VISIT TO JAPAN : REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE ELIMINATION OF DISCRIMINATION AGAINST PERSONS AFFECTED BY LEPROSY AND THEIR FAMILY MEMBERS
The Special Rapporteur expresses her appreciation to the Government for the
support it provided and thanks the staff of the public and private institutions and the civil
society organizations and the individuals who provided substantive inputs and assistance in
the coordination of the visit. (...) WHO reported 2 new foreign-born cases in 2018. 1 According to private medical
practitioners, there were 5 new foreign-born cases in 2019 and around 27 new foreign-born
cases between 2012 and 2019. (...) The Special Rapporteur therefore recommends that both the private sector and local
governments give priority to Hansen’s disease in their human rights programmes and that
the central Government place additional emphasis on this important strategy.
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE RIGHTS TO FREEDOM OF PEACEFUL ASSEMBLY AND OF ASSOCIATION, MAINA KIAI : ADDENDUM
context, the fear of being subjected to such restrictions may act as a deterrent for
individuals, non-governmental organizations, trade unions, private companies and other
legal entities, and facilitate self-censorship. (...) Other allegations were
received from private individuals, including activists, human rights defenders and members
of trade unions, on similar grounds. (...) A significant number of allegations were received regarding collective dismissals of
public and private sector employees for supporting opposition parties.
REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE ISSUE OF HUMAN RIGHTS OBLIGATIONS RELATED TO ACCESS TO SAFE DRINKING WATER AND SANITATION, CATARINA DE ALBUQUERQUE :ADDENDUM
The mandate of the Regulatory Agency is to regulate and monitor all activities in
the water and wastewater sectors, undertaken by the State and private actors, with a focus
on performance levels, availability of service, quality and efficiency, customer satisfaction
and suitable prices.
13. (...) The residents felt compelled to have the water quality tested,
but with no response from the authorities, they had to turn to a private laboratory, which
was initially too expensive.
REPORT OF THE REPRESENTATIVE OF THE SECRETARY-GENERAL ON THE HUMAN RIGHTS OF INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS, WALTER KÄLIN :ADDENDUM
The creation of public-private partnerships was encouraged
to marshal greater financial support for responses to internal displacement. (...) Beyond basic training,
capacity-building for civil society organizations needed to address institutional development
including strategic planning, auditing, resource mobilization, public-private partnerships, and the
effective use of communications tools. (...) The Uganda Human Rights Commission
communicated with the Government regarding the IDPs’ concerns, and received assurances that
the population would not be penalized for expressing their democratic preferences. Participants
recommended increased interregional dialogue among NHRIs, so that human rights bodies in the
ECOWAS subregion could learn from the strategies of other NHRIs working to protect IDPs.
REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE EFFECTS OF FOREIGN DEBT AND OTHER RELATED INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL OBLIGATIONS OF STATES ON THE FULL ENJOYMENT OF ALL HUMAN RIGHTS, PARTICULARLY ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS, CEPHAS LUMINA : ADDENDUM
also met with the Parliamentary Secretary for Pacific Island Affairs, the Solomon Islands
High Commissioner to Australia, World Bank officials, civil society organizations,
academics and private contractors involved in the management of Australian aid projects.
(...) In 2007, AusAID committed to reduce its dependence on “stand-alone” aid projects
that are implemented by private contractors and through the use of technical assistance, and
to increase the use of “sector programs of support that work through recipient country
development strategies and financial systems, together with other donors”.13 However, it
has been reported that, while increasing, AusAID’s use of partner government systems to
deliver aid remains “well-short of internationally agreed targets and behind progress of
other donors”.14 According to OECD, only 41 per cent of Australia’s aid is delivered
through partner countries’ financial management systems and 24 per cent is subject to
partner countries’ procurement systems; falling short of the OECD Development
Assistance Committee’s average of 47 and 44 per cent, respectively.
IMPLEMENTATION OF EXISTING HUMAN RIGHTS NORMS AND STANDARDS IN THE CONTEXT OF THE FIGHT AGAINST EXTREME POVERTY : PRELIMINARY WORKING PAPER / SUBMITTED BY JOSE BENGOA, COORDINATOR OF THE AD HOC GROUP OF EXPERTS, SUBMITTED IN ACCORDANCE WITH SUB-COMMISSION RESOLUTION 2002/13
Before policies can be formulated, people need to express what their preferences are, i.e. what
objectives they want to achieve.
11. (...) If discriminatory attitudes are caused
by traditions among the population (that are usually deeply rooted), Governments are to adopt
and enforce laws prohibiting any discrimination by private actors. In both cases, Governments
should, in addition, take special measures to afford effective protection to their most vulnerable,
discriminated and socially excluded groups, including the poor, against discrimination by
governmental authorities as well as by private actors.
45. (...) It continues: “Aid, debt relief, access to markets, access to private financial
flows and stability in the global economy are all needed for the full realization of rights in the
poorest and least developed countries.”
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE RIGHTS TO FREEDOM OF PEACEFUL ASSEMBLY AND OF ASSOCIATION ON HIS MISSION TO THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
The result is a type of open and
legalized corruption, where politicians unapologetically prioritize the views and policy
preferences of their paymasters — a few super-wealthy individuals and corporations. (...) The National Labour Relations Act governs labour relations in the private sector,
guaranteeing employees the right to form and join trade unions, collectively bargain and
engage in concerted activities. However agricultural workers, domestic workers in private
homes, managers, supervisors, independent contractors and others are excluded from
coverage by this law.
REPORT OF THE REPRESENTATIVE OF THE SECRETARY-GENERAL ON THE HUMAN RIGHTS OF INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS, WALTER KALIN : ADDENDUM
public infrastructure and private assets. Entire towns were levelled and infrastructure, including
public buildings, such as hundreds of schools, were destroyed or dismantled after the fighting
6. (...) A Cabinet decision of 1999 outlawed the eviction of internally
displaced persons living in public buildings or private property, unless they were offered
alternative accommodation under adequate conditions. (...) The programme further encouraged private
companies to recruit refugees and internally displaced persons.
VISIT TO CANADA : REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE RIGHT OF EVERYONE TO THE ENJOYMENT OF THE HIGHEST ATTAINABLE STANDARD OF PHYSICAL AND MENTAL HEALTH
Hospitals are either public or private non-profit institutions. Other health-care services,
such as home care and long-term care, are delivered by a mix of private for-profit, private
non-profit and public organizations. (...) Those types of services are, in some cases,
covered by private health insurance plans that employers or unions offer for their respective
constituencies, and in other cases they are paid for through out-of-pocket payments.
39. (...) He notes the use of advance directives to allow
persons with psychosocial, intellectual or cognitive disabilities to express preferences on
services, treatments and support ahead of times when they may find it more challenging to
VISIT TO ECUADOR : REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE RIGHT OF EVERYONE TO THE ENJOYMENT OF THE HIGHEST ATTAINABLE STANDARD OF PHYSICAL AND MENTAL HEALTH
The national health-care system is a mixed system, consisting of both the public and
private sectors. The public sector comprises the Ministry of Health, the health services of
some municipalities and the entities of the social security system aimed at the labour
market, which consist of (a) the Ecuadorian Social Security Institute, which includes
peasant social security; (b) the Social Security Institute of the Armed Forces under the
Ministry of National Defence; and (c) the Social Security Institute of the National Police
under the Ministry of the Interior. The private system consists of health insurance
companies and prepaid medicine providers. (...) Women must be able to make informed choices as to their
delivery preferences. They should not be deprived of assistance should they choose to give
birth at home and health-care personnel and indigenous midwives should be allowed to
provide such assistance.