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Analysis of the results of studies It may be advantageous before taking action to permit these studies to be completed. (...) Methods to satisfy the agenda item Option A.- Defer consideration of this Agenda item to WRC-99. 5. Advantages and disadvantages Option A: Advantages: Band specific sharing studies should be completed by 1998. 6. (...) Methods to satisfy the agenda item Option A - Modify status of existing allocation to primary, worldwide Option B - NOC 5. Advantages and disadvantages Option A: Advantages: 1) Provides equal allocation status for space research telecommand links, on a worldwide basis, with the associated telemetry links; 2) assures continuity of availability to access these bands as investment in systems increases worldwide.
Language:English
Score: 1228792.1 - https://www.itu.int/itudoc/itu.../rsc/meeting/sc97-1/16_ww6.doc
Data Source: un
UN Womenwatch | Rural Women - WHO: Comparative Advantage UN System & Rural Women Introduction Education & Training Health Access Food Security Social Protection Decent Work Markets Climate Change Policy Decision-making FAO Comparative Advantage Good Practices 1 Good Practices 2 IFAD Comparative Advantage Good Practices ITC-ILO Comparative Advantage SPFII Comparative Advantage Good Practices UNCTAD Comparative Advantage UNDP Comparative Advantage Good Practices UNESCO Comparative Advantage UNFPA Comparative Advantage Good Practices 1 Good Practices 2 UN Women Comparative Advantage Good Practices WFP Good Practices WHO Comparative Advantage Good Practices Joint Efforts Facts & Figures Related News Related Resources World Health Organization (WHO): Comparative Advantage Primary Mandate/Concentration in Relation to Rural Women The primary mandate of the World Health Organization is Health for All, with a focus on vulnerable groups, including rural women, and with core values of social justice and equity as guiding principles. WHO has a strategic advantage in its close partnerships with Ministries of Health. (...) It is designed to guide programming and policy directions with women as primary beneficiaries. The guidelines can be used to inform policies and programming for rural women.
Language:English
Score: 1208145.7 - https://www.un.org/womenwatch/...who-comparative-advantage.html
Data Source: un
UN Womenwatch | Rural Women - UNESCO: Comparative Advantage UN System & Rural Women Introduction Education & Training Health Access Food Security Social Protection Decent Work Markets Climate Change Policy Decision-making FAO Comparative Advantage Good Practices 1 Good Practices 2 IFAD Comparative Advantage Good Practices ITC-ILO Comparative Advantage SPFII Comparative Advantage Good Practices UNCTAD Comparative Advantage UNDP Comparative Advantage Good Practices UNESCO Comparative Advantage UNFPA Comparative Advantage Good Practices 1 Good Practices 2 UN Women Comparative Advantage Good Practices WFP Good Practices WHO Comparative Advantage Good Practices Joint Efforts Facts & Figures Related News Related Resources United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO): Comparative Advantage Primary Mandate/Concentration in Relation to Rural Women UNESCO 's mission is to contribute to the building of peace, the eradication of poverty, sustainable development and intercultural dialogue through education, the sciences, culture, communication and information. The Organization focuses, in particular, on two global priorities: Africa Gender equality And on a number of overarching objectives: Attaining quality education for all and lifelong learning Mobilizing science knowledge and policy for sustainable development Addressing emerging social and ethical challenges Fostering cultural diversity, intercultural dialogue and a culture of peace Building inclusive knowledge societies through information and communication UNESCO's mandate for promoting quality education for all is relevant for rural women and girls in ensuring their access to primary and secondary education and increasing women's literacy, and access to technical and vocational knowledge.
Language:English
Score: 1194727 - https://www.un.org/womenwatch/...sco-comparative-advantage.html
Data Source: un
This fact, in addition to the contraction of this category in total world trade (world exports of primary products fell 22 per cent from 2012 to 2019), explains the -28 per cent drop in total exports. 16 The revealed comparative advantage (RCA) index can be built using these export market shares. (...) The RCA values indicate that Africa has a revealed comparative advantage in the export of primary products and resource- based goods, with values higher than 1. (...) To read the table properly, it should be noted that, by definition, a country or region (in this case, Africa) cannot have comparative advantages in all technology groups. This is a direct outcome of using comparative advantages instead absolute advantages in the Ricardian theory of trade.
Language:English
Score: 1165852.8 - https://www.unido.org/sites/de...Competitiveness%20Report_0.pdf
Data Source: un
UN Womenwatch | Rural Women - ITC-ILO: Comparative Advantage UN System & Rural Women Introduction Education & Training Health Access Food Security Social Protection Decent Work Markets Climate Change Policy Decision-making FAO Comparative Advantage Good Practices 1 Good Practices 2 IFAD Comparative Advantage Good Practices ITC-ILO Comparative Advantage SPFII Comparative Advantage Good Practices UNCTAD Comparative Advantage UNDP Comparative Advantage Good Practices UNESCO Comparative Advantage UNFPA Comparative Advantage Good Practices 1 Good Practices 2 UN Women Comparative Advantage Good Practices WFP Good Practices WHO Comparative Advantage Good Practices Joint Efforts Facts & Figures Related News Related Resources International Training Centre of the ILO (ITC-ILO): Comparative Advantage Primary Mandate/Concentration in Relation to Rural Women The primary mandate of the International Training Centre of the ILO (ITC-ILO) as the training arm of the International Labour Organization is to promote the Decent Work Agenda.
Language:English
Score: 1152484.6 - https://www.un.org/womenwatch/...ilo-comparative-advantage.html
Data Source: un
Perhaps easier for a license-holder 8 © 2007 Jon Peha Primary-Secondary Sharing • Primary gets guaranteed quality of service • Secondary cannot cause harmful interference to primary – Uses spectrum that would otherwise sit idle • Facilitated by emerging technologies – e.g. cognitive radio, software radio, GPS, sensor networks, secure payment technology • Different sharing schemes, different policy regimes – License-holder permits secondary to operate • A new form of secondary spectrum market – Regulator gives license to operate as secondary • e.g. to operate when primary license-holder allows, or in white space – Regulator permits secondary to operate without a license • Different approaches are suited to different applications 9 © 2007 Jon Peha Primary and Secondary Coexist • Secondary is invisible to primary • All complexity in secondary devices. (...) An area of current research. – easier if primary transmitters are fixed, e.g. where broadcasters or fixed point-point are primary. 10 © 2007 Jon Peha Primary and Secondary Cooperate • Example: secondary requests permission to use spectrum before transmitting – an opportunity for primary to guarantee QOS – an opportunity to collect payment, if commercial • Primary needs component that can act as gatekeeper. – e.g. more convenient for cellular than broadcaster • We’ve analyzed scenarios where extensive communications among secondaries is possible with little impact on primary. – Use location technology to enhance frequency reuse, and secure payment system technology. 11 © 2007 Jon Peha Primary-Secondary Models Primary: blue Secondary: red Secondary is unlicensed Secondary is licensed No coordination between primary and secondary Unlicensed underlay. e.g. (...) Peha Professor and Associate Director, Center for Wireless & Broadband Networking Carnegie Mellon University Carnegie Mellon University Opportunities for Reform Approaches to Reform Spectrum Property Spectrum Commons Spectrum Commonsbased on Coexistence Spectrum Commonsbased on Cooperation Primary-Secondary Sharing Primary and Secondary Coexist Primary and Secondary Cooperate Primary-Secondary Models Conclusion Opportunities for Reform Approaches to Reform Spectrum Property Spectrum Commons Spectrum Commonsbased on Coexistence Spectrum Commonsbased on Cooperation Primary-Secondary Sharing Primary and Secondary Coexist Primary and Secondary Cooperate Primary-Secondary Models Conclusion
Language:English
Score: 1142304 - https://www.itu.int/osg/spu/st...ectrum%20workshop%20slides.pdf
Data Source: un
Eliminating the cost of acquiring licensed spectrum and providing cellular-type mobile services could create an unfair advantage. 3. TV white space is currently based on the concept of a spectrum-use database combined with geo-location to the spectrum resource for which quality of service and spectrum availability is not predictable. (...) In principle, one of the main advantages of this technology is to use parts of spectrum licensed to existing terrestrial TV networks — at lower heights — where most of the broadcast coverage is provided by a few high masts. Another advantage is that it would use unlicensed spectrum, eliminating the cost of acquiring licensed spectrum.
Language:English
Score: 1134726.7 - https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-R/s...ica/Documents/Forum/GSMA_2.pdf
Data Source: un
And the poorest urban children in 1 in 6 countries are less likely to complete primary school than their counterparts in rural areas, according to a new UNICEF report released today. The report, Advantage or Paradox: The Challenge for children and young people growing up urban reveals that not all children in cities benefit from the so-called ‘urban advantage’ - the notion that higher incomes, better infrastructure, and proximity to services grant urban dwellers better lives. (...) Moreover, when children from urban and rural households with similar levels of wealth are compared, the urban advantage is no longer apparent.   “Children should be a focus of urban planning, yet in many cities they are forgotten, with millions of children cut-off from social services in urban slums and informal settlements, and exposed to environmental or health hazards due to overcrowding,” Chandy added.
Language:English
Score: 1127172.9 - https://www.unicef.org/gambia/...kely-die-young-and-less-likely
Data Source: un
Search Close Search UNICEF Fulltext search Max Press release Primary health care will address adverse childhood experiences 14 May 2019 UNICEF/2019 Available in: English Македонски Skopje, 13 May 2019: UNICEF launched a new pilot initiative to assess the negative effects of adverse childhood experiences on health risk behavior and wellbeing as adults through screening among patients in 10 primary health care settings in Skopje. (...) The primary care setting provides several advantages to address some of the barriers in promotion of positive parenting and screening for ACEs: established infrastructure, a non-stigmatizing location, and frequent child visits during the first 3 years of a child’s life. These advantages offer an opportunity to work on prevention of adverse childhood experiences through improved parenting practices.
Language:English
Score: 1123486.9 - https://www.unicef.org/northma...-adverse-childhood-experiences
Data Source: un
Generally, the achievable transmit/receive spacing from HDFS bands should be in the range of 500 MHz to 1.5 GHz, preferably around 1 GHz; for HDFS systems using stratospheric repeaters, a minimum transmit/receive spacing of 400 MHz is preferred. 7.5.5 Advantages and disadvantages of identified methods Method (1): Advantage: identify more suitable spectrum for HDFS expansion. disadvantage: may require more substantial regulatory actions. Method (2): Advantage: each service can independently optimize its deployment. Disadvantage: the amount of spectrum available to each service is smaller than the full existing shared allocation. Method (3): Advantage: all sharing services can potentially utilize their entire allocation.
Language:English
Score: 1118357.3 - https://www.itu.int/itudoc/itu.../rsc/meeting/sc97-1/14_ww6.doc
Data Source: un