ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA : ISSUES IN AFRICA'S TRADE PERFORMANCE : REPORT / BY THE UNCTAD SECRETARIAT
“The value of trade preferences： The economic impact of Everything
But Arms”，mimeo, International Trade Department, World Bank, Washington, DC.
(...) “Would Rich Country Trade Preferences Help Poor Countries Grow？
Evidence from the Generalised System of Preferences”，Chicago, February (preliminary
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL REPRESENTATIVE OF THE SECRETARY-GENERAL ON THE ISSUE OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND TRANSNATIONAL CORPORATIONS AND OTHER BUSINESS ENTERPRISES : ADDENDUM
If this does not result in
improvement, the EU may engage in “appropriate measures” including sanctions, suspension of
direct aid, suspension of development projects, and modification of existing trade preferences.7
These are to be stopped as soon as the reasons for taking them have disappeared.8
34. (...) Furthermore, in
the quasi-legal framework, two countries argue that States should play a mediation role by
solving disputes between stakeholders, notably between private companies, civil society, and/or
VISIT TO SWITZERLAND : REPORT OF THE WORKING GROUP ON THE USE OF MERCENARIES AS A MEANS OF VIOLATING HUMAN RIGHTS AND IMPEDING THE EXERCISE OF THE RIGHT OF PEOPLES TO SELF-DETERMINATION
Within Switzerland, the increasing use of private security merited
reflection on the regulation of private security companies operating domestically and on the
human rights impacts that their activities may have. (...) A/HRC/45/9/Add.1
IV. Private military and security companies
17. During its visit, the Working Group considered three main aspects of the private
military and security landscape in Switzerland: firstly, the leading role of Switzerland in
developing the current international regulatory framework relating to private military and
security companies; secondly, the development of its own legislation governing private
security services abroad; and thirdly, private security companies operating domestically.
(...) Also of interest was the use of private security by private sector
clients, especially in light of the importance of Switzerland in the international trade in gold
and other commodities.
REPORT OF THE WORKING GROUP ON ON THE USE OF MERCENARIES AS A MEANS OF VIOLATING HUMAN RIGHTS AND IMPEDING THE EXERCISE OF THE RIGHT OF PEOPLES TO SELF-DETERMINATION : ADDENDUM
Private actors and the use of military and security force
11. (...) The Working Group notes that the operation of private military and security companies is a
global phenomenon. (...) General discussion
3. Private actors and the use of military and security force
REPORT OF THE WORKING GROUP ON THE QUESTION OF THE USE OF MERCENARIES AS A MEANS OF VIOLATING HUMAN RIGHTS AND IMPEDING THE EXERCISE OF THE RIGHT OF PEOPLE TO SELF-DETERMINATION : ADDENDUM
Private security in Chile .............................................................. 38 - 47 15
C. (...) In addition, the Chilean authorities
noted that the current law concerning private guards would be replaced by a private security act.
14. (...) The Working Group asked the private security division of the carabineros (OS-10) to provide a
geographical breakdown of private armed guards and security guards over the past 20 years.
NOTE VERBALE DATED 2007/01/23 FROM THE PERMANENT MISSION OF HONDURAS TO THE UNITED NATIONS OFFICE AT GENEVA ADDRESSED TO THE OFFICE OF THE UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS
Paragraph 2. In Honduras, private security companies are for-profit commercial legal entities,
not private military security companies (PMSCs), under the terms of Decree No. 156-98
containing the National Police Organic Act and Agreement No. 0771-2005 containing the rules
governing private security companies. As a result, the term “private military security
companies” does not exist in Honduran domestic law and private security companies are not
military. (...) III. PRIVATE SECURITY COMPANIES IN HONDURAS
Paragraph 19, last sentence.
COMMENTS OF THE GREEK GOVERNMENT ON THE REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON MINORITY ISSUES, GAY MCDOUGALL, FOLLOWING HER VISIT TO GREECE, GENEVA, 6 MARCH 2009
Bearing in mind the expressed preferences and visible
tendencies [emerging trends] within the majority of the Muslim minority on religious, social and
legal matters, Greece will study possible readjustments with regard to the application of the
Sharia Law in Thrace, taking hereby into account its legal obligations and the potential changes
of the wishes of the Muslim minority itself.
REPORT OF THE WORKING GROUP ON THE USE OF MERCENARIES AS A MEANS OF VIOLATING HUMAN RIGHTS AND IMPEDING THE EXERCISE OF THE RIGHT OF PEOPLES TO SELF-DETERMINATION : ADDENDUM
According to article 10 of the Regulations, private security service providers with
more than two security guards must be registered with the Control Unit for Private Security
Services. (...) According to article 138 of the
Law, the Control Unit for Private Security Services provides an opinion to the National
Police on the granting of licences to private security providers. (...) Human rights impact
A. Impact of private security companies’ activities on the local population
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE RIGHT TO EDUCATION ON HIS MISSION TO CHILE : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
Banning profit-making in all private educational establishments ......................................... 14
D. (...) In 2011, 40 per cent of pupils attended those
(b) State-subsidized private schools, which have shared funding comprising State
subsidies and private funding by students’ families,7 almost all of which are managed by
private owners. (...) About 80 per cent of students are
enrolled in private universities and currently, higher education in Chile is mostly private
and very expensive.
REPORT OF THE WORKING GROUP ON THE USE OF MERCENARIES AS A MEANS OF VIOLATING HUMAN RIGHTS AND IMPEDING THE EXERCISE OF THE RIGHT OF PEOPLE TO SELF-DETERMINATION : ADDENDUM
The law bans individuals, including members of
private security firms, from possessing weapons such as AK-47s. (...) The
country’s internal security is increasingly being handed over to private individuals and private
36. (...) Although article 92 of the Police Act lists and defines the private security services such
companies may provide, the Ministry of Security seems to disregard these definitions when
issuing licences to private security companies.