but to work despite their marital status.  
Language:English
Score: 1160005.1 - https://www.ilo.org/infostorie...ries/Employment/barriers-women
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The least-preferred option was an online Session. The Executive Committee also considered the dates for the Session. (...) Transforming food systems in Europe and Central Asia for improved nutritional outcomes This agenda item will provide the opportunity to highlight specific aspects of food systems in Europe and Central Asia in which action is needed in order to attain better nutrition and ensure food security for all. The food choices people face and the choices they make are profoundly determined by the food system of which they are part. (...) In the context of addressing all forms of malnutrition, attention will be given to the role played by consumers, through their food choices and actions, in driving sustainability and influencing food systems.
Language:English
Score: 1157818.4 - https://www.fao.org/fileadmin/...2021/IC/ensessions/bg9c_en.pdf
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. · Size Indicate below the size of the exhibition space you require: Single exhibition space 10×10 feet (3×3 metres): Single exhibition space 8×8 feet (2.5×2.5 metres): Single exhibition space 6×8 feet (2×2.5 metres): Double exhibition space (indicate 10×20 feet [3×6 metres], 8×16 feet [2.5×5 metres] or 6×16 feet [2×5 metres]): If you are requesting a 10×10 feet (3×3 metres) exhibition space or two adjoining exhibition spaces, please indicate below if you intend to bring your own display as companies renting these spaces are not obliged to order an ICAO-authorised booth: Yes: No: · Location Indicate your preferred exhibition space number(s) as shown on the floor plan ( click here to download): 1st choice: 2nd choice: 3rd choice: · Confirmation If the requested exhibition space is still available, ICAO will confirm the booking by return e-mail or facsimile.
Language:English
Score: 1157298.4 - https://www.icao.int/Meetings/...D2010_exhibitorbookingform.doc
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The usage of a service that might be very far away from the place of origin of the family is often not the user’s choice, but is due to the unavailability of services in the nearby community. · The training and retraining of professionals working with the users. (...) A certain level of competition between services should be allowed in order to ensure the availability of sufficient support choices for the users, provided quality criteria are ensured. (...) Specific comments on the paragraphs of the CRPD Draft General Comment Paragraph 24 The exercise of choice can be effectively realised when individuals are made part of the decision-making act.
Language:English
Score: 1151260.8 - https://www.ohchr.org/sites/de...ral_Comment_on_Article_19.docx
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On the other hand specifiers and ordinary TIM/SEM.1/2003/R.5 page 2 people may prefer other material. To know the criteria of their choice is critical in order to remedy the situation. (...) Wishes of a producer or a specifier may differ from the end users, based on different preferences and/or perceived practicality or economy. (...) The decision maker can simply not be convinced that wood is the best choice. Powerful R&D, lobby and promotional efforts by other materials have an influence too.
Language:English
Score: 1151078.2 - https://unece.org/fileadmin/DA.../timber/docs/sem-1/EN/r5en.pdf
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