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Presumed Drylands: A first assessment of challenges and opportunities in moving towards land degradation neutrality | Dryland Forestry | Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations FAO.org english Dryland Forestry Background Projects Monitoring and Assessment Resources COFO Working Group News Presumed Drylands: A first assessment of challenges and opportunities in moving towards land degradation neutrality 20/05/2021 The drylands have been defined as all land for which the aridity index – that is, the ratio between average annual precipitation and potential evapotranspiration – lies below 0.65. (...) As a result, these  ‘presumed’ drylands , too, are in need of attention with regards to improving land management approaches, so as to ensure the continued provision of ecosystem services and livelihoods to their inhabitants.   (...) More specifically, the characteristics and challenges of three presumed dryland zones are being examined. Many presumed dryland regions contain highly biodiverse environments and are home to a large number of people  rel iant  on agriculture and other ecosystem services provided by the land for their livelihoods . 
Language:English
Score: 990312.3 - https://www.fao.org/dryland-fo...news/news-detail/en/c/1401285/
Data Source: un
Presumed Drylands: A first assessment of challenges and opportunities in moving towards land degradation neutrality | الحراجة في الأراضي الجافة | منظمة الأغذية والزراعة للأمم المتحدة FAO.org العربية english الحراجة في الأراضي الجافة خلفية عامة المشاريع الرصد والتقييم الموارد مجموعة العمل المعنية بالغابات أخبار Presumed Drylands: A first assessment of challenges and opportunities in moving towards land degradation neutrality 20/05/2021 The drylands have been defined as all land for which the aridity index – that is, the ratio between average annual precipitation and potential evapotranspiration – lies below 0.65. (...) As a result, these  ‘presumed’ drylands , too, are in need of attention with regards to improving land management approaches, so as to ensure the continued provision of ecosystem services and livelihoods to their inhabitants.   (...) More specifically, the characteristics and challenges of three presumed dryland zones are being examined. Many presumed dryland regions contain highly biodiverse environments and are home to a large number of people  rel iant  on agriculture and other ecosystem services provided by the land for their livelihoods . 
Language:English
Score: 987545.6 - https://www.fao.org/dryland-fo...news/news-detail/ar/c/1401285/
Data Source: un
Presumptions - (1) The presumptions specified in this section apply in any proceedings, whether civil or criminal, for infringement of the copyright in any work. (2) Copyright is presumed to subsist in a work until the contrary is proved. (3) Except as otherwise provided in this section, where the subsistence of the copyright in a work is proved or admitted, or is presumed under subsection (2), the plaintiff is presumed to be the owner until the contrary is proved. (4) Where: (a) a name purporting to be that of the author of a work or of the owner appears on copies of the work; or (b) a copy of a work bears or incorporates a statement, label or other mark indicating that a person is the author of the work or the owner, that name, statement, label or mark is admissible as evidence of the fact stated or indicated which is to be presumed to be correct, unless the contrary is proved. (5) The person named or in respect of whom a statement, label or other mark appears on or is borne on or is incorporated in copies of a work in accordance with subsection (4) shall, unless the contrary is proved, be presumed not to have made the work in the course of employment referred to in section 17(3) to (5). (6) Where a work purports to be a work of joint authorship, subsections (2), (3), (4) and (5) apply in relation to each person purporting to be one of the authors of the work. (7) Where no name purporting to be that of the author of the work or of the owner, appears on the work or where the work does not bear or incorporate a statement, label or other mark in accordance with subsection (4) and— (a) the work qualifies for copyright protection by reference to the country, territory, state or area, in which it was first lawfully made available to the public; and (b) Either: (i) a name purporting to be that of the person who first lawfully made available to the public the work appears on copies of the work as first so made available; or (ii) copies of the work bear or incorporate a statement, label or other mark indicating that a named person first lawfully made available to the public the work, then, that named person is presumed to have been the author of the work or the owner, at the time when the work was first lawfully made available to the public, unless the contrary is proved. (8) Where the author of the work is dead or the identity of the author cannot be ascertained by reasonable enquiry, it is to be presumed, unless the contrary is proved— (a) that the work is an original work; and (b) that the claims made by the plaintiff as to the date on which the work was first lawfully made available to the public and as to the country, territory, state or area in which the work was first so made available are correct. (9) The presumptions in subsections (2) to (8) apply to the same extent in any action relating to an infringement which occurred before the date on which copies of a work were first lawfully made available to the public. (10) In this section “owner” includes an exclusive licensee of the copyright.”. 10.
Language:English
Score: 914710.5 - https://www.wto.org/english/th.../sam_e/WTACCSAM22_LEG_1bis.pdf
Data Source: un
That said, for the purposes of Japan's claim of error on appeal, it is inconsequential whether likeness may be presumed under Annex C(1)(a), because, in the particular circumstances of this case, the Panel, in any event, would not have been in a position to presume that Japanese and Korean products are "like" in relation to the procedures at issue. (...) We therefore find that the Panel did not err in declining to presume that Japanese imported products and Korean domestic products are "like" for purposes of Annex C(1)(a) to the SPS Agreement. (...) That said, for the purposes of Japan's claim of error on appeal, it is inconsequential whether likeness may be presumed under Annex C(1)(a), because, in the particular circumstances of this case, the Panel, in any event, would not have been in a position to presume that Japanese and Korean products are "like" in relation to the procedures at issue.
Language:English
Score: 897830.6 - https://www.wto.org/english/tr...op_e/dispu_e/495abr_conc_e.pdf
Data Source: un
Presumptions-(1) The presumptions specified in this section apply in any proceedings, whether civil or criminal, for infringement of the copyright in any work. (2) Copyright is presumed to subsist in a work until the contrary is proved. (3) Except as otherwise provided in this section, where the subsistence of the copyright in a work is proved or admitted, or is presumed under subsection (2), the plaintiff is presumed to be the owner until the contrary is proved. (4) Where: (a) a name purporting to be that of the author of a work or of the owner appears on copies of the work; or (b) a copy of a work bears or incorporates a statement, label or other mark indicating that a person is the author of the work or the owner, that name, statement, label or mark is admissible as evidence of the fact stated or indicated which is to be presumed to be correct, unless the contrary is proved. (5) The person named or in respect of whom a statement, label or other mark appears on or is borne on or is incorporated in copies of a work in accordance with subsection (4) shall, unless the contrary is proved, be presumed not to have made the work in the course of employment referred to in section 17(4). (6) Where a work purports to be a work of joint authorship, subsections (2), (3), (4) and (5) apply in relation to each person purporting to be one of the authors of the work. (7) Subject to subsection (8), where no name purporting to be that of the author of the work or of the owner, appears on the work or where the work does not bear or incorporate a statement, label or other mark in accordance with subsection (4), a person named in accordance with subsection (8)(b) is presumed to have been the author of the work or the owner, at the time when the work was first lawfully made available to the public, unless the contrary is proved. (8) Despite subsection (7), a presumption will only be made where: (a) the work qualifies for copyright protection by reference to the country, territory, state or area, in which it was first lawfully made available to the public; and (b) either - http://www.pdfcomplete.com/cms/hppl/tabid/108/Default.aspx?r=q8b3uige22 2011, No. 10 Copyright Amendment 7 (i) a name purporting to be that of the person who first lawfully made available to the public the work appears on copies of the work as first so made available; or (ii) copies of the work bear or incorporate a statement, label or other mark indicating that a named person first lawfully made available to the public the work. (9) Where the author of the work is dead or the identity of the author cannot be ascertained by reasonable enquiry, it is to be presumed, unless the contrary is proved: (a) that the work is an original work; and (b) that the claims made by the plaintiff as to the date on which the work was first lawfully made available to the public and as to the country, territory, state or area in which the work was first so made available are correct. (10) The presumptions in subsections (2) to (9) apply to the same extent in any action relating to an infringement which occurred before the date on which copies of a work were first lawfully made available to the public. (11) In this section “owner” includes an exclusive licensee of the copyright.”. 11.
Language:English
Score: 890995.7 - https://www.wto.org/english/th...c_e/sam_e/WTACCSAM28_LEG_3.pdf
Data Source: un
Presumptions - (1) The presumptions specified in this section shall apply in any proceedings, whether civil or criminal, for infringement of the copyright in any work. (2) Copyright shall be presumed to subsist in a work until the contrary is proved. (3) Except as otherwise provided in this section, where the subsistence of the copyright in a work is proved or admitted, or is presumed under subsection (2), the plaintiff shall be presumed to be the owner or, as the case may be, the exclusive licensee of the copyright, until the contrary is proved. (4) Where: (a) a name purporting to be that of the author of a work or of the owner or exclusive licensee of the copyright, as the case may be, appears on copies of the work; or (b) a copy of a work bears or incorporates a statement, label or other mark indicating that a person is the author of the work or the owner or exclusive licensee of the copyright, as the case may be, that name, statement, label or mark shall be admissible as evidence of the fact stated or indicated which shall be presumed to be correct, unless the contrary is proved. (5) The person named or in respect of whom a statement, label or other mark appears on or is borne on or is incorporated in copies of a work in accordance with subsection (4) shall, unless the contrary is proved, be presumed not to have made the work in the course of employment referred to in section 17(3) to (5). (6) Where a work purports to be a work of joint authorship, subsections (2), (3), (4) and (5) shall apply in relation to each person purporting to be one of the authors of the work. (7) Where no name purporting to be that of the author of the work or of the owner or exclusive licensee of the copyright, as the case may be, appears on the work or where the work does not bear or incorporate a statement, label or other mark in accordance with subsection (4) and— (a) the work qualifies for copyright protection by reference to the country, territory, state or area, in which it was first lawfully made available to the public; and (b) (i) a name purporting to be that of the person who first lawfully made available to the public the work appears on copies of the work as first so made available; or (ii) copies of the work bear or incorporate a statement, label or other mark indicating that a named person first lawfully made available to the public the work, then, that named person shall be presumed to have been the author of the work or the owner or exclusive licensee of the copyright, as the case may be, at the time when the work was first lawfully made available to the public, unless the contrary is proved. (8) Where the author of the work is dead or the identity of the author cannot be ascertained by reasonable enquiry, it shall be presumed, unless the contrary is proved— Industrial Property Bill - Draft Dated 14th April 2011 (a) that the work is an original work; and (b) that the claims made by the plaintiff as to the date on which the work was first lawfully made available to the public and as to the country, territory, state or area in which the work was first so made available are correct. (9) The presumptions set out in subsections (2) to (8) shall apply to the same extent in any actions relating to an infringement which occurred before the date on which copies of a work were first lawfully made available to the public.”. 9.
Language:English
Score: 890995.7 - https://www.wto.org/english/th...c_e/sam_e/WTACCSAM19_LEG_1.pdf
Data Source: un
Thus, the economic agents with the highest value of presumable risk level are subject to checks in the first place. The numeric value of presumable risk criterion for any sphere of economic activity is determined according to the formula Vi = Pi * Ni, (i is the number of sphere of activity of the economic agent, e.g., i=1 for environmental discipline, i=2 for provision of good and service quality, etc., Vi is the numeric value of the criterion of presumable harm in the case of incompliance in the sphere i, Pi is the probability (risk) of the economic agent not complying with the terms of the present legislative and normative acts referring to the sphere i of its activity. (...) Ni will be the value of harm supposed to be brought by this incompliance (in leus1). The value of the presumable harm is the same for all the economic agents with similar properties (degree of danger for the environment and human health, number of employees, producing capacities, etc.).
Language:English
Score: 870356.6 - https://unece.org/fileadmin/DA.../documents/2009/ws_moldova.pdf
Data Source: un
IUU vessel list | General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean - GFCM | Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations | General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM) | Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations FAO.org english General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean - GFCM About Activities Decisions Data & information Meetings Reports Publications Info centre Contact Data & Info > IUU GFCM IUU vessel list List of vessels presumed to have carried out illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing in the GFCM area of application Recommendation GFCM/43/2019/8 on the establishment of a list of vessels presumed to have carried out illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing in the GFCM area of application, amending Recommendation GFCM/33/2009/8.
Language:English
Score: 857266.5 - https://www.fao.org/gfcm/data/iuu-vessel-list/en/
Data Source: un
Final Report Information Documents FO/COFO/WG-DF/2021/Inf.1 Provisional Timetable FO/COFO/WG-DF/2021/Inf.2 List of Documents FO/COFO/WG-DF/2021/Inf.3 Launch of the Presumed Dryland Assessment - Valuing, Restoring and Managing Presumed Drylands Contact us Terms and Conditions Scam Alert Report Misconduct Jobs Procurement Governing Bodies Office of the Inspector General Evaluation Legal Office Ethics Office FAO organizational chart Regional Office for Africa Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean Regional Office for the Near East and North Africa Country Offices X Follow us on                                         Download our App © FAO, 2022
Language:English
Score: 852614.1 - https://www.fao.org/dryland-fo...-session/official-document/en/
Data Source: un
In order to maintain free passage through the Gulf of Finland, the Republic of Estonia is prepared to limit the width of its territorial waters in the Gulf of Finland so that it extends no closer than 3 nautical miles from the centre line. This is presuming that Finland, for its part, is prepared to limit the width of its own territorial waters correspondingly. If the Republic of Estonia decides at a later stage to depart from the aforementioned and expand its territorial waters in the Gulf of Finland, it will inform Finland no less than 12 months in advance. This is presuming that Finland is also prepared correspondingly to inform Estonia of any possible expansion of territorial waters.
Language:English
Score: 852614.1 - https://www.un.org/depts/los/L...LES/TREATIES/EST-FIN1994GF.pdf
Data Source: un