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REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON ADEQUATE HOUSING AS A COMPONENT OF THE RIGHT TO AN ADEQUATE STANDARD OF LIVING, AND ON THE RIGHT TO NON-DISCRIMINATION IN THIS CONTEXT :MISSION TO PORTUGAL : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
Launched in 1993, the programme provided financial support for construction, acquisition and rental. Grants were received by municipalities, municipal public enterprises, private social security institutions and housing or construction cooperatives. (...) Under the programme, private landlords receive a rental supplement for a period of up to three years, assigned monthly. 36. (...) In addition, only a few neighbourhoods in the historic centres of Lisbon and Porto have more than 10 per cent of their housing stock devoted to short-term accommodation. 64. Short-term rentals, especially when they become the primary form of occupation of specific neighbourhoods, can weaken community networks and the social fabric of a city, which in turn undermines the promotion of long-term rental as an essential tenure system for local residents.
язык:Ру́сский
счет: 2273618.8 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/34/51/ADD.2&Lang=R
Источник данных: ods
STRUCTURED PRODUCT DESCRIPTIONS AND THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PURCHASING POWER PARITIES AND CONSUMER PRICE INDICES / SUBMITTED BY EUROSTAT AND OECD
Garments for children (3 to 13 years) 03.1.2.3.1 Coats and jackets 03.12.3.01 Children's jackets 03.1.2.3.2 Sportswear 03.1.2.3.3 Underwear and socks 03.12.3.06 Children's underwear 03.12.3.07 Children's socks and tights 03.12.3.02 Children's trousers 03.12.3.03 Children's shirts and blouses 03.12.3.04 Children's suits and dungarees 03.1.2.3.4 Other clothes 03.12.3.05 Children's dress and skirts 03.1.2.4 Garments for infants (0 to 2 years) 03.1.2.4.1 Garments for outdoor 03.12.3.08 Infant's clothing 03.1.2.4.2 Garments for indoor 03.12.3.09 Babies underwear 03.1.2.4.3 Other ECE/CES/G E.22/2006/12 page 22 OICOP classes COICOP-PPP basic headings COICOP-HICP sub-classes COICOP-HICP consumption segments Structured Product Descriptions (SPDs) 03.1.3.1 Other articles of clothing 03.1.3.1.1 Headgears and gloves 03.13.1.01 Other articles of clothing 03.1.3.1.2 Scares and ties 03.1.3.1.3 Other 03.1.3.2 Clothing accessories 03.1.3.2.1 Sewing materials 03.13.1.02 Clothing accessories 03.1.3 Other articles of clothing and clothing accessories 03.1.3.1 Other articles of clothing and clothing accessories 03.1.3.2.2 Other accessories 03.1.4.1 Cleaning of clothing 03.1.4.1.1 Cleaning of clothing 03.14.1.01 Services, cleaning and repair of clothing 03.1.4 Cleaning, repair and hire of clothing 03.1.4.1 Cleaning, repair and hire of clothing 03.1.4.2 Repair and hire of clothing 03.1.4.2.1 Repair and hire of clothing 03.2.1.1 Men’s footwear 03.2.1.1 Footwear for men 03.2.1.1.1 Boots 03.21.1.01 Men's classic and boat shoes 03.2.1.1.2 Shoes for outdoor 03.21.1.03 Men's sandals, thongs 03.2.1.1.3 Shoes for indoor 03.2.1.2 Women’s footwear 03.2.1.2 Footwear for women 03.2.1.2.1 Boots 03.21.2.03 Ladies boots 03.2.1.2.2 Shoes for outdoor 03.21.2.01 Ladies conventional shoes 03.21.2.02 Ladies casual shoes 03.2.1.2.3 Shoes for indoor 03.2.1.3.2 Footwear for children 03.21.3.01 Children’s shoes 03.21.3.02 Children’s boots 03.2.1 Shoes and other footwear 03.21.3.04 Babies shoes 03.2.1.4.1 Sports footwear for indoor 03.21.1.02 Men's sport shoes 03.2.1.4.2 Sports footwear for outdoor 03.21.2.04 Ladies sport and walking shoes 03.2.1.4 Sports footwear 03.21.3.03 Children's sport shoes ECE/CES/G E.22/2006/12 page 23 OICOP classes COICOP-PPP basic headings COICOP-HICP sub-classes COICOP-HICP consumption segments Structured Product Descriptions (SPDs) 03.2.2.1 Repair of footwear 03.2.2.1.1 Repair of footwear 03.22.1.01 Services, Cobbler 03.2.2 Repair and hire of footwear 03.2.2.1 Repair and hire of footwear 03.2.2.2 Other services 03.2.2.2.1 Other services 04.1.1.1 Actual rentals paid by tenants for a room/studio 04.1.1.1.1 Actual rentals paid by tenants for a room/studio 04.11.1 Actual rentals for housing 04.1.1.2 Actual rentals paid by tenants for apartments 04.1.1.2.1 Rent paid for an apartment with 2 rooms 04.1.1.2.2 Rent paid for an apartment with 3 rooms 04.1.1.2.3 Rent paid for an apartment with 4 rooms or more 04.1.1.3 Actual rentals paid by tenants for row houses 04.1.1.3.1 Rent paid for a house with 2 rooms 04.1.1.3.2 Rent paid for a house with 3 rooms 04.1.1.3.3 Rent paid for a house with 4 rooms or more 04.1.1.4 Actual rentals paid by tenants for one-family free- standing houses 04.1.1.4.1 Rent paid for a house with 2 rooms 04.1.1.4.2 Rent paid for a house with 3 rooms 04.1.1.4.3 Rent paid for a house with 4 rooms or more 04.1.1 Actual rentals paid by tenants 04.1.1.5 Social housing 04.1.1.5 Social housing 04.1.2.1 Actual rentals paid by tenants for secondary/holiday residences 04.1.2.1.1 Rent paid for a room/studio 04.1.2.1.2 Rent paid for an apartment 04.1.2.1.3 Rent paid for one-family house 04.1.2 Other actual rentals 04.1.1.1 Actual rentals for housing 04.1.2.2 Garage rentals and other rentals paid by tenants 04.1.2.2.1 Garage rental ECE/CES/G E.22/2006/12 page 24 OICOP classes COICOP-PPP basic headings COICOP-HICP sub-classes COICOP-HICP consumption segments Structured Product Descriptions (SPDs) 04.1.1.4.3 Rent paid for an apartment with 4 rooms or more 04.2.1 Imputed rentals of owner- occupiers 04.2.2 Other imputed rentals 04.2.1.1 Imputed rentals for housing 04.21.1 Imputed rentals for housing 04.3.1.1.1 Paints, varnishes and renderings 04.31.1.01 Paint 04.3.1.1.2 Wall paper and fabric wall coverings 04.31.1.04 Wallpaper 04.3.1.1.3 Small plumbing items (pipes, taps, joints, etc) 04.3.1.1.4 Surfacing materials (floor boards, ceramic tiles, etc.) 04.3.1.1.5 Windowpanes 04.3.1.1.6 Plaster, cement, putty, wallpaper pastes 04.31.1.03 Cement 04.31.1.05 Glazier's putty 04.31.1.06 Plaster 04.3.1 Materials for the maintenance and repair of the dwelling 04.3.1.1 Materials for the maintenance and repair of the dwelling 04.3.1.1 Materials for maintenance and repair of the dwelling 04.3.1.1.7 Other materials for maintenance and repair of the dwelling 04.31.1.02 Silicone 04.3.2.1 Services of plumbers, electricians 04.3.2.1.1 Services of plumbers 04.3.2.1.2 Services of electricians 04.3.2.1.3 Services for maintenance of the heating system 04.3.2.2 Services of carpenters, glaziers, painters, floor polishers, etc 04.3.2.2.1 Services of painters 04.32.1.01 Services for the maintenance and repair of the dwelling 04.3.2 Services for the maintenance and repair of the dwelling 04.3.2.1 Services for the maintenance and repair of the dwelling 04.3.2.2.2 Services of carpenters ECE/CES/G E.22/2006/12 page 25 OICOP classes COICOP-PPP basic headings COICOP-HICP sub-classes COICOP-HICP consumption segments Structured Product Descriptions (SPDs) 04.3.2.3 Other servic
язык:Ру́сский
счет: 1879744.7 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...S=ECE/CES/GE.22/2006/12&Lang=R
Источник данных: ods
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON ADEQUATE HOUSING AS A COMPONENT OF THE RIGHT TO AN ADEQUATE STANDARD OF LIVING, AND ON THE RIGHT TO NON-DISCRIMINATION IN THIS CONTEXT, ON HER MISSION TO CHILE :NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
Houses were built by the private sector, while the subsidy was documented by a Government certificate. (...) In both cases, the subsidy goes directly to the builder. Private builders are contracted to build the units. (...) To maximize profits, private sector builders choose to buy the cheapest land on which to build.
язык:Ру́сский
счет: 1586075.4 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/37/53/ADD.1&Lang=R
Источник данных: ods
VISIT TO NEW ZEALAND - REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON ADEQUATE HOUSING AS A COMPONENT OF THE RIGHT TO AN ADEQUATE STANDARD OF LIVING AND ON THE RIGHT TO NON-DISCRIMINATION IN THIS CONTEXT
In its Statement of Strategic Intentions for 2019–2023, the Ministry of Housing and Urban Development does not shy away from the challenges New Zealand is facing, stating that “the poor performance of New Zealand’s housing market is well recognized” and noting that “much of New Zealand’s existing housing stock is old, cold and damp, particularly in the private rental market. Poor quality housing has ongoing impacts on physical and mental health for families and individuals.”8 23. (...) This includes the Income Related Rent Subsidy, which is provided to social housing tenants, and the Accommodation Supplement, which is provided to a further 285,000 households.22 Total annual expenditure for the various housing-related social transfers increased to about $NZ 2.9 billion per annum in 2019, but the level of support beneficiaries receive is insufficient to protect all low-income households from housing cost overburden or energy poverty. 39. As the private rental market is underregulated, some benefits offered to tenants may actually have contributed to increases in rental prices, offering homeowners an opportunity to maximize profits instead of making housing affordable for their tenants. (...) Many of these people settled far from the city centre, in the north and south of Christchurch, meaning that people whose property had been in the red zones lost not only their houses, but also their communities. Tenants living in rental accommodation were particularly affected, having received no support to relocate and given that very few affordable and accessible rentals were available in the city.
язык:Ру́сский
счет: 1544971.9 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/47/43/ADD.1&Lang=R
Источник данных: ods
VISIT TO THE REPUBLIC OF KOREA :REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON ADEQUATE HOUSING AS A COMPONENT OF THE RIGHT TO AN ADEQUATE STANDARD OF LIVING, AND ON THE RIGHT TO NON-DISCRIMINATION IN THIS CONTEXT
Under the Housing Benefits Act, people living in private rental accommodation can receive a monthly cash subsidy calculated on the basis of household income, rent level, family size and location.20 28. (...) If a prospective tenant has a low income and inadequate savings or no family members who can provide a loan, only the monthly private rental market is accessible, which is more expensive and provides even less protection for tenants. 40. (...) In December 2017, the Government established a plan for the promotion of rental housing registration to encourage, through tax benefits, multi-unit homeowners to voluntarily register their homes as private rentals.
язык:Ру́сский
счет: 1540898.4 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/40/61/ADD.1&Lang=R
Источник данных: ods
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON ADEQUATE HOUSING AS A COMPONENT OF THE RIGHT TO AN ADEQUATE STANDARD OF LIVING, AND ON THE RIGHT TO NON-DISCRIMINATION IN THIS CONTEXT, ON HER MISSION TO INDIA :NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
A/HRC/34/51/Add.1 6 GE.17-00256 state legislature and privatized public utility companies,12 as well as private institutions and non-governmental organizations that receive substantial funds from the Government. (...) Urban local bodies are expected to match the amount they receive, including by raising their own funds from public-private partnerships, international capital, real estate conglomerates or other financial arrangements.24 33. (...) A/HRC/34/51/Add.1 14 GE.17-00256 forced evictions and enforced migration, safeguarding land and community resources in scheduled areas and addressing land acquisition, including by private companies.41 53. As it stands, there is no national policy for rural areas beyond policies pertaining to construction incentives and grants.
язык:Ру́сский
счет: 1483555.1 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/34/51/ADD.1&Lang=R
Источник данных: ods
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON ADEQUATE HOUSING AS A COMPONENT OF THE RIGHT TO AN ADEQUATE STANDARD OF LIVING, AND ON THE RIGHT TO NON-DISCRIMINATION IN THIS CONTEXT, RAQUEL ROLNIK : ADDENDUM
In this light, it is clear that social and affordable housing is especially scarce, waiting lists for social rental housing have grown, homelessness rates have increased, and the private rented sector has expanded to become the only option for many despite its insecure 25 Robertson, “What goes up”, p. 1. 26 DCLG, Live tables on dwelling stock, Table 104. 27 DCLG, briefing material for the Special Rapporteur’s visit, “Kick-starting a new private rented sector”, 2013. 28 Government of Scotland, “Housing statistics for Scotland 2013: key trends summary” (2013), p. 9. 29 DCLG, Live tables on house building, Table 244. 30 Griffith and Jefferys, Solutions, p. 13. 31 Steve Wilcox and John Perry, “UK Housing Review 2013 briefing paper” (2013), p. 9. 32 Griffith and Jefferys, Solutions, p. 13. (...) In April 2012, facing a waiting list that had grown by 81 per cent (since 1997) in England,33 councils noted that they would be compelled to use more private rentals, particularly to provide emergency accommodation. (...) The regulation of the private rented sector varies across the United Kingdom.
язык:Ру́сский
счет: 1319413.2 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...en&DS=A/HRC/25/54/ADD.2&Lang=R
Источник данных: ods
VISIT TO FRANCE :REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON ADEQUATE HOUSING AS A COMPONENT OF THE RIGHT TO AN ADEQUATE STANDARD OF LIVING, AND ON THE RIGHT TO NON-DISCRIMINATION IN THIS CONTEXT
The country has one of the largest social housing stocks, yet social housing is scant for those most in need, forcing the most vulnerable to turn to the lowest echelons of the private market, often owned by “slumlords”. Discrimination against marginalized groups is frequently reported in the private housing market. (...) Social housing rents are 40 per cent lower than on the private market, creating high demand as private housing has become increasingly unaffordable. (...) In 2017, 9 out of 10 beneficiaries renting on the private market were paying a monthly rent that was higher than the rent upon which the benefit had been calculated.20 31.
язык:Ру́сский
счет: 1272286.9 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/43/43/ADD.2&Lang=R
Источник данных: ods
VISIT TO QATAR : REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON CONTEMPORARY FORMS OF RACISM, RACIAL DISCRIMINATION, XENOPHOBIA AND RELATED INTOLERANCE
At the same time, discrimination and inequality are also a product of Qatari public and private sector policies and practices. The Government must take urgent steps to dismantle what is in effect a quasi-caste system based on national origin. (...) Reports the Special Rapporteur received during her visit highlighted the prevalence of racial and ethnic profiling by police and traffic authorities, and even private security forces working in public parks and in shopping malls across Doha. (...) Most non-nationals are recruited for specific jobs, and private companies will commonly meet the need for specific types of workers by bringing in co-nationals, the result of which is a firm societal association between certain types of work and specific nationalities. 24.
язык:Ру́сский
счет: 1223361.2 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/44/57/ADD.1&Lang=R
Источник данных: ods
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON ADEQUATE HOUSING AS A COMPONENT OF THE RIGHT TO AN ADEQUATE STANDARD OF LIVING, AND ON THE RIGHT TO NON-DISCRIMINATION IN THIS CONTEXT, ON HER MISSION TO CABO VERDE :NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
In addition, the lack of a regulatory framework for private leasing can often facilitate tax evasion for failing to declare rental income, which in turn reduces the country’s income. (...) A first type is private rental accommodation; a second type, and possibly the most common for the urban poor, is self-constructed housing units, built incrementally in informal settlements, often located on land that has not been serviced or included in the formal urban plans for the municipalities; a third type constitutes homes for middle to higher income households, although not all have permits or are made of high quality of materials, and they are usually freehold. 45. (...) A complex web of tenure arrangements exists in these neighbourhoods, including informal rentals, occupation and conflicting or overlapping land titles, as well as “clandestine” constructions and homes made from tin.
язык:Ру́сский
счет: 1197805.6 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/31/54/ADD.1&Lang=R
Источник данных: ods